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the camp at Wilton, near Salisbury Plain, introduces" several ftanzas on Stonehenge and the druids. In speaking of the camp at Winchefter, be pays a compliment to Dr. Warton and the Winchester scholars ; from an account of the Devonshire militia he takes occasion to lament the death of colonel Ackland; and, in the conclufion, he addresses himself, in a high strain of panegyric, to the spirit of lord Chatham.
These are the outlines of Mr. Tasker's performance. In his digressons he has imitated the ityle and manner of Pindar; and though he has not the fire and sublimity of that celebrated bard, he has a laudable share of the spirit and genius of lyric poetry. Verfes on the Deatb of Col. Ackland. With jome Letters to a noble
Lord. Particularly on the Advantages arising from the Newfoundland Fishery, to Great-Britain and Ireland, 4to. Brown.
The short and frivolous effufion of a mean elegiast, accompanied with fome letters to lord North, from a fimfy politician. An Elegy on the Death of Samuel Foote, Esq. By Boschereccio.
410. Is. 6d. Kearsly. A lamentation, in which the province of Melpomene is vsurped by her fifter Thalia.-Annexed is an Ode on his majesty's birth-day, the production certainly, of none of the Muses.
CONTROVERSI A L. A Free Discusion of the Doctrines of Materialism, and Philosophical.
Neceflity, in a Correspondence between Dr. Price and Dr. PrieAley. Svo. 6s. boards. Johnson.
As we have already given * our readers a particular account of the principal subjects, discussed in this volume, we shall content ourselves at present with some general observations or what we conceive to be the real state of the controversy.
Ds. Priestley is right in his general notion, that thought may be connected with certain systems of matter; and this is sufficient to constitute fouls, without adding substance; an idea taken wholly from matter, and leading to nonsense, wherever it is used: but he is wrong in excluding solidity, which is no more in confiftent with thinking, than extenfion, repulfion, or attraction.
In pursuing this notion he runs into Berkeleyism, and maine tains what neither Hartley nor Michell ever dreamt of.
Nerves, vibrations, &c. are only infruments of thinking: how this is connected with any of them, suspended, revived, or refored, is unknown. If the same consciousness be annexed to any parcel of matter, it is the same being or person, raised or revived: mens cujusque, is eft quisque.
Space and duration are merely abtraa ideas. With respect to liberty, there are a thousand different cases, where no motive can be supposed to determine the choice. Choofing here is not an effect without a cause; the power itself is the cause. This See Crit. Rey, for March, April, and September last.
must belong to the first cause, and be communicable, as implying no contradiction, like that of communicating self-existence.
If these ingenious writers had read King's Origin of Evil and the Notes, they might perhaps have saved some trouble both'le . themselves and their readers, and have avoided repetitions.
They are to be commended for their candor in conducting the controversy ; but they do not seem to be sufficiently sensible, how far the two subjects are at present above the reach of our faculties.
In these and the like disquisitions, we should confine ourselves to facts, allow the evidence of our senses, and give the history of appearances, as Locke and Newton generally did, without attempting to discover the cause, the modus, or the nature of the thing itself, which adds nothing to our knowlege, and commonly misleads the enquirer.
DI V IN IT Y.
of a Scrmon, preached on the 19th of November, at St. Peter's,
From these words, Psal. cxix. 136. - Rivers of waters run from mine eyes, because they keep not thy law'--the author takes occafion to describe the ignorance, the depravity; and the wretchedness of the poor; and to recommend them to the care and compassion of the society.
Among other circumstances, to which he ascribes the growth of infidelity, he mentions the publication of blasphemous writings; but particularly the circulation of Voltaire's Works, in fix-penoy numbers. He expresses his indignation at some of the impious tenets of this writer, and is extremely offended at him for saying man is but a mite, and our world the cheese, on which he lives,' Letters to a Lady inclined to enter into the Communion of the Church of Rome. By William Law, M. X. 8vo. Iso 6d. H. Payne.
