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language either elegant or perfpicuous. Berkeley and Hume may be compared to the nightingale's. But it is true, that the simplicity of the beginning of the seventeenth century was not yet recom pensed by modern elegance. Vox & præterea nihil; bat even this praife is inapplicable to Locke and Malebranche. But in truth he not seldom endeavours to convey things totally unintelligible, and out language had not arrived to its present perfection."

M E DICA L. Art. 23. The Case of the Rev. Dr. Harwood: An Obkipato

Palfy of above Two Years Duration, greatly relieved by Eleatricity. By Edward Harwood, D. D. 8vo. Buckland, Iso"

Dr. Harwood, well known in the literary world, here relates his afflictions in consequence of an obftinate pally, and the relief he found in electricity. There is a mixture of piety and gratitude in the relation, well befitting the divine, and the gentleman. Art. 24: An Ejay on the Prevention of an Evil highly Inju

rious to Health, und Inimical to Enjoyment. By William Edmonstone, late Surgeon to the Eighty-ninth Regiment. 8vo. 2s. Shepperfon and Reynolds.

The brain obje&t of this effay, is the recommendation of a noftrum called the Prophylactic Liquid, for preventing venereal infection, but the Author muft 'excuse us, it we form no judgment of its mérits until they are tried, as he keeps the ingredients in profound fecrecy. Art. 25. A Treatise on the Diseases of Children, with Dirce

fions for the Management of Infants from the Birth ; especially such as are brought up by the hand. By Michael Underwood, M. D. Licentiate in Midwifery of the Royal College of Physicians in London, and Practitioner at the Britith Lying-in Hospital. Imall 8vo. zs. sewed. Matthews. 1784.

The Writers whom we poffefs on this subject are but ill proportioned to its magnitude. If we except a few pamphlets on-derached parts, we have had no régutar account of the method of treating the dit. cases of children, since that given by Dr. Arinftrong, twenty years ago. In our opinion, Dr. Underwood has thrown out many new and valu. able doctrines on the more important difealės. He-fets out with an assertion, which he in a great mannér proves by his own writings, « That, as the complaints of infants are more obvious than it has generally been imagined, fo their Humber is comparatively fmall, their cause uniform, and the treatment of most of them, linipte and certain.” In the course of the work, he takes occafion to correct the errors of former writers, whether popular or fcientific. His own, practice is rational and experimental, and his discloling it for the benefit of the younger part of the faculty, cannot bút be ättended with general utility. Art. 26. A System of Anatomy: from Monro, Winflow,

Innes, and the latest authors. Arranged, as nearly as the nature of the work would admit, in the order of the Lectures delivered by the Profeffor of Anatomy in the University of Edinburgh, In two vols. 8vo. Illustrated with copper-platcs. Izs. boards. Elliot, Edinburgh; Robinson, London,

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This work comprehends Monro, on the Bones : Winflow on the points and other parts of the fresh bones ; Innes on the Muscles, with his illustrations of theie and of the skeleton : Winflow on the tifcera, blood-vessels, and 'organs of the fenfes ; Monro, Hewson, and other late writers, on the nerves and lymphatie velfelt. The compilation is made with judgment, and will no doubt be useful to: fudents. The plates are on a scale by much too mail to give any idea of the parts reprefented. Art. 27. Some New Hints, relative to the Recovery of Perfons drowned, and apparently dead. By John Fuller, Surgeon at Aston, Berwickfhire. 8vo. 15. Cadell.

This panphlet deserves the attention of the gentlemen belongitig to the Humane Society in particular; and we think there are fome hints in it that may not prove useless to practitioners in general. Art: 28. An Address to Pregnant Ladies and Others, pointing out fứch women as are fit to be instructed, and particularly to be employed in the Practice of Midwifery: together with the Heads of the Lectures, which they ought to be taught, and well verfed in, before they take upon themselves fo impoitant an Office. To which is added, an Index to the Symptoms of all Difeafes incident to the Human Species, elucidated with curious ExplanatoryNotes and Obfervations on the Practice of Medicine. By Mrs. Rachael Lanc, Midwife, late Fractitioner at the Weitminster Lying-in Hofpiral, and regular Pupil to Þr. Leake, Member of the Royal College of Phyhcians in London, Profeffor of Midwifery, and Phyħcian in that Charity. 8vo. 25. Printed for the Author..

