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ā; see ab.

ab (ā, abs), [reduced case form of unc. stem: cf. Gr. ånò; Eng. off, of], prep. with abl., away from (cf. ex, out of).- Used of place, time, and abstract ideas, with words of motion, separation, and the like, from, off from ducite ab urbe; a me abducere; defendo a frigore. With words not implying motion, on the side of, on. — Of succession, from, after, beginning with, since: omnes a Belo; nascor ab; a primis mensibus. - Irregularly, from (out of): agnae ab ovilibus. With passives, by, on the part of. Fig., from, in relation to, in accordance with (cf. ex, de) spectare ab annis.-Adverbial phrase: ab integro, afresh, - With usque, all the way



from; see usque. abāctus, -a, -um, p.p. of abigo. Abaris, -is, [Gr. "ABapis], m., a war

rior in Turnus' army.

Abās, -antis, [Gr. *Aẞas], m.: 1. A mythic king of Argos, grandson of Danaus, possessor of a famous shield which was sacred to Juno, whence the use of his name in Æn. iii. 286; 2. A companion of Æneas; 3. An Etrurian hero. abditus, -a, -um, p.p. of abdo. abdo [ab-do (put)], -didi, -ditum, -dere, 3. v. a., put away, remove.— With reflexive, go away, take one's self off, withdraw, retire. Also,

hide, conceal: (with dat.) lateri abdidit ensem, i.e., plunged the sword deeply into his side. With reflexive, conceal or hide one's self

by withdrawing, withdraw and hide, hide away.

abdūcõ, -xi, ctum, cere, [abduco], 3. v. a., lead or conduct away or from; take or bring with one: coloni abducti. - draw back or away: capita ab ictu. carry off or away, get away. abductus, -a, -um, p.p. of abduco. Abella (Av-), -ae, f., Abella or

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Avella; a town of Campania (now Avella Vecchia) famous for its fruit. abeo, ivi or ii, itum, ire, [ab-eo], v. n., go from a place, &c., go away, depart, withdraw, pass away, disappear, vanish, go down. abfore; see absum. abi, etc.; see abeo. abicio, -iēcī, -iectum, -icere, [abiacio], 3. v. a., throw from or away, throw down.

abiectus, -a, -um, p.p. of abicio. abies, -ietis, [?], f., fir or spruce, a

coniferous tree. Also the wood, a favorite material for shipbuilding and the like. -a ship (made of the wood), a spear-handle, a spear. abigo, -ēgi, actum, -ere, [abago], 3. v. a., drive away, dispel, remove: nox abacta. abitus, -ūs, [ab-itus], m. (abstr. of abeo), a going away, departure, retirement.-Concretely, an outlet, place of egress, way of escape, escape. abiungo, -xi, -ctum, -gere, [ab

iungo], 3. v. a., unyoke, unhar

ness iuvencum. abiūrātus, -a, -um, p.p. of abiuro. abiūro, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [ab

iuro], I. v. a., swear off, abjure, deny on oath: abiuratae rapinae.

[abs-cædo], 3. v. a., cut off or abscindo, -scidi, -scissum, -scinaway, destroy. dere, [ab-scindo], 3. v. a., cut or tear off or away, tear apart, sever, rend asunder: arva et urbes; tear: flaventes abscissa comas; tear or rend away from one; deprive one of: umeris vestem. abscissus, -a, -um, p.p. of abscindo.

ablātus, -a, -um, p.p. of aufero. | abscido, -cidi, -cisum, -cidere, abluŏ, -ui, -ūtum, -uere, [abluo], 3. v. a., wash off, out, or away: caedem.- -remove filth from any thing by washing, cleanse, purify, wash. ablūtus, -a, -um, p.p. of abluo. abnegỗ, -āvi, -ātum, -āre, [abnego], I. v.a., deny (with accessory notion of refusal), refuse, deny: medicas adhibere manus. abnuo, -ui, -uitum or -ūtum, -uere (-uiturus), [ab-nuo], 3. v. a. and n., make a sign with the head in token of refusal, refuse, deny, decline, forbid: omen. aboleo, -ēvi or -ui, -itum, -ēre, [ab-oleo], 2. v. a. (properly, outgrow, but only used in the causative sense), to destroy, cause to perish: monumenta. - Pass., die.- Fig., take away, extirpate, blot out, remove, &c.: Sychaeum (from Dido's mind).

abolēsco, -ēvi, no sup., -ēscere, [ab-olesco], 3. v. n. (outgrow), be destroyed, decay, waste, vanish, abreptus, -a, -um, p.p. of abripio. abripio, -ripui, -reptum, -ere, [ab-rapio], 3. v. a., snatch from or away, drag off, carry off, tear away or from.

abrumpo, -rūpi, -ruptum, -rumpere, [ab-rumpo], 3. v. a. (in causative sense), break off or away from, tear away, rend asunder, break away (clouds). — Of discourse, &c., break off: sermonem.

