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figure affe&ted poor Longshanks, very; could learn. The method of faluting sensibly; a tear of pity tłole unbeeded here is, by joining noses together, and down his cheek, and he began to en is lookid on as a certain token and af quire about his complaint in a tone of surance of friend thip. tenderness and compassion : seeing him. “ Both fexes are exceedingly expert in very weak and infirm, he gently chafed swimming; and, what is very remark, and preffed the finews and muscles of able, are not the least intimidated at the his legs and thighs, and gave him all light of a shark when in the water. I the consolation in his power. Presently have frequently seen Indians jump out afterwards he came upon deck, called of their canoes and snatch hogs entrails, his canoe, and went on shore in a hurry, which have been thrown overboard by, without taking leave of any person on our people, at the very moment when the quarter-deck, which was contrary a fhark has been endeavouring to feize to his usual custom ; but he returned them." very shortly, bringing a fine fowl along The following is extracted from the with him, which he immediately carried author's letters, dated at Cook's River, down to the carpenter, told him to have July 1786. it dressed directly, and he hoped it “ During the 26th and 27th, we kept would make him better in a day or two. Atanding up the river with variable

“ These people are very dextrous in winds; at noon on the 27th, the Burns catching fiti; iwo instances of which ing Mountain bore S. W. by W. a I had an opportunity of seeing. One considerable finoke issued from his fun. day, when a number of Indians were mit, which is very lofty, but we fais alongside the vessel, one of our people, no fiery eruption; nor did I fiod, on, who was filhing with a small hook and enquiry of Captain Dixon, (who acline, had his bait taken by a large fill; courpanied Captain Cock in bis lalo being unwilling to lose his line (which voyage, when this mountain was first being a Sandwich Island one, was re-, discovered that they ever fair any garded as a curiosity) he veered it away, greater appearance of a volcano, than but was afraid to haul it again;, on what we now observed. chis an Indian requested to have the “Before I proceed farther, let me, management of it, which being granted, endeavour to give thee fome idea of the he played the filh with ease, and in a country near Cook's River; and surely Mhort time got it safe into his canoe. It à prospect more dreary and uncomforta proved to be large cavallie, and weigh- able can scarcely be conceived, than ed one hundred pounds. Another time, that which presented itself to our views a large Mark laid hold of a small line, to the N. W., The land, indeed, close which was inmediately given to an in- by the sea-side, istolerably level, affords dian who happened to be alonghide; a few pines, which, together with firubs be played the hark for at least two and underwoods, intermixed with long miles, without hurting the line, and grass, make the landicare not alcohe only got away at last by drawing gether disagreeable; but the adjacent the hook straight as wire.

mountains, whose rugged top. far outThe inhabitants of these islands reach the clouds, absolutely beggar ail appear subject to very few dilcases; and description : covered with eternalinow, though they doubtless have been in- except where the fierce N. wind blows jured by their connexion with Euro it fion their craggy Summit, they peaos, yet fo fimple is their manner of entirely chill the blood of the beholder, living, that they pay liule regard 10 and their prodigious extent and itupcilthis circumstance, and seem to titink dous precipices, render them (qually is an affair of no confequence.

inaccelible to man or bcait. “ The bodies of both sexes are tat «The inhabitants are of a nidele, tooed; but this custom is inore gene size, and wellproportioned; their features. rally practised by the men, whore bodies

appear regular, but their faces are lo are frequently punctured in a very cu bedaubed with diri and filth, that is rious manner.

Whether or no this is impossible to say what lort of com. serves as any difinguishing mak, or is plexion they have. That person facris donc raecely for ornament, I never to be reckoned the greatest beaumont

them, whose face is one entire piece of min. N. latitude, which is eleven miles fmut and grease, and his hair well to the southward of our observation, on daubed with the same compofition. which account, our gentlemen were Their nose and cars are ornamented particularly correct in taking their altiwith beads, or teeth, if they cannot zudes, and being favoured with a reprocure any thing else: they have like. markably clear horizon, were able to wise a long sit cut in the under lip, determine the latitude to a certainty. parallel with the mouth, which is or. This convinced Captain Dixon of the damented much in the fame manner error in the chart above-mentioned, and with the nose and ears; but this I could evidently thewed, that the latitude had obferve was always in proportion to the been fettled by angles carried on from person's wealth.' We saw only one the sun's meridian altitude at a distance. woman, and the people with her be. The narrative before us was written haved with great civility, and attended by a young gentleman on board the her with great respect : her face, con. Queen Charlotte, in a series of letters trary to the general custom, was tolera. addressed to a friend. Capt. Dixon has bly clean, and her complexion and inserted every nautical omislion, and features far from disagreeable: indeed apologizes for its feveral defects, on the I have often seen much worse-looking score of the author's little experience as women in England. Their small ca a seaman, and his unacquaintance with · noes are so constructed, as to hold but literature. But as the intent of the hif

one, or at most two persons; and both tory of this voyage, and the voyage itself, these and the large ones are covered is to encourage national commerce, with skins.”

