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Stella. Where, brother, where-mercy, shew me! Sure I do not eat too many wild plumbs--where does the complaint lie ? I feel the pain, but cannot discover the seat of it.'
We can have only one objection to this scene, which is, that its best stroke is borrowed from the tragedy of Tom Thumb, where king Arthur, having fallen in love with Glumdalca, queen of the giants, is for some time uncer tain, whether it be loye, or the “ wind-colic.”
That we mày render our readers as complete judges as ourselves of the merits of Robin Hood, we will lay before them in a very brief manner, one stroke of our author's sublime, and two or three pieces of his wit. A short colloquy between Robin Hood and Edwin shall suffice for the first.
* Robin. It grieves me I cannot perfuade you to remain with us, time and reflection, with cheerful company and the sports of the chace, would alleviate your pain. • Edwin. No, no i have tried every means in vain : -three
years absence has not leffened, but encreased my passion and my griefeven hope, that sweetening balm, which attends the martyred wretch strained on the rack in his latt pangs of torture, is denied to me.'
The wit of Mr. Mac Nally will be sufficiently conspicuous in the following extracts. • Rüttekin. The Friar is really most porterly drunk.
John. True, tinker, and being porterly drunk, he is able to carry
John. Prudent soul; how she looks forward to a young fami, ly! I will maintain you by my wit, my girl; a means by which many great folks hold up their heads; besides I have goods and chattles, all the furniture you have seen in my cottage shall be yours, and egad, I will throw all you have not feen into the bargain."
But perhaps the non-pareil of this performance, is, the final interview and discovery of Edwin and Angelina, when she and her companion Annette, after their tedious wanderings, arrive in disguise at the hermit's cell.
The recogni. tion itself does not pass upon the stage, but immediately after its having taken place.
Enter Edwin and Angelina from the cave. • Edwin. And is it to Heaven Is it my love, my Angelina Angelina. I am your love indeed. [They embrace.
• Ruttek. That is natural; after high words they fall to wrestling
Annette. Yes, and the hermit will probably get the better of the pilgrim.
But we must now take leave of the opera of Robin Hood. And we should betray, our truft to the public, did we quit it without observing, that, in respect of invention of fable, inerit of poetry, humour of character, and easiness of dia
logue, it is, to say the least, fo far as we know, the very humbleft dramatic performance of the larger kind, that ever, from the theatre, was intruded into the clofet.
ART. III. The Observer. 8vo. 6s. boards. Dilly. London. 'HE fuccess of Addison in his Spectator was infinitely
extensive, and most pointedly flattering. He could not fail, of confequence, to produce imitators; and, thefe have appeared with profufion not only in our own, but in foreign nations. This falhion, however, has for some time fubfided ; if we except that in Scotland, a paper called the Mirror has run, of late, a promising career. Ourpresent author, is, no doubt, an imitator of the kind we have in view; but inftead of sending out his essays into the world singly, he gives them in their order in a volume.
His matter like that of his predecessors is miscellaneous; and like them too he is a candidate, not only for humour and wit, but for knowledge of life and manners. He is a friend to morality and virtue ; and he is serious in the promotion of their interests. When he attacks folly he means to correct it; and wifen he attacks vice it is not to punish, but to reform. He wishes every where to please ; and we find not that he has at any time descended to personalities. His intentions are most amiable; nor is his execution without merit. To the young of both sexes, and in schools and academies his book may be exceedingly useful.
Our readers will be pleased with the following observations which he has made on the subject of gaming.
• I shall not take upon myself to lay down rules for kings, or affect to pronounce what a fovereign can, or cannot, do to discountenance gaming in this kingdom ; but I will venture to fay; thac something more is requisite than mere example.
