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the topic of conversation. The Kashct; al- of seeing the king of Mahass, a mean look- / were sold to a merchant of Siout. Another most in a state of insensibility, had not yet ing black, attended by half a dozen naked contiauel its courte northward, and was seen asked me who I was, or what I came for. slaves, armed with shields and lances. From beyond the cataract at Assouan, at Derau, In the course of half an hour, the whole hence, along the Nile to Sennaar, about third one day's march north of that place. camp, was drunk ; inusquets were then ty-five days journies, there are upwards of

The remainder of our quotations here brought in, and a feu-de-joie fired with ball, twenty kings and kingdoms, every independin the hut where we were sitting. I must ent chief being styled Melek. The power with which Mr. Burckhardt concludes

are from the general remarks on Nubia, confess, that at this moment I repented of of each of these petty suvereigns is very arhaving come to the camp, as a gun might bitrary, as far as relates to exactions upon

his first narrative. have been easily levelled at me, or a random the property of his own subjects, but he Nubia is divided into two parts, called ball have fallen to my lot. I endeavoured dares not put any of them to death, without Wady Kenous, and Wady el Noulin (often several times to rise, but was always pre- entailing upon his own fimily the retaliation nameil exclusively Sayd); the former exvented by the Kashef, who insisted upon of blood by that of the deceased: All the tending from Assouan to Wady Sebona, and my getting drunk with him ; but as I never respectable inhabitants of Mahass are mer- the latter comprising the country between stood more in need of my senses, I drank chants ; they bny slaves in Dángola, Berlier, Seboua and the northern frontier of Dónvery sparingly. Towar:ls noon, the whole and in the country of the Sheyzya, and dis- gola. The inhabitants of these two divisions camp was in a profound sleep: and in a few patch a caravan to Cairo twice a year; are divided by their language, but in ina

inanhours after, the kashef was susficiently sober Mahass is the nearest place in the Black ners they appear to be the same. to be able to talk rationally to me. ' I told country, from whence slave traders ar- According to their own traditions, the prehim that I had come into Nubia to risit the rive at Cairo; the distance is about a thou-sent Nubians derive their origin from the ancient castles of Ibrim and Say, as being sand miles.

A male slave in Mahass is Arabian Bedouins, who invaded the country the remains of the empire of Sultan Selym; worth from twenty-five to thirty Spanish after the promulgation of the Mobammedan that I had had recommendations from Ésne dollars, a female from thirty to forty. At creed, the greater part of the Christian into himself and his two brothers, and that I Cairo they sell at a profit of one hundred habitants, whose churches I traced as far as had come to Mahass merely to salute him and and fifty per cent. ; and the merchandize Sukkot, having either fled before then or his brother, conceiving that I should be guilty taken in return produces from two to three been killed; a few, as already mentioned, of a brcach in good manners, if I quitted hundred per cent., or even more under the embraced the religion of the invaders, and Say without paying my respects to them. present circumstances, as the Mamelouks their descendants may yet be distinguished Unfortunately, iny letters from Esne, ad are eager purchasers.

at Tafa, and at Serra, north of Wady Halfa, dressed to the three brothers, were in the

Bornon is said to be 25 or 30 days hands of Hassan Kashef, who would not re- distant from Mahass, with but little At present, the political state of the counturn them to me when I quitted Derr, saying water on the road

try may be said to be, nominally at least, the that I should not want them, as he had not

same as when Hossan Coosy (a leader of some given me permission to go beyond Sukkot.

Dóngola is noted for its breed of horses, Bosnians, sent by the Grand Signior to Nubia, My story was, in consequence, not believed: great numbers of which are imported by the and, in short, whiat the Normans were to Eng" You are an agent of Mohammed," sail the people of Mahass ; they are chictlypstallions land) took possession of it. The present

gonKashef's Arabic secretary:,“ but, at Mahass is originally from Arabia, and is one of the are his descendants ; their father was named

the natives seldom riding mares. The breed vernors, Hosseyn, Hassan, and Alohammed, off the hearts of those who are enemies to the finest I have seen, possessing all the supe- Soleyman, and had acquired some reputation Mamelouks.” I assured him that I was not with greater size and more bone.

rior beauty of the horses of that country, from his vigorous system of government. an enemy of the Mamelouks, and that I had

All those The title of Kashef, assumed by the three waited upon the two Begs at Derr, who had which I have seen had the four legs white, brothers, is given in Egypt to governors of received me very civilly.” The evening there are very few of them without this dis- bute of about 1201. into the treasury of the

as high as the knee, and I was told that districts. The brothers pay an annual tripassed in sharp enquiries on one side, and tinctive mark. Prime stallions bear a bigh Pasha of Egypt, in lieu of the Miry of Nusat up late with his confidents, to deliberate price, from five to ten slaves being paid for bia, for which the Pasha is accountable to what was to be done with me, while I took climates, not even at Cairo, though Moham- this tribute was seldom paid, but Moham

