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ANATOMY OF MELANCHOLY,
WHAT IT IS
ALL THE KINDS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, PROGNOS-
IN THREE PARTITIONS.
WITH THEIR SEVERAL
SECTIONS, MEMBERS, AND SUBSECTIONS, PHILOSOPHICALLY,
BY DEMOCRITUS JUNIOR.
A SATIRICAL PREFACE, CONDUCING TO THE FOLLOWING DISCOURSE
A NEW EDITION.
CORRECTED, AND ENRICHED BY TRANSLATIONS OF THE NUMEROUS CLASSICAL
A. C. ARMSTRONG AND SON
THE THIRD PARTITION.
THE SECOND SECTION, FIRST MEMBER, FIRST SUBSECTION.
Heroical Love causeth Melancholy. His Pedigree, Power, and Extent.
In the preceding section mention was made, amongst other pleasant objects, of this comeliness and beauty which proceeds from women, that causeth heroical, or love-melancholy, is more eminent above the rest, and properly called love. The part affected in men is the liver, and therefore called heroical, because commonly gallants. Noblemen, and the most generous spirits are possessed with it. His power and extent is very large, and in that twofold division of love piλɛiv and ¿pāv 2 those two veneries which Plato and some other make mention of, it is most eminent, and kar' ¿çoxǹv called Venus, as I have said, or love itself. Which although it be denominated from men, and most evident in them, yet it extends and shows itself in vegetal and sensible creatures, those incorporeal substances (as shall be specified), and hath a large dominion of sovereignty over them. His pedigree is very ancient, derived from the beginning of the world, as Phædrus contends, and his parentage of such antiquity, that no poet could ever find it out. Hesiod makes 5 Terra and Chaos to be Love's parents, before the gods were born:
5 See the moral
1 Memb. 1, Subs. 2. 2 Amor et amicitia. 8 Phædrus, orat. in laudem amoris, Platonis Convivio. • Vide Boc
cas. de Genial. deorum.