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rance. Read the Parmenides—You will then perhaps perceive, that that Unity, which must be the foundation of all being, is itfelf of all things the most mysterious and incomprehenfible.' Dr. Horsley.
The following authorities have been produced, to prove, that the preexiftence of Christ was generally taught, previously to the introduction of Platonism into the Christian church.
(6.) “ The Lord submitted to suffer for our soul, although “ he be the Lord of the whole earth, unto whom he said, " Let us make man after our image and our likeness.” “ For “ if he had not come in the fielh, how could we mortals fee“ing him have been preserved; when they who behold the “ fun, which is the work of his hands, and is shortly to “ perith, are unable to look directly against his rays?" « Mean while thou haft the whole doctrine concerning thie " majeity of Christ, how all things were made for him and ự through him ; to whom be honour, power, and glory now " and for ever. Barnabas, Epiftola. Dr. Horsley:
(7.) 66 The Son of God was more ancient than any crea“ture, so as to have been present with the Father at the © creation." Hermas, Paftor. Mr. Badcock.
(8.) “ There is one God who hath manifefted himself
through Jesus Christ bis Son, who is his eternal Word, " which came not forth from silence.”
• There is one phy" fician, who is to be considered in a double view, as fehly 6 and as spiritual ; as made and not made ; God incarnate ; “ real life in death; begotten of Mary, and of God; in one « respect liable to fuffering, in another incapable of it; even " Jesus Christ our Lord.” Ignatius, Epistolæ, A. D. 101. Dr. Horsley. Mr. Badcock.
Having thus far employed ourselves rather in stating the general merits of the question, than in any particular attention to the authors who have discussed it, we now proceed to that which is perhaps the more immediate province of a review, the presenting to our readers fome examples of the pretensions of Dr. Horsley's performance, as a composition, And here the first thing that attracts our attention is the fpirit in which it is written. We had hoped, in a literary discussion between men so confessedly eminent, to have feen every thing conducted with liberality, politeness and candour; free from the superciliousness of the priest, and the "high-seasoning of controversy." This indeed is well and in season between the anonymous scribblers of Grub-street, and the pettyfogging polemics of a newspaper. But when it creeps insidiously into the productions of pens intended to teach mankind the lessons of virtue and truth,mo" it is an ugly and a sorry fight!"!
Animated with these hopes, we derived the purest pleasure from the perufal of the noble and manly.conclufion of Dr. Horsley's charge to his clergy; we readily forgave any little airs he might fometimes give himself in the course of it; we classed them
among the maculas, quas cavit natura ; and we remembered what his antagonift has fomewhere juftly observed, that a disputant has a right to call, his opponent's arguments absurd, provided he abftains from reflection on his character, and from peevith and degrading perfonalities. We were equally satisfied with the Ityle of Dr. Priestley's address to the archdeacon. We remarked indeed, that in one place he had charged Dr. Horsley with “a concealment not perfectly ingenuous;" but we compared it with the general strain of his pamphlet; and we were fàtisfied that it was an inadvertence, that deserved to be for. given.
But we had scarcely opened the performance now under review, before we perceived the ground of the controversy totally shifted.
We were obliged to look back with lively regret to the conclusion we had so much admired; and we exclaimed with the venerable ancient, “ Si sic omnia feciffet!”. But we do not desire our readers to take this censure upon, trust.
“ Theophilus's words are so very clear, that the fenfe was hardly to be missed, at first fight, by a school-boy in his second year of Greek.” The feats
The feats of criticism which you have performed upon certain plain words of Jerome, had you been a Westminster man, were enough to bring old Bufby from his grave.” " You are little to be trusted, when you take upon you to compare the opinions of the firft Chriftians, in which you are not learned, with Platonism in which you are a child.” “ Your attempt I cannot but consider as a stratagem. In this however, if I mistake not, you are completely foiled. In your fallies against the batteries which I have raised, I trust you will be little more successful. But as too much of stråtagem is apt to mix its self with all your operations, it will be necessary that I watch very narrowly the manner of of your approaches.
