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oculus, -i, [†oco- (akin to Gr. Cooe, | offa, -ae, [?], f., a ball of dough, a for оkye, Eng. eye, vac, cf. acies)


dere, [ob-fendo, cf. defendo], 3. v.a., strike against, dash against. — offēnsus, -a, -um, p.p., striking against, striking: exsultat imago vocis.

+lus, a dim.], m., an eye. Also, offendo, -fendi, fēnsum, -fenfrom similarity (cf. Eng. "eye"), a bud. ōdi, ōdisse, ōsus, [?, perf. of lost pres.], v. a., hate: diem (curse). odium, -i (-ii), [akin to odi], n., hatred, hate, a grudge. — est odio, is hateful.

odor, -ōris, [√od (cf. Gr. ŏ§w) + or (os)], m., an odor, a fragrance, a perfume.

odōrātus, -a, -um, p.p. of odoro. odōrifer, -era, -erum, [†odor- (as

if odori-)+fer (√fer + us)], adj., sweet-smelling, fragrant. odōrō, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†odōr-],

I. v. a., perfume. — odoratus, -a, -um, p.p., perfumed, sweet-smelling, fragrant.

odōrus, -a, -um, [perh. †odōr +

us, but cf. canorus], adj., sweetsmelling. Also (see etymology above), keen-scented. Oeagrius, -a, -um, [Gr. Oiáypios], adj., of Eagrus (a Thracian king). | - Less exactly, Thracian. Oebalius, -a, -um, [Gr. O¡ßáλios], adj., of Ebalus (a king of Sparta, the founder of Tarentum).- Fem., Ebalia (sc. terra), a name of Tarentum.

Oebalus, -i, [Gr. OiBaλos], m.:

1. A king of Sparta (see above); 2. A king among the Campanians. Oechalia, -ae, [Gr. Olxaλía], f. (prop. adj.), a city of Euboea. Oenōtrius, -a, -um, [†Oenotrŏ(reduced) + ius], adj., Enotrian (of the southern part of Italy). — Less exactly, Italian. Oenōtrus, -a, -um, [perh. akin to Gr. olvos, cf. olvwтpos, a vine prop], adj., of Enotria (the southern part of Italy), Enotrian. oestrus, -1, [Gr. olστpos], m., a gadfly.

Oeta, -ae (-ē, -ēs), [Gr. OlTMn], f., a mountain range of Thessaly running from Pindus easterly to the


offensus, -a, -um, p.p. of offendo. offero (off-), obtuli (optuli), oblatum, offerre (obf-), [obfero], irr. v. a., bring to, present, hold out. With reflexive or in pass., appear, present one's self, come in one's way, expose, offer one's self. — Less exactly and fig., offer, show, grant.

officio, -fēci, -fectum, -ficere, [ob-facio], 3. v. n., (do something towards or to some one, cf. officium).- Esp., act against, hinder, thwart, injure.

officium, -i (-ii), [†offic- (ob-fac, as stem, cf. artifex) + ium], n., a service, a kind office. — Also, a duty, a task.

Oileus, -ei (-ēī, -eos),[Gr. 'Oiλeús], m., a king of Locris, father of Ajax. The name was added to that of Ajax either in the genitive or nominative, or as an adj., to distinguish him from Ajax son of Telamon.

olea, -ae, [akin to Gr. Maía, poss. borrowed], f., an olive (berry or tree).

oleaginus (-neus, -nius), -a, -um, [toleagin- (fr. olea, cf. virago) +us], adj., of the olive. Olearos, -i, [Gr. 'Oλéapos], f., one of the Cyclades (now Antiparos). oleaster, -trī, [tolea + term. akin to comparative], m., a wild olive. oleo, olui, no sup., olere, [†olo(cf. olidus), prob. vod in odor,

w, cf. lacrima], 2. v. n. and a., smell.-olēns, -entis, p. as adj., smelling (good, bad, or indifferent), fragrant, odoriferous; — rank, illsmelling, noisome.

oleum, -i, [see olea], n., oil. ōlim [case-form of ollus (ille), cf.


hine], adv., at that time, formerly, | omnis, -is, [?], adj., all, every : cura

once, just now: iam olim cum (now at last, at the time when). – Öf future time, hereafter, at some time, at any time. — Indefinitely, sometimes, often. oliva, -ae, [prob. same stem as olea, cf. Achivus], f., the olivetree.-Less exactly, an olive trunk, an olive branch, olive leaves. olivifer, -era, -erum, [†oliva(weakened) -fer (√fer + us)], adj., olive-bearing. olivum, -i, [see oliva], n., ollus, -a, -um; see ille. olor, -ōris, [?], m., a swan. olōrinus, -a, -um, [†olor + inus], adj., of the (a) swan.