These horses do not thrive in northern the Porte. In the time of the Mamelouks, post with my camels, under cover, behind med Aly has lately sent one as a present to the ined Aly has received it regularly for the last huis hut. No one had the slightest idea that Grand Signior, for which he gave 750 Spanish three years. The three Kashefs have about I was an European, nor did I, of course, dollars. The greater part of them are fed for one hundred and twenty horsemen in their boast of my origin, which I was resolved to ten months in the year merely on straw, and service, consisting chiefly of their own reladisclose only under the apprehension of im- in the spring, upon the green crops of bar- tious, or of slaves; these troops receive no minent danger.

ley. The Mamelouks, since their irruption regular pay; presents are made to them ocIle is compelled by these rude go- into Dóngola, are all mounted upon these casionally, and they are considered to be vernors of Nubia to change his route. horses. The inhabitants of Mahass pretend to be There are no elephants in Dóngola ; but upon duty only when their masters are upon

a journey. Derr is the chief residence of the descendants of the Arabs Koreysh, the tribe the hippopotamus is very common in the to which the prophet Mohammed belonged, river. "Its Aralie nuine i: Barnik, or Farass governors ;t but they are almost continually and who, as is well known, were partly Be- el-Bahr; the Nuhians call it Ird. It is a name of Korbadj, are made of the skin of the douing, and partly husbandmen. It is the dreadful plague on account of its voracity, hippopotamus, and form an article of commerce tradition of Mahass, that a large party of and the want of means in the inhabitants to with the Seanaar and Darfour cararans. Koreysh took possession of the Wady at the destroy it. It often descends the Nile as far as * The greater part of the Egyptian peasants same period when numerous Bedouins from Sukkot: the peasants, as I passed, told me north of Benisouef have the same origin : they the east invaded Egypt and Nubia. The that there were three of them in the river are the descendants either of Moggrebyn or chief, or king of Mahass, is of the family of between Makass and Sukkot. Last year Arabian tribes. In Egypt I have even met with Pjama. He collects the revenue of his king- several of them passed the Batn el Hadjar, the descendants of Syrian

Bedouins.

+ When the Turkish troops, under Ibrahim dom, and pays tribute to the governors of and made their appearance at Wady Halfa Nubia, who receive, annually, from each of and Derr, an occurrence unknown to the Beg, after driving the Mamelouks into the the six priucipal places in his dominions, oldest inhabitant. Que was killed by an Wady Halla, the three princes retired with their

eastern mountains, occupied Nubia as far as five or six canels, as many cows, two slaves, Arab, by a shot orer its right eye; the pea- followers into Dongola, and remained there till and about forty sheep, besides making ex

sants até the flesh, and the skin * and tecth the Turks withdrew towards Assovan, when traordinary requisitions. I had the honour

The whips known in the East under the they returned to Derr.

maner.

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mer inalwut, for the purpose of exacting | ried to females in alınost every considerable nomains; and their Seuna is of the best the taxes from their subjects, who pay thein village : Husseyn Kasiet has above forty kind. In exchange for these coinmodities baly na the approach of superior force. sons, of whom tyenty are married in the same they take linen shirts and Dhourra, the During these excursions, the Kashefs com

grains of which they swallow raw, as mit acts of great injustice, wherever they The Nubians purchase their wives from dainty, and never make it into bread. in that there is none to resist them, which the parents : the price usually paid by the Crocodiles seem hardly less dreadeil is frequently the case. The amount of the Kenous is twelve Mahboubs, or thirty-six in some parts than the lipopotannus releue is shared equally auongst the three piastrex. They frequently intermurry within others. buthers; but they are all very avaricious, the Arribs Abalde, some of whom cultivate

Crocodiles are very numerous alvout Shenextremely jealous ut each other, and each the soil like themselves; .au Ababde girl is dy. I have generally remarked that these robs edandestinely as much as he can. 1 worth six canels : these are paid to her fa uimals inhabit particular parts of the Nile, estimate their annual income at about ther, who gives back three to his daughter, from whence they seldon appear to more; 3,100. each, I or from 8 to 10,0001. in the to be the common property of her and her thus, in Lower Egypt, they have entirely whole. None of them apends more than husband; if a divorce takes place, lalf the disappeared, although no reasonable cause 3370!. a year. Their principal wealth con- value of the thirce camels goes to the latter. can be assigned for their not descending the sists in cullers and slaves. In their manners In Upper Egypt, when a wife insists upon river. In Upper Luypt, the neighbourhood they attect the haughty mien and reportinent being divorcul, her husband has the right to of Akhmin, bendera, Orment, and Exifoit