Mrs. Rachael Lane appears to have cultivated het mind by the theory as well as the practice of the obsłttric art, and as he is well atteityd by Dr. Leake, and her pamphlet is tolerably compilod, we have no reafon to doubt that the dijes credit to the profession. We cannot, however, see any use in the inajor part of the pamphler sebich is taken up by what the calls, An Index to the Sympropes of all Diseases, for what is a midwife to learn (granting it to be krue) from being told that A boy emaciated and unfil for motion portends Lues venerea, of French Pox; or, Fium being told that rumbling of ibe hotels portends inflammation of the bladder and intestines. She might have as well told us, that a pain in the leg portends amputation, Art. 29. The Speech of Lieutenant General Halé, in favour

of the People, and the pomination and election of a Member of Parliament for Yorkfhire, in the room of Sir George Savile. Qvo. IS. Todd, York; Baldwin, London.

In this address there are the most evident and expressive marks of
patriotisın and public virtue. The author appears to be well inform-
ed; and his knowledge and integrity give a real value to his work.
As he exhibits the undisguised sentiments of his heart, his manner is
warm, and his language nervous.
Art. 30. Remarks on the extraordinary Conduct of the Knight

of the Ten Stars, and his Italian Esquire, to the editor of Don
Quixote. In a Letter to the Rev. I. s. D.D. Svo. IS. Wilkie,
London.
Here the reader is amused with the spirit of altercation that has
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disgraced literature so much. There may be some degree of truth
in the obfervations which are made in this publication ; but there is
infinitely more of peevithness. The most pointed wit can only apo-
logize for productions like the present,
Art. 3!. Every Man his own Law-Maker: or, The English-
mau's Complete Guide to a Parliamentary Reform: wherein the
road to national confusion is made plain and easy to the meant
capacities. 8vo. Is. 6d. Stockdale: London.

This author is an enemy to all parliamentary reform. He affects
to convey his sentiments in an ironical manner. But his wit is
small, and his ingenuity nothing. The important objects of na
tional management and economy are not proper topics for derifion,
and levity.
Art, 32. Outlines of a ready Plan for protecting London and
its environs from depredations of House-breakers, Street and
Highway-robbers, 8vo. Is. Richardson, London.

The hints held out in this pamphlet deferve confideration from mi. nifters and statesmen. They seem to proceed from an intelligent perfon, and they are expressed with a suitable fimplicity and plainness. Art. 33. Ihe Beauties of Captain Cook's Voyages, or a Selec

tion of interesting Narratives. Being a circumstantial and enterraining Account of all the curious and extraordinary Occurrences which happened in his Voyages round the World, and to the Pacific Ocean. Selected from the voluminous Performances that haye been published; Care being taken to retrench all Superflui ties, and to reject whatever might appear to be ufeless, uninteresting, or unentertaining Containing among 'a Variety of other Articles, an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Inha. bitants of Nootka Sound. Also of those of Van Diemen's Land. The Friendly Ifands. Qonalafhka. Queen Charlotte's Sound. Sandwich Sound. , Wateeoo. The Tschutski, &c. &c. Also a Description of a grand Haiva at Tongataboo. A Bear-bunt at Kamtschatka. An Account of the Mataevans presenting their Daughters to Strangers. The Operation of the Romee. The Death of Captain Cook, &c. &c. izmo. is. 6d. Lister. London.

The unblushing loquacity of this title-page will disgust the dif. cerning reader, and be a fure indication to him that this publication is a catch-penny. The compiler, whoever be is, has no pretensions of any kind to commendation; and while he appears to be exceedingly illiterate, the paper and printing of his publication are in the wilet file of imperfection.

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Foi the ENGLISH REVIEW POLITICAL STATE OF EUROPE, - for the year 1784.

[Concluded from our last.] HE

to plies throws an over-balance into that scale, and makes the peers, though superior in station, inferior in iinportance. Then in deed they rise in the scale of power when they arrange themselves, as they have sometimes done, in oppolition to the despotism of the Commons, on the side of freedom.

But if the general voice of the nation has been able to controul the trongest branch of the legillature, much more would it be able to controul the weaket. bilft virtue, public spirit, found sense, and a regard to property remain in the nation, a due balance will be preserved in the constitution. The people, and all that can influence the people, reason, justice, felf-interest, the love of the public: thele yet torin the supreme power in the kingdom ; and it is by an appeal to these only, that all disputes among the different members of the government can be ultimately determined. Such an appeal, on the occasion of Mr. Fox's India bill, was anticipated by numerous addresses to the throne, and formally made by a diffolution of the old, and the convocation of a new parliament, when a great majority ap: peared on the side of the new minister.

