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MOTIVES.- Continued. cares for an outward seeming or show of friendship or affection, unless the heart be also friendly and affectionate ? Who does not prize a rough outside, when it covers an honest inside, more than the most fawning fondness from a heart that is cold and false? Thus it is right to insist on the principles for their own sake, because the principles give their value to the action, not the action to the principles. The principles are the gold on which the stamp has to be put : if the gold be not good, the stamp, though it may often deceive people, gives it no real worth ; and he who graves the king's image on base metal is punished for forgery.- Rev. Augustus Hare.
OR ELSE LEARN Psalm xxii., verses 22—31. Lesson 27.–Tuesday.-Geography. Write and Learn.
RIVERS.-Scotland contains numerous rivers. The principal ones rise either in the Grampians or the Lowthers. Like those of England, all the chief rivers but one empty themselves into the North Sea. All the rivers have swift currents, and many of them are encumbered with waterfalls.
The rivers rising in the Grampians are the Find'-horn and Spey, running north, and the Don, Dee, Tay, and Forth, running east.
The Tay (105 miles) is the longest and largest river of Scotland. It
receives a great many tributaries and draing many lakes. The Forth rises in Ben Lomond, and with its tributaries also drains several lakes. It opens into a large estuary called the Frith of Forth, above 50 miles long and about 40 miles across
in its widest part.
The Spey is noted for its great swiftness. Lesson 28.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) How long will a person be saving £3, if he puts by ls. 6d. per week ?
(2) There are provisions in a town sufficient to support 4,000 soldiers for 3 months : how many soldiers must be sent away in order to make these provisions last for 8 months ?
(3) How many yards of cloth 3 quarters wide are equal in measure to 30 yards 5 quarters wide ?
(4) If I lend my friend £260 for 13 months, how long ought he to lend me £156 to requite my kindness?
(5) If for 24s. I have 1,200lbs. carried 36 miles, how many pounds can I have carried 24 miles for the same money? - (6) If tea be bought at 28. 1fd. and sold at 2/6 per lb., how many lbs. must be sold to gain £5?
(7) A man walks 60 yards in 30 seconds : how far can he go in half-anhour?
(8) 3,050 soldiers have provisions for 9 months : how long would the same provisions last 2,000 men? Lesson 29.–Thursday.-Grammar. Learn and Write.
GRAMMAR-Continued. The predicates that do not make complete sense by themselves are ACTIVE TRANSITIVE VERBS. The cat caught. Here we must know what the cat caught before the sense is com
plete; we must add something, and may sayThe cat caught the mouse; or, The cat caught it. Here mouse or it completes the sense of the verb caught; they are
the objects upon which the action is completed, henceThe completion of the predicate is the object of a transitive verb.
An object is the name of something, therefore
The object may be a noun, or any word or words used as a noun.
Hence the object, like the subject, may be either—(1) a noun ; (2) a
pronoun; (3) an adjective ; (4) an infinitive; (5) a participle. Ex. 12. Pick out the objects and state their kind. -The law forbids stealing. He began to cry. I have learnt French. They forgot me. The people call him a hero." The boys love skating. We honour the brave.
Ex. 13. Parse. --The gates once opened, our men poured into the town like a flood. Lesson 30.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) Four cub. ft. of water weigh 250lbs. : what weight of water is there in a cistern which contains 124 cub. feet?
(2) Bought 65 sheep for £80 10s., and sold them for £72 12s., what was lost on each one?
(3) How many quarters of barley @ 29/- per quarter must be given for 50 quarters 4bus. 3pks. of wheat at 66/6 per quarter?
(4) Find the cost of 5 cheeses, each weighing two stone, at 2/10 for four lbs.? History.-Write and Learn. A.D.
EDWARD VI. 1547 Edward VI., only son of Henry VIII., by his third wife, Jane
Seymour, was only nine years old when he began to reign. He
reigned from 1547 to 1553. War with Scotland, caused by the refusal of the Scots to marry their
young Queen Mary to Edward. Battle of "Pinkie, in which the Scots were defeated, after which
Queen Mary was taken to France, 1549 Ingurrections in West of England, caused by changes in religion. 1550 Peace concluded with France and Scotland. Two years after,
Somerset, who was Regent during the King's minority, was beheaded for treason. Duke of Northumberland made protector in his place, and he induced the King to settle the crown on Lady Jane Grey. Edward was very learned, pious, and attentive to the affairs of state.
SEVENTH WEEK. Lesson 31.-Learn for Monday Morning.
A GOOD NAME. Who shall pretend to calculate the value of a good name? Its benefit is often great when dependent on other ties than
A GOOD NAME_Continued. those which accident or relationship have created ; but when it flows from friendships which have been consecrated by piety and learning—when it is the willing offspring of kindred minds to departed worth or genius—it takes a higher character, and is not less honourable to those who receive than to those who confer it. It comes generally from the best sources, and is directed to the best ends. Nor is this all. The consciousness of the source from which it springs is wont to stimulate those who are the objects of it; and many persons have laid the foundation of the very highest fortunes upon no other ground than that which the goodly inheritance has supplied.- Bishop Otter.
OR ELSE LEARN Psalm xl., verses 1-10.
