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and Gardens, as may be thought worthy the attention of the cu. rious Travelier. 4t0. 25. 6d. Buckland. London.
The plan of this publication is too circumscribed to satisfy the inquiries of the curious traveller.' We believe that it is in general tolerably correct, as far as it goes. We cannot however avoid mentioning one or two inacuracies which we have met with. : • At
Houghton-park, near Ampthill, the earl of Upper Offory has a • fine leat, which was built by the countess of Pembroke. The house • is a noble and venerable edifice, containing many fine rooms, and * the gardens are laid out with much taste and magnificence. There ' is ftill a large pear tree here, under which the celebrated Sir Philip
Sydney is said to have written part of his Arcadia.' The editor has here confounded together two houses, of which he has made one of his own, and beitowed upon it the attributes of both. The one belongs to the Duke of Bedford, and was some time the residence of the late amiable marquis of Tavistock; it was built by the counters of Pembroke, and is a venerable édifice, but it has no fine rooms, and a patch of thrubbery round the house is all the garden it can boast of: in the park is the pear-tree, which the name of Sir Philip Sydney has rendered venerable. The other house is really the property and actually the relilence of the Earl of Upper Offory, it is a modern built house, apon 10 very extended scale, and therefore has no pretensions to the appellations of a noble and venerable edifice :' The garden is laid out with great taste, though not with much inagnificence.
The other example shall be taken from Scotland. Alloway· Honfe (Alloa-House) near Sterling, was the seat of the late Earl of Mar. This fine feat was formerly called the Castle of Alloway ; • (Alloa) but is now so completely modernized that no appearance 6. of a castle remains,'. We can affure the editor that the house is not fo completely modernized, on the contrary, the principal entrance is through the centre of an immense tower, now in complete repair, and which still forins a considerable part of the buildingThis is so much the case that John Ersine, Esq. grandson of the ļast earl of Mar, and the present proprietor, never gives any other name to his feat than the Tower of Alloa.
Tó pass over in filence Inveraray, the noble manfion of the Duke of Argyle, is an unpardonable omillion; as, considering its extent, together with the beautiful and sublime scenery around it, nothing perhaps of equal magnificence can be pointed out in Britain. Art. 20. Hypercriticism on Miss Seward's Louisa, including
Observations on the Nature and Privileges of Poetic Language. 8vo. 7s. Dilly, 1785.
A defence of Miss Seward's Louisa from the strictures of a monthly reviewer. The author wants wisdom, otherwite he would have known that his attack is a compliment to the review, whose proprietor wants it to be noticed; no matter whether favourably or not, To that it attracts attention. If Louisa is the offspring of genius, the malevolent strictures of any reviewer will do it little prejudice ; if that performance is the offspring of dulness, no praise or commendation will ensure its success,
Art. 21. A Letter to the Earl of Coventry; by Philip Thicknefé
Containing some extraordinary Letters of the noble Lord's to the Author, written in the Year 1780, and 1782. With an Appendix, containing a ftill more extraordinary Note of the noble Lord's. Written in the Year 1785. 8vo. is. 6d. Debrett, Mr. Thicknesle obtained for Lord Coventry some parcels of seeds of different kinds and a quantity of Power roots, which were collected on the mountain of Montserrat in Catalonia ; and taking a disgust at the behaviour of his Lordship, he endeavours to expose him to contempt in the present publication. It appears, however, to us that Lord Coventry was disposed to behave not only with justice, but with liberality, and it is our opinion that the complaints of Mr. Thicknesse are every where most improper and ill founded. He discovers an extreme peevishness, and a most incu. rable rancour; and this desperate effort of his pen is no more than a melancholy proof of the violence of his passions, and of his ignorance in the art of compofition. He was solicitous to wound his Lordship; and he is severe only against himself. The public, no doubt, will do him justice ; and its justice must be neglect and contempt. Art. 22. The Misfortunes of Love. A Novel. Translated from
the French. 2 vols. 12mo. 55. fewed. Lane.
