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aprīcus, -a, -um, [perhaps taperī- | Arabs, -abis, [Gr. "Apa¥], m., an

(stem of aperio) + cus, cf. Aprilis], adj., uncovered, lying open, exposed to the sun, sunny: terrae. - Transferred, fond of sunshine, sunloving.

āpto, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†apto-], I. v. a., , fit, adapt, adjust, apply.Fig., accommodate, adapt. As making fit, get ready, prepare, equip classem velis. Abs., without means expressed: classem (fit out).

āptus, -a, -um, [√ap, grasp (in apiscor) + tus, p.p. of lost verb], (fitted to), adj., joined, fastened, attached. Transferred, endowed, ornamented with: caelum stellis aptum (studded). — Fig., suited, fitted, fit, suitable, fitting. apud [?], prep. w. acc. Of persons, with, by, near. Esp., at one's house, or in one's possession: apud me. Of place, at, near, in.


Arabian, an Arab.

Arabus, -a, -um, [†Arab + us], adj., Arabian, Arab.- Masc. plur., the Arabs.

Aracynthus, -i, [Gr. 'Apáкvvlos), m., a mountain between Boeotia and Attica.

aranea, -ae, [f. of adj., from Gr. àpáxvn], f., a spider.

Arar (Araris), -is, [?], m., a river of Gaul (now the Saône). arātor, -ōris, [arā (stem of aro) + tor], m., one who ploughs, a ploughman, a husbandman, farmer. arātrum, -i, [arā (stem of aro) + trum], n., a plough.

Araxes, is, [Gr. 'Apáns], m., a river of Armenia Major. arbor, -oris, (old form arbōs), [?], f., a tree. Of many things made of wood, a mast, an oar. arboreus, -a, -um, [†arbor + eus], adj., of a tree: fetus (fruit). — Less exactly, tree-like: cornua (branching).

aqua, -ae, [?], f., water: dulces (fresh water).- a stream, a river. aquarius, -a, -um, [†aqua (re-arbustus, -a, -um, [†arbos + tus],

duced) + arius], adj., of or relat ing to water.- Masc., the waterbearer, one of the signs of the Zodiac.

Aquicolus, -i, [?], m., a Rutulian. aquila, -ae, [perhaps f. of aquilus, dark gray, on account of its color], f., the eagle.

aquilo, -ōnis, [†aquilõ- (reduced) +ō (ōn), from its darkness, cf. aquila], m., the North wind. Less exactly, the North. aquōsus, -a, -um, [aqua (reduced) +osus], adj., abounding in water, rainy, watery, moist, humid, full of water: hiems; Orion. āra, -ae, (old form asa), [?], f., an elevation or structure (of wood, stone, earth, &c.): ara sepulchri (a funeral pile).- Esp., an altar: illius aram imbuet agnus. From similarity, the Altars, rocks in the Mediterranean, between Sicily and Africa.

arbōs, see arbor.


adj., provided with a tree or with trees. Neut., a plantation of trees with vines trained on them. Neut. plur., trees, shrubs. arbustum, see arbustus. arbuteus, -a, -um, [†arbuto (reduced)+eus], adj., of (or pertaining to) the strawberry- or arbutetree: crates (of arbute twigs). arbutum, -i, [(?) n. of arbutus], n., the strawberry- or arbute-tree: iubeo frondentia capris arbuta sufficere. the fruit of the strawberry- or arbute-tree, the wild strawberry glandes atque arbuta.

arbutus, -i, [cf. arbor], f., the wild

strawberry- or arbute-tree: dulce satis humor, depulsis arbutus haedis.

Arcadia, -ae, [Gr. 'Apкadía, f. of adj., sc. terra], f., a mountainous district in the interior of Peloponnesus, which, from its position

long retained its primitive simplicity and sylvan wildness. Arcadius, -a, -um, [as if 'Apкádios, adj. from 'Aρxas], adj., Arcadian. arcānus, -a, -um, [†arcā + nus], adj., (secreted), secret, private.Neut., a secret.

Arcas, -adis, [Gr. 'Apxds], m., son of Jupiter and Callisto, supposed ancestor of the Arcadians. - Plur., the Arcadians. As adj. (acc. Arcada), Arcadian: rex (Evander) eques (of Pallanteum). Arcēns, -entis, m., a Sicilian. arceo, -cui, †-citum, -ēre, [nounstem akin to arca], 2. v. a, shut up, enclose, keep fast. From an

other point of view, shut off, keep off, keep at a distance: periclis (protect from).—With inf. or abs., hinder, prevent: manus (bind, prevent from raising). arcesso (accersõ), -sivi, -situm, -sere, [ar (ad) -cesso?], (as causative, cause to come), call, summon, bring. Less exactly, draw, take in, absorb: tenues vitas (acquire etherial souls, of creatures at birth).