, of Turkish grandees; but t!icir dress, which take all her wearing apparel from her, and are at present the favourite haunts of the is worse than what a Turkish soldier woulil to share her heal: nobody will then marry Crocodile, while few are ever sen in the inlike to wear, il accords with this assuined her till her hair be grown again. The N-termediate parts of the river. The saine is är of dignity.

bian is extremely jealous of his wife's how the case in literent parts of Nubia towards The following is a curious method which nour: and on the slightest suspicion of in- Dángola. At Berber nobody is afruil of the governors of Nubia have devised, of ex- tidelity towards liim, would carry her in the encountering crocodiles in the river, and me to-ting money from their subjects. When | night to the side of the river, lay open her bathed there very often, swimming out into aly wealthy individual has a daughter of a breast by a cut with his knife, and throw the midst of the stream Atshonly, on the su table age, they deiuani her in marriage; her into the water, “ to be food for the cro-contrary, they are greatly dreadled; the Aralj u: father seldon dares to refuse, and some-coliles," as they term it. A case of this and the slaves and females, who repair to the tires feels flattered by the honour ; but he kind lately happened at Assouan.

shore of the river near the town every mornis soon ruined by his powerful son-in-law, who extorts from him every article of his I found the Nubians, generally, to be of a their water-shins for the supply of the town,

ing and evening, to wash their line, and fill property under the name of presents to his own kind disposition, and without that propen- are obliged to be continually on the alert

, daughter. All the governors are thus mar- sity to eft, so characteristic of the Egyp- and such as bathe take care not to proceel

tians, at least of those to the north of Siout. to any great distance into the river. I was : In Navember 1813, Mohammel Kashef Pilfering indeed is almost unknown amongst several times present when a croco:lile maile arrived at Esne, in his way to Siout, for the them, and any person convicted of such a its appearance, and witnessed the terror it pJos of visiting Ibrahim Pasha, the governor crime would be expelled from his village by inspired; t'e crowd all quickly retiring up of lpper Egypt, why, it is well knowa, enter the unanimous voice of its inhabitants; I the beach. During my stay at Shenly, a tained hostile designs against Nubia. Being did not lose the most trifling article during man who had been advised to bathe in the exious to conciliate the Pasha, he had brouhit my journey through the country, although river, after having sepeil the small-pox, with him presents of slaves, dromedaries, and I always slept in the open air in front of the was seized ani killed by one of these animals. Dúngola horses; but the chief object of the house where I took up my quarters for the At Sennaar crocodiles are often brought to seva, bis eldest brother, who had lately invested night. They are in general hospitable to market, and their flesh is publicly sold there. bis tro eldest sons, Daoud and Khalil, with a

wards strangers, but the Kenous and the I once tasted some of the reai at Esne, in share of the government of Nubia, and bad people of Sukkot are less so than the other Upper Egypt; it is of a dirty white colou, obüged his two brothers to divide the revenue inhabitants.. Curiosity seems to be the most not unlike young vea!, with a slighi fisly equally, with their nephews, thus creating five prominent feature in their character, and smell; the animal had been caught by sine Furernors of the country. At Fisne, Mohanımed they generally ask their guest a thousand fishermen in a strong net, and was above met a troop of about one bundred solliers, who questions about the place he comes from, twelve feet in length. The Governor of had been dispatched by Ibrahim Pasha against and the business which brings him into Nu- Esne ordered it to be brought into his couriNubia ; deeming it useless therefore to proceed bia.

yard, where more than an hundred balls were farther, he returned towards his home with the Turks, at whose approach his two brothers ileal despotic, the Nubians might become dange- thrown upon its back, and the contents of

If the government were not so extremely fired against it without any effect, till it was to the island of Okwe, beyond the second catarart at Wady Halfa, notwithstanding every prorous neighbours to Egypt; for they are of a

a small swivel discharged at its belly, the skin mise of safety. The Turks pursued their march much bolder and more independent spirit of which is much softer than that of the as far as Wady Halfa, collecting from every than the Egyptians, and ardently attached to

back. Sakie in the name of Ibrahim Pasha, the land their native soil.

