Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

slip away. - Poetically, glide on (of the constellation of the serpent), unfold its length. Fig., escape. Also (cf. ex), shoot up (of fire).

ēlāpsus, -a, -um, p.p. of elabor.

ēgelidus, -a, -um, [ex-gelidus], adj., very cold (?), “chill. — Also, somewhat cool (a doubtful word, occurring once only in Virgil, sometimes read ec gelido). egēnus, -a, -um, [egē- (stem of egeo) + nus], adj., needy, desti-ēlātus, -a, -um, p.p. of effero. tute: res (humbled, straitened). Electra, -ae, [Gr. Hλéxтpа], f., a egeỗ, eguí, no sup., egere, [?], daughter of Atlas and mother of 2. v. n., be in need, want, be desti- Dardanus. tute. - Less exactly, require, feel the need of: laudis; radicis. egēns, -ēntis, p. as adj., poor, needy, destitute; caring for. Egeria, -ae, [?], f., a nymph of Latium who became the wife and instructress of Numa. egēstās, tātis, [perh. tegent + tas, but more prob. fr. a stem like milit- (miles)], f., poverty, want, need. - Personified, Want. ēgi, perf. of ago.

ego, mei, [cf. Gr. èyúv, Sk. aham,

Eng. ], pron., I, me, myself. egomet [ego-met (intens. form fr. pron. ma)], pron., I myself. ēgredior, gressus, -gredi, [exgradior], 3. v. dep., walk forth, come forth.-Esp., land, disem

bark.

ēgregius, -a, -um, [e-greg (e) + ius], adj., (out of the herd), remarkable, excellent, famous, renowned, illustrious, noble. ēgressus, -a, -um, p.p. of egredior. cheu [?], interj., alas! ah!

ei (hei), [?], interj. of sorrow, ah,

alas. With dative: mihi (ah me!). eia [?] interj., come on! come! away! on! ho!

ēicio (eii-), ēlēcī, ēiectum, ei-
cere (eiic-), [ex-iacio], 3. v. a.,
throw out, cast out. - Esp., cast
up (on shore from shipwreck).
-eiectus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj.,
thrown on shore, shipwrecked.
In a special sense: eiecto armo
(with his leg thrown forward, of
a horse falling in fight).
ēiectus, -a, -um, p.p. of eicio.
ēlābor, -lāpsus, -lābi, [ex-labor],

3. v. dep., glide out, dart forth,

amber.

electrum, -i, [Gr. λ€ктрov], n., - electrum (a metal of mixed gold and silver). elephantus, -i, [Gr. ¿λépas], m.,

an elephant. - Less exactly, ivory. Eleus, -a, -um, [Gr. 'HAîos], adj., of Elis, Elean. Less exactly, of Olympia, Olympian.

Eleusinus, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Eλevoîvos], adj., of Eleusis (the famous seat of the mystic worship of Ceres), Eleusinian.

Elias, -adis, [Gr. 'HAids], f. adj.,

of Elis. Olympian (cf. Eleus). elicio, licui (-lexi), -licitum, -licere, [ex-lacio], 3. v. a., entice out.- Less exactly, draw out, draw, draw down. elido, -lisi, -līsum, -lidere, [exlaedo], 3. v. a., dash out, squeeze out, force out, crush. ēlīsus, -a,

-um, p.p. as adj., dashed up, dashing (of spray).

ēligo, -lēgi, -lectum, -ligere, [exlego], 3. v. a., choose out, select,

choose.

Elis, -idis, [Gr. 3Hλts], f., a district

of Greece in the western part of
Peloponnesus, famous on account
of its chief city Olympia, where
was a famous worship of Jupiter,
and where the Olympic games
were held.

Elisa (Eliss-), -ae, [a Phoenician
word], f., a name of Dido.
ēlīsus, -a, -um, p.p. of eiido.
elleborus (hel-), -i, [Gr. ¿λλéßɔ-
pos], m., hellebore, a medicinal
plant used by the ancients as a
specific for insanity.
eloquium, -i (-ii), [ex-tloquium,
cf. conloquium], n., eloquence.

éloquor, -locutus, -loqui, [exloquor], 3. v. dep., speak out, relate, tell, speak.

ēlūceō, -lūxi, no sup., -lūcēre, [ex-luceo], 2. v. n., shine forth. ēluctor, -tātus, -tāri, [ex-luctor], 1. v. dep., struggle out, force a way out, press out.

ēlūdo, -lūsi, -lūsum, -lūdere, [ex-ludo], 3. v. a., (avoid a blow by dodging), foil, deceive, frustrate, mock, disappoint. ēluō, -lui, -lūtum, luere, [exluo], 3. v. a., wash out, wash off. Fig., wash away (atone for). Elymus (Hel), -i, [?], m., a Trojan, companion of Æneas. Elysium, -i (-ii), [Gr. 'Hλúotov], n., Elysium (the abode of the blessed dead). Elysius, -a, -um, [prop. same word as preceding, but used as adj. from it], adj., Elysian. Emathia, -ae, [Gr. 'Hualia], f., a district of Macedonia.

