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terations of Authority, rejoicing sometimes in fuch Novelties, which afterwards do produce Repentance. Thus may all Men of Understanding cona ceive the Madness of the rude Multitude, and not give too mucb Credence to every sudden Rumour, until the Truth be perfe&tly known by the Report of fome approved and credible Persons, that commonly bave ibe beft Intelligence.

I bave beard, and also seen set forth in diver's printed Books, fome untrue Imaginations, after the Death of divers Persons, (who in their Lives were in great Estimation ) invented rather to bring their bonest Names in question than otherwife.

Now forafmuch as I intend to write bere some Special Proceedings of Cardinal Wolsey, the great Archbishop, his Ascending unto Honour and great Promotion, bis Continuance in it, and sudden Falling from the same, a great Part whereof fall be of mine own Knowledge, and some Part from credible Persons Informations.

This Cardinal was my Lord and Master, whom in bis Life-time I served, and so remained with bim in his Fall continually, during the Time of all bis Troubles, both in the South and North Parts, until be died : In all which Time I punctually observed all his Demeanours, as also in bis great Triumph and glorious Estate.

And

And since his Departure I have heard diver's furmised and imagined Tales concerning his Proceedings and Dealings, which I myself have certainly known to be most untrue. unto which. I could have sufficiently answered according to Truth: But, conceiving it to be much better to be filent, than to reply against their Untruths, whereby i might, perhaps, have rather kindled a great Flame of Displeasure, than have quenched one Spark of their untrue Reports ; therefore I did refer the Truth thereof to the Almighty, who knows the Truth of all Things.

Nevertheless, whatsoever any Man hath cone ceived of him in his Life, or since his Death, thus much I dare say without Offence to any, That in my Judgment I never saw this Realm in better Obedience and Quiet, than it was in the Time of kis Authority, nor Justice better adminiftred without Partiality, as I could

justly prove, if I should not be taxed with too much Affection.

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ERRAT A. Page 56, Line 28, for Legatus, read Legates i p. 89, 1. 25, f. Love, r. Loves 3.p. 107, 1. 32, dele no ; p. 108, l. 2, f. him, r. them; p. 114, Col. 1, l. 10, dele at the Seat ; p. 143, 1. 8, f. 1, r. We ; p. 176, 1. 36, f. France, r. England; p. 186, 1. 33, f. their, s. your ; p. 237, 1. 6, f. 1527, 1. 1507; p. 238, I. 25, supply an

Afi crisk at Minds ; p. 241, 1. 12, f. Bishops, T. Bilbop ; p. 252, C. 2, 1. 25, f. want, r. wont ; p. 255, c. 1, 1. 25, f. Treaty, 1. Trea. tise; p. 272, 1. 35, f. of Side, r. Side of ; p. 320, c. 2, 1.21, f. His Noble' Son, r. This Illustrious Peer ; p. 356, in the Note, 1. 14, f. Baleness, 1. Business ; p. 364, l. 15, f. 1525, t. 1524 : p. 377, 4 5, f. fnould ferve, 5. foould not serve.

THE

H I S T O R Y

OF THE

LIFE and TIMES

0 F

Cardinal WOLSEY.

E concluded our Second Affairs of
Volume with an Account England.

1518.
of the Sweating Sickness,
W

which happily ceasing, the King again appeared publickly in his Court, and the Welfare of the State seemed

to be the chief Object of his Majesty's Ambition, and his Prime Minister's Care, not forgetting the Advancement of Trade and Commerce, the principal Support of all happy Governments.

As it was now found, that the keeping of Tournay did not answer the Expence of preserving it, the King readily listened to Proposals for delivering it up to Vol. III,

B

the

1518

the French : And Francis the Ist, finding all his Schemes, for distresling England, by encouraging Invasions in Favour of Richard de la Pole, prove abortive, now entertained more pacifick Notions, which put him, the Beginning of this Year, on renewing the Negotiation for restoring to him the Town of Tournay.

To further this, Francis sent a folemn Embassy to England, consisting of Admiral Bonivet, the Archbishop of Paris, and Monf. de Villeroy, Secretary of State, with a Train of no less than 1200 Persons.

Upon their Arrival they waited on Cardinal Wolfej, and were soon after introduced to his Majesty in great State, one of whom imparted the Cause of their Embassy in an elegant Speech to the following Effect : “ That they had full Power to treat of renewing “ the Friendship between the two Kings, and of

confirming the League with the Pope and all “ Christian Princes, that desired to be included, for " the Defence of Religion and the Church ; of a

Marriage between the Dauphin and the Princess
Mary, Daughter of Henry ; of the Restitution of
Tournay ; and of an Interview between the two
Kings."

Henry gave them a most gracious Reception, and referred them to the Cardinal of York, on whom they immediately attended; and in a short time they prepared and agreed on no less than four Treaties."

The first related to the Marriage between the Princess Mary and the Dauphin, which was to be solemnized as soon as the young Prince was full 14 Years old, in which it was stipulated, “ That whose “ Master's Fault it should be, that the Marriage was not

compleated, he should pay 500,000 Crowns : That “ Princess Mary's Dower should be 333,000 Crowns “ of Gold, one Half to be paid on the Day of Mar

riage, and the other within a Year : That her Join

ture

* Publ. As XIII, Pag. 642, 644, 679.

“ ture should be as much as either Anne of Bretagne, or Mary of England, Conforts to Lewis the XIltă.'

This Treaty of Marriage between the Dauphin and the Princess Mary was originally owing to the Cardinal's Advice, and the Progress of it principally conducted by him.

The second was upon the Restitution of Tournay, for which Francis the Ift agreed “ to pay 600,000 “ Crowns of 35 Pence Tournois each, besides 500,000 “ Livres due to him from the Inhabitants ; but out

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The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL,

by George CAVENDISH, Esq; his GentlemanUsher.

C H A P. XI.

Of the Variance between the French King and the Duke of Bourbon,

who fled to the City of Pavia, where the King besieged him.

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HEN began a cer

was Aled to the Emperor to tain Grudge, be- invite him unto a like Pur. T

tween the French pose, where he moved the

King and the * King in this matter. And Sexs Duke of Bour- ' after the King was advised bon, to break out; insomuch that * thereof, and conceived the Car' the Duke, being now at Va- • dinal's Invention, he mused • riance with the House of France, more and more of this Mata

was compelled, for Safe-guard • ter, until it came into a Conof his Life, to fly and forsake • sultation amongit the Council ; • his Country, fearing the King's so that it was concluded, that • Malice and Indignation.

an Ambassador should be sent The Cardinal, having Intel- ' to the Emperor about this Mat• ligence hereof, contrived that • ter ; and it was further con• the King our Sovereign Lord • cluded, that the King and Em• should obtain the Duke to be peror should join in those Wars • his General in his Wars against against the French King, and • the French King, with whom " that the Duke of Bourbon should • our King had then an Occa- • be the King of England: ChamI lon to war; and the rather, • pion, and General in the Field, because the Duke of Bourbon s who had a Number of good

• Sol

B2

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