Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

PREFACE.

Long experience of the need which it is the design of the following pages to supply, must explain the reasons for the preparation of this volume. If that design be accomplished, the book will be its own best interpreter; if not, a lengthened preface would but make the failure more apparent. The whole theory of elocution, including an analysis of gesture, has been herein discussed, though all merely incidental opinions have been carefully avoided. Where just views have been found expressed by those who have made this a life-study, their language has frequently been quoted, in the hope that due importance may be ascribed to the ideas thus presented. Special acknowledgments are due to Dr. James Rush, to whose profound and accurate analysis of the “Philosophy of the Human Voice," all writers upon the subject have so long been indebted; and to Professor Wm. Russell, in whose able expositions of the theory of Dr. Rush may be found a more minute elucidation of the principles of this branch of education, so much neglected and misunderstood. Elocution being less a science than an art, much will ever remain to be effected by the living teacher, though experience has proved the great advantages to be derived from the general system of instruction here proposed.

The examples for practice have been classified with the view of separately illustrating each division of the work; in many instances, it may be best not to attempt

the reading of any long selection, until, by thorough study and diligent practice upon the shorter illustrations, each principle is clearly understood. The reading of a single poem might serve to develop the whole theory of elocution; the examples under each successive division may therefore be used, not only to secure a clear apprehension of the special point under consideration, but also to review the lessons previously explained and illustrated.

Great care has been taken to consult the authorized editions of the various writers here represented, that the extracts from their works may be relied upon as accurate; though, in some instances, preference has been given to an early edition, when, in later issues, the alterations have not been deemed improvements. Many poems have been introduced which have never before found their

way
into

any book of selections, some few being now for the first time published in this country.

The compiler cannot conceal the hope that this glimpse of our general literature may tempt to individual research among its treasures, so varied and inexhaustible ; – that this text-book for the school-room may become not only teacher, but friend, to those in whose hands it is placed, and while aiding, through sys. tematic development and training of the elocutionary powers of the pupil, to overcome many of the practical difficulties of instruction, may accomplish a higher work in the cultivation and refinement of character.

1

PHILADELPHIA, June 4, 1867.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGS

13

18

18

EMPHASIS

ABSOLUTE AND ANTITHETIC EMPHASIS..

ILLUSTRATIONS.--Absolute Emphasis. Robertson, Ruskin, Mrs. Child,

Whittier, Kingsley, Carlyle...

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Antithetic Emphasis. Robertsm, Thomas à Kem-

pis, Shakespeare, Landor, Emerson, Carlyle, Miss Greenwell, Ware,
Miss P

cter, Giles........

REMARKS ON Distinct ENUNCIATION ....

SEMITONIC MELODY

MONOTONE ....

66

71

77

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Interrogative Sentences beginning with a Verb.

Whittier, Carlyle.

212

ILLUSTRATIONS. Suspension of Sense. Emerson, Reed, De Quincey 212

ILLUSTRATIONS, Parenthetical Phrases. Shakespeare, Tennyson,

Webster...

213

ILLUSTRATIONS.-Contrasted Sentences. Shakespeare, Tennyson,

Emersm, Kingsley, Longfellow.

213

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Concessions. De Quincey, Mrs. Browning .... 214

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Exclamatory Sentences. Dante, Browning, Miss

Greenwell, Campbell, Curlyle..

215

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-

tences beginning with a Pronoun or Adverb. Browning, De

Quincey

216

ILLUSTRATIONS. — Exclamations in the Form of Interrogative Sen-

tences beginning with a Verb. Miss Greenwell, Emerson. 216

ILLUSTRATIONS. -- Declarations in the Form of Negative Sentences.

Robertson, Giles, Emerson, Tennyson, Miss Muloch...

217

BERIES

218

SIMPLE AND COMPOUND SERIES, SERIES OF SERIES.......

218

COMMENCING AND CONCLUDING SERIES

219

EXAMPLES. - Shakespeare, Martineau, Tennyson

219

ILLUSTRATIONS.- - Commencing Series. Wirt, Hillard, Shakespeare,

Goldsmith .....

220

ILLUSTRATIONS.— Concluding Series. Shakespeare, Tennyson, Mont-

gomery, Ruskin....

220

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Series of Series. Hooker, Taylor, Whipple............ 221

CADENCE.........

PARTIAL AND DISTINCT CADENCE

222

EXAMPLES. — Scott, Shakespeare, Massey, Taylor...

223

ERRORS IN CADENCE

223

ILLUSTRATIONS. - Partial and Distinct Cadence. Ruskin, Kingsley,

Carlyle, Sterling, Whiitier, Fuber, H. Coleridge, Wordsworth,

Bailey, Miss Greenwell, Mrs. Browning, Milnes, Miss Procter,

Miss Waring, Browning, Owen Meredith.

225

PAUSES

295

GRAMMATICAL AND RHETORICAL PAUSES.

295

RULES FOR PAUSES.

295

EXAMPLES. — Francis de Sales, Keats, Lowell, Mrs. Browning, Bailey,

Emerson, Hood, Shakespeare, Mill.

295

LENGTH OF PAUSES, &c.....

297

ILLUSTBATIONS. — Very Short Pauses. Scott, Browning, Byron ....... 298

« ForrigeFortsæt »