Emathiōn, -ōnis, [?], m., a Ru

tulian.

ēmēnsus, -a, -um, p.p. of emetior. ēmētior, -mēnsus, -metiri, [exmetior], 4. v. dep., measure out, measure off, measure: spatium oculis; iter (travel); saxa sideraque (passed by). -ēmēnsus, -a, -um, p.p. in pass. sense, traversed, passed over. ēmico, -cui, -cātum, -cāre, [exmico], I. v. n., spring out, leap out, leap up, spring up, spring forth, bound forward: in currum (spring); equus (prance). ēmineo, -nui, no sup., -nēre, [exmineo], 2. v. n., stand out, project: dorso (rise with the back above the waves). ēminus [e-manus, petrified as adv., cf. comminus], adv., at a distance, at long range, from afar. ēmissus, -a, -um, p.p. of emitto. ēmitto, -misi, -missum, -mittere,

[ex-mitto], 3. v. a., send forth, let go forth, let loose, hurl, throw, shoot. Pass., escape, go forth.

emo, ēmi, emptum, emere, [vem, take, cf. compounds], 3. v. a., (take), buy: bene emi honorem vita (honor not too dearly bought with life).

ēmōtus, -a, -um, p.p. of emoveo. ēmoveo, mōvi, -mōtum, -movēre, [ex-moveo], 2. v. a., displace, remove : cardine postes (force); emotae curae (dispelled); emota fundamenta (upturned).

ēmūniō, -mūniī, -mūnītum, -mūnire, [ex-munio], 4. v. a., fortify, protect, secure.

ēn

-

With

[?], interj., lo! behold! acc. en quatuor aras. In question or exclamation with feeling of surprise, impatience, eagerness, or despair [cf. ecquis), ah! pray! ēnārrābilis, -e, [ex-narrabilis, as if tenarra+bilis], adj., describable. Enceladus, -1, [Gr. 'Eykéλados], m., one of the giants, son of Tartarus and the Earth. He was killed with the thunderbolt by Jupiter and buried under Etna.

enim [?, perh. e (cf. en) -nam],

conj., namely, for (explaining a preceding assertion), precisely. The assertion is often only implied: sed enim audierat (but she was alarmed for her plan for she had heard); mene iubes confidere? quid enim (do you bid me, &c.? I cannot, for why, &c.).

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

ēno, -āvi, -ātum, are, [ex-no], I. v. n., swim out. - - Less exactly, of movement in the air, float away. ēnōdis, -e, [ex-nodo (weakened) decl. as adj.], adj., without knots, smooth.

ensis, -is, [?], m., a sword. Entellus, -i,[?], m., a Sicilian boxer. ēnumero, -āvī, -ātum, -äre, [exnumero], 1. v. a., count out, recount, enumerate, rehearse. eỗ, ivi (ii), itum, ire,[√✅✅i (strengthened)], 4. v. n., go (in all senses), see various synonyms in English. eōdem [eo (dat. adv. fr. is) + dem (cf. idem)], adv., to the same place, there (also). Eõus, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Heos, adj. fr. Hús, the dawn], adj., of the dawn, of the morning, Eastern: Atlantides (the morning stars); fluctus; acies. Masc. sing., the dawn, the morning, the morning| star: primo Eoo (at earliest dawn). Masc. plur., the men of

the East.

--

the

Epēus, -1, [Gr. 'Emelós], m., inventor of the Trojan horse. Ephyrē, -ēs, (-a, -ae), [Gr. 'Epúpm], f.: 1. Corinth; 2. A nymph. Ephyrēius, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Epupńtos], adj., of Corinth, Corinthian. Epidaurus, -i, [Gr. 'Emídavpos], f., a city of Argolis, famous for the worship of Esculapius. Epirus, -1, [Gr. "Heipos], f., a district of Greece, on the north-east, bordering on the Adriatic. epulae, -ārum (-um, -i), [?], f. plur., a banquet, a feast, a festive entertainment. Less exactly, food, viands.

epulātus, -a, -um, p.p. of epulor. Epulo, -ōnis, [epulo, a feaster], m.,

a Latin.

epulor, -ātus, -ārī, [†epulā- (or -ŏ)], 1. v. dep., feast, banquet: dapibus (feast on). - Less exactly, eat: epulandum apponere mensis (serve up as a feast, of Ascanius). Epytides, -ae, [Gr. patronymic fr.