The above paffages are merely demoni rative of our affer: tion, and for ourselves, give us no sensation but that of grief for the respectable man, who could be so overseen, as to com mit them to the press. The following, we believe, will exhibit food for entertainment, as well as for cenfure.
· Clemens Alexandrinus, who makes frequent mention of here ties, hath been very filent, you think, about the Ebionites. Hence, you seem delirous to infer, that Clemens thought them not heretical, Almost the whole; these are your words, ...66 Almoit the whole of his 45 feventh book of Stromata relate to that subject (herelies). He meņu
...tions fourteen different herefiarchs by name, and ten heresies by “ character: but none of them bear any relation to the Ebionites or
any species of unitarians.” Indeed, Sir, it was not without rea. Son, that I complained, in my former publication, of the peculiarities of your style, I hope that the great work, which you are pre: paring, upon the subject of our present controversy, will be ac, companied with a glossary, to explain the words of the English language, upon which you fhall be pleafed to impofe new fenfes : and that in particular you will not omit to inform your readers, how much of a thịng may be meant by the WHOLE in your new phra: feology
I find, Sir, by the best computation I can form upon a fimple ex: ·ample, which I am sensible must be liable to gseat
' inaccuracies, I speak therefore under the correction of your authoritative decision but by the best computation I can form, the whole may be any part of a thing not less than a forty-eighth. I beg your pardone I had written this, when turning back to the errata, at the beginning of your book, I there find that you have been yourself very properly Thocked at the extravagant hyperbolism of your own expression; and for the words almof the whole, you advise your reader to substitute these, a great part. Sir, a reluctant and imperfect retractation is more unseemly than the first error, be it ever fo 'enormous. If you would not be thought to impose upon your reader's ignorance, or to pre; fume upon his inattention, you must correct again; and for a great bid him read a very little part. The teventh book of the Stromata, in Sylburgius's edition which I use as most convenient for my present purpose, because the pages, not encumbered with notes, all contaiq equal quantities of text: in this edition the seventh book, Greek and Latin," fills 48 pages. The general subject of the book is the ex: pellence of Christian Knowledge in preference to Philosophy. This argument fills more than 38 pages of the 48, that is, more than three. fourths of the whole book, without any mention of heretics. Then the author answers an objection to the certainty of Christian knowledge, taken from the differences of opinion that sublifted among the different sects. This introduces a general invective against heretics, and a diffuafive of heresy, drawn from general topics, not from the enormities of particular fects ; which fill 8 pages more. The dir, suasive of herefy leads to an argument for the authority of the Church upon the footing of antiquity: and this introduces the names of some temarkable heresies, which are mentioned for no other purpose, but to show that the very denominations, which they bare, argued a late origin, fingularity of opinion, and feparation from a more antient society. This lift, with many interspersed remarks upon the origin of each sect, and affertions of the unity of the true hurch, fills, pero haps, three-fourths of one of the tivo remaining pages of the book : for the la.. page is taken up with a whim fical explanation of the Levitical marks of clean and unclean beasts which are supposed to be types of the good and bad qualities of true Christians and of heretics. Thus it appears that a great part of the seventh book of the Stromata, which you had well nigh mistaken for the whole, is somewhat less than one part in forty-eight.
* But the Ebionites have no place in that long list of heretics, which occupies almost the whole, or, to speak more accurately, a great part, or, to speak exactly, almost a forty-eighth part of the few venth book of the Stromata,'
These paragraphs brought with such irrefiftible force an old story to our recollection, which we remember to have heard, that we cannot refuse it to our readers.. A pert lively Frenchman, hurrying along the streets of Venice, happened to brush somewhat rudely against a grave-looking fenator. The senator immediately seized his culprit by the elbow, and in a very important tone demanded, What animal was in his opinion the clumsiest in nature? The gay spark stared and stammered ; but at length replied, that he believed it might be the elephant. “ Then, pray,” cried the stiff republican, “ Pray Mr. Elephant, take care for the $_future how you jostle a noble Venetian.”