66 It was in the. “ decline of Rome, when the provinces were falling off from her “ empire, whilst a virtuous but unfortunate prince poffeffed the S throne, that the greatest part of Africa was in revolt: The Ge“ neral, who commanded the Roman legions, was a soldier of ap
proved courage in the field, but of mean talents and diffolute “ manners. This man in the most imminent crifis for the interefts " of Rome, suffered and encouraged fuch a spirit of gaming to ob“ tain amongst his officers in their military quarters, that the finest “ army in the world entirely lost their discipline, and remained in. “ active whilft a few levies of raw insurgents wrested from the Ro
man arms the richest provinces of the empire. ' History records. “ nothing further of this man's fate or fortune, butleaves us to con“ clude that the reproaches of his own conscience and the execra. 66 tions of posterity were all the punifiment he met with. The
“ empire was rent by faction, and his party rescued him from the
disgrace he merited.”
· The last resource in all defperate cases, which the law cannot, or will not, reach, lies with the people at large: It is not without reason I state it as the latt, becaule their method of curing disorders is like the violent medicines of Empirics, never to be applied to but in absolute extremity. If the people were, like Shakespear's Julius Cæfar, never to do wrong but with just cause, I should not so much dread the operation of their remedies ; I shall therefore venture no further, than to express an humble with, that when it shall be their high and mighty pleasure to proceed again to the pulling down and þurning of houses, those houses may not be the repositories of science, but the receptacles of Gamesters.
When a man of fortune turns Gamester, the act is so devoid of reason, that we are at a loss to find a motive for it, but when one of desperate circumstances takes to the trade, it only proves that he determines against an honest course of life for a maintenance, and having his choice to makë between robbery and gaming, prefers that mode of depredation which exposes him to least danger, and has a cowards plea for his vocation. Such an one may fay with Antient Pistol
" I'll live by Nym, and Nym shall live by me,
In the justice of his league I do not join with Antient Pistol, but I am ready to allow there is fame degree of common sense in this class of the brotherhood, of which common sense I cannot trace a fhadow amongit the others. A preference therefore in point of understanding is clearly due to the vagabonds and desperadoes; as to the may, who, for the filly chance of winning what he does not want, risques every thing he ought to value, his defence is in his folly, and if we rob him of that, we probably take froin him the only harmless quality he is possessed of. "If however such an instance hould occur, and the dæmon of gaming thall enter the same breait
, where honour, courage, wit, wifdom reside, such a mind is like a jnotley suit of cards, where kings, queens and knaves are packed together, and make up the game with temporary good fellowship, but it is a hundred to one that the knave will beat them all out of doors in the end.
As there are separate gangs of Gamesters, so there are different inodes of gaming ; tome set their property upon games of fimple chance, fome depend upon ikill
, others upon fraud. · The Gamesters of the first description run upon luck; a filly crew of Fortune's fools; this kind of play is only fit for them, whose circumstances cannot be made worse by lofing, otherwise there is no proportion between the good and the evil of the chance ; for the good of doubling a man's property bears no comparifon with the evil of losing the whole; in the one case he only gains superfluities, in the other he loses necessaries ; and he, who stakes what life wants against that which life, wants not, makes a foolish bett, to say no worse of it. Games of chance are traps to catch fchool-boy novices and gaping country-squires, who hegin with a guinea and end with a
mortgage ; whilst the old stagers in the game, keeping their passions în check, watch the ebb and flow of fortune, till the booby they are pillaging fees his acres melt at every caft.
• In gaines of skill, depending upon practice, rule and calculation, the accomplished professor has advantages, which may bid defiance to fortunc; and the extreme of art approaches so closely to the beginning of fraud, that they are apt to run one into the other: in these engagements, felf-conceit in one party and diffimulation in the other are sure to produce ruin, and the fufferer has something more than chance to arraign, when he reviews the wreck of his fortune and the distresses of his family.
• The drama of a Gamester commonly has self-murder for it's çata trophe, and authors, who write to the paifions, are apt to dwell upon this scene with partial attention, as the striking moral of the piece; I confess it is a moral, that does not strike' me'; for as this action, whenever it happens, devolves to the share of the losing, not of the winning Gamester, 'I cannot discover any particular edification, nor feel any extraordinary pathos, in a man's falling by his own hand, when he is no longer in a capacity of doing or suffering fürther injury in society. I look upon every man as a suicide froni the moment he takes the dice-box desperately in hand, and all that followş įn his carees from that fatal time is only sharpening the dagger before he Itrikes it to his heart.