Epytus], m., son of Epytus. Epytus, -i, [?], m., a Trojan. equa, -ae, [f. of equus], f., a mare. eques, -itis, [†equo + tus (reduced)], m., a rider, a horseman, a trooper, cavalry (collectively).

Plur., cavalry, horsemen, horse. equestris, e, [tequit + tris, cf. sylvestris], adj., of horsemen, equestrian: cursus.

Equicolus, -i, [†], m., a Rutulian. equidem [te- (cf. enim) -quidem], adv. of asseveration or concession, surely, truly, by all means, no doubt, I am sure: hoc equidem (this at least); certe equidem (but I'm sure); haud equidem dignor (I do not, to be sure); atque eqidem (and in fact I do). equinus, -a, -um, [tequo- (reduced) + inus], adj., of a horse, of horses: pecus. Less exactly, of horse hair, horsehair. equitatus, -tūs,[†equitā (as if stem of equito) + tus], m., cavalry. equito, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [†equit(as if equito)], 1. v. n., ride. equus (ecus, equos), -i, [√ak + vas, cf. Gr. innos (ikкos), Sk. açvas], m., a horse.

Erato, -tūs, [Gr. 'Eparú], f., one of the Muses. Less exactly, muse (in general).

[ocr errors]

Erebus, -1, [Gr. "Epeßos], m., the god of darkness. · Less exactly, the lower world, Erebus, Hades. erectus, -a, -um, p.p. of erigo. ēreptus, -a, -um, p.p. of eripio. Erētum, -i, [Gr. "Hpnтov], n., an

ancient city of the Sabines on the Tiber (now Cretona).

ergō [?, old case-form of unc. stem], adv. (and noun ?). With genitive preceding, for the sake of, on account of: illius ergo (on his account).

Without noun as illative particle (more logical than itaque or igitur), therefore, then, consequently.

Ericētēs, see Erichaetes. Erichaetēs, -ae, [Gr.], m., a Trojan

warrior.

Erichthonius, -i (-ii), [Gr. 'EpixOóvios], m., a son of Dardanus and father of Tros, said to have in

- Fig. of the mind; a mistake, an error, madness, deceit (prop. a mistake caused purposely).

vented the harnessing of the four-ērubēsco, -bui, no sup., -bēscere,

horse chariot.
Eridanus, -1, [Gr. 'Hpidavós], m.,
the Greek name for the Po.
ērigo, -rexi, rectum, rigere,
[ex-rego], 3. v. a., set up straight,
raise, erect, set up, rear: malum;
fluctus; scopulos (throw up).—
In pass., rise: fumus; insula.
Esp., build: pyram.
Erigone, -ēs, [Gr. 'Hptyóvn], f., the
daughter of Icarius, who became
the constellation Virgo. - Virgo
(the constellation itself).
erīlis (her-), -e, [†erŏ- (stem of
erus, herus)+ lis], adj., of a
master (mistress).

Erinys, -yos, [Gr. 'Epivós], f., a
Fury. Less exactly, a fury, evil
genius, curse.
Eriphylē, -ēs, [Gr. 'Epipúλn], f., the

:

wife of Amphiaraus, who betrayed her husband for a golden necklace. ēripio, -ripui, -reptum, -ripere, [ex-rapio], 3. v. a., snatch away, wrest, catch up, tear away, take away, steal, seize, rob one of (a thing) nubes (shut out). -Esp. from danger, &c., rescue, snatch: me leto; fugam (save one's self by flight); eripite socii (save yourselves). Pass., save one's self, escape. errabundus, -a, -um, [†errā (stem of erro) + bundus], adj., wandering, roving, straying. errātus, -a, -um, p.p. of erro. errō, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [?], I. v. n., wander, rove, stray, roam: Mars errat (battle hovers). — Less exactly, of any irregular motion, float, creep (of a vine): halitus (linger); manus (fly, of blows). waver, miss, wander (of the eyes); dexter (shooting at random). — errātus, -a, -um, p.p. in pass. sense, wandered over.

error, -ōris,[√err (as if root of erro)

+or], m., a wandering, turning.

[ex-rubesco], 3. v. n. and a., redden, blush, be ashamed. Act. (from the signs of shame), respect,

reverence.

ēructo, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [exructo], I. v. n. and a., belch forth. ērudio, -ivi (-ii), -itum, -ire, [terudi- (stem of terudis)], 4. v. a., train, teach, instruct. Erulus, -ī, [?], m., a king of Prae

neste.

