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could with propriety be said to occupy either of them? “We “ have had a very fickly time-owing I believe to the extra
vagant weather we have had.”" A one horsed chair, which “ply about this town, like hackney coaches-I and my fer“ vant made two, &c. &c.”
Having produced a sufficient number of instances to justify our censure, we drop the disagreeable task; and conclude with advising our author, from this time forward, not “ to is daub a sheet of paper over with a black fluid called ink,” till he has first of all serioufly confidered both what and how he ought to write.
Art. X. A Tour in the United States of America. Containing an
Account of the present Situation of that Country; the Population, Agriculture, Commerce, Cuftoms, and Manners of the Inhabitants; Anecdotes of several Members of the Congress, and General Officers in the Ame an Army; and many her very singular and interesting 'Occurrences.. With a Description of the Indian Nations, the general Face of the Country, Mountains, Forests, Rivers, and the most beautiful, grand, and picturesque Views throughout that vast Continent. Likewise Improvements in Husbandry, that may be adopted with great Advantage in Europe. By: J. F. D. Smith, Esq. 2 Vols. 8vo. Ios. 68. Boerds. Robinson, London.
(Concluded from our Review for November last.) THE
JE Choctaws are mentioned by the author as a strong
and powerful nation, but not addicted to war. They are named Flat-heads from having their foreheads flattened in their infancy by a small bag of fand compressed on their foreheads while they are at the breast. This gives them a more disagreeable appearance and hideous aspect than any other nation, and they suffer more of their hair to remain on their heads than any other Indians do. The women commonly wear all their bair without pulling any of it out.
In describing the colony of Virginia, he takes notice of the college at Williamsburgh. A Mr. James Blair, a Scots clergyman founded it, by a voluntary fubscription, towards which King William and Queen Mary contributed two thousand pounds in money and twenty thousand acres of land, with authority to purchase and hold lands to the annual value of two thoufand pounds, and likewise granted it a duty of one penny per pound on all tobacco exported from Virginia to the other plantations. Mr. Blair was the first prefident, and continued in that situation near fifty years.
The Hon. Mr. Boyle made a very handfome donation to this college for the purpose of educating Indian Children; but this part of the institution has by no means succeeded. Some experiments have evinced that tose Indians who have
been educated at this college, and thereby brought to polished and civilized manners, have always embraced the first opportunity of returning to their wild habits and uninfornied ftate, forgetting and totally losing every trace of their civilization and of all they had been taught. Yet notwithstanding this, their geniuses are found to be bright, and they receive any branch of education with great facility.
In crossing the river Potomack from Maryland into Virginia, the author was not a little diverted at a reply made by · the owner of the ferry to a person enquiring after the health of one of his nearest relations. · Sir, (faid he) the intense
frigidity of the circumambient atmosphere had so congealed • the pellucid aqueous fluid of the enormous river Potomack, • that with the most eminent and superlative reluctance, I • was constrained to procrastinate my premeditated egression • to the palatinate province of Maryland for the medical, • chemical, and galenical coadjuvancy and co-operation of • a distinguished fanative son of Aesculapius, until the
peccant deleterious matter of the Athritis had pervaded the • craniam, into which it had ascended and penetrated, from • the inferior pedestrial major digit of my paternal relative in
consanguinity, whereby his morbosity was magnified fo exorbitantly as to exhibit an absolute extinguishment of vi
vification. The situations and gentlemen's seats on the Potomack are beyond description beautiful. Every advanfage, every elegance, every charm, that bountiful nature can bestow, is heaped with liberality and even profufion on the delightful banks of this most noble and grand river. All the : desirable variety of land and water, woods and lawns, hills and dales, tremenduous cliffs and lovely vallies, wild romantic precipices, and sweet meandring itreams adorned with, rich and delightful meadows; in 1hort all the elegance, beauty and grandeur that can be conceived in perspetive, are here united, to feast the fight and soul of those who are capable of enjoying the luxurious and sumptuous banquet.
