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English Language.

ENGLISH EXERCISES. wulie's Home Exercises. PART 1.- A Graduated Series of Exercises in Arithmetic, Spelling,

and Composition, for Home Practice. Adapted to Standards I.

and Il. of the New Code. Sewed, 3d., or cloth limp, 4d.
GRADE I.-Embracing the first half of Part I. Adapted to

Standard I. Sewed, One Penny.
GRADE II. – Embracing the second half of Part I. Adapted to

Standard II. Sewed, One Penny.
PART II.-A Graduated Series of Exercises in Arithmetic, Spelling,

Composition, Grammar, and Geography, for Home Practice.
Adapted to Standards III., IV., V., and VI. of the New Code.

Sewed, 4d.; cloth limp, 6d. With Nine Maps, cloth limp, 10d.
PARTS I. and II. together, with Nine Coloured Maps, cloth, ls. 4d.
ANSWERS to the Arithmetical Questions in Parts I. and IÍ., ciotr

linip, 6d. The systematic and graduated series of Exercises in Arithmetic, Spelling, and Composition before us are excellent in their character, and in the hands of a careful teacher will prove of great value to the scholar.

T examples in arit etic are well selected."- Public Opinion. “These exercises are admirably arranged and adapted for home practice, and are published at a price that brings them within the reach of all."--Methodist Recorder. The Complete Manual of Parsing. Including also a Synoptical Table

of the System, a full Elucidation of English Idioms, a Discussion on Words Difficult to Classify, and a Glossary of Grammatical Terms. By WILLIAM DAVIDSON, B.A. (Lond.), and JosEPH CROSBY ALCOCK, Head Master of Gosforth School. 160 pp., f'cap 8vo, 18. 6d., cloth. (in the press.) The Mina is arranged in an original and systematic manner to serve as a work of reference, and is specially ada, ted to the wants of teachers, pupil teachers, and can idates for certificates and Queen's Schol.irships, as well as to Candidates for those Civil Service, Legal,

and Medical Examinations in which grammar is an essential subject English Parsing and the Analysis of Simple sentences Simplified.

Suited to the requirements of the higher Standards of the New Code of Education (1871). 56 pp., f'cap 8vo, cloth, 8d. By FRANCIS

BOWEN, M.C.P., author of the “Life of St. Paul." "The capacity of parsing individual words with accuracy is now expected of all the more advanced scholars in every well-conducted school." - J. D. Morell, LL.D., Inspector oj Schools.

POETRY. Spenser's Faerie Queene. Canto I. Sewed, 3d. ; cloth, 4d. Selections of Poetry. One of the "Extra Subject" series of Class

Books for Staudards IV., V., and VI., of the New Code. By Dr. SNAITH and H. MAJOR, BA. In Three Parts, F"cap 8vo. 2d.

each. Complete, sewed, 6d. ; cloth limp, 8d. “The selections are admirable.

The work is carefully edited, with explanatory fuot notes. We can heartily recommend the volume."School Board Chronicle, July 15, 1972. John Heywood's Explanatory Book of Standard Poetry.

Adapted to Standard IV. of Reading, and Standards IV., V., and VI. of Literaturo, under the New Codc; and suitable also for Private

Schouls. Crown 8vo, cloth. One Shilling “Books of Poctry are beautiful. Many of them are choal, but cheapness and guarness are not always combined us they are in this book.". Bducational Reporter, May 1, 1872.

Lesson 4.-Thursday.-Grammar. Learn and Write.


SUBJECT AND PREDICATE. Analysis means a separation into parts. Hence analysis of sentences is the separation of a sentence into its various parts, and is but a particular application of the rules of Syntax.

A sentence is a complete thought expressed in words, or a collection of words that make complete sense by themselves.

A statement that we make about something is a sentence.
Boys play. Time flies. John is ill.
Here we make statements about boys, time, and John ; and these

statements are they play, it fies, and he is ill. Every sentence must consist of two parts. (1) The something we think about or make a statement about. (2) The statement that we make. The something we think about, or speak of, is called the subject. The statement made about it is called the predicate.

The SUBJECT is the thing spoken of or thought about.

The PREDICATE is the statement about the subject.