Next to Sennaar. and Cobbé (in Darfour) tar, of which they allowed Mohammed Kashef The Arabs on the mountains between Shendy is the largest town in eastern Soudan, abont one-twelfth of the whole amount, for his Nubia and the Red Sea, are an extra- and larger, according to the report of the own subsistence. It was evidently the object of this exhibition to seize the persons of all the ordinary race.

ni erchants, than the capitals of Dóngola and governors; but in this it failed. After staying

The Bisharye, who rarely descend from Koreotan. It consists of several quarters, nearly a year in the country, in the course of their mountains, are a very savage people, «ivided from each other by public places, or which they collected the land-tax from the sum- and their character is worse even than that markets, and it contains altogether from Der seed also, the Turks returned to Upper of the Ababde. Their only cattle are cainels eight hundred to a thousand houses. It is Egypt. In 1815, the Turks again visited Nubia, and sheep, and they live entirely upon flesha built upon the sandy plain, at ulout half an dal compelled the peasants to furnish the and milk, cating much of the former raw; hour's walk from the river ; its houses are asiount of the importa in camels, instead of according to the relation of several Nubians, similar to those of Berber; but it contains srain; as soon as they withdrew, the hashets they are very fond of the hot blood of a greater number of large buildings, awal de viretired to Derr, and, in their turn also exarted the land-tax from their subjects, who are

slaughtered sheep; but their greatest luxury er ruins. The houses seldom form any reexposed both to the rapacity of the Turks is said to be the raw marrow of camels. A gular street, but are spread over the plain in wid to their own governors, all equally merci- few of these Arabs occasionally visit Derr or great disorder. I nowhere sat any walks of *5, owing to the uncertain duration of their Assouan, with Senna, sheep and ostrich fea- burnt brick. The houses of the chief, and Aspective powers.

tbers, the Ostrich being compon in their those of his relatives, contain court-yards

man.

twenty feet square, inclosed by high walls, circumstance by which they particularly dis- the designs and the fine execution of the and this is the general description of the ha tinguish themselves from the true Negroe, engravings : the letter-press descripbitations of Shendy. The government is in whose hands, when touched, feel like wood. tions, however, appear to us to be more the hands of the Mek; the name of the present chief is Nimr, i. é. Tiger. The reigning Persons from the Hedjaz and from Egypt not easy for a person who feels the

sentimental and less amusing. It is family is of the same tribe as that which now soinetimes pass by Shendy on their way to

boundless store occupies the throne of Sennaar, namely the Sennaar, in search of young monkeys, which Wold Adjid, which, as far as I could under- they teach to perform the tricks so amusing The warbling woodlands, the resounding shore,

Of charms which nature to her votary yields, stand, is a branch of the Funnye. The fa- to the populace in the towns of Arabia, ther of Nimr was an Arab of the tribe of Syria, and Egypt. I was repeatedly asked all that the genial ray of morning gilds,

The pomp of groves, the garniture of fields; Djaalein, but his mother was of the royal whether I had not come in search of mon- And'all that echoes to the song of even; blood of Wold Ajib ; and thus it appears that keys, for that my equipments appeared too All that the mountain's sheltering bosom shields, women have a right to the succession. This shabby for those of a merchant. These And all the dread magnificence of heaven agrees with the narrative of Bruce; who .nonkey-hunters are held in great contempt, to continue writing on the picturesque, found at Shendy a woman upon the throne, because, as the Negroes say, they pass their without becoming more and more inwhom he calls Sittina (an Arabic word mean- whole lives in making others laugh at them. spired with the subject; and, probably, ing our Lady). The Mek of Shendy, like the Mek of Berber, is subject to Sennaar;

there is no species of authorship in

The people of Shendy know little of mubut,

excepting the purchase money paid for sical instruments, howerer fond they may be which it is so difficult to communicate his Government, on his accession, and oc- of songs. The lyre (Tamboura) and a kind emotions, as that wherein an active recasional presents to the king and vizier * of of fife withi a disznal sound, made of the hol- veller in the profusion of nature endeaSennaar, lie is entirely independent, and go- low Dhorra stalk, are the only instruments vours to transfuse his refined sensations verns his district, which extends about two I saw, except the kettle-drum. This appears into the mind of a mere passive reader. days journeys further to the south, quite at to be all over Soudan an appendage of roy- That which causes him to exclaim with his own pleasure.

alty; and when the natives wish to designate Gold is the second article in the Sennaar a man of power, they often say the Nagára here ;"' that which throws him into

rapture, “ Lo! what a goodly fabric is traile. It is purchased by the merchants of beats before his house. Sennanr froin the Abyssinian traders ; but I Mek's kettle-drums were beaten regularly ecstasics ; that on which he dwells with have not been able exactly to ascertain in every afternoon before his house. A favou- ineffable delight;—the cloud capt mounwhat province of western Abyssinia it is rite pasti?ne of the Negroe Arabs, and which tain, living stream, and fairy dell, come tound.' The principal market for gold ap- is also known among the Arabs of Upper all upon our numbed sense, with a force fears to be Ras el fil

