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printed, so as to form separate handsome Volumes; and will in time. be found a complete History of England, decorated with a profusion of masterly COPPER-Plates, from original Designs. That period of history with which this work commences, is certainly one of the most interesting in the annals of the British nation ; and the merit of the author, Sir THOMAS Moor, is universally acknowledged by every modern writer of reputation. To enumerate all the eulo giums in his favour, would exceed the limits of our present design. The learned Mr. Harris says, “Sir THOMAS Moor was eminent for his speculations and his literature.And Mr. Hume, who speaks disrespectfully of the learning of this age, ranks Sir THOMAS as the first, if not the only person, who had any pretensions to claffic , knowledge. Mr. Warton says, “Sir THOMAS Moor is reverenced by posterity, as the scholar who taught that erudition which ci. vilised his country, and as the philosopher who met the horrors of the block with that fortitude, which is equally free from ostentation and. enthusiasm; as the man whose genius overthrew the fabric of falle learning, and whose amiable tranquillity of temper triumphed over the malice and injustice of tyranny.”

Indeed, the utility of this plan, whether separately or generally confidered, appears so strikingly obvious, that what is already said may probably appear unnecessary. But as we seriously intend to exhaust our belt endeavours, both in the internal and external decoration of the HistoriCAL MAGAZINE, our sincerity emboldens us to declare, that it is neither by professions nor promises, that we mean to obtain

success and approbation. We admire a saying of ADOLPH, Earl of · Nassau, who was elected emperor of the Austrians in 1291, and no doubt the public will concur with the maxim

Animus eit qui divites facit

It is the mind, not the purse, which makes men rich. However great our confidence and our resources, we do not mean to set the usual communications of correspondents at defiance: on the contrary, we shall with much pleasure receive whatever is confiltent with the principles and the plan of this hiftorical Miscellany.

THE

THE

Historical Magazine ;

OR,

CLASSICAL LIBRARY

OF REMARKABLE

EVENTS, MEMOIRS, AND ANECDOTES.

NUMBER I.

HISTORICAL FRAGMENTS.

ANECDOTES, chusing rather to wait in the antia FROM VOLTAIRE'S HISTORY OF chamber, where there was a large CHARLES XII. OF SWEDEN.

fire in the chimney, and near it leveral pair of choice shoes, which the

dred men.

where Charles the Twelfth many for his own wear. The king, of Sweden was completely defeated waiting here some little time, at by the Czar, he with much diffi: lengtb observed the shoes, which he culty escaped to Turkey, having took up, threw into the fire, and with him only about eighteen hun. then went away. When the chan

He was treated with cellor awoke, he perceived the smell every poffible mark of respect by of the burat leather; and being told order of the Grand Seignior : be the occafion of it, he exclaimed, did not lodge in any town, but ra- " What a strange king! that would ther chose to encamp near Bender. have his chancellor always booted!Here Charles employed himself in Charles, in his compulsatory rethe exercise of his soldiers : he getirement at Bender, found plenty of nerally rose before the fun; and so every thing about him; a happiness fond was he of riding, that he would very rarely enjoyed by a vanquillied frequently tire three horses in a day. and fugitive prince. Besides proSuch of his attendants that were fo- vision more than sufficient, and five licitous to gain his favour, attended hundred crowns a day which he rehim during these excursions, and ceived from the Octoman munifiwere particular in always keeping cence, he drew money also from on their boots. One morning, go- France, and borrowed of the mering into the house of his chancellor, chants at Constantinople. Part of Mullern, who was asleep, he ordered this noney was employed in carryhis attendants not to disturb him, ing on intrigues in the Seraglio, in

B2

purchasing

.