Lesson 32.–Tuesday.-Geography. Write and Learn.
The rivers rising in the Lowthers are the Clyde, running to the west, the Tweed, running to the east, and the Nith, running to the south.
The Clyde rises near Queensbury Hill in the Lowthers, and after a
very winding course of 100 miles, empties itself into the Frith
valuable salmon fisheries, as have several other Scottish rivers. The remaining rivers of Scotland are generally unimportant. On the west they chiefly serve to drain the lakes, and on the east they are short rapid streams from the mountains.
Lesson 34.-Thursday.-Grammar. Learn and Write.
ENLARGEMENT OF THE SUBJECT. The SUBJECT may be enlarged or expanded ; it may have some. thing ADDED TO IT to mark or point it out more particularly.
A word that marks or points out a noun is an adjective; hence
The subject may be enlarged by an adjective, or any word used as an adjective.
The word or words used to enlarge the subject are called attributes.
The subject may be enlarged by-(1) An adjective
The old man died. (2) A noun in apposition
William the Conqueror came from Normandy. (3) A noun or pronoun in the possessive case
The boy's kite was lost.
Our kite was lost. (4) A prepositional phrase
The Tower of London is very old. (5) A participial phrase
The boy, being angry, threw a stone. Ex. 14. Underline the attribute and state the kind. Becket, the archbishop, was murdered. The pupil's task is done. His pen is broken. The bridge, rotten and old, fell into the stream. The girl's hat is lost. Paul, the apostle, preached at Athens. A boy, careless in his work, will make little progress.
Ex. 15. Fill in the blanks suitably. - The ........ child was killed. .... book is lost. The... ...sun rose brightly. The top....
......... Was hid by the clouds. David,........, was king of Israel, Milton,........, wrote “ Paradise Lost."
Ex. 16. Parse. ----An excellent vein of satire runs through the whole of “Gulliver's Travels." Lesson 35.-Friday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) If a man walk 62 miles in 3 days, how many days will he be in walking 80 miles?
(2) If 3 lb, of tea cost 10s. 6 d., how much will 7/lb. cost? (3) Find the price of 2 tons 3cwt. 14lb. @ 8/93 per quarter.
(4) A bankrupt pays 12s. 8d. in the pound, and his assets amount to $500: find the amount of his debts. History.-Write and Learn.
MARY. 1553 Mary, sister of Edward VI., and daughter of Henry VIII., reigned
from 1553 to 1558. Lady Jane Grey proclaimed queen, but the people supported Mary, and Lady Jane Grey and her husband were committed to the Tower for treason. They were beheaded next year. Mary
re-established the Roman Catholic religion in England. 1555 Persecution for religious opinions commenced. First martyr was
Rogers, of St. Paul's. Next followed Bishops Hooper, Latimer, and Ridley; and the year after Archbishop Cranmer wus burned a the staka.
HISTORY-Continued. 1557 War with France to aid Philip of Spain, Mary's husband. Next
year, Calais taken by the French, after being in our possession more than two centuries.,
EIGHTH WEEK Lesson 36.—Learn for Monday Morning.
TIME. Time speeds away-away-away: And sweeps from our distracted Another hour-another day
breast Another month-another year. The friends that loved-the friends Drop from us like the leaflets sear, that blest; Drop like the life-blood from our And leaves us weeping on the shore, hearts ;
To which they can return no more. The rose-bloom from the cheek de-Time speeds away-away-away: parts,
No eagle through the skies of day, The tresses from the temples fall,
No wind along the hills can flee The eye grows dim and strange to all.
So swiftly or so smooth as he : Time speeds away-away--away, Like fiery steed, from stage to stoge, Like torrent in a stormy day; He bears us on from youth to age; He undermines the stately tower, Then plunges in the fearful sea Uproots the tree, andsnaps the flower, of fathomless Eternity.
Knox. OR ELSE LEARN Psalm xlv., verses 1.-12.
Lesson 37.–Tuesday.-Geography. Write and Learn.
LAKES.-Scotland is a land of Lakes and Mountains. The best known are Loch Lo'-mond, Loch Ka'-trine, Loch Awe, Loch Le-ven, and Lochs Locky and Ness.
Loch Lo'-mond, to the west of Ben Lomond, is about 24 miles
long, and is the largest lake in Great Britain. It contains several beautiful island, and its waters are discharged into the Clyde
by the R. Leven. Loch Katrine lies to the cast of Ben Lomond. It is about two miles
long and very deep. Towards the east is the beautiful district
It is long and narrow, and is emptied into Loch Etive, an arm
of Loch Linnhe. Loch Leven. in Kinross, is a small oval lake, and is chiefly
interesting for its castle, on an island, in which Mary Queen of
Scots was kept prisoner, and from which she escaped in 1568. Lochy Locky and Ness are situated in Glenmore. They form
part of the Caledonian Canal, which extends from Moray Frith and Inverness on the east, to Loch Eil on the west. It was begun in 1805 and opened in 1822, and was intended to obviate the passage of ships round the north coast ; but it is shallow in
parts and is little used. Lesson 38.-Wednesday Morning. Work these Sums.
(1) A person, after paying a poor rate of 10d. in the pound, has £47 189. 40. left: how much had heat first ?