, a station in the cara- Egypt, is the Syredje, a kind of draughts ; it not much greater than a dream, or twicevia route from Sennaar to Gondar, four is plared upon sandy ground, on which they told tale vexing the dull ear of a sleepy dau ' journeys from the former. This route trate with the finger chequers of forty-nine is at present much frequented by Sennaar squares ; the picces, on one side, are round

We are, therefore, willing to triders, as well as by that class of Abyssi- balls of camel's dung, picked up in the divide the slight censure we have passed nian merchants called Djehert, who appear street, and on the other those of goats. It is on this volume, and to ascribe part of to be the chief slave and gold traders of that an intricate game, and requires great atten- our languor to our own state of inapticountry.

the object is to take all the antagonist's tude, and only the remainder to that The name of Youba is given to all the pieces, but the rules are very different froin sort of exaggerated sensibility in Mr. Lecks coming from the slave countries to those of Polish draughts. The people are Rhodes, which, it appears to us, is rathe south of Sennaar. The territory of Sen- uncommonly fond of the game, two persons Par extends, as far as I could learn from seldom sitting down together without im- ther of a Gallic than a British character; Puh. merchants of the country, ten days jour-mediately beginning to draw squares in the and sometimes excites a smile instead nev heyend the city, in a south and south-sand. The Nek himself will play with the of sympathy. But we ought to add to tari direction, and is inhabited exclusively lowest slave, if the latter is reputed a good this, that all the remarks contained in by tree Arab tribes, who make incursions player. If a bye-stander assists one of the the work, are simple, judicious, and nito the more southern mountains, and carry parties with his advice, it gives no offence to impartial ; and that, generally, we are V the children of the idolaters. These the other ; sometimes they play for a gourd carried along with the author in his Nurba slaves (among whom nust also be of Bouza, but not usually. Chess is not quite [ckoned those who are born in the neigh- unknown here, but I never met with any one glowing pictures of sweet and romantic bournood of Sennaar, of male Negroes and who played it.

scenery. tem e Abyrsinians; and who are afterwards

(To be continued.)

This Excursion begins at Tidswell, and 2014 by the masters of the parents) forin a

embraces Buxton with its baths ; the Valley indle class between the true Blacks and

PEAK SCENERY.

of the H'ye; Haddon, the ancient baronial ibu abyesinians; their colour is less dark Or Excursions in Derbyshire : made chief- seat of the Rutland family, and the still more chanda that of the Negroe, and has a copper

ly for the purpose of Picturesque Obser- | ancient Vernons and Peverils ; Chatsworth, int, but it is darker than that of the free ration. Mustrated with Engravings the princely abode of the Duke of DevonAints of Sennaar and Shendy. Their fea- by G. Cooke, &c. from Drawings made shire ; and most of the remarkable villages, Cures, though they retain evident signs of

by F. L. Chantrey, Esq. Sculptor, R. A. views, &c. in this interesting part of DerbyNeutue origin, have still something of what

shire.

By E. Rhodes. Part II. Large 4to. is cal regular ; their noses, though smaller

The Plates are seven in number, viz.Twith those of the Europeans, are less flat

Shirbrook Dell; the Wve from Priestcliff ; in those of the Negroes; their lips are

The first part of this pleasing work Monsul Dale ; Rustic Bridge, ibid. Cross in hers thick, and the cheek-bones not so pro- was published about a year and a half Bakewell Church-yard ; Haddon Hall, and

The hair of some is woolly: bnt ago, and reviewed in the Literary Gazette Chatsworth House. Of these, Shirbrook an the greater part it is similar to the of May 9th, 1818. We there did jus- Dell is singularly beautiful, and extraordiheart of Europeans, but stronger, and always tice to its beauty as a specimen of the nary for its natural features, which resemble Cirird. The palm of their hands is soít, a fine arts, and to its agreeable qualities view of the Wye is also a remarkable land* The vizier of Sennaar, of the Adelan family,

as a literary composition. The present scape, and, with all the improvement of isu to be the real master there, while the king continuation is in the same style of ex- modern engraving, curiously reminds us of ba: ú inere shadow of authority.

cellence, in so far as regards the taste of the Art in its rudest infancy; but our fa

tion;

pp. 126.