But, though Dr. Horsey be repeatedly in the courseofhis pubļication, frigid, prolix, supercilious and formal, it would be the height of injustice, not upon the whole to ascribe to him, in a very diftinguished degree, the praife of a fine writer. He has a manliness and an energy about him, that demand the loudest applaufe. He has that specious and commanding air, which, when it happens to him, as particularly in the attempt to defend his treatment of his antagonist, to have the wrong side of the question, enables him, like Belial, to “ make the worsę appear the better reason." And there is occasionally a splendour, an imagination, à fublimity in his diction, that attracts and delights us, at the same time that it excites our reverence for his
abilities, • Another instance, to which I ever shall appeal, of an early preaching of your Lord's divinity, though it may not conduce to your conviction, is the story of St. Paul's converfion : in which, as it is twice related by hitifelf, Jesus is dejfied in the highest terms. I know not, Sir, in what light this transaction may appear to you. Tó me' I confess it appears to have been a repetition of the scene at the bush, heightened in terror and folemnity. Instead of a fambent fiame appearing to a solitary shepherd amid the thickets of the wildernefs, the full effulgence of the Shechinah, overpowering the fplen: dor of the mid-day sun, bursts upon the commisioners of the Sanhe drim on the public road to Damascus, within a small distance of the city.. Jesus spoaks, and is spoken to, as the divinity ine habiting that glorious light. Nothing can exceed the tone of autho. rity on the one fide, the fubmiffion and religious dread upon the other. The recital of this story seems to have been the usual pretude to the Apostle's public apologies; but it only proved the means. of heightening the resentment of his incredulous countrymen.'
We will add to this specimen our author's apology for his harsh treatment of Dr. Priestly,
• If I have any where expressed myself contemptuously, the consempt is not of you, but of your argument upon a particular subject,
upon which I truly think you argue very weakly; and of your information upon a point, in which I truly think you are ill intormed. This hinders not, but that I may entertain the respect which I profess for your learning in other subjects, for your abilities in all iubjects in which you are learned, and a cordial eiteem and affection for the virtues of your character, which are great and amiable. Your attack being made upon those parts of the established faith, which I conceive to be fundamental principles of the Chriftian religion, I hold it my duty to flew the weakness of your reasoning; to expose your insufficiency in these subjects; and to bear my testimony aloud against your doctrine. Between duty to God and to his church, and respect for man, it were criminal to hesitate. Upon any occasion, wherein complaisance might be allowed to operate, you are the last person, whose feelings I would have wounded.
You seem to think that I decretly suspect you of artifices, which are incompatible with that purity of intention which I would seem willing to allow. In your last pamphlet, you complain that I have charged you with several initances of gross disingenuity. I am lenfible that in these letters you will find more and stronger initances of charges, which you will be apt to interpret as unfavourably; and this I fear will heighten the suipicion which you express, that even the compliments I lometimes pay you are ironically meant.
• Indeed, Sir, in quoting antient authors, when you have understood the original, which in many instances is not the case, you have too often been guilty of much reserve and management. This appears in fome instances, , in which you cannot pretend, that your own inadvertency, or your printer's, hath given occafion to unmerited imputations. I with that my complaints upon this head had been groundless: but in justice to my own cause, I could not suffer unfair quotations to pass undetected. God forbid that I should draw any conclufion from this unseemly practice, against the general pro-, bity of your character. But you must allow me to lament, that men of integrity, in the service of what they think a good end, should indulge themselves so freely as they often do, in the use of unjustifiable means. Time was when the practice was openly avowed, and Origen himself was among its defenders.
• The art which he recommended, he ferupled not to ploy. I have produced an instance, in which to filence an adversary, he hath recourse to the wilful and deliberate allegation of a noa torious falsehood. You have gone no such length as this. I think you may believe me sincere, when I speak respectfully of your worth, and integrity, notwithstanding that I find occasion to charge you with some degree of blame, in a fort in which the great character of Origen was more deeply infected, Would to God it had been otherwise. Would to God I could with truth have boasted, “ To " these low arts stooped Origen, but my, contemporary, my great “ antagonist, disdains them." How would it have heightened the pride of victory, could I have found a fair occasion to be thus the herald of my adversary's praife.'
As we have enumerated two smaller publications in the title of our article, we shall beg leave to spend a word or two upon