ērumpo, -rūpī, -ruptum, -rumpere, [ex-rumpo], 3. v. n., a., and caus., (cf. rumpo), cause to break out, vent. With reflexive, burst forth, break out, sally forth.— As active without reflexive, break out from, burst out from,break through: nubem.

eruo, -rui, -rutum, -ruere, [exruo], 3. v. a., dig out, tear out, tear up, undermine, overturn (of walls and the like).

erus, better spelling of herus. ervum, -1, [perh. akin to opoßos], n., a vetch (a kind of pulse). Erycinus,

-a, -um, [+Eryc+

inus], adj., of Eryx. Erymans, -anthos, [?], m., a Trojan killed by Turnus. Erymanthus, -1, [Gr. 'Epúuaveos], m., a mountain in Arcadia, where Hercules killed the Erymanthian boar.

Eryx, -ycis, [Gr. 'Epvt], m.: 1. A
mountain of Western Sicily, with
a town of the same name (now
San Giuliano); 2. A son of Venus,
killed by Hercules in a boxing-
match.

esca, -ae, [?], f., food, bait.
essedum, -1, [a Gallic word], n.,
a war chariot (of the Gauls).
et [akin to Ti], conj., and (stronger
than -que and weaker than atque).

With correlative conj., et . . . et, both... and, and at the same time (omitting the first); et... que,

both ... and; neque. et, not

...

and, not... but, not. . . and yet; et... neque, and at the same time not (omitting the first), and not. With emphasis, and that too, and also, even, and lo! and then. etiam [et-iam], conj., even now, still, yet.-(and now, in addition to what has been stated before), even, also, likewise. etiamnum [etiam-num, cf. etiam nunc], conj., even now, still. Of past time, even then, still, till then.

Etruria (He-), -ae, [borrowed stem +Etrus- (?) + ia (f. of ius)], f., the country of Central Italy, north of the Tiber, and west of the Apennines.

Etruscus (He-), -a, -um, [+Etrusor +Etruso- (whence Etruria, for †Etrusia) + cus], adj., Etruscan, Etrurian.-Masc. pl., the Etrus

cans.

etsi, [et-si], conj., even if, although, though.

euāns, -antis, [as if p. of teuo, fr. Euan], p., crying Euan! (a name of Bacchus) or Euoë!orgia (shouting the cry of Bacchus in his orgies).

Euanthes (Evantēs), -ae, [?], m., a Phrygian in the Trojan ranks.

Euboicus, -a, -um, [Gr. EvBoikos], adj., of Euboea (the island east of the coast of Boeotia and Attica), Eubœan.

cuhans, see euans. Euhoë, see Euoë.

Eumēdēs, -ae, [Gr. Evμndns], m.,

a Trojan herald, son of Dolon. Eumēlus, -1, [Gr.], m., a Trojan. Eumenides, -um, [Gr. Evμevides], f. plur., well-wishers, the Furies (so called to propitiate them, or to avoid the omen of their name). Eumenius, another reading for Euneus, En. xi. 666. Eunaeus, -1, [Gr. Evvnos], m., a Trojan.

Euoë [Gr. Evoî], interj., Evoë! (a

shout of joy at the festivals of Bacchus).

Euphrates, -is, [Gr. Evopárns], m., a celebrated river of Asia, rising in Armenia and uniting with the Tigris near Babylon.-Less exactly, for the nations dwelling by it.

Europa, -ae, [Gr. Eùpúπn], f.,
Europe, the continent.
Eurōtas, -ae, [Gr. Evpúτas], m.,

a river of Lacedæmon, on which Sparta stood (now Basilipotamo). Eurōus, -a, -um, [Gr. †Evpúos], adj., of the east wind (Eurus).

Less exactly, Eastern. Eurus, -1, [Gr. Eôpos], m., the southeast wind. Less exactly, wind. Euryalus, -i, [Gr. Eùpúaλos], m., a Trojan, the friend of Nisus, killed in an excursion through the Rutulian camp. Eurydice, -ēs, [Gr. Evpudíкn], f., the wife of Orpheus, for whom he descended into the world below. Eurypylus, -ī, [Gr. Eùρʊπúλos], m.,

a leader of the Greeks before Troy. Eurystheus, -ei (acc. -ea, abl. -eo), [Gr. Evpvoeús], m., a king of Mycenæ, the enemy of Hercules. It was he who imposed upon Hercules, by order of Juno, his twelve labors.

Eurytidēs, -ae [†Euryto + des], m., son of Eurvtus (Clonus, a famous artist).

Eurytiōn, -ōnis, [Gr. Evρurlar], m., a companion of Eneas, son of Lycaon.

Evadnē, -ēs, [Gr. Eùáðvn], f., the wife of Capaneus (one of the seven against Thebes), who burned herself on the funeral-pile of her husband.

ēvādõ, -vāsī, -vāsum, -vādere, [ex-vado], 3. v. n. and a., go out, pass out, come out: ex obscura silva. Esp., get away, get away from, escape: casus; urbes; flammam; hostes. - With acc. (cognate), pass over, pass through viam; spatium. Less exactly

« ForrigeFortsæt »