Thus it appears, that there is a vital and a healing principle in the British constitution, which regulates and directs its movements to the public good, which rectifies its disorders, and, amidit all its wanderings, brings it back to its natural state. While justice and public spirit give efficacy to the laws, protect property, and give an interest to the great body of the people in the preservation of the constitution, there is little danger of its subversion. When luxury, with all her enervating train of fictitious wants, Ihall have prevailed over a sense of duty and a love of glory; wben corruption shall have made its way to judges and juries; when the laws shall have lost their {pring, and bowed down before factions in the fenate and parties among the people; then indeed has the Genius of Liberty Aed for ever. Then the bold fpirit of conscious right finks into mean fervility, and solicits from favour what it formerly demanded as a debt frorjus

From this detail of facts, and from these observations, we draw the following important conclufion, which we wish to hold up to the ; view, and which we would also with, in the present juncture, to impress.on the hearts of our countrymen, THAT THE BEST POLITICAL REFORMATION IS A REFORMATION OF MANNERS,

On the meeting of the new parliament, which happened in the month of May, the speech from the throne recommended to the deliberation of parliament the unsettleł affairs of India, the state of the revenue, and the means of reitoring and invigorating public credit. These, with new raxes to a large amount for paying the interest of the unfunded debt, Were the cares which devolved on the young minister., The task he had to perform, difficult in itself, was the more arduous, that the nation had formed the highett'opinion both of his abilities and virtues. Fully to answer the extravagance of hope was impossible. But on the whole, on an impartial review of the minister or ministers,

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we fal find, that as it was by the confidence of the nation that they acquired, so they were Itudious, by the faine means, to retain their power. If they erred, they did not err intentionally." In framing the bills they wished to pass, they readily adopted many amendments and improvements suggested by members in opposition." But it was impoffible nor to depart from the spirit of Mr. Fox's bill in their new one for regulating the affairs of India. But, even here, they manifested the greateit fpirit of accommodation ; for never did any bill undergo more effential alterations; and all of these were in favour of the East India Company: The minister, on this occasion, did not indeed thew any difpofition to grasp at power himself. But his con dúct, it must be owned, could not appear so disinterested as it would have done, if, what he renounced for himself, he had given up to the public. He avoided the odium of grasping at power himself, by devolving it into the hands of his friends. The general principle of Mr. Pitt's East India bill, is a partition of patronage and power Þetween government and the company. Hence it is enfeebled, like too complex a machine, by too many tprings and checks, and counterchecks. It is indeed dificult, if not impoffible, to unite the delays and checks of freedoin with that promptitude and vigour of government, which are necessary to controul and to retain in subjection such diftant and extensive dominions. The East India Judicature bill is a proof that in Mr. Pitt's judgment, as well as in Mr. Fox's, our distant dominions in Afia are not without an infusion of the spirit of despotism. Were it the intention of the British legislature to prefer the interests of internal liberty, both in Britain and Hindoitan, to all other confiderations, and in this fpirit to bestow on the Hindoos perfect freedom; or, on the other hand, were it their design to subject those distressed people to unqualified slavery ; a plain road, in either case, would be before them.' But it is difficult to form á system that Thall combine the regards of liberty and humanity with the views of avarice, and ambition. The relief which the bill now passed into a law for the government of India holds out to the rajahs and zėmindars of that country is so cautious, so flow, so partial and circum-*. scribed, by an attention to the rights and interests of the company and their servants who have and can easily form claims on those unhappy people, that they will, in all probability, remain in the same oppressed condition as formerly.

We are now to follow the minister in his plans for restoring and invigorating public credit. The Commission of Accounts, originally suggested by Colonel Barre, and adopted by Lord North, the most effective plan of oeconomy that has yet been devised by any of our reformers, met from Mr. Pitt all countenance and encouragement. A new.scheme was adopted for increasing the revenue, and on the whole, diverting the energy and industry of a numerous class of men . into such channels as might molt contribute to the wealth of the nation. This was an act for the prevention of sinuggling.

This act endeavours to remedy the evil of smuggling, by lowering the duties on certain articles of importation, and by quashing with an arined forče áll relistance to the revenue officers. Time has not yet proved the efficacy of this act. It seems, however, to be founded on jük and liberal principles, and to consult the commercial interests

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