it would perhaps be uncandid co cenfure Previous to the arrival of Captain those inaccuracies which may be found Dixon off Montague Illand, in April in several parts of the work. The fol. 1787, he discovered a mistake in Cap- lowing is the author's conclufive opi. tain Cook's general chart, which is no. nion on the most effectual means of eftariced in the following manner. lishing the fur irade.

“ In the morning of the 23d, the Thou mayest easily perceive that weather grew tolerably clear. Our lati. very great advantages would be derived tude at noon was s9 deg. 9 min. and from it, if placed on a permanent foot. the longitude 147 deg. 55 min. W. ing, to effe&t which, I should conceive being the mean of two lets of lunar ob- the most eligible plan would be, to fervations. At one o'clock we saw establish a fačtory on the coast, and the land, bearing from N. E. by N. 10 Wnorth end of Queen Charlotte's Ilands ten leagues diftant. At leven in the seems peculiarly well adapted for that evening, we perceived the land to the purpose; the situation is nearly central, westward to be Foot Ifland, and that to between Cook's River and King the eastward, Montague INand; so that George's Sound; and we are well as we were standing well for the passage fured, that the furs to the southward into Prince William's Sound, which are of a very inferior quality. Two we in vain attempted to make, when last small vessels would not only collect all on this coast. At sun-set, the entrance the skins in what harbours are hitherto bore N. 14 deg. E. and the S. E. part known, but likewise explore such parts of Montague Ifland N. 32 deg. E. of the coast as are yet undiscovered ; about five leagues distant. The wind besides, there are other valuable articles being light and variable, we stretched to to be procured here, such as ginseng, the eartward during the night ; and in copper, oil, fpars, &c. and valt quanthe morning of the 241h, a moderate cities of salmon might be cured, which breeze fpringing up from the wettward, could not fail being a valuable comwe set all fail, and stood right in for the modity. These, however, are sugger. passage. At noon we were right in the tions which I submit to thy superior entrance of the chappel. Our observation judgment, though I am perfectly con: gave s9 deg, 47 min. N. latitude ; and vinced that a trade might be established the longitude was 147 deg. 52 min. W. on this coast, that would equal the most

“ This place is laid down in Captain sanguine expectations of those who un Cook's genesal chart, in 59 deg, 36. dertook it."

PAL

PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY.

JANUARY

1789.

19.) I day

CONTINUATION OF THE PROCEED

have the care of removing from, and INGS ON THE KING'S INDISPO. think proper in his Majesty's houfhold,

of appointing fuch persons as the thould SITION; FROM P. 110.

and to manage all other matters and N the House of Commons this things relating to his Majesty's perfon,

Long, Efq. took the and the officers of his houthold? And oaths and his seat for Rye in Sussex, in to enable her Majesty to execute this the room of the late Speaker : after trust with propriety, it is alfo expedie which, the Colchefter perition standing int, that a Council should he appointed, the first order of the day, Sir Robert to advise and aflixt her Majesty, and to Smith, who had presented it, consented have power, from time to time, to exato have it withdrawn for the present. mine the physicians upon oath, and The second order of the day being read, other things about his Majesty's person, That the whole houfe do resolve them- touching the Itate of his Majesty's selves into a committee on the state of health, and other matters relating the nation, the question was agreed to, thereto.” ånd Brook Watson, Erq. took the chair When the chairman had read there of the committee.