The account of an engagement betwixt the Indians and regulars upon the breaking out of the rebellion is fingular and deserves attention.
• The Shawnese,? joined by the Delawares, the Mingos, and. fome other warriours of different nations, to the number of near nine hundred, had advanced from the Shawncle town, which is fixty miles
up the Siotto River, had marched no lets than seventyfive miles in two days, had crossed the large river Ohio, which is by far more confiderable than the Danube, without either ships, boats, canoes, or pontoons, and without implements or time for making any, upon rafts, which they formed instantly from the trees growing on the banks by means only of their tomahawks.
All this they performed with the utinoti fecrecy, in the face of
one fuperior enemy in their front, and nearly in the face of another equal to them in their rear; and approached within one mile indeed little more than half a mile of our camp without being discovered. All this they did without the afliitance of cannon or cavalry.
• This action commenced entirely by accident, as I have already observed, which was a fortunate circumstance for us, as they in tended to surprise us in our camp ; and had they been able to have done so, it must certainly have proved fatal, confidering our great deficiency in point of discipline and precaution, notwithstanding our superiority in nuinbers, for there might be more than twelve hundred men under Colonel Lewis's commando
• Early that morning, viz. on the tenth of October, some of our men having met a fev Indians who had also come to that spring (formerly mentioned) for water, immediately fired upon them, and they returned it. Each fide was reinforced, until the action became very severe and almost general, and was maintained with great obstinacy by both armies during the principal part of the day, but their manner of fighting was totally different from any thing of the kind in Europe, and it was that alone enabled both sides to continue the engagement for such a length of time, without one or both being en. tirely cut off.
Every man ran to a tree for cover, froin behind which he fired upon the enemy, whenever he could discover any of them in a vuls nerable situation ; this care in firing was however more the practice of the Indians, who feldom threw away any of their shot promifcuously, and did all in their power to fire with effect. Our men also took the fame precautions to cover themselves from the musquetry of the enemy, but were by no means as frugal of powder and ball, which they wasted without much regard to aim.
' In this manner of fighting, want of subordination is of less prejudice than in any other, and officers are of less service and consequence; as here appeared to be no manæuvres, no turning of flanks; no charging with bayonets, for nothing was seen or heard but a perpetual popping from all quarters ; and one fide could not attempt to turn the fank of the other, because they could immediately extend it as far as that of the first.
• In this situation, with little advantage on either fide, Major Field, Major Lewis, and I (having been close together all day), discovered a ravine, or large hollow way, in the rear of the enemy, which was full of trees and thick underwood, and seemed to be unsecured.
• It immediately occurred to us that if we could be able to march a small detachment by a circuitous route to seize on that ravine, and under cover of it attack them suddenly in the rear, it must decide the fate of the day in our favour.
• Upon this Major Lewis and I went and desired Colonel Lewis, (who, for what reason I am ignorant, had not left the camp all day,) to furnith us with this detachment ; and it was with some difficulty we obtained it, as he appeared apprehensive of the camp being left without a sufficient guard.
' For this purpose we loft no time in marching to get in the rear of the enemy, intending to make a circuit of some miles to accom
blish it undiscovered, and therefore we had to pass a ravine, in the rear of our own camp, upon the left.
• We ordered a ferjeant and two men to pass this hollow place first, and to examine it as they passed: they foon went over, and beckoned to us that all was safe ; when Major Lewis advancing boldly forward was shot dead by five Indians, who lay there in ambush. to prevent our sending any detachments that way, and suffered the first party to pass unmoleited, judging rightly that they would be of inferior consequence and estimation to those that followed after. But we instantly fell upon them, and pursued them fo closely, that not a man of them escaped to alarm the enemy, which would have fruftrated the whole design. After leaving a corporal and fome men with Major Lewis's body, I marched on with all expedition, and gained the ravine without noise or being discovered, from whence I immediately commenced a sudden and very heavy fire upon my's left Alank and rear, who were all open and quite exposed to this attack
• Their loss was considerable, and they instantly gave way, but with a good countenance, firing as they retreated from tree to tree, and not without carrying off all their wounded, and a great part of their dead also.'
