« ForrigeFortsæt »
run of children about it, not to feel for its distress was imposible : The had children of her own, and God knew how soon she might be taken from them ; she would therefore certainly be a mother to the dear in
It was accordingly put to bed, after which Mr. Dalton and his rib, whether from the consciousness of a right act, or from any other pleasing occurrence of the day, spent the remainder of the evening in high good humour with each other, adding to their usual draught of porter, a bason of warm punch, and retired to rest with better spirits than they had ever before done.
• The next morning introduced our little heroine in a very engaging light to her new acquaintance ; Mhe had been long immured, without room to exercise, or play-fellows to amuse her; Dalton children were three of them of an age to be her companions, and they had a large garden to range in ; delighted with such a pleafing change, the prattled and carefied them by turns, exhibiting in her lively fallies great good humour and visible traces of having received her first impreffions in genteel lifc.
• Unconscious of the loss she had sustained, and intoxicated with the dolls and toys (though not very costly ones) with which the Daltons abounded, the thought of nothing else till bed-time; then a hearty cry after papa and nurse for some tiine rendered her fractious; but fleep soon filenced her little forrow : for some days bed, time was her hour of affliction ; but that wearing off by degrees, all memory of the past was lost, nor could they by any exertion in their power draw from her the surname of her parents ; her own, she told them, was Anna: if the wanted any thing, it was, “ give it Anna,
" let Anna have it,” but her ideas were so infantine, they could learn nothing from her innocent talk that could ead to any disco. very of where he came from or who she belonged to ; as she never mentioned a mother, they concluded the woman who died to be her nurse, and the man her father, both of whom were decently interred and in a week after an advertisement was inserted in one morning paper, by Mr. Dalton, in the following terms :6 Whereas, on the 29th day of September, a man and woman took
a lodging in the Hampstead road, where the man died of an apo66
plectic fit the same day, and the woinan of the fright occafioned " by it, leaving a female child : Whoever are related to the faid
man or woman, and will take the child away, may apply to the $" Rev. John Dalton, Tottenham-court-road.
My reader may perhaps conceive the contents of the trunk might have put the parfon in a surer method of finding who the orphan be. longed to, but in that they are mistaken, for it contained no fort of information of that kind, or indeed any other but what he fully resolved to conceal with the most guarded secrefy, and that was, the exact fum of fourteen hundred guineas, in fourteen small canvas bags, all marked 100l. alike, save, that in one, besides the money, were three valuable diamond rings, a lock of hair folded up in lawn paper,
with My ever dear Anna's, H. T.” wrote on it. . I wish I could with truth say, these things were concealed with a laudable intention of restoring them, or that his inquiries after thç child's original were made with that earnestnefs it would, had those valuables not been in Dalton's poffeffion. But I fear the reverse will
be proved--the temptation was strong, the tempted weak; avarice is a dangerous, it is an encroaching vice. Dalton had not any immediate intention of converting to his own use the money ; but when ..once the glittering bait was secure in his possession, no witness or person to demand it but an innocent child, who could not now poffibly want it, how difficult for a greedy heart, such as that of Dalton, to be just, when justice would have deprived him of fourteen hundred guineas, and arguments being ready to corroborate our own partial ideas, this pair persuaded themřelves, in retaining money, they could at any time restore, they were not injuring any other person, while they were materially benefiting their own family.'
It remains for us to observe, that the most defective accompaniments of the publication before us, have a reference to its manner and diction. The former is often deficient in refinement; and in the latter we desiderate that variety and polish which are so necessary in giving completeness to performances of this kind,
ART. IV. A Treatise on the Influence of the Moon in Fevers. By
Francis Balfour, M. D. Calcutta printed. is. 6d. Elliot, Edinburgh. THIS attempt, the author of which is well esteemed as
an intelligent and observing man, to extend the imperium lunæ over so great a part of medicine as that which concerns fevers, cannot fail to engage the attention of the medical world.
Dr. Balfour advances, and comments upon four propoi, tions :
Į. In Bengal, fevers of every denomination, are in a re, markable manner, connected with, and affected by the revo Jutions of the moon.
He affirms, that in the course of fourteen years practice, he has obferved, that in intermittent, remittent, putrid, Theumatic, and nervous fevers, as well as that which accompanies the eruption of the small-pox, he has invariably observed the influence of the moon. These disorders make their attack, or the patient suffers a relapse, three days before, and three days after the full or change. If the attack, which very feldom happens, takes place in the intervals, the fymptoms are aggravated at these periods.
But,' he further observes, 'these observations are not confined to intermittent and remittent fevers. Head-achs, tooth-achs, inflammationis of the eyes, asthmas, pains and swelling of the liver and spleen, fluxes, spasıns, and obstructions in the bowels, complaints in the urinary paffayés, eruptions of different kinds, and a great many more, unattended by any obvious fever, assume often an intermittent form; and regularly return or increase with the full and change of the moon, and disappear or diminih during the intervals.
The second proposition is a necessary consequence of the firit.
“ In Bengal, a constant and particular attention to the revolutions of the moon, is of the greatest consequence in the cure and prevention of fevers.”
3. “ The influence of the moon in fevers, prevails in a similar manner in every inhabited quarter of the globe, and consequently, a similar attention to it, is a matter of general importance in the practice of medicine.”