resolutions, Lord Maitland rose up to Mr. Pitt again adverted to the pro- oppose and to controvert them: during priety and neceffity of the restrictions his Majetty's melancholy diforder it which had been prescribed to the regent; favoured more of insult than affection to the present refolutions were equally ne- preserve the exteriors of royalry: The cessary for vesting the care of his Ma. Prince of Wales being hereafter to fill jesty's person, and the controul of the the throne, had been unaniinously chohoufhold, in the Queen: it was a mat sen regent; and as he was therefore ter of exultation, that there existed a more interested in the prefervation person every way qualified for so im- of the executive government than any portant a trust.' It was also proper, other person, every department of it during the sovereign's temporary ill. should be trufted in his hands. The ness, to preserve the exterior marki of Queen was not a fit person, because she royalty, by continuing the great houl- wined to conceal the true state of his hold officers : to do otherwise, would Majesty's health*; and even by vesting be inconfiftent with those sentiments of her with this trult, how did it enfure love and affection which every one felt, his Majetty, that on his recovery he So much patronage was no doubt an fhould see all his old fervants about evil, as it comprised great political in. him? The resolutions would infallibly fluence; but it could have no worse a destroy the conftitution of the country; tendency in the present case than when one principle of which was, that no in the hands of the king himself; in the power Mould be vested in any one withhands of the person to whom it would out respon tibility : and could that be be entrusted, no influence arising froin expe&ted from the Queen or her coun. fuch patronage was likely to be exer- cil of advice? Mr. Pitt, in fact, wantciled in fupporting a factious oppofitioned to go out of power in the fame unagainst the government of the Prince conftitutional manner that he came into of Wales. Mr. Pitt's resolutions were it. Some gentlemen were fanguine in in substance as follow That it their hopes of the king's recovery, but is the opinion of this Committee, that Lord Maitland was not; for out of one the CARE of His MAJESTY'S ROYAL hundred patients, of that description Person, during the continuance of with his Majesty, adınitted in a place His MAJESTY’sillnefs, should be committed to the QUEEN'S Moft Excellent

* See an explanation of this circumMajesty, and that her Majelty Should llance in paga 197. .

whero

where every possible attention was paid, and much desired recovery: Mr. Gray only one out of four of them had reco- could not imagine such a MONSTROUS vered. The qualities of the Prince of and PREPOSTEROU S-sentiment, of his Wales were great; and Loid Maitland Royal Highness having the intention of

had a veneration for the rights of the DETHRONING HIS FATHER, could 1 houfe of Hanover ; but when those have suggested to Mr. Pite the neceffity

rights came in competition with the of such restrictions. But admitting constitution of the kingdom, they such an idea could ever have occurred, should be treated with contempt. were these restrictions effectual to the

Another gentleman, Mr. M. A. purpose ? Was it the unnatural intenTaylor, in speaking to the argument, tion of his Royal Highness to dispossess of indulging his Majesty on the reco his Royal Sire of his crown, would very of his faculties, with the presence restraining him from the power of of his servants, akked which was the creating peers secure his Majesty from deareft to his Majesty, his Son, or his being deprived of his kingdom? Were Servant ? or, whether it would be not the powers allowed to the Prince as more pleasing to his Majesty, when that Regent, fufficient to the purpose ? The wished for period took place, to find power of levying forces, commanding that his son had enjoyed and preserved armies, &c. being granted him,

would his prerogatives entire-or, that in or- certainly be sufficient to give effect to der to gratify an opinion, those prero- such a inonstrous and unnatural inten. gatives have been divided in a manner tion! The regency being unrestricted, unknown to the constitution ? Mr. would enjoy no other right than what Taylor said, he was not a father—but the constitution had wisely provided fo far he could anticipate the feelings of should be annexed to the exercise of the a father.

executive power. Mr. Gray was, there On the other side, Mr. Pulteney fore, clearly of opinion that these liprofessed himself clearly of opinion, mitations were destructive of the conthat the Queen was the most proper per- ftirution, which was facrificed for the son to be entrusted with the proposed purpose of preventing the Regent having power ; for, with respect to interest or power to controul the efforts of a coninfluence, it applied' equally to the federacy, that might be exacted against Prince. The greatest part of the money his measures in another assembly: which her Majesty would have the dil Lord North, after arguing Itrenoposal of, was to be divided among oully on the impropriety of the restrictradesmen, bakers, butchers, &c. : the tions on the regent, adverted to Mr. regent had the gift of places in the ar. Pulteney's allulion to the India bill, my and navy, in the customs, excise, introduced some few years fince by &c.