LATED BY

purchafing the favour of the visirs, discover him, and so went off dit. or in endeavouring to procure their appointed. But the young lady ruin; the rest he profusely diftri- proved with child; and Williambuted among his officers, and the son, to take off the scandal, wedJaniffaries of Bender. Grothufen, ded her in some time atrer.' This his favourite and treasurer, was the Williamson married five or fix wives dispenser of his liberalities; a man successively, and was alive in the who, contrary to the custom of per- reign of 'Queen Anne ; at which fons in such stations, was as much time, says the captain, I saw him pleased with giving as his master preaching in one of the kirks at He brought him one day an account Edinburgh. It is said, that King of fixty thousand crowns in two Charles the Second, hearing of this lines : “. Ten thousand given to the man's behaviour in Lady Cherry. Swedes and Janissaries, by the ge- tree's house, wished to see one that perous orders of his majesty ; fifty had discovered so much courage thousand-spent by myself. while his troopers were in search of “ See,” says the king," how I like him; and, in a merry way, demy friends should give in their ac- clared, that when he was in the compts ! My chancellor makes me Royal Oak, he could not have kissed read whole pages for the sum of ten the bonnieft lass in Christendom! thousand livres. But I like Grothusen's laconic stile much better." This generofily, however, often re

INSTANCE duced him to such straits, that he of UNCOMMON AFFECTION, RB, had not wherewithal to give.

MR. COXE, IN HIS ACCOUNT OF THE PRISONS AND

HOSPITALS IN RUSSIA, SWEDEN,
ANECDOTE,

AND DENMARK.
FROM SWIFT'S LIFE OF CAPTAIN
CREICHTON

TITHIN the court of the

prison of the police in Moscow Y first action, says the cap- a gentleman is confined, who, alone,

tain, after having been taken of these prisoners, is refused the into

the guards, was, with a do- privilege of ever coming out : and zen gentlemen more, to go in quest yet this punishment is scarcely adeof Maiter David Williamson, a not. quate to the enormity of his crime od covenanter. I had been assured, having whipped several of his that this man did much frequent the peasants in so cruel a manner, that house of my Lady Cherrytree, witho they died in consequence of the in ten miles of Edinburgh': but stripes. In Russia, the lords have when I arrived first with my party great power over their peasants ; about the house, the lady, well but the fate of this tyrant News knowing our errand, put William- that they are amenable for any wanson to bed to her daughter, dis. ton abuse of it. guised in a woman's night-dress. · A mark of attachment in a doWhen the troopers went to search mestic once belonging to this man, in the young lady's room, her mo- must strongly interest the feelings of ther pretended that she was not well, humanity. Close to the prison-door and 'Williamson so managed the of this unhappy wretch, an old matter, that when the daughter woman of about feventy years of raised herself a little in the bed, to age has built a miserable shed, that let the troopers fee her, they did not scarcely repels the common violence

of

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of the weather : there the resides of doubt : for, by the strength of from pure motives of compaffion to his memory, he was a kind of liv. the prisoner : the had been his ing chronicle, relating distinctly and nurse, and continues with him (at exactly whatever had happened in least at the time when Mr. Coxe the compass of his life, together travelled into the northern king, with all the circumstances relating doms) in order to render him all to it. the service which might happen to “ This wonderful man had often be in her power. Such another in- lost and renewed his teeth; his hair, Itance of affe&tion, says Mr. Coxe, both on his head and beard, grew is not to be met with; for it must insensibly grey, and then as insenbe absolutely difinterested, as the fibly turned black again. The first prisoner, considering the greatness age of his life he passed in idolatry; of his crime, can never have any but, during the two last centuries hopes of being released : nor can of his life, had regularly continued she ever expect any recompence but a Mahometan. The sultan had alwhat she derives from her own feel. lowed him a pension for his fubfiftings. Mr. Coxe gave her a small ence, the continuance of which he piece of money, and the immedi- begged from the general ; the same ately handed it to the prisoner. motive remaining which had in

duced the king of Cambaya to grant

him a subfistence, that is to say, his INSTANCE

great age, and the extraordinary OF EXTREME OLD AGE. circumstances which had attended

his life; these prevailed on the geCAFFEUS, who wrote the neral to grant his requeft."-It may has been always esteemed a model strange a story as the above, related of veracity, and an elegant compo- by so faithful an historian, must fition, gives the following account, have created many enquiries, and (Hift. Ind. lib. xi. cap. 4.) after must have either súnk in the world, having related the death of the Sul- or, in consequence of those enquitan of Cambaya, and the conquest ries, received abundance of concur. of his kingdom by the Portugueze. rent teftimonies. We shall, there.