Ex. 1, Arrange the subjects and predicates in columns.--The ship sails. Tom ran. The cat mews. The hen clucks. The water is cold. Where is the ball? The bat is lost. The boy is punished.

Ex. 2. Parse.—John is greatly disliked by everybody because he is so ill-tempered and peevish. Lesson 5.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.

(1) If the rent of a house be ten pounds a year, how much is that for 10 weeks?

(2) When 6 yards of cloth cost £1 ls., what must be given for 10yds. ?

(3) If 15 men can do a piece of work in 15 hours, how many men must be employed to do it in 5 hours ?

(4) If iỉ yards of velvet cost £3 13s. 9d., what will 33yds. cost? History --Write and Learn.


HENRY VII. 1485 Henry VII., son of Edmund Tudor, reigned from 1485 to 1509. 1437 Lambert simnel landed in Ireland, personating the Earl of

Warwick, who was confined in the Tower. He next landed in

England, but was defeated and made prisoner at Stoke. 1492 America was discovered by Christopher Columbus. Perkin

Warbeck also, personating Richard Duke of York, landed in 1497 Ireland, and afterwards came to England in 1497. He besieged

Exeter, but surrendered to the Royal forces, and was hanged in

1499. Henry was very avaricious, and by means of two men, Empson and

Dudley, he exacted immense sums of money. He was a good politician, though he was always actuated by two things-his love of money, and his fear of losing the crown.


SECOND WEEK. Lesson 6.-Learn for Monday Morning.

CHRISTIANITY. We live in the midst of blessings, i... we are utterly insensible of their greatness, and of the source from which they flow. We speak of our civilisation-our arts, our freedom, and our laws, and forget how large a share of all is due to Christianity. Blot Christianity out of the page of man's history, and what would his laws have been ?--what his civilisation ? Christianity is mixed up with our very being, and our daily life. There is not a familiar object around us which does not wear its mark; not a being or a thing which does not wear a different aspect because the light of Christian hope is on it; not a law which does not owe its truth and gentleness to Christianity ; not a custom which cannot be traced in all its holy and healthful parts to the Gospel.Rose.

OR ELSE LEARN Psalm viii. Lesson 7.-Tuesday.-Geography. Write and Learn.

CAPES.--On the East Coast.-Dun'-cansby Head, in Caithness ; Kin'nard Head, in Aberdeen ; Fife Ness, in Fife; St. Abb's Head, in Berwick.

On the North Coast.-Dun'-net Head, in Caithness; and C. Wrath, in Sutherland.

On the West Coast.-Ard-na-mur-chan Point and Mull of Cantire, in Argyle (ar'gile).

On the South Coast.-Mull of Galloway, in Wigton.

In the Heb’-ri-des (heb-ri-dēēs),--Butt of Lewis (lews), in north of the Island of Lewis.

Parts OF THE SEA.–On the East Coast.-Mor'ay Frith, Frith of Tay, Frith of Forth.

On the North Coast.-Pentland Frith, between Caithness and the Orkney Is.

On the West Coast.-The Minch, between the Hebrides and the mainland ; Loch Lin'n he and Loch Fyne, in Argyle ; and the Frith of Clyde.

On the South Coast.-Luce Bay, in Wigton, and Solway Frith. The North Channel separates Scotland and Ireland. The west coast of Scotland is very much indented, and contains

some hundreds of arms of the sea, generally called Lochs, Lesson 8.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.

(1) If two loads of hay last 6 horses for a week, how many loads will 24 horses eat?

(2) I bought 12 yards of silk for £3 13s. 3}d.: how many yards could I have bought for a ten pound note?

(3) What must I pay for 20 loaves of bread if 6 cost me 4s, 1.d. ?

ARITHMETIC-Continued. (4) If 2} tons of coal last a month, how many tons will be required for 1 year?

(5) If I save 13s. 3;d. in 6 weeks, how long shall I be in saving £5? (6) If the price of a yard of cloth be 4s. ed., how much shall I give for 28 inches ?

(7) How many lbs. of coffee @ Is. 6d. per lb. are equal to 3lbs. of tea @ 3s. per lb. ?

(8) 1f 4 tons 16cwt. of coal cost £5; how much will 2 tons 17cwt. cost ?