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vourite little piece is the Rustic Bridge, the pressed; and by reversing the picture, a sinking into disuse and decay. This may be spirit, and grace, and fidelity of which, con- very different order might be indulged. regretted, as the numerous shells and the stitute a model for the ornamenting of pub- We have looked from the height of a great variety of figures which they contain, lications, where the aid of the arts is required, mountain down upon the grandest pro- riety of vegetable and animal remains, that Erery one knows the trouble and difficulty

cession of of procuring works from engravers, the

pomp and royalty ; and it is

are not less curious than beautiful. The most eminent of whom are eminently tardy not in language to denote how mean black marble here procured is not surpassed, and tiresome in completing the subjects com- and trifling the little puppet-shew look- perhaps not equalled, in any part of the mitted to their charge; insoinuch, that a ed when thus connected with the stu-world; its deep, unvaried colour, and the finished quarto seems often to be a more ea- pendous glories of the surrounding sce- compactness of its texture, fit it to receive sily attainable matter than a finished frontis

nery. The figures in Chinoise-om- the highest polish ; a mirror can hardly prepiece to adorn it. Plates like this last, how-bres afforded the only parallel.—If

the sent a clearer or a more beautiful surface: are, in our opinion, admirably calculated to wilds of Derbyshire possess the sublime cult to work, it is too expensive for common illustrate almost every species of writing;

in landscape, rather than the splendour occasions. In Chatsworth House there are add, except in rare instances, we earnestly of mortal equipments, they seem also some columns of this marble, which are used afrise the adoption of a manner at once so rich in another point, which has, heaven as pedestals for busts, and some ornamented full of effect, and so perfectly adequate to knows how often untruly, been consi- vases of exquisite beauty: Mr. White Watconvey the impression of any object what- dered a blessing in life.

son, in his Delineation of the Strata of DerAs we entered Taddington (says Mr. R.) byslıire, mentions this material under the deThe plate of Chatsworth is also very finely which is one of the meanest villages in Der- nomination of "Bituminous Fetid Limeexecuted. With regard to the literary portion the open grass field in which the church owing to Petroleum, with which it abounds."

He farther observes, “ this limestone is subof this production, a few extracts will stands, where we observed an old stone cross, best display it ; and we select them with the shaft of which is ornamented with, ya-calcareous particles are disengaged and

ject to decompose, in which operation the only a view to the variety of their topics. in execution to those at Evam and Bakewell, escape, and their interstices are occupied by The following is a fair example of the and altogether diferent in form, manner, ani water

, the same still occupying the same author's descriptive powers.

character. If long life may be regarded as a space, bulk for bulk, as before ; but on being At Blackwell-Mill, where the river is blessing, the inhabitants of Taddington ap- squeezed, the water comes out as from a spread out into considerable breadth, the pear to have been peculiarly blessed: the sponge. . On being cxposed to the air, by dale expands and assumes a different charac- grave stones in the church-yard are not nu.

laying it in the grass (which it destroys, and ier

. Here the stupendous rocky scenery of merous, yet we observed more than an usual siecter herbage springs up in its place) tilt the Wye subsides, and a series of deep dales proportion that were inscribed to the ine

perfectly dry, the water evaporating leares a succeeds, which are formed by high sloping mory of those who had died at a good old very light impalpable substance, called Rotten hills, that are thinly corered with rerdure, age. From eighty to one hundred years &c."' To those who are acquainted with the and in some places crested with craggy knolls seems here the common term of existence. and broken rocks. Within the hollow of The parish clerk shewed us the new register, peculiar use of this substance, I need otier those mighty hills which here prescribe the which commences with the year 1813. In no apology for this short extract from Mr.

Watson's account of its formation. The course of the river, lies Blackwell-Mill. the first page only, in the short space of six Topley Pike, broad at its base, and lifting months, are recorded the deaths of four in- subject is treated more largely in pages 45 high its pointed summit o'er all surrounding dividuals, whose united ages amounted to and 46 of his work; and I gladly refer to his objects

, is here a giant feature in the land- three hundred and soventy-nine years ; the interesting detail of that curious operation of scape Along the side of this inagnificent oldest of these venerable personages attained nature by which Rotten Stone is produced, hill the new road from Bakewell to Buxton the age of one hundred and seven, and one and I do this more freely as I understand the has been carried : one would almost wonder of the four has a sister now living in Tadding- Dirtlow Moor, near Bakewell, where the at so bold an attempt, but what cannot the ton who is ninety-eight years old. These intalent and perseverance of man achieve ? stances of longevity are extraordinary in

surface is very wet, has the reputation of While I was in the dale below, contem- s0 small a village, and they shew that the furnishing the best specimens of this very

useful article. plating the steep acclivity of Topley Pike, 1 reputation Tadilington has obtained for the was startled from my reverie by the sound of healthfulness of its situation and the salu