It was very casy to govern this Mr. Fox, and which proved the diffa. country if ministers acted with honesty lution of his administration. The Comand integrity; but if the gentlemen pany could not again be relieved by the who were advancing to power, Mould interposition of the bedchamber lords; attempt a new India bill, they might their rights, their property, their charthen probably meet opposition from the ter, had been more effectually invaded by lords of the bedchamber.

the bill which they had so tamely suffered Tlie Hon. Mr. Bouverie moved to to escape their vengeance, than by that omit the second part of the resolutions, which so greatly excited their alarm, which gave her Majesty controul over and provoked their opposition ! It was the houshold: in which he was fup- in vain to think of affording any more ported by Mr. Gray, who would not relief to the East India Company; fuch allow the idea of a temporary provin an attempt would be like adminiftering sion; it was permanency which gave the medicine to a dead man !--Lord North prerogative ibat immortality of poffef- particularly argued against the pollibi. fon which constituted the right of the lity of any ufurpation on the just rights crown. Could it be for a moment ima- of the Sovereign, by any latitude grani. gined, ihat the restrictions were neces- ed to the Regent, in case the king Mould lary to secure the possession of the recover. The constitution was now too crown to his Majesty, on his happy well ascertained, and the several bran

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ches of it too well poised, to appre. conducted ? The new admiðiftration hend those convulsions that liave been would be fettered, and rendered of no known to have taken place in the more effect whatever. The wheels of governremote, and more uncivilized periods ment would be clogged and obstructed of the English annals.

in their progress. Whatever certain Mr. Fox, in a speech of confidera- gentlemen might infinuate, were I, says ble length, molt trenuously opposed Mr. Fox, to speak my sentiments, I the whole of the reltrictions. The would affirm that I never dreamt of regency bill was pretended to be brought entering into office, without considering in for the purpose of lupplying a tem AL.L. the EMOLUMENTS annexed 10 porary delect in consequence of the RESPONSIBILITY, as the appendages present afriction of his Majesty, being, and reward of exertion. Generous and as has been endeavoured to be repre- candid minds, who consider the consented, likely to recover in a short time. duct of men through the medium of But what evidence had there been ad. impartiality, will readily concur with duced that such an event was likely to me on this topic. I must aver, howe happen? There was as great a proba. ever it may leffen me in the eltimation bility of its happening in thirteen years of some individuals, that whenever I as in thirteen months. Nothing that aspire to any office, I wish to have the the evidence of Dr. Willis contained, free and uncontrouled enjoyment of all could give the lealt hope of such a hap: the patronage. It was a molt fucking py event to the royal family and the idea to set the MOTHER in COMPEcountry. Medicine, of all ihe human TITION with the Son, and thus create sciences, was the most intricate and un- a jealousy and fufpicion in the royal certain. But should a recovery hap- family. Should the high character pen in the course of twelve months, inentioned be biassed by wicked ada what difference could it make in the visers, that extensive patronage, near governinent, if the regent had the con- half a million per ann. may be controul of the houshold or bedchamber? verted by counsellors towards the All the difference was, that some might juftification of acts which may appear walk up to the House of Lords with inimical to the real interest of the coun: wands in their hands on a Wednesday, try. There are several perfons, whofc and be obliged to lay them down on private estates are more extensive and the Thursday. Mr. Fox would not productive than thofe of his royal highsay that the Queen's virtues were not of ness. The Prince had received at times the most refined quality ; but thofe vir. out of the civil lift, rums to a considertues formed a reasou, why the care of able amount. Excepting whai ją pro. his Majefty should be entrusted to duced by the DutchY of Corn. ozhers ! The present resolutions would WALL, he has no dependance. What confer a power which nothing but the he has obtained otherwise, has been king's present situation could have fuge through the munificence of his Majesty. gested ; and power once obtained was Hence his Royal Highnel's remains unnot easily resigned : the Queen proba- provided for the support of the regal bly would not employ it to the purposes dignity with which he is to be invested of faction, but a queen might; and it as regent -Mifery softened the human was to be apprehended from the prefent mind; Mr. Piti, therefore, observing complexion of political affairs. Pation: the wretched situation of France, had age only belonged to office, and with imposed these reltrictions on the execu, the refignation or removal from office, tive government, that by throwing this patronage should end : ministers should nation into confusion, he might produce pot, therefore, continue this influence

a sympas hy between the two rival naof appointment in the houshold, as the tions : it was, however, a reprehensible arms and weapons to oppose the mea- fight of generosity, and perf-ally hor. fures of a government they were going tile to the intereits of Great Britain. leave. If such an undue, base, and milThe majorities which had hitherto apo chievous influence were exerted in op- peared on the side of adminiftration, position to the Regent, in the name of and which had relifted the India bill of wonder, how could public business be Ms. Fox, fearing the introduction of

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