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amusements of literature, the beauties of imagery, and the charms of invention.
The very creation of a Society fo noble, is a proof in itself of merit; and while it is impelled in its pursuits, by a person so learned and so zealous for information as Sir William Jones, the greatest advantages may be expected from it. His discourse is a Itriking evidence of the enthuGasm for Asiatic concerns, with which he has been animated from his earliest youth; and in its spirit and diction we discover the ability and taste, which are characteristic of all his compositions.
In his charge to the grand jury at Calcutta, he displays himself in the character of an incorrupt judge, and of a virtuous citizen. Its propriety is every where apparent; and our readers will be pleased with the following short extract from it.
Justice must be administered with effect, or society cannot long fubfift
. It is a truth coeval with human nature, and not peculiar to any age or country, That power in the hands of men, will fometimes be abused: and ought always, if possible, to be restrained : but the restrictions of general laws imply no particular blame. How many precautions have from time to time been used to render judges and jurors impartial, and to place them above dependence ! Yet none of us conceive ourselves disgraced by such precautions. The object then of the court thus continued with ample powers, though wisely circumscribed in its jurisdiction, is plainly this ; That, in every age, the British fubjects refident in India be protected, yet governed, by British laws; and that the natives of these important provinces be indulged in their own prejudices, civil and religious, and suffered to enjoy their own customs unmolested : and why thele great ends may not now be attained, confiftently with the regular collection of the revenues, and the supremacy of the executive government, I confess myself unable to discover.
* Another thing has been, if not greatly misconceived, at least very imperfectly understood; and no wonder, since it requires fome professional habits to comprehend it fully: I mean the true character and office of judges appointed to administer those laws. The
use of law, as a science, is to prevent mere discretionary power, i under the colour of equity; and it is the duty of a judge to pro
nounce his decisions, not fimply according to his own opinion of
* The end of criininal law, a most important branch of the great juridical fyitem, is to prevent crimes by punishment; so that the pain of it, as a fine writer espretles himself, may be inflicted on a few, but the dread of it extended to all. In the administration of penal justice, a fevere burden is removed from our minds by the aflistance of juries: and it is my ardent with, that the court had the fame relief in civil, el pecially in commercial, causes; for the decifion of which there cannot be a nobler tribunal, than a jury of experienced men, affifted by the learning of a judge. These are my sentiments; and I express them, not because they may be populate but because I fincerely entertain them: for I aspire to no popularity, and seek no praise, but that which may be given to a Itrict and conscientious discharge of duty, without predilection or prejudice of any kind; and with a fixed resolution to pronounce on all occafions what I conceive to be the law, than which no individual snuft suppose him felt wifer.'
The publication before us concludes with an hymn which was first translated from the Hindú language into Persian, and then re-tranflated from the Persian, by Sir William Jones. It does not appear to us, that the poetry of this piece is very excellent; but it illustrates eastern manners, and on that account is exceedingly curious. The Hindu God to whom it is addressed is the same with the Grecian Eros, and the Roman Cupido. But with this similarity, it is remarkable that his family, attendants, and attributes, are very different.
. According to the mythology of Hindustán, [says Sir William Jones] this God was the son of Maya, or the general attracting power, and married to Retty, or Affection ; and his bosom friend is Bessent, or Spring. He is reprelented as a beautiful youth, fometimes converling with his mother and confort, in the midst of his gardens and temples; sometimes riding by moon-light on a parrot or lory, and attended by dancing.girls or nymphs, the fore. most of whom bears his colours, which are a fish on a red ground. His favourite place of resort is a large tract of country round Agra. and principally the plains of Matra; where Krithen also and the nine Gopia, who are clearly the Apollo and Muses of the Greeks, usually spend the night with music and dance. His bow of lugarcane or Aowers, with a string of beesmand his five arrows, each pointed with an Indian blossom of a heating quality-are allegories equally new and beautiful.'
We cannot dismiss these papers, which we recommend to the ingenious, without expressing a wish, that the public may soon profit by the publication of the first volume of the Transa&ions of the Asiatic Society.