My proper concern in țhis short essay is to shew, that gaming is the chief obstructing cause, that affects the state of society in this pation, and I am fenfible I need not have employed so many wordş to convince my reader that Gamesters are very dull and very dan gerous companions. When blockheads rattle the dice-box, when fellows of vulgar and base minds sit up whole nights contemplating the turn of a cárd, their stupid occupation is in character; but whenever a cultivated understanding stoops to the tyranny of 10 vile a passion, the friend of mankind sees the injury to society with that sort of aggravation, as would attend the taking of his purse on the highway, if upon seizure of the felon, he was unexpectedly to discover the person of a judge.'
It only remains for us to observe, that our author has contrived to intermingle with his essays some curious papers upon thc literature of the Greeks. These include a chain of anecdotes from the earliest poets to the death of Menander.
Art. IV. The History of the Absorbent System, Part the firit. Con
taining the Chylography, or Description of the human lacteal Vefsels, with the different Methods of discovering, injecting, and preparing them, and the Instruments used for there Purposes. Illur. trated by Figures. By John Sheldon, Surgeon, Professor of Anatomy in the Royal Academy of Arts, and Lecturer of Anatomy and Surgery. 4to.
Sold by the Author. N the introduction to this work, which is dedicated to
Sir Joseph Banks, Mr. Sheldon, after assigning several reasons for the difficulty there is in tracing the lymphatic sysçem, proceeds to give the history of the several discoveries
that have been made from time to time in this curious and useful branch of anatomy.-The first of these discoveries was of the lasteal yelsels in 1622 by Caspar Afellius. Soon after this, Rudbeck, Bartholine and Jolyffe discovered the lyinplatic vaffels, and Pecquet the thoracic duet. It ftilí remained doubtful whether the lymphatics conftituted the abforbent fyftem ; for nó, part of this fyftein had yet been found in birds, amphibia, and fith. The veins were then fuppofed to be the medium by which absorption was carried on. Mr. John Hunter, and Mr. William Hewson were the firft who discovered the absorbent system in the above-mentioned animals. Deficiency of former publications relative to the absorbent system. Mr. Hewson's, the most complete of the kind, delineates only the lymphatics. of the extremities and the trunk. This work is designed to supply the deficiency.
In the first chapter, Mr. Sheldon lays down very precisely the method of discovering, injecting, dissecting and preparing the absorbent vessels. The art of injecting ininutely, and particularly with quicksilver, seems rather to have been kept up as a kind of arcanum among anatomists, and none of them have before taken the pains to give full instructions upon this point. Students are therefore the more obliged to this accurate and laborious anatomist, for giving them this necessary assistance in their anatomical pursuits, upon this difficult and important fubject. The instruments to be employed for this purpose are described and carefully delineated in one of the annexed plates.
In the second chapter the author treats in a more circumftantial manner of the discovery of the lacteal vessels. The account of this discovery by Afellius, is curious and intereiting. That, anatomist, on the 23d of June 1622, having opened a living dog, foon after he had taken food, to make experiments on the recurrent nerves and diaplıragm, faw a number of wliite threads on the surface of the mesentery and intestines, which he foon found to be distinct from any fet of vessels he had before seen there. Suspending therefore his other experiments, he made an opening into one of these white threads. No sooner was this done, than he faw a fluid like milk, or cream, issue from the cavity of the veffel. “Asellius could not contain his joy at the fight of this • phenomenon, and turning round to Alexander Tadinus, " and the senator Septalius, who were present, he invited " them to enjoy this spectacle, which, he adds, was of short $6 duration, for the dog died, and the vessels difappeared." Subfequent experiments confirmed this interesting discovery. Mr. Sheldon then proceeds to describe the structure of the