A pious tract, breathing a catholic spirit, and confifting chiefly of answers to the lady's questions, respecting her safety in the church of England, the lawfulness of communicating with a fchifmatical church, the want of a sufficient authority, to which she might absolutely resign her own thoughts and reasonings; with other points of a private nature. An Antidote to Popery, or the Proteftant's Memory jogged in Seafon,
by several Narratives and facts. 3d. Mathews. This publication contains an account of the perfecutions of the protettants in the reigns of Henry VIII. and queen Mary ;
• pelagi, rivi. This metaphor is common in other lana guages. Lachrymarum rivus, Ovid." Un torrent de larmes. Fenele Telem, A food of tears.
the Romith persecutions in Ireland ; the popith treasons and côn fpiracies in England; the persecutions in France, in 1562 and 1572; five letters on some fuperftitious exhibitions at Lisbon [written by G. Whitefield, and published in 1955) and a list of the most material errors of the church of Rome.
Whitefield's description of the ridiculous exhibitions at Lisbon is the best part of this publication. The preceding narratives are short and fuperficial; and discover the ufual ferocity and inbumanity of mankind in former times, rather than the genius and spirit of popery in the present age.
M E D I CA L. Ar Esay on the Consequences attending injudiciaus Bleeding in Prigo
nancy. By George Wallis, M. D. 8vo. Is. 6d. Bell.
As the advantage or detriment of blood- letting must be entirely relative to the deficiency or fuperabundance of the vital fluid, the effects of that operation will vary in different constitutions; and hence it never can be indiscriminately and safely used in all cases, for alleviating the complaints of pregnant women. This principle the author enforces by physiological arguments, which he places in a clear light. A Treatise on the Malignant Angina: or Putrid and Ulcerous Sorea
Tbroar. To which are added, fome Remarks on the Angina Tracbealis. By J. Johnstone, M. D. 8vo. Is. 6d. Becket.
The principal part of this treatise, we are informed, was published five years ago, as an inaugural differtation, at Edinburgh. It contains a succinct review of what has been written on the malignant angina, and the angina trachealis, accompanied with pertinent remarks, and useful practical observations.
M IS CE L L A NE OU S. The Panegyric of Voltaire, written by the King of Prussia, and read at
an extraordinary Meeting of the Academy of Sciences and Belles Letters at Berlin, 26th November, 1778. 8vo. Is. 64. Murray,
We are told by the translator of the king of Proflia's performance, that it was composed by his majesty after he had begum có withdraw his troops from Silesia, and before he returned to take up his winter quarters in that country. The piece, therefore, is not only remarkable in being the panegyric of a poet written by a prince, but is further distinguished by being written by that prince amidst the cares, the fatigues, and the disappointments of the field. The king at the same time that he writes the eulogium of Voltaire, gives a short analysis and criticism of the various performances of this celebrated writer: so that his panegyric will afford an agreeable supplement to those who are poffefied of Voltaire's works, as it contains an account of them by one who has long made their study one principal object of his literary pursuits. Besides these circumstances, what cannot fail to render this little work intereking, it presents us with several curious anecdotes concerning the writings, the life, and death of Vol. taire, which are no where else related, and which nobody who was less concerned than the king of Pruflia in whatever befel the philosopher of Ferney, could be so exactly informed of.