In these volumes there is a degree of vivacity; but they exhibit no marks of genius. Though by no means dull, they are without interest. The characters are out of nature; the incidents are ex. travagant; and the conduct of the work is without art. Art. 23. Report of Dr. Benjamin Franklin and other Commilfoners, charged by the King of France; with the Examination of the Animal Magnetism, as now practised at Paris. Translated from the French. With an Historical Introduction. . 8vo, 25. 6d. Johnson. 1785. Having already laid before our readers a copious account of the subject of this pamphlet*, we can only at present lay before our readers a brief extract from the introduction, as a specimen of the abilities of the person to whom it is indebted for its English dress.
In the mean time it can no longer be concealed, that the system of the animal magnetism is to be regarded as an impofture, and it may therefore be asked, why it Mould be thought necessary to give to the public a translation of papers, which may be thought interesting only to persons who have been witnesses of the imposture. To this inquiry several good answers may be given.'
• But the argument upon which we would place the principal stress, is the essencial importance of this fact in the history of the human mind. Perhaps the history of the errors of mankind, all things considered, is more valuable and interesting than that of their discoveries. Truth is uniform and narrow; it constantly exits, and does not seem to require fo niuch an active energy, as a passive aptitude of soul in order to encounter it. But error is endlessly diversi
Tied; it has no reality, but is the pure and simple creation of the mind that invents it. In this field, the foul has room enough to expand itself, to display all her boundless faculties, and all her beautiful and interesting extravagancies and absurdities. It is observed, of civil history, that it is properly the record of human calanities the same thing may be observed of ecclefiaftical history, it is the record of our errors. For this reason a well written ecclesiastical hiftory, is a species of composition that we suspect does not exist, and would perhaps be the moit instructive study in the world.'
Upon the whole the publication is executed, in a style fomewhat fuperior to the common run of translations. Art. 24. The Reporter, or the Substance of a Debate in the Houfe
of Commons, May 10, 1785. Speakers, Mr. Pitt, Lord Mahon, Mr. Dundas, Mr. Martin, Sir Joseph Mawbey, Sir Richard Hill, Mr. Wilkes, Lord North, Mr. Fox. London: Printed for the Author, at the Logographic Press, fold by J. Walter, 8vo. 19. 6d. 1785.
The pamphlet entitled " Anticipation” has produced a crowd of imitations. The Reporter is perhaps not the worst of them. Mr. Pitt is made to propose a tax upon salt, in imitation of the Gabelle in France; a debate ensues, in which a ridicule is endeavoured to be thrown upon ministry, and their adherents; the premier is left in a minority, and precipitately quits the House with his friend Mr. Dundas, while Lord North, Mr. Fox, and “the phalanx of oppofition” remain to feast their ears with the huzzas of the gallery. The publication concludes with announcing, that it is universally believed that Mr. Pitt will retire “ by the first of June next." Art. 25. An Historical Rhapsody on Mr. Pope. By the Editor
of the Political Conferences. The Second Edition, corrected and enlarged. 8vo. 29. Cadell. London. 1782. To prevent the reader from being disappointed, the author of the Rhapfody, Mr. Tyers, has very honestly characterized his own performance in the advertisement to the first edition.
• Protected by the title of this Effay, which disdains method, the writer has said something of every thing that has the most distant relation to the Life and Writings of Mr. Pope. He has laid before the reader all the anecdotes, observations, and reflexions, which of fered themselves for that purpose. Perhaps he has called off the Reader's attention from the main subject, by a profusion of quotations, which occafion tautoligies, to remark the pains that are taken to record what other people have said. Memory, like a coy female, has suffered herself to be wooed, but not to be compleatly won. By turning to the original authors, many errors are discoverable, though no very important ones. The Effay has, without design, all the negligence of conversation, instead of the correctness of a classical
performance. But this composition is not for the learned, for they are above it; it is only for those who love to be amused, and are fonder of warm sentiments than of grammatical perfection.'
Such being the nature of the working Mr. Tyers with a modesty by no means natural to an author, elsewhere expresses himfelf in the following words.
Eng. Rey. Vol. V. 1785. U
• As there are readers of ajl forts, and thousands who are not yet become readers, this volatile performance may have a chance to be taken up, from a parlour window-feat, and occupy an hour of indolence or leisure; and a reader, not acquainted with what others have said upon this subject, may get 10ine intormation from this piece.'
To the readers who demand a correct and well arranged per: formance it will not be acceptable. The anccdote hunters, amidst the mass of hackneyed matter, may perhaps pick up one or two things to add to their collections.