.“ They presented," says he, “ at fore, add some farther remarkable this time to the general a man born particulars concerning this celebratamong the ancient Gangards, now ed long-liver, from another Portucalled Bengalars, who was three gueze writer, Ferdinand Lopez de hundred and thirty-five years of Castegneda, who was historiograage. There were various circum- pher royal. stances which took from this account He fays, in his history of Lufi. all suspicion of falsehood. In the tania, lib. viii

. “ In the year 1536,. first place, bis age was confirmed Nunio de Cugna, who was then by universal tradition; all the peo. three hundred and forty years of

ple averiag, that the oldest men in age, was presented to the viceroy of their infancy spoke of this man's the Indies. He remembered that

age with astonishment; and that he he had seen the city in which he had then living in his own house a dwelt, then one of the most popuson of ninety years old. In the next lous in the Indies, a very inconti. place, his ignorance was so great, and derable place. He had changed his he was fo absolutely void of learn- hair, and recovered his teeth, four ing, that this removed all ground times; and when the piceroy faw

,

T

him, his head and beard were black, the name of Gyges, to whom he but the hair weak and thin. He was chiefly attached, and in whom afferted, in the course of his life he he placed the most unlimited conbad had seven hundred wives, fome fidence, In one of their private of whom died, and the rest he put conversations, boasting as usual ou away.

the beauty of his wife, the king " The King of Portugal caused contended that Gyges could not a ftrict enquiry to be made into this have an adequate idea of her charms matter, and an annual account of while so much of them was conthe state of the old man's health to cealed by the incumbrances of be brought him by the returns of dress; and, to convince him of the the fleet from India. This long. truth of what he allerted, insisted lived person was a native of the that he should have ocular demonkingdoin of Bengal, and died at the stration, by concealing himself in age of three hundred and seventy," the chamber, where ic undressed

to go to bed.

It was in vain that Gyges re. ANECDOTE

monstrated against the indiscretion OF A MODERN GREEK*. of his royal master; in vain he laid

before him the probability of a dif. HE following anecdotě helps covery, and the fanctity and vene

to prove, that, even among 'ration in which female modesty the present Greeks, in the gloomy fould be held; the king remained day of servitude, the remen,brance inexorable, and Gyges reluctantly of their ancient glory is not totally consented. This highly-favoured extinet.

courtier was conducted by his mas When the late Mr. Anson (Lord fter to the place of concealment, and Anfon's brother) was upon his tra. in security and at leisure he convels in the East, he hired a vessel to templated the naked beauties of his visit the ifle of Tenedos. His pilot, royal mistress. In retiring, howan old Greek, as they were sailing ever, he did not escape the notice along, said with some satisfaction, of the queen ; who, aware of this " There it was our fleet lay!" Mr; peculiar foible in her royal husband; Anfon demanded “What fleet” immediately tuspected the contriv. What fleet!" replied the old

ance; but ncither gave an alarm, man, a little piqued at the question ; nor indicated her indignation by why our Grecian feet at the

any token whatever. ficge of Troy."

The following day, however, Gyges received a message to attend

the queen ; and, unsuspecting what AN EXTRAORDINARY INSTANCE OF ROMANTIC CHASTITY, RECORD

was to be the nature of the conferED BY HERODOTUS-L. I.

ence, immediately obeyed. The

queen briefly explained the reasons ANDAULES, king of Lydia, why the had commanded his attendwife, that his vanity could not be him a choice, either to kill Canfatisfied, while her beauties were daules and to possess her and the revealed to him alone. Among the empire, or to die himself ; for said courtiers of Candaules was one of the—" The man who betrayed and

exposed me, must be sacrificed ; or * This story is taken from the works you, who have witnessed my fame of J. Harris, Ésq. to whom Ms. Apson and dishonour.". related the circumstance.

Astonish

was

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