Archetius, -1, [?], m., a Rutulian. Archippus, -1, [Gr. "Aрxiπños], m., an Umbrian.

Arcitenēns, -ēntis, [†arcu- (weakened) -tenens], adj., holding a bow, bow-bearing. Masc., the bowholder (Apollo). arctos (-us), -i (acc. sing. arcton], [Gr. apkтos], f., the Great and Little Bear (Ursa major et minor), a double constellation in the vicinity of the north pole: gelidae arcti. -the north pole, the north. Arcturus, -1, [Gr. арктоûрos], m., the brightest star in Boötes, the rising and setting of which brings bad weather.the (whole) con- | stellation Boötes. - the rising of Arcturus: sub ipsum Arcturum. aretus, -a, -um, see artus. arcus (old form, -quus, -os), -ūs,

[? akin to arca], m., a bow. -Esp., the rainbow: ceu nubibus arcus

mille trahit varios adverso sole colores. Of anything shaped like a bow, a curve, arch, bend, arc, loop portus curvatus in arcum. 1. ardea, -ae, [Gr. ¿pwdiós], f., a heron.

2. Ardea, -ae, [fardea], f., the capital of the Rutuli, six leagues south of Rome; it was burned by Æneas, and from its ashes the heron was said to have been produced. ardeo, arsi, arsum, ardere, [?tardo- (contr. stem of aridus)], be on fire, burn, blaze. Fig, flash, glow, sparkle, shine: oculi; clipeus. - Of color, glisten, glitter, blaze: Tyrio ardebat murice laena. Of emotion, burn, glow: Penthesilea (rages); spe (be fired with); quibus arserit armis (be ablaze). — Esp. (abs. or with acc.), love, burn, be fired: Alexin.-ardēns, -ēntis, as adj., glowing, fiery, hot, blazing, sparkling, burning: Tyrii (eager); equi (fiery); virtus (glowing). ardesco, arsi, ardēscere, [†ardē (stem of ardeo) + sco], 3. v. n. inch.), take fire, kindle, become inflamed. Fig., gleam, glitter. Of the passions, burn, be inflamed, become more intense, increase in violence: tuendo. Of other things, become violent or furious, rage, increase: fremitusque ardescit equorum.

ardor, -ōris, [tard (as if root of ardeo) + or], m., burning, flame, fire, heat. Of the passions, &c. (cf. ardeo), heat, ardor, eagerness, enthusiasm, fire. arduus, -a, -um [?], adj., steep.high, lofty, tall campo sese arduus infert (towering high): cornua; Iupiter (on high). area, -ae,[prob.†aro (stem of †arus, cf. aridus) + ea (f. of -eus), dry courtyard], f., court, yard. — Esp., a threshing floor. arēna (hare-), -ae, [†arē (stem of areo) + na (f. of -nus)], (dry earth?), f., sand. - Less exactly,

earth nigra (loam, mud). — Esp., the seashore, seabeach, beach, strand.

arēnōsus, -a, -um, [arena (reduced) + osus], adj., full of sand, sandy: litus.

ārēns, -ēntis, p. of areo. āreō, -uí, no sup., -ēre, [?taro(cf. aridus)], be dry, be parched, dry up: ager. —ārēns, -ēntis, p. as adj., dry, arid, parched: arva. Arethūsa, -ae, [Gr. 'Apé@ovoa], f.,

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Argilētum, -i, [argilla (reduced) +ētum, clay-pits], (wrongly supposed to be from Argi-letum), n., a part of Rome.

argilla, -ae, [Gr. ǎpyıλλos, cf. argentum], f., white clay, potter's earth, marl.

argitis, -idis, [akin to argentum, etc.], m., a vine bearing white grapes.

Argivus, -a, -um, [Gr. (not found) 'Apye Fos, from 'Apyos (Argos), cf. Achivus], adj., of Argos, Argive.

Masc. plur., the Greeks. Argō, -ūs, [Gr. 'Apyú], f., the ship in which Jason sailed to Colchis for the golden fleece. Argolicus, -a, -um,[Gr. 'Apyoλikós, fr. 'Apyoxís, Argolis], adj., of Argos, Argolic. Grecian. Argos (only nom. and acc.), [Gr. 'Apyos], n., more freq. plur. Argi, -ōrum, m., the capital of the province Argolis in the Peloponnesus, sacred to Juno.