ART. VIII. A Supplement to the Fifth Edition of Collins's Pecrage of
England; containing a General Account of the Marriages, Births, Promotions, Deaths, &c. which have occurred in each Family, from that Publication in the Year 1779, to the present Time. Alfo Genealogical and Historical Accounts of those Families which have been advanced to the English Peerage, whether by Descent or Creation, since that Period. With their Paternal Coats of Arms, Crests, Supporters, and Mottoes, engraved on Thirty-four Copper-Plates. Faithfully collected from Authentic Pedigrees in the Pofession of the Families, or registered in the Houle of Lords; Records, Monumental Inscriptions, and other Authorities which are tited. By B. Longmate, Editor of the Fifth Edition of Collins's Peerage. 8vo. 75. 6d. Boards. Strahan, Rivington, &c. THE HE English Peerage, by Mr. Collins, is a work of
very general utility, and every attempt to complete it; is worthy of commendation. Since the last edition of Mr. Collins's work, there have occurred many capital and many minute cireumstances concerning the Nobility of England, which deserve to be recorded. To recount there is one object of the volume before us; and it is to be observed, that Mr. Longmate has arranged the alterations which have happened in the families enjoying the peerage, according to their respective degrees of precedence. The other object of the present publication is niore important. It exhibits genealogical and hiftorical accounts of all those, who, since the laft impression of the English Peerage by Collins, have been advanced to this dignity. In this branch of his plan, Mr. Longmate has been chiefly directed by authentic pedigrees in the respective families whom he celebrates, and by express communications from them. It is also to be allowed that he has affifted himself by a consultation of the writings of our best hiitorians, and by a proper attention to authentic records.
As a short specimen of his design and execution, we shall transcribe his account of Eliot Lord Eliot.
• This family flourished for eight or ten generations in Devonshire, before they traníplanted themselves into Cornwall, and had matched into several considerable families in that county, as the Sigdens, Cotlands, Bonviles, Sumaters, Fitz, Carefwells, &c. Anno 1433, Walter Eliot was returned among the gentry of Devonshire. · And to this family, as it should feem by the arms, was allied, Sir Richard Eliot, made by King Henry VIII. one of the Justices of the King's Bench, who by his will, dated 1520, bequeathed his body to be buried in the cathedral of Salisbury, of which church Robert Eliot died Sub-dean, anno 1562.
· The pedigree entered in the vifitation of Cornwall, made in 2620; commences with John Eliot, who by his wife Jane, Idaughter
of John Bonvile, of Shute in com. Devon, was father to Edward Eliot of Cutland in that county, who married Alice, daughter of Robert Guye, of Kingsbridge, and had iffue two sons; 1. Joha Eliot, of St. German's in Cornwall, whose first wife was Grace, daughter of John Fitz, of Tavestock in Devonshire; and his second, Mary, daughter of John Bruin of Plimouth; 2. Thomas Eliot, married to Joan, daughter of John Norbrooke of Exeter, by whom he had iffue four fons, Richard, Hugh, Walter, and Edward; also an only daughter, Alice,
· Richard Eliot, the eldest fon and heir of Thomas, purchased the site, &c. of the priory of St. German’s, to which he gave the name of Port Eliot, where he lived with great hospitality. He was buried in St. German's church, June 24, 1609, leaving by his wife Bridget, daughter and co-heir of Nicholas Cartwell of Hache, an only son,
John, born and baptised at St. German's, April 20, 1590; who became a gentleman commoner of Exeter College, Oxford, in 1607, where he continued two or three years, and then removed to the inns of court; and May 10, 1618, received the honour of knighthood from King James I. was elected representative for the borough of Newport in Cornwall to the last parliament of that reign, and was re-elected to the first parliament
of King Charles I. which being soon dissolved, he was chosen for St. Gerinan's to the ensuing parliament, and in 3 Car. I. was knight of the Thire for Cornwall. Sir John being a great opposer of the court, was appointed by the House of Commons one of the managers of the impeachment of the Duke of Buckingham, for which he, with Sir Dudley Digges, the other manager, were committed prisoners to the Tower, but were soon after released; on March 1, 1682, Sir John Eliot, and other members of the House of Commons, were committed elose prisoners to the Tower, for refusing to answer before the Privy Council for what was said or done in the Parliament; and on May 29 following, an information was exhibited against them in the Star Chamber, for their undutiful fpeeches in the late Parliament; in Michaelmas term following, upon an information in the King's Bench, they pleaded to jurisdiction of the court, but were over-ruled, and afterwards adjudged to be imprisoned during the King's pleasure, to give security for their good behaviour; and Sir John Eliot was also fined two thousand pounds: they were afterwards offered to be released on their making submission, which they refused, and Şir John Eliot died in the Tower, and was buried in the chapel there. By the inquisition, taken after his death, it appears, that he died Nov. 27, 8 Car. I. 1632, leaving John his son and heir, then twenty years and forty days old. Sir John married Redigund, daughter and co-heir to Richard Gedy, Esq; by whom he had several sons and two daughters, the eldest of which was Elizabeth, wife to Colonel Nathaniel Fiennes, second son of William, the first Viscount Say and Sele.