Of law, &c., violate, trample on: fas. Of life, &c., tear or rend away, destroy, put an end to: vitam; invisam lucem (abandon); somnos cura (banish). —abruptus, -a, -um, p.p., steep, precipitous, violent: procellae; abrupto sidere. in abruptum, precipitously.

abruptus, -a, -um, p.p. of abrumpo.

abs, fuller form of ab (cf. ex, uls). abscessus, -ūs, [abs-†cessus, yced+tus], m., a going away, departure.


abscondo, -di and -didī, -ditum and -sum, -dere, [abs-condo], 3. v. a., put away, put out of sight, secrete, conceal. Pass. in reflexive force, of the heavenly bodies: hide, disappear, vanish, set: Atlantides abscondantur. Of places as objects, lose sight of, leave behind Phaeacum arces. conceal, hide: furto fugam. absēns, -entis, p. of absum. absilio, -ii or -uí, no sup., -ire, [ab-salio], 4. v. n. and a., leap or absisto, stiti, no sup., -sistere, spring away, fly off: scintillae. [ab-sisto], 3. v. n., stand away or apart from; withdraw, depart or go away, fly from. - Fig., desist or cease from, leave off, forbear, refrain (abs. or with inf.): moveri. abstineo,-tinuï,-tentum, -tinēre, [abs-teneo], 2. v. a. and n., hold or keep away from; hold or keep off. With reflexive, restrain one's self, refrain, keep off or away. Without reflexive, refrain, abstain (abs. or with abl.): tactu (refuse abstractus, -a, -um, p.p. of absto touch).


abstraho, -xi, -ctum, -here, [abs-
traho], 3. v. a., draw or drag
away, carry off.
abstrūdo, -ūsī, -ūsum, -ūdere,
[abs-trudo], 3. v. a., thrust away,
hide, conceal. With reflexive or
in passive, hide or conceal one's self.
abstrūsus, -a, -um, p.p. of abs-

abstuli; see aufero.

absum, -fui, -esse, [ab-sum], (instead of abfui, abforem, etc., afui, aforem, etc., are also found), v. n., be away from, be absent or distant (in place or time): hinc aberat. —absēns, -ntis, p. as adj., absent, away; with adv. force, in one's absence. absūmō, -mpsi, -mptum (better than -msi, -mtum), -mere, [absumo], 3. v. a., take away (to spend, or by spending, cf. sump-Acca, -ae, f., a friend of Camilla. tus); devour, consume: mensas.

which the leaf conventionalized appears on Corinthian capitals. Fem., the acanthus, a thorny evergreen tree in Egypt. Acarnan, -ānis, [Gr. 'Aκapváv], adj., of Acarnania.-Masc., a native of that country. Plur., the inhabitants, Acarnanians. Acarnania, -ae, [f. of adj. Acarnanius], f., a province of central Greece (now Carnia).

Of persons, kill, destroy, &c.: me ferro. Of property, &c., devour, consume: salus absumpta (gone); absumptae vires (exhausted, all used). absumptus, -a, -um (less correctly

-mtus, etc.), p.p. of absumo. abundāns, -ntis, p. of abundo. abundē [†abundõ-(ab-unda+us)], adv., copiously, abundantly, in profusion; in a very great or high degree, amply, in plenty, &c. With gen. noun or adj., plenty of, sufficient: fraudis. abundo, -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [†abundo-], I. v. n., flow off, away, overflow, i.e., be very abundant or numerous; to be in abundance; overflow with; to have an abundance or superabundance.— abundāns, -ntis, p. as adj., abundans lactis. ab usque; see ab.

Abydus (-dos), -i, [Gr. "Aßudos],

f. and m., a town in Asia, opposite Sestos (now Avido), famous for its oysters.

ac, reduced form of atque, wh. see. acalanthis, -idis,[Gr. àñaλavoís], f., the acalanthis (perhaps the thistlefinch or gold-finch), a small bird (fabled to have been changed from a girl of that name by the Muses, with whom she contended in song). Acamās, -antis, [Gr. 'Akáμas], m.,

a son of Theseus and Phædra, a hero in the Trojan war. acanthus, -i, [Gr. ǎкav0os], m. and

f. Masc., the plant bear's-breech, bear's-foot, or brank-ursine, of

accēdo (ad-), -cēssi, -cēssum, -cedere, (perf. ind. accēstis for accessistis), [ad-cedo], 3. v. n., go towards, draw near, approach, come to, visit (persons or things).

With acc.: scopulos. accelero (ad-), -āvī, -ātum, -āre, [ad-celero], I. v. a. and n. Act.,

hasten, accelerate. - Neut., haste, hasten, make haste.

accendo (ad-), -di, -sum, -dere, [ad-tcando (cf. incendo and candeo)], 3. v. a., set on fire, kindle tantum ignem. — Fig., inflame a person or thing, set on fire, kindle, excite, fire, rouse: quos

merita accendit Mezentius ira. accēnsus (ad-), -a, -um, p.p. of


acceptus, -a, -um, p.p. of accipio.
accerso, see arcesso.
accēssus (ad-), -ūs, [ad-†cessus,
cf. abscessus], m. Abstr., a going
to or near, an approach, entrance,
access: ventorum. Concr., an
approach, an entrance.
accido (ad-), -cidi, no sup., -ci-
dere, [ad-caedo], 3. v. a., cut into.
- Of food, consume. Of trees,
hew, cut, fell: ornas.
accinctus (ad-), -a, -um, p.p.
of accingo.

accingo (ad-), -xi, -ctum, -gere, (inf. pass. accingier), [ad-cingo], 3. v. a., gird on, gird around or about lateri ensem. Pass., gird one's self about with, gird on, arm one's self with accingitur ense; accingier artes (have recourse to, as arms).— With abl.

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