olus, -eris; see holus, the better

Olympiacus, -a, -um, [Gr. 'Oλvμ-
Takós], adj., of Olympia (the city
of Elis, where the Olympic games
were held), Olympian.
Olympus, -i, [Gr. 'OXvμπos], m., a
mountain on the northern frontier
of Thessaly. From a notion of the
ancients, the heavens,heaven,the sky.
ōmen, -inis, [?, but cf. oscines],
n., an omen, a portent, a prodigy
in omen (as an omen); primis
ominibus (first marriage, on ac-
count of the ancient custom of
taking omens); regibus omen
erat (sacred custom, which was
an omen of prosperity, and the

omission of which would be an evil omen); omina (auspices). omnigenus, -a, -um, [tomni-genus (genus, cf. benignus)], adj., of all kinds, of all sorts, of every kind.

omnino [abl. of tomnino- (tomni +nus)], adv., altogether, entirely, utterly.

omniparēns, entis, [tomni-parens], adj., all-producing, parent of all.

omnipotens, -entis, [tomni-potens],adj., all-powerful, all-mighty, omnipotent. As subst., the Allhowerful (Jupiter).

(the utmost). -Often like totus,
the whole, the entire. - Neut. plur.,
everything, all, all things (often
to be rendered in Eng. by a defin-
ing word).

Omolē, see Homole.
onager, -gri, [Gr. óvaypos], m., a
wild ass.

onerātus, -a, -um, p.p. of onero.
onero, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [toner-

(onus)], I. v. a., load, burden, fill, cover, heap, pile: aggere ossa; sulcos proventu; epulis mensas; iaculo palmas (seize the heavy javelin, &c.); membra sepulcro (cover deep).— Fig., burden, overwhelm: his onerat dictis (heap reproachful words, &c.); me malis (heap troubles upon); aethera votis (fill). With change of point of view, load (into), pile, put up. - onerātus, -a, -um, p.p. as adj., heavy-laden. onerosus, -a, -um, [†oner- (onus) +osus], adj., burdensome, heavy, weighty.

onus, -eris, [?], n., a burden, a weight, a load.

onustus, -a, -um, [†onus + tus,

cf. honestus], adj., laden, loaded. Onytēs, -is, [?], m., a Rutulian. opācă, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†opaco-], 1. v. a., darken, shade, overshadow, throw a shadow on. opacus, -a, -um, [?], adj., dark, shaded, shady, overshadowed: frigus (cool shade).- Less exactly, overshadowing, shady.- Neut. pl.: opaca locorum (dark places). opera, -ae, [†oper- (of opus) +a], f., labor, service, attention: operam dare (do service). operātus, -a, -um, p.p. of operor. operio, operui, opertum, ope

rire,[ob-pario, cf. aperio], 4. v.a., cover, enshroud. opertus, -a, -um, p.p., covered, secret, hidden : telluris operta (depths). operor, -atus, -ārī, [†opera-], 1. v. dep., be busied. — Esp. p.p., engaged in (rites), sacrificing.

Opheltēs, -ae, [Gr. 'Opéλrns], M.,

a Trojan, father of Euryalus. opimus, -a, -um, [stem akin to ops + mus], adj., fruitful, rich, fertile arva; dapes. Esp.: spolia (princely, technically of spoils taken by a commander-inchief from a commander-in-chief in personal combat). Õpis, Õpis, [Gr. Qmis], f.: 1. A nymph of Diana; 2. A naiad. oportet, oportuit, no sup., oportere, [?, cf. opportunus], 2. v. impersonal, it behooves, it befits, one ought.

opperior, -perītus (-pertus), -periri, [ob-perior, cf. experior], 4. v. dep., wait for, await, expect. oppetō, -petivi (-ii), -petitum, -petere, [ob-peto], 3. v. a., fall to, fall upon, assail, meet, encounter.- Esp. (sc. mortem), fall, perish, be slain, meet death. oppidum, -1, [prob. ob-pedum, solid ground (cf. Gr. wédov and oppido)], n., (a fastness ?), a town (fortified, as opposed to a mere hamlet or a large city), a city.

Fig., of bees, fortress, abode. oppōnō, -posui, -positum, -pōnere, [ob-pono], 3. v. a., place towards, set against, array against. -In pass., or with reflexive, turn against, set one's self in the way, offer one's self, expose one's self, oppose, stand in the way, face (something). oppositus, -a, -um, p.p., opposing, coming in the way, in opposition, facing, in front, before one, opposite, resisting. opportūnus, -a, -um, [ob-portunus, cf. importunus], adj., opportune, fit, favorable, well suited, advantageous.