Walking is healthy

Lesson 9.-Thursday.-Grammar. Learn and Write.

The subject is the name of something, therefore-

The subject must always be a NOUN or a word or words used as a noun. There are five kinds of subjects

Subject. Predicate. (1) Noun.

The boy runs. (2) Pronoun.

He ruins. (3) Adjective. The good are great. (4) An infinitive. To walk is healthy. (5) A participle, or

gerund. A phrase is two or more words which do not express a complete thought.

An infinitive phrase or a participial phrase may be used as the subject of a sentence. (6) Infinitive phrase

To wulk quickly is pleasant. (7) Participial phrase

Running very fast is fatiguing. Ex. 3, Pick out the subjects and state their kind.--Time flies quickly. " The" is an article. To forgive is divine. Tea comes from China. Pride is a vice. The merciful are happy. To deceive God is impossible. She is a good woman. Cricketing is a healthy game. Ex, 4. Parse.—“Like a tempest down the ridges

Swept the hurricane of steel."
Lesson 10.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.

(1) How much must be given for 2 stone of sugar, if 7lbs. cost 2s, 4d. ?

(2) If 160 yards of cloth be bought for £20, how much can be bought for £12?

(3) If 2yds. 2qrs. 2nls. of cloth cost £1 10s. 10d., how much must be paid for 30yds. Iqr. Inl. ?

(4) If a man's wages are £60 16s. for a year, how much is that for three working weeks and three days ? History.-Write and Learn.

HENRY VIII. 1509 Henry VIII., son of Henry VII., reigned from 1509 to 1547. 1512 Henry commenced a war with France. Next year he defeated

the French. In the same year James VI. of Scotland invaded



England, but was defeated and slain at Floddon, in Northumber-

land. Next year peace was made with France and Scotland. 1320 Henry visited Francis I. of France, and from the splendour of the

monarchs' retinues the place where they met was called “The

Field of the Cloth of Gold." 1527 Henry wanted a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Arragon. This

was opposed by his chief minister, Cardinal Wolsey, and by the Pope. He broke away from the Papal authority, and was made head of the Church of England. This was called the Reformation in England.

THIRD WEEK. Lesson 11.-Learn for Monday Morning.

ANGELS OF THE HOUSE. 'Tis said that ever round our path 'Tis said that angels walk the earthThe unseen angels stray,

I'm sure it must be so That give us blissful dreams by night, When round our path, scarce seen And guard our steps by day.

by us,

Such bright things come and go. But there's an angel in the house,

Are there not beings by our side Meek, watchful, and sincere,

As fair as angels are,
That whispers words of hope to us
When none beside are near :

As pure, as stainless, as the forms

That dwell beyond the star? It is the one, the chosen one, Yes! there are angels the earth, That's linked to us for life,

Pure, innocent, and mild, The angel of the happy home, The angel of our hoarts and homes. The faithful, trusting wife.

Each loved and loving child.

F. B. Carpenter. OR ELSE LEARN Psalm xvi. Lesson 12.- Tuesday.--Geography. Write and Learn.

ISLANDS.—There are above 700 islands belonging to Scotland, of which only about 170 are inhabited. They lie chiefly on the west and north.

On the North.-The Ork'-neys, or "isles of seals,” are separated from the mainland by the Pentland Frith. Only a few of them, which afford good sheep pasturage, are inhabited.

The Shet'-land Islands lie about 50 miles north of the Orkneys. They are bleak, dreary, and destitute of trees. A race of small and strong ponies runs wild among the hills.

On the West.—The Heb-ri-des (heb-'-ri-dēēs), or Western Islands. These islands are generally rugged and mountainous, with large tracts of moorland and pasture land. They are divided into two groups.

The Outer Hebrides, the principal islands being Lewis (lews) and North and South Uuist (wist).

The Inner Hebrides, including Skye, Mull, Staf'-fa, I-o'-na (e-o'-na), Ju'ra, Is'lay (l'lay).

The Isle of Skye is noted for its beautiful mountain scenery.

Staff a contains a remarkable natural cavern, called Fingal's Cave,
and Iona is celebrated as being the scene of the labours of
St. Columbia, who, about 1,300 years ago (A.D. 565), landed from
Ireland and preached Christianity.

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