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argumentifm, -1, [†argū- (as if stem of arguo, cf. argūtus) + mentum], n., an argument, proof, a representation or statement of any kind. Of a play, poem, &c., subject, story, argument (of the story of Io on a shield). arguo, -ui, -ūtum, -uere, [†argu(Varg, cf. argentum), cf. †acu-, acuo], (make clear or bright), 3. v. a., show, prove, make known, indicate: degeneres animos timor arguit (ignoble souls are known by fear).- Esp., accuse, charge. argūtus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., (made bright), active, lively caput equi (graceful). — Often of sound, piercing (cf. clarus, bright and loud), sharp, shrill, rustling, noisy, whirring: ilex (singing, with the wind); serra (squeaking); pecten (ringing). Argus, -a, -um, adj., Argive.— Masc. plur., the Greeks.

Argus, -i, [Gr. ˇApyos], m.: 1. The hundred-eyed keeper of Io after she was changed into a heifer by Jupiter; slain by Mercury at the command of Jupiter. His hundred eyes were placed by Juno in the tail of the peacock; 2. A fabled guest of Evander, whose death was supposed to have given the name to Argiletum (but see that word). argūtus, -a, -um, p.p. of arguo. Argyripa (-ippa), -ae, [Gr. 'Apyúpinna], f., a town of Apulia, founded by Diomedes of Argos (afterwards called Arpi).

Arīcia, -ae, f., a town of Latium on the Appian way (now Riccio). From this place came Virbius (a supposed son of Hippolytus), who fought in the ranks of Turnus. His mother is by some supposed to have the same name, Aricia. aridus, -a, -um, [†arð- (cf. areo) +dus], adj., dry, arid, parched: ora. -Transferred, making dry, drying up, dry: febris. Also, cracking, snapping, as when dry wood is broken: fragor.

aries, ietis, [?], m., a ram can-armentālis, -e, [tarmento- (redidus. From its form and use, a battering-ram, an engine, with a head like a ram's, for battering walls: crebro ariete (with frequent strokes of, &c.). arieto, -āvī, -ātum, -āre,[†ariet-], I. v. a. and n., strike violently, dash violently (like a ram): arietat in portas.

Arīōn, -õnis, [Gr. 'Apiwv], m., a celebrated player on the cithara, of Methymna in Lesbos, rescued from drowning by a dolphin which was charmed by his music. Arisba, -ae, f., Arisba, a town of Troas.

arista, -ae, [?], f., the top of an ear of grain, head or ear of grain. Fig, summer, harvest: aliquot aristas (many years). Aristaeus, -i, [Gr. 'Apioraîos], m., a son of Apollo and Cyrene, who is said to have taught men the management of bees and the treatment of milk, and to have been the first who planted olive-trees. He was the husband of Autonoë and father of Acteon. Ariūsius, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Apiovoios], adj., of or belonging to Ariusia, a district in Chios famous for its wine vina (Chian). arma, -ōrum, [√ar (fil) + mum

(cf. armus)], n. plur., equipments (of every kind), arms, weapons, armor. — Fig., war, battle, contest, arms: potens armis. Also,

armed men, warriors, forces. Less exactly, means of defence or attack: quaerere conscius arma.

For labor, implements, tools, instruments: Cerealia arma; dicendum et quae sint duris agrestibus arma.— - Of a ship, equipments, tackle. (See moveo.) armātus, -a, -um, p.p. of armo. Armenius, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Apμevios], adj., Armenian, of Armenia, a country of Asia (now Kurdistan and Anatolia). - Armenia (sc. terra), f., the country itself.

duced) +alis], adj., pertaining to a herd, of the herd. armentārius, -ii, [†armento (reduced) + arius], (belonging to the herd], m., a herdsman, neatherd. armentum, -i, [prob. √ar+ mentum], n., cattle for ploughing.Less exactly, a drove, herd, &c., of horses, deer, or other large animals.

armiger, -era, -erum, [†armŏ-ger (vges + us)], adj., bearing arms, armed, warlike, an armor-bearer: Iovis (the eagle, bearing the thunderbolt).

armipotēns, -entis, [tarmo-potens], adj., powerful in arms, warlike, Lord of arms. armisonus, -a, -um, [†armŏsonus, having the sound of arms], adj., resounding with arms, clad in ringing arms. armo, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [armŏ-], I. v. a., furnish with weapons, arm: armare in proelia fratres; agmina.- Fig., arm, excite, rouse, stir up. - With other equipments, arm, fit out, equip, furnish: bello armantur equi; ferrum veneno; classem. armātus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., armed, equipped: classes. Masc. plur.,

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armed men, warriors. armus, -i, [√ar (fit) + mus, cf. arma], m., the shoulder, the upper arm.-Less exactly, the whole arm. - Of animals, the shoulders, flanks. aro, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [√✅ar, prob. through a noun-stem], I. v. a., plough. Of a ship, plough: aequor. Of age, furrow: frontem rugis. Less exactly, cultivate, inhabit.