This is by far the most important proposition of the four. -To establish it, the author asserts, that he himself has observed it from the 13th to the 26th degree of north latitude, and he adds, that the Arabian and Persian physicians give certain accounts of it in those countries, that Hippocrates remarked it, in Asia and Greece, and that we have teftimo. nies of its existence in all the intermediate latitudes from Greece to Great Britain. No arguments can well be weaker than these. The author's observations do not extend to us. Setting aside those of Hippocrates, which are by no means conformable to the author's doctrine, what authority can be less respectable than that of the eastern physicians ? But we have testimonies of the influence of the moon from Greece to Britain. Whether such vague and equivocal assertions have “any portion of the order and becoming attire of science,” to which the author laudably aspires, we need not particularly inquire. Scarce any position, however absurd, can be advanced, which may not be corroborated by testimony of some kind or other It had surely been better, if this influence in our climates, had been left entirely as a problem to be solved by future experience. Such experience we have reason to think, will by no means tend to confirm the doctrine of this pamphlet. Our attention at least has been directed to this object, since we first heard of it; and we have seen no signs of the moon's influence in any kind of fever. But the operation of other causes less remote and inexplicable, hạs been very observable ; such for instance, as a sudden change from mild to cold raw weather, the wind shifting to the east, în protracting intermittents and occafioning relapses.
The fourth proposition is, that “the whole doctrine of the crisis in fevers may be easily explained, from the premises we have established respecting these disorders at the full and change."
The author hopes, that by these new observations, he has hit upon a line of accommodation between learned and ingenious men of different opinions, “concerning the crisis of fevers." To us this expectation does not seem very rea
fonable ; his doctrine is entirely inconsistent with former opinions. It cannot surely be reconciled to that opinion, which denies thc existence of critical days altogether ; nor is it more consistent with the ideas of thofe who maintain thein. What have tertian and quartan periods to do witli the remiffion that takes place at the expiration of the a1l-thor's lunar periods, or the aggravation which happens at their setting in?
Art. V. The Speech of the Right Hor. Charles James Fox, in the
House of Commons, on the Irijh Resolutions, on Thursday May 12,
Evo, 2s. Debrett, 1785.
the reverse of that system which, in the resolutions of the Irish parliament, had received the fanction of
government, and which the Minister had pledged himself to defend, was first opened, on this memorable occasion, in the Britifli fenate. So strange a transition of state policy must have placed the contending parties in parliament in a singular predicament. To adopt the new propofitions was to re probate the former, which the Minister had pronounced in, yiolable. And to estimate the merit or demerit of a plan of settlement, consisting of such various and complicated arrangements, required the most mature deliberation. But the House was not called upon to deliberate, but to decide.And it must be owned that a vast majority, with an obfequiousness and precipitation unprecedented in the annals of parliament, almost instantly determined, bona fide, to follow the Minister implicitly through all the meanders of his course.
-One member*, with more candour than decency, avowed the maxim by which he was governed. But while the exercise of legisļative wisdom was suspended by debate, the Leader of opposition arose; and delivered a speech which, if confidered as an unpremeditated discussion, elucidation, and diffection of this new, extensive, and complicated system of commercial policy, almost in the moment of its birth, may be pronounced one of the greatest efforts of human fagacity,
-The printed speech before us, though not authenticated by Mr. Fox, nor publįshed with any fanction from him, preserves a good deal of his energy and vigour. It seems to be substantially correct; and cannot fail, in its present form, to be read and admired in all parts of the British empire. As a specimen, we shall lay before our readers Mr. Fox's
argument Sir Gregory Page Turner.
argument for delay, which forms the conclusion of this masterly oration :
“ I thall only add, Sir, that he who can understand so complicated and fo extensive a subject, upon so fight and transient a view of it, pofseises an intellect not common to the general body of mankind, and which certainly cannot be the general characteristic of this house. For one, I can truly say, he must possess an understanding of infinitely more quickness and acumen than any to which I pretend. He that vores for the propositions without underftanding them, is guilty of such a defertion of his duty and his patriotitm, as no subsequent penitence can possibly atone for. He sacrifices the commerce of Great Britain at the shrine of private partiality, and sells his country for the whistling of a name. The minister who exacts, and the member who subinits to so disgraceful an obedience, are equally criminal. The man, who, holding the firft feat in his Majesty's council, can stoop to so disgraceful and falJacious a canvas, as to reft his ministerial existence on the decision of a great national question like this, must be wholly lost to all sense of dignity, of character, or manly patriotism; and he who acquiesces in it, from any other inducement but that of cautious and fincere conviction, surrenders every claim to the rank and estimation of an honest and independent member of parliament, and finks into the meanness and degradation of a mere ministerial instrument, unworthy the situation of a fenator, and disgraceful to the name of an Englishman.'
Upon the whole, we will venture to affirm, that in political discernment, in promptitude in debate, and in what may be called argumentative wit, Mr. Fox has scarcely any riva! among his cotemporaries; and perhaps it may be questioned whether his talents, in those respects, have been ever surpasse« by the most diftinguished orators of Greece or Rome.
ART. VI. Letters to a Young Nobleman upon various Subjects,
particularly on Government and Civil Liberty: wherein Occasion
Price's observations on the nature of civil liberty, the principles of government, &c. had produced on the mind of a young nobleman.
Hence he had imbibed, it seems, too high an opinion of the natural rights of mankind. He had begun to doubt whether there might not be found, - more firmness of mind, more uprightness of intention, more fagacity, more patriotism, and more virtue,' than resided in,