At Bakewell there is an ancient ruin a coachman's horn, which came gently upon brity of its air, rests on a good foundation. in the Church-yard; but its modern the ear, when I was least prepared to ex- Well might the old woman at Ashford, who, tombs afford us inore curious matter. pect such a greeting. Shortly a stage-coach when she had weathered seventy-eight years appeared, which seemed actually to issue of existence, and found the infirmities of old On a black marble tablet, which is insert from the clouds, and I observed it pass ra- age approaching, express an anxiety to re-ed on a grave-stone near the east end of the pidly along the side of the hill, where the move her residence and live at Taddington, church, there is the following inscription to cre could scarcely discern the trace of a observing, at the saine time, that “ folk did the memory of a child aged two years and road, and where to all appearance a human no die there so young as she was.” eight inonths. As a specimen of country foot conid with difficulty find a resting-place. We copy another notice respecting than common consideration.

church-yard poetry,

it has a claim to inore Had I supposed this vehicle to have contain the marbles at an adjoining village : ed in it beings like myself, I might have shuddered with apprehension, but the coach, marbles, which are obtained from the hills Ashford has been long celebrated for its

“ Reader! beneath this marble lies

The sacred dust of Innocence; from its great height above me, looked so that afford it shelter, and are cut' into form

Two years he blest his parents' eyes, like a child's toy, and the sound of the hom and polished at the mills originally erected

The third an angel took him hence ; was so soft and unobtrusive-50 unlike the by the late Mr. Henry Watson, of Bakewell,

The sparkling eyes, the lisping tongue, koud blast of a stage-coachman's bugle-and who obtained a patent to secure to himself

Complaisance sweet and manners mild, altogether the place was so unfitted for the the advantages of his mechanical skill and

And all that pleases in the young, intrusion of such an object, that it appeared ingenuity. The grey!marbles dug from the

Were all united in this child. Evore like a fairy scene, or a picture of ima

Wouldst thou his happier state explore ?

To thee the bliss is freely given; Justion, than any thing real and substantial. quarries in the vicinity of Ashford are less

esteemed than formerly, and the works where Go, gentle reader! sin no more, The feelings here are naturally ex- they are sawn into slabs and polished, are And thou shalt see this flower in heaven."

Near the same place, on the contrary side on festive occarrons was appropriatel to 1 for the opposition Journals, as our disyraced of the pathway, there is an epitaph of a dif- mirth and minstrelsy, occupies tiso sicles of European statesmeu do, he bale adien to ferent character, in which the writer hus er- this apartment. On the wainscot, near the the ban's of the (anges, and ervarkel on logised the very extraordinary vocal povers principal entrance, we observed an iroii fast- Loaril of a European vessel, withont caring of the parish-clerk. Some of the rhymes ening of a peculiar strncture, which was whither he went; and, as he himself says :are inanı ted with a Budid rastic felicity, and large enough to admit the wrist of a man's in the hope that soine accident mighit put on rea:ling the inscription I was induced to hand, and which we were infornet had been a period io luis life and his sorrows.' give it a place in my note-book. This periplaced there for the purpose of punishing Prince Mirza arrives in England. There son's name was Roe; his father filled the si- trivial offences. It had likewise another use, he was enchanted by a thousand new objects, tuation of parish clerk before him, and if his and served to enforce the laws and regula- He forgot his political disasters, and oliserred grave-stone fiatters not, with equal ability, tions adopted among the serrants of this ese and described every thing from Windsor it tells us in humble prose, that “ the natu- tablishment. The man who refused duły to Castle to the humblest cottage, from the ral powers of his voice in clearness, strength, take his hom of alc, or neglectel to perform English kitchen to the institution of the and sweetness, were altogether inequalleil:"the duties of his office, had his hand locked jury. England became his favourite country. a commendation which is reiterated in verse to the wainscot somerhat higher than liis Towever, the Oriental observer is far froin on the neighbouring toinb-stone.

beau, by this iron fastening, wien rold approving all the customs of the three King" The vocal powers her let us mark, water was poured down the sleeve of his doms. The English, he says, here twelve Of Philip, our late parish-clerk,

doublut as a punishment for his offence. vices or defects :--They are haughty, volapIn church none never heard a layman One of the oll servants of the family, who tuous, duil, iwlulent, choleric, and vain ; With a clearer voice say “ Amer!" attended upon strangers when I first visited they are atheists, gourinani's, spendtlırifts, Who now with hallelujahs sound, Hardon, when pointing out the uses to which cgotisti, and libertines ; and they allect á Like him can make the roofs rebound ?

this curious relique of former times was åp sovereign contempt for the customs of ether The choir lament his choral tones, plied, facetiously remarked, " that it grew

nations. But this condemnation is sucThe town so soon here lic his bones" rusiy for want of use."