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wealth, means, aid, help, assistance: non opis est nostrae (it is not in our power). Personified, the goddess of plenty and resources.

Plur., means, resources, power, riches, might.

optātō [abl. of optatus], adv.,

opportunely, as one could wish. opiātus, -a, -um, p.p. of opto. optimus, -a, -um; see bonus. opto, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†opto

(p.p. of op, cf. Ops, optimus)], 1. v. a., wish, desire, long, long for,pray, hope, choose, prefer. opulentia, -ae, [†opulent +ía], f., wealth, riches.

opulentus, -a, -um, [†op- (as if opu-)+lentus], adj., wealthy,


opus, -eris, [unc. root+us], n., work (in reference to its results, cf. labor), labor, toil, activity. Concretely, a work, a task, a labor, an undertaking, an employment, a deed or action. Of the result, a work, a production: operum labor (the labor, as a burden, of the works, as a production).

opus [same word as preceding, petrified as a predicate], indecl. (with esse expr. or implied), there is need, one needs, one requires: non mihi opus est, I need not.

ōra, -ae, [?], f., an edge, a border, an extremity: loricae (joints). Hence, a coast (the extreme edge, cf. litus, the whole shore), a shore. Less exactly, from the maritime habits of the ancients, a country, a region, a shore: luminis orae (the regions of light, as opposed to the world below). ōrāculum,-1,[†orã- (of oro, speak) +culum], n., (an announcement). - Esp. of the gods, a response, prophetic words, a prophecy, inspired words, a divine command.

Less exactly, an oracle (place or source of prophetic words). ōrātor, -ōris, [†orā (of oro) + tor], m., a speaker. Also (cf. oro), an embassador, a messenger.

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orbis, -is, [?], m., a circle, a circuit, | Õricius, -a, -um, [†Orico- (re


a course (circular), a ring, a disc, a wheel, a winding: oculorum (ball).- Esp., a region, the circle of the world, the world, the heavAlso, a circular cluster.— Fig., a cycle (of time), a revolu tion (of the heavenly bodies). orbita, -ae, [forbi + ta (cf. Gr. -Tns)], f., a track, a path. orbus, -a, -um, [cf. Gr. ỏppavós], adj., deprived, bereft.


Neut. Also (cf.

orchas, -adis, [Gr. opxás], f., an olive (of a peculiar kind). Orcus, -1, [perh. akin to arceo], m., a god of the lower world identified with Pluto, Death. Also, the world below, Hades. ordior, orsus, ordiri, [†ordi-, cf. ordo], 4. v. dep., begin, commence, undertake, enter upon. — Esp., begin (to speak). -a, -um, p.p., beginning. plur., undertakings. ordior), words, speech. ordo, -inis, [tordi- (whence ordior, cf. exordium) + 0], m., a row, a rank, a series, a line. - Abstractly, order, array, arrangement, sequence: uno habetis Achivos (estimation); fatorum (fixed order); vertitur (succession of events). Phrases: ordine, regularly, in detail; ex ordine, continuously; in ordine, in regular series. Orēades, -um, [Gr. 'Opeiás], f. pl., mountain-nymphs. Orestēs, -ae (-is), [Gr. 'Opéσrns], m., the son of Agamemnon. He killed his mother Clytemnestra, and was driven mad by the Furies. His career was a favorite subject for the dramatic art. orgia, -ōrum, [Gr. ŏpyia], n. plur., the orgies (feast of Bacchus, celebrated with wild frenzied revelry), feast of Bacchus.

orichalcum, -1, [Gr. òpeixaλkos], n., mountain bronze (a peculiar mixture of copper used by the ancients).

duced) + ius], adj., of Oricum (a town of Epirus). — Less exactly, of Epirus.

orīgō, -inis, [torī- (of orior) + go, cf. imago], f., a beginning, an origin, a source, a common cement, a first production, a birth. — Also, a race, a stock,- an ancestor, a progenitor. Phrase: ab origine, from the foundation, utterly, root and branch. Ōriōn, -onis (-ōnis), [Gr. 'Apiwv]. m., a mythic hunter of antiquity placed in the heavens as a consteilation.. Also, Orion (the constellation, whose rising and setting were attended by storms). orior, ortus, oriri, [?, cf. Gr. ŏpvvμai], 3. and 4. v. dep., rise, begin, appear, originate, be born, spring.