John, the eldest son and heir, was baptised at Port Eliot, October 18, 1612. He represented the borough of St. German's in 15 Car. I. and the two first Parliaments of Car. II. and was buried
near his grandfather in the fouth ayle, or navé, of St. Gerinan's church, March 25, 1685, leaving an only son and heir,
• Daniel Eliot, who represented the borough of St. Gerinan's in several parliaments, and was buried among his ancestors, Oct. 28, 1702, leaving an only child Catharine, married in 1702, to the learned antiquary, Browne Willis, of whaddon Hall in Buckinghamshire, Esq. By his will he 'bequeathed his estate, in order to keep up the name of his family, to Edward Eliot, grandfon to Nicholas Eliot, fourth son to Sir John Eliot above-mentioned.
• Which Edward Eliot, Efq; represented St. German's in Par. liament, from 1905 to 1714, was elected for Lestwithel in 1718, was appointed one of the commiffioners of the Excise in 1920, and chosen for Lekkard in Sept. 1721, but died the same year without issue, and was succeeded by his brother,
Richard Eliot of Port Eliot, Esq; who was elected to parliament for St. German's in 1733, for Lefkard in 1741, and again for St. German's in 1747; he was alfo Auditor and Receiver-general to the Prince of Wales, and died Novemb. 19, 1748, aged about fifty-three, and was buried at St. German's. He married March 4, 1726, Harriot, natural daughter of the right honourable James Craggs, Efq; Secretary of State in the reign of King Geo. I. and by her (who was re-married, November 14, 1749, to the honourable John Hamilton, brother to James, Earl of Abercorn) had
iffue three fons, and fix daughters; the fons were, 1. Edward, now Lord Eliot; 2. Richard, who entered into the royal navy, and died under age; 3. John, who was a Captain in the navy, and died Governor of West Florida, unmarried: Anne, the eldest daughter, married Hugh Bonfoy, Captain in the navy ; Harriot, the second daughter, married Pendock Neale of Tollerton in Nottinghamshire, and died without iffue 1776; Augusta and Hefter, the third and fourth daughters, died infants ; Elizabeth, fifth daughter, was wife to Sir Charles Cocks, of Dumbleton, in Glouceferihire, Basonet, and died 1771; and Catharine, the youngest daughter, is unmarried.
• Edward, Lord Eliot, born July 8, 1727, was on his father's cleath chosen representative for the borough of St. German’s, and constantly fat in Parliament, either for the county of Cornwall, or some borough therein, till his advancement to the peerage by på. tent, dated January 30, 1764, whereby he was created Baron Éliot, of St. German's in Cornwall, and to the heirs male of his body; his Lordship is also Receiver-general of the Dutchy of Cornwall.
• His Lordship was married September 25, 1756, to Catherine, fole daughter and heir of Edward Ellison of South Weald in Effex, Efq; by whom he has had issue four fons ; 1. Edward, who died an infant; 2. Edward-James, horn July , 1758, elected to parliament for St. German's in 1776, and appointed one of the Lords of the Treasury, December 27, 1783 ; 3. John, born September 28, 1761: and 4. William, born April 1, 1766.
Title] Edward Eliot, Baron Eliot of 'St. German's in the county of Cornwall. • Creation.) Baron Eliot, January 30, 1784, 24 Geo. III.