The English translation of this piece does justice to the French original, preserving the sense, and maintaining the spirit unimpaired. Cafe of William Brereton, Esq. late Commander of bis Majesty's
Ship Duke. 410. 35. 6d. Robson. We cannot peruse the Cafe of this naval gentleman without feeling those emotions of sympathy, which naturally arise in every humane breast, when the character and fortune of any person have suffered from apparent feverity. We are informed that captain Brereton, who commanded the Duke man of war in the engagement off Uhant on the 27th of July last, behaved in such a manner as procured him the approbation of admiral Keppel; and after the above mentioned a&ion, the fame mutual intercourse, as formerly, fubfifted between him and the other captains of the fleet. On the 24th of August, however, two days after the feet had failed from Plymouth on a fecond cruize, he was informed by captain Walfingham, who purposely came on board the Duke, that while the Aeet was at Plymouth, unfavourable reports had been circulated of his behaviour in the time of the engagement. Anxious to vindicate his reputation by such means as the fituation of the fleet would admit, he requested of admiral Keppel, that an enquiry should be made into his conduct. A court of enquiry was accordingly appointed, which, as we learn from this publication, not restraining itself within the limits prefcribed by law, proceeded to exercise the prerogative of a court-martial, and not only condemned him upon vague and contradictory evidence, but deprived him of his command. The case is drawn up with precision as well as force of argument, and merits attention. An Introduftion to English Grammar. By Joshua Story. 12m0.
No Price. Newcastle. Charnley and Atkinson. Dr. Lowth's incomparable Introduction to English Grammar has produced a multitude of imitations. Mr. Story's is one of the best we have seen. His examples of impropriety of expression, which are very numerous, are thrown into the latter part, to be rectified by a reference to the preceding rules. Euterpe ; or, Remarks on the Use and Abule of Mufic, as a Part of
modern Education. 410. 15. 6d. Dodsley. It is universally acknowledged, that music has a powerful effect on the human paflions; that it is able to soothe the mind, in its greatest perturbations ; to inspire it with serenity and joy ; and to elevate the soul to heaven. Timotheus, when he touched his lyre, made Alexander start impetuously from his fear, and fnatch his armour *. A modern master of the chord is said to
• Nam, concinente Timotheo, velut furens ad arma profiluit Alexander, Rhodig. Lect, Antiq. ix. 8.
have driven Eric, king of Denmark, to rage, and to have made him kill his faithful and favourite servants. Nieuwentyt relates, that an Italian, by his various modulations, could cause diftraction and madness. Nay, we are told, that a famous old musicían could tame lions and tygers; could foften the rocks; could Hop the courfe of rivers, could detain the rapid winds, and lead the oaks and eims into a country dance.-Such being the efficacy af music, the author of this essay endeavours to shew, that, when it is under proper regulations, directed by taste and judgement, it may be applied to the noblest purposes ; may be made an elegant and useful part of education; may be the means of improving the heart, and alluring it to the love of moral harmony, virtue, and religion. But he observes, that if singing has any power over the soul, it must arise from its affifting sentimental expression; that if music be too complicated, the sense is confounded, and the effect destroyed : in a word, that the true pathetic is only to be found in fimplicity. Whatever may be the state of music in the present age, thousands who frequent operas, oratorios, and concerts, are no better judges of music, than the rural audience which attended old Orpheus. Our author therefore, without doubt, has some reason, when he exclaims in these terms: • How great the degeneracy of those umes, when the unthinking daughters of dislipation turned with a tearless eye from the sweet persuasion of a Sheridan, and a Harrop; and the relentless sons of folly lent but a careless ear to the unrivalled excellence of a Fischer, and a Lamotte'!
The author of this essay, who seems to be a young writer, bas fhewn an excellent taste for the true principles of barniony, and a laudable zeal for the honour and improvement of his favorite art. An Esay on Human Nature. 1 2 mio. 'No Pricé. Carlisle. For
the Aur bor. In this essay the author endeavours to shew, that there are certain natural impulses, feelings, faculties, or sentiments, ima pressed upon all beings, whether inanimaré, animal, or human: ---fuch as that of attraction and gravitation common to inanimate bodies; that of hunger, self-préservation, and propagation, common to animals and men; the approbation of our species, the discernment of the agreement and disagreement between our ideas, words and actions, and reflection with its concomitano reason, commón only to men;- and that in 'a conformity to these laws, peculiar to each particular species of beings, confift the regularity and just order of the inanimate bodies in the folar system, the proper pursuits of the animal, and the proper con-' duct of the human species, each tending to the perfection of their respective nature The author proposes his sentiments with modefty and perspicuity.