The author proceeds to state the breaking out of the rebellion and the decided part, he himself had taken against the measures of the mal-contents, the hardships he under-' went, and the losses he sustained in support of his principles,' and the miferies to which he was often reduced, in effe&ting his escape from the rebels. The treachery of pretended friends in times of distress agitated and harassed his soul, and almost drove him to distraction. An instance of this occurs in our author's account of his rout from Frederick Town to Pittsburgh. • No event of my
life ever shocked me more than • the discovery of Barclay's treachery, when I found he was
certainly gone. A multitude of suspicions crowded in my ' inind; and a thousand fears alarmed me. Every moment
I expected to be seized in consequence of information against me ; and I distrusted every person I saw or met.
My mind distracted, my body enfeebled, eniaciated and • tormented with excruciating pain, in an enemy's country, 'destitute of money or resource, and without a single friend, . I was in a condition truly to be commiserated, and not to • be excelled in distress. This was a trial the most arduous • and severe I ever met with : but still my resolution did ' not forsake me, and I determined to proceed notwith• standing every difficulty and danger.' A party who had been dispatched in queft of him foon came up. They fet
me (says he) upon a pack-horse, on a wooden pack-saddle ;
they tied my arms behind me, and my legs under the " horse's belly; they took off the horse's bridle and fastened a great bell round his neck; and in that condition they
• drove the horse before them, with me upon his back, along • narrow slippery ways covered with ice, and over all the • dreadful horrid precipices of the Allegany and Blue Moun• tains, for the space of three hundred miles.' . In this
manner I carried to Frederick Town, and • there dragged, bound with cords, before the committee, « which consisted of a taylor, a leather-breeches-maker, a • shoe-maker, a gingerbread-baker' a butcher, and two pub• licans.'
• The greatest part of them being Germans, I really underwent a most curious examination, nearly to the following effect." Got tamn you” (fays one) “howuh dar)ht you make an exshkape from difh honorable Committish ?” “For flucht der dyvel (says another) “Howh can you shtand Jio fbryf for King Shorjhi againsht dish koontry?” “Sacramanter (roars out another) Dish Committish will make Shorsh knoa bowls to behave himself.” “ By Goat (bawls the butcher) Ich vould kill all the Enklish tives, as soon as Ich would kill von ox, or
When at Newport the author adds) “there happened air • instance of savage brutality, that the greateft barbarians • would blush to be guilty of. There was a friendless, un • fortunate English fervant girl at the house where we were ..confined, who, greatly shocked at seeing us in irons, and • being well affected to her king and country, happened to • drop fome expressions that betrayed those sentiments : this
poor friendlels girl, for this crime alone, after being fe• verely beaten, both by her master and mistress, was turned
out of doors in the street at midnight, în a degree of cold not to be conceived in England, and being feized upon by
our ruffian guard, was dragged into their guard-room, • where she was forcibly abused by seventeen of the villains • in the most gross, brutal, and injurious manner poflible.'
What follows is a general account of the various calamities to which our Author was obliged to submit, in dungeons, in prisans, and in chains,
As a writer our author has no claim to merit. The following short paragraph may be given as a specimen of his grammatical inaccuracy,
? From the effect of these most violent and tremendous hurricanes and tornadoes, which being sometimes partial, frequently move in strange fantastic directions, and from the irresistible force of the wind, and the vast deluges and innundations of water that generally. accoinpany them, all the appearances may be readily accounted for in a common and natural way, which, however, have lately given scope to an ingenious, celebrated, and elegant author's (Dr. Dunbar) and others of less note (Mr. Carver, &c.) vague imaginations ; hazarding their fanciful and wild conjectures of some of thefe being vestiges of military works, erected many ages paft by a people therr converfant in that science, but whose descendants, by the mere dint of