cecled by an enumeration of the good quaAt the west end of the church, on a table Mrs. Anne Ralelife, who was a native of litics of the English ; which are, hospitality, monument, another inscription occurs still Derbysluire, often visited Haddon Mall, for delicacy, philanthropy, respect for their sumere ainusing, if I may be permitted to use the purpose of storing her imagination with periors, and above all, their profonnd res. a phrase so little in harmony with those feel those romantic ideas, and impressing upon pect for fashion. * This arbitrary law ings which generally accompany a contem- it those sublime and awful pictures which obliges the rich to change every year, not plation of the last resting-place of those who she so much delighted to pourtray: some of only the form of their dress, but also their have gone before us to “ that bourne from the most gloomy scenery of her Mysteries houschold furniture. A lady of taste would whence no traveller returns.” An old man of Cdolpho” was studied within the walls of consider herself disgraced, if her drawing. and his tiro aires occupy this tonb, where this ancient structure.

roon retained the same furniture for two undisturbed by the jcalons cares of life, they

These passages furnish grounds for a years in succession. However, this extra. sleep, together lovingly, so says the legend competent judgment upon the Secondi agance encourages industry ; and the lower which nearly corers one side of the tomb“ Knov, posterity, that on the ath of April, in the excellence of the plates, w

Part of Peak Scenery ; and, united with cheap rate, those articles of which the rich

have the year of Grace 1757, the rambling remains

are thus obliged to rid themselves.' of the abovesaid John Dale were in the chith no doubt, will cause the two remaining But our traveller enters upon obseria

year of his pilgrimage laid upon his two wives. parts to be looked for with avidity. tions of a more important nature. In hi “ This thing in life might cause sone jealousy,

quality of ex-numildar, he exainines the Here all three sleep together lovingly,

state of the English finances, calculates the ex ; Here Sarah's chiding John no longer hears,

Travels af the Persian Prince, Mirza And old John's rambling Sarah no more fears;

Aboul - Taleb - Klian, through Asia, like a man of business; and, all things con

penditure, andestimates the ways and means A period's come to all their toilsonic lives, 41frica, and Europe ; written by himself, sidcrer, he declares that England niust, i The goodian's quiet.--still are both his wires." trunslated into French by 11. Charles precautions he not adopted, sink under th We shall now conclude with a brief Malo.

weight of her national del Prince Mirz allusion to Haddon Hall, which it (Reviered from a French Journal.)

observes, that only one more of liquidatio

can save England. This expedient, it is true 1 seems might have served for the study

• This Persian Prince, whose portrait still has something oriental about it, which migł: of Cedric's residence in Ivanine. decorates the priot-shops of the Boulevards, naturally starte our European State-Annu

The gallery, which pccupier nearly the excited extraordinary interest during his late tants. The proposes bankruptcy. The wor 3" whole of the south part of Hacidon, is a visit to Paris. Our ladies were all anxious is harsh, but the effect of the measure woul noble apartment: its style of architerture to gain introductions to him, and they would be admirable. One party would pay lessi fixes the date of its erection in the time of liave thought him the most charming Am-tares, the other woulit' have less revenus Elizabeth, in whose reign this rencrable bassarlor in the world, could he have been crery one would be satisfied, and would ble structure passed from the l'errons into the prevailed on to bring his Fair Circassian to the hour when the grand aumildar of Etay' possession of Sir John Manners, who was the Opera. It appears, however, that he set foot in England. the second son of the first Earl of Rutlandi. I visited Europe on a former occasion. About The English ladies particularly exc In the windows of the gallery are, the arms twenty years ago, having unexpectedly for the admiration of the Persian Prince. } of both families in stained glass, and the feited the farour of the Persian Court, he was enchanter with the beauty of th boar's head and the peacock, their respectire set out on his travels, as it were, by way of features, the clegancs of their forms, a crests, liberally ornainent this part of the revenge. Prince Mirza had been betrothed their gracefal deportment: he styles the house. This room is one liun tred and ten to the nicce of a Nabab; he had been ap- angels, celestial houris, tulips, and Damnasi feet long and seventeen wide, and the whole pointed to the office of aumildar, which siv- roses. He wrote Persian odes to the Et of the floor is said to have been cut out of nifies superintendant of direct and indirect lish fashionables, in which he compat one onk tree, weich grew in the park. In taxes ; finally, he has been created a general, them to the toba and the sudrah, the dining hall there is an clevated platform, for in Asia, the art of levying taxes is very oflence to the Sheik of Mecca,) and a general construction in ancient halls, which much like the art of war; and in a great length the poor Ambassador, the ci-:lery is still retained in many colleges, wherein victory be harl had the honor to kill a Rujuh. armildar, the ex-minister, and distant the high stable is placeri, at which the lordi in spite of all these titles to public esteem, generiile so far lost his senses, so far for, of the mansion president at the head of his he was hurled from his exalted rank ; but, f his mist irtores and Mahommet, ihtat he is household and his guests. A gallery, which instead of retiring to the country, or writing claims in one of his odes ; Fil niyo

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