Arpi, -ōrum, m., a town of Apulia, at first called Argos Hippium, afterwards Argyripa (now Foggia). arr-, see adr-.

Arrūns, -ūntis, [Etruscan word], m., an Etruscan name (properly a title, younger son).

ars, artis, [var (cf. arma) + tis

1. A son of Eneas and Creusa, called also Iulus; 2. A river and lake in Bithynia. ascendo, see adscendo. ascensus, see adscensus. ascisco, see adscisco. Ascraeus, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Aσkpzios], adj., of Asera, a town in Boeotia; Ascraan: senex (i.c., Hesiod). - Less exactly, of Hesiod: carmen (i.e., rural).

(reduced)], f., (a fitting), skill, art, knowledge, workmanship, prac tice: magicae (arts of sorcery). Concretely, a work of art. Of character and conduct, habit, practice.-Transferred, cunning, artifice, stratagem, art. Of plants, habit, artificial form. artifex, -icis, [tarti- (ars) -fex (fac as stem), comm., generally in the higher sense of ars], one who practises an art, an artist (cf. asellus, -i, [†asino + lus], m. dim., opifex, artisan, mechanic), work- a little ass, an ass's colt. man (of skill).—Esp., one who|| Asia, see Asius. practises arts, a trickster, contriver. 1, artus (arc-), -a, -um, [prob. Varc (arx, arceo) + tus, p.p. of arceo], adj., confined (cf. arca), narrow, close, strait: compages (close-fitting); vincla. Fig.,

straitened, scanty, small. 2. artus, -ūs, [√ar (cf. arma) + tus], m., (a fitting). Concr., a joint.-Less exactly, parts (of the world).- Extended, the body, frame. arundineus (har-), -a, -um, (tarundin (stem of arundo) + eus], adj., of or pertaining to reeds, reedy, reed-: silva.

arundỗ (har-), -inis, [?], f., a reed, cane. Sing, collectively, reeds. — Fig., things made of reed, a fishing-rod, an arrow shaft, an arrow, a reed pipe, syrinx (of several reeds).

aruspex, see haruspex.

arvina, -ae, [?], f., grease, fat, suet,
lard: pinguis.
arvum, see arvus.



arvus, -a, -um, [ √ar (aro) + vus],
adj., ploughed.-Neut., land (cul-
tivated), a field. Transferred:
arva Neptunia (the sea).-
shore, a coast. the female organs
of generation.
arx, arcis, [arc (in arceo, arca)
as stem], f., a castle, citadel, strong-
hold.-Less exactly, a height: co-
eli. Of mountains, peak, summit.
Asbytēs, -ae, [?], m., a Trojan.
Ascanius, -ii, [Gr. 'Aøκávios], m.:

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Asilās, -ae, [?], m., an Etruscan


asilus, i, [?], m., a gadfly, horsefly.
Ăsius, -a, -um, [Gr."Aø19s], adj., of
or pertaining to Asia, a town of
Lydia, Asian: palus (the marsh
of the Cayster, near that town).—
Fem., the province of Asia (Minor).
- the whole region Asia.
Asius, -i, m., a Lycian with Æneas.
aspecto, see adspecto.
aspectus, see adspectus.
asper, -era, -erum, [unc. root +
rus], (-ior, -errimus), adj.,
rough, uneven: rubus ( prickly);
signis pocula; sentes. Of taste
and smell, harsh, sour, bitter, acrid,
pungent. Fig., rough, harsh,
hard, bitter, violent, cruel, fierce:
non asper egenis (unfeeling);
studiis asperrima belli; odia.
- Of animals, wild, savage. — Of
circumstances, cruel, adverse, dis-

aspergo, see adspergo.
aspero, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [†as-

però.], 1. v. a., make rough or un-
even, roughen: glacialis hiems
aquilonibus asperat undas.
aspersus, see adspersus.
aspicio, see adspicio.
aspiro, see adspiro.

asportõ (abs-), -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [abs-porto], 1. v. a., carry or bear away, carry off, take away (of persons or things): comitem asportare Creusam.

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