N. B. Accident has prevented us from paying an earlier attention to this publication. Art. 26 Provisions for the more equal Maintaining of the
Clergy, without Alteration of the present System, or affecting the Property of Individuals. 60. G. and T. Wilkic. London. 1784.
The shameful inequality of income so notorious in the Church of England, calls loudly for redrefs; but the period of reformation seems, hitherto, at a distance. A worthy and enlightend father of the church sometime ago offered a plan to the public, which we lament was not received with the cordiality it deserved. The author of the pamphlet before us will, we are afraid, find his scheme of provision treated with inattention and neglect. We shall, however, lay it before our readers, as we think it merits consideration.
• I PROPOSE, that a tax be laid by act of parliament (with the content of the clergy) upon all eclefiaftical benefices, or preferments whatever, not under the clear yearly value of 200l. in manner following, viz.
300 Upon those of
600 Upon the two Archbishopricks, cachp. ann.300 Upon all the Bithopricks (except the
two sınalleit English, and all the Welsh, which are io pay 151. each. “Also upon all tithes in lay impropriation, at the rate of 11. per ceni. * This will produce the gross sum of 10,000l. per ann.*
“This (if agreeable to their lordships) I would have lodged in their hands, as trustees, to become a settled fund. I next propose :
* First, That the account be stated annually and laid before the public.
Secondly, That such annual meeting be called a bench.
Thirdly, That the principal be applied to the purchasing livings of lay patrons, such livings to be added to the diocese'to which they belong; or that it be applied in the same manner as Queen Anne's bounty, in making landed additions to sinall livings.
Fourthly, That the intereit (which in the course of twenty years will be very great) be applied to the rendering more comfortable
* At à very moderate computation indeed, perhaps it may produce half as much more.
Tinail curacies, or to the fupport of deserving clergymen, who have large families, and finall incomes.
Fifthly, That any one who petitions for an addition to his income, out of this fund, appiy at the usual visitation in the diocese to which he belongs ; and the majority of the clergy present approving such petition, in respect to character and circumstances, let it be by the Archdeacon presented to the Bishop, and by him laid before the an. nual benchi
The author makes fome sensible reinarks upon each of his own propofals; tending to evince their propriety, and to prove that they are adequate to the end in view. But there are difficulties in the ex. ecution of his plan, which he iceins not suificiently aware of, and which would prevent its taking place, evenwere there thoughts of reformation. Art. 27. Elegy to the Memory of Capt. James King, L. L. D. F.R.S. By the Rev. William Fordyce Mavor. 4to. Is.
G. Nicol. 1785.
Nir. Fordyce's lines are sufficiently finooth and correct, and the common-place topics of clogy are weil enough introduced; but we cannot recommend his elegy as a work of genius. The author has many obligations to Mr. Gray, which he has no where acknowledged. So much imitation in a short poem, raises fufpicions either of unwarrantable hatte, or incurable ferility. Art. 28. The Patriot Soldier; a Poem. By John Edwards,
Elq. Major of Light Dragoons in the Volunteer Army of Ireland. Nottingham printed. 410. 25. Longman. 1784.
The following lines contain the only poetical idea we have been able to discover in this bulky collection of rhymes.
Nor let the friend of firm refolves suppose
And light'ning storms, and thunders they retain. The illuitrious fimile in the four last lines is happily conceived, but the author has not been equally fortunate in his mode of expreffion. Major Edwards may be a very good Martinet, but as to poetry:" nefcit versies, tamen audet fingere." Art. 29. Verses addressed to Sir G. 0. Paul, Bart. on his Bene
nevoient Scheme for the Improvement of the County Prisons. 4to. Is. 6d. Glocester: Printed by R. Raikes. 1785.
It gives us real pleasure whenever we find the Muses, instead of foundering in the mire of politics, singing the praises of virtue and humanity. Sir G.O. Paul has been zealous in endeavouring to sup· press the enormnities which prevailed in our prisons, and in promoting regulations more suited to the benevolent and enlightened character of the British nation. The present poem is a tribute to the merits of this real patriot. The author's conception of his subject is commendable, it affords room for variety, interest and pathos; as will : appear from the Argument.'