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- oriēns, -entis, p., rising. - As subst., the rising sun, the dawn, the East, the East (country). Örithyia, -ae, [Gr. 'Opeílvia], f., a daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens.

ornātus, -ūs, [†ornā- (of orno) + tus], m., adornment, ornament, attire, ornaments (collectively, of a headdress).

ornātus, -a, -um, p.p. of orno. ornõ, -āvī, -ātum, -are, [prob. fr. a stem in -no-, of unc. root], I. v. a., adorn, deck, equip, furnish. ornus, -i, [?], f., an ash-tree, an ash.

Ornytus, -i, [?], m., an Etruscan. ōrõ, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [†or-(os)], I. v. a. and n., (speak), plead, beg, beseech, entreat, implore, beg for, supplicate.

Orōdēs, -is, [Gr. 'Opwdns], m., a warrior in the army of Æneas. Orontēs, -is (-i), [Gr. 'Opóvτns], m.: I. A river of Syria; 2. The commander of Eneas' Lycian allies.

Orpheus, -ei (-eos), [Gr. 'Oppeús], m., a mythic bard of antiquity. He rescued his wife from the world below by his skill in music, but

was afterwards torn in pieces by | Osinius, -i (-ii), [?], m., a king of

the Thracian women.

orsa, see ordior.

Orsēs, -is, [?], m., a Trojan. Orsilochus, -i, [Gr.], m., a Trojan. orsus, -a, -um, p.p. of ordior. ortus, -a, -um, p.p. of orior. ortus, -ūs, [√or (of orior)+ tus], m., a rising, the dawn. Ortygia, -ae, [Gr. 'Oprvyía, Quail island], f.: 1. A name of Delos ; 2. An island in the harbor of Syracuse, forming part of the city. Ortygius, -ī, [?], m., a Rutulian. ōs, ōris, [?], n., the mouth. - Less exactly, the face, the countenance, the lips, the jaws; language, words, speech: ante ora (before the eyes); ora discordia (language); manus inter que ora (under the hands and before the face); ora exsertans (head); virum diffundit in ora (spread abroad in the mouths of men); ora implet (ears); formidinis ora (phantoms); tria Dianae (forms); tali ore locutus (words); uno ore (with one accord); magno ore (voice). Often it may be omitted with words of speech. Less exactly, an opening, mouth (of a river), aperture, head (of an ulcer).

os, ossis, [cf. Gr. σTeov], n., a bone. Plur., the bones, the frame, the inmost frame, the remains. Osci, -ōrum, [?], m. pl., the early inhabitants of Campania, the Os


öscillum, -1, [†osculo + lum], n.,

a little face, a little mask. ösculum, -1, [tos + culum, dim.], n., a lip, the mouth, a kiss.

pabulum, -1, [as if √pa (in pasco) +bulum, but cf. cingulum and ferculum], n., food, fodder, pasturage, nourishment. pācātus, -a, -um, p.p. of paco. Pachynus (-um), -i, [Gr. Пáxuvos],



Osiris, -idis (-is), [Gr. "Oσipis], m.: 1. An Egyptian divinity; 2. A Rutulian.

Ossa, -ae, [Gr. "Oooa], f., a mountain of Thessaly. ostendo, -tendi, -tēnsum (-tentum), -tendere, [obs-tendo], 3. v. a., stretch before, stretch out, expose, raise, show, exhibit, point out. With reflexive or in pass., show one's self, appear.

ostento, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [obstento, cf. ostendo], 1. v. a., show, display, point out.

ostium, -i (-ii), [perh. akin to os], n., the mouth. - Less exactly, a door, a gate, an entrance. - Plur., the mouth (of a river), a harbor. ostrifer, -era, -erum, [†ostro-fer (fer+us)], adj., oyster-bearing, rich in oysters.

ostrum, -1, [prob. borrowed fr. Gr. CσтρEоv], n., (a shell-fish). — Less exactly, purple (a color made from the fish), purple (purple fabrics). Othryadēs, -ae, [Gr. 'Opváōns], m., son of Othrys.

Othrys, yos, [Gr. 'Opus], m.,


mountain in Thessaly. ōtium, -i (-ii), [?], n., rest, ease, idleness, quiet, leisure, repose. ovile, -is, [†ovi-(lengthened) +le (n.

of lis), prop. adj.], n., a sheep-fold. ovis, -is, [cf. Gr. ïs, Eng. ewe], f., a sheep.

ovo, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [?], I. v. n., rejoice, triumph, exult, express one's joy. - ovāns, -āntis, p. as adj., rejoicing, delighted, glad. ōvum, -1, [prob. akin to avis, cf. Gr. wóv], n., an egg.

m. and n. (f.), the southeastern extremity of Sicily (Capo di Passaro). pacifer, -era, -erum, [†pac- (as if paci-) -fer (vfer + us)], adj., peace-bringing: oliva (peaceful, the emblem of peace).

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