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ghost." From the expression here it would seem that the soul was sup posed to remain with the body after death (see La Cité Antique); but compare iv. 705, v. 517, which seem to imply a different idea. The first view is doubtless the more primitive and less philosophical, and was retained and confused with the later one.- supremum ciemus, we utter the last call; compare ii. 644; for construction see § 238.

69. placata dant, render calm (Ecl. ii. 26).

70. lenis crepitans, gently whistling in the cordage. — auster, represented generally as the strongest of the winds.

71. deducunt, launch: their ships were regularly beached while in port, and this word is the technical term for drawing them into the water. 73. mari medio, in mid-sea : simply, surrounded by water. 74. Nereidum matri, Doris, cf. Ecl. x. 5.-Neptuno: Delos is said to have been sacred to Poseidon, until yielded by him to Latona.

75. pius, filial, alluding to his care of Latona.

76. errantem: it is possible that the little island of Delos from its position had often eluded the early mariners, and so led to the story that it was adrift, until its place was fixed by Myconus and Gyarus, to which Apollo was then supposed to have "moored" it. -e: this word, omitted by many editors, seems to have the best Ms. authority. It must indicate the directions from which the imaginary bands came, something like “moored off.” — celsa: any island would be high compared to the sea. 77. immotam, see § 185; G. 324. — coli, to be dwelt on; see § 273; G. 424, 4; H. 533, ii.

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78. huc, see § 149, foot-note. - haec (sc. tellus).

79. egressi, landing, the regular word.

80. Anius, see Ovid, Met. xiii. 632-704. Various legends connect his name with Anchises and with Æneas. — rex, etc., the two offices were no doubt regularly united in the most ancient times; compare the functions of the early Roman kings, also the rex sacrificulus, and Melchizedek. 81. vittis, as a priest.

83. hospitio, in hospitality, i.e. as hereditary friends.

84. saxo, see § 244; G. 396, 2; H. 415, iii. — vetusto, old, according to Servius, because Delos, from its sacredness, had been exempt from earthquakes as well as from invasion.

85. propriam, permanent. — Thymbraee: Apollo, having a famous temple at Thymbra near Troy.

86. mansuram urbem, an abiding city (§ 293, b; G. 279; H. 549, 3). 87. Pergama, i.e. citadel. reliquias, etc., cf. i. 30.

88. quem sequimur, i.e. who shall be our guide? (present for fu ture; compare ii. 322).

89. inlabere: Apollo, as the god of prophecy, is supposed to inspire his worshippers with knowledge, as well as his priest.

91. limina, laurus: an altar appears in many representations of Delphi in front of the temple, and near by, a laurel.

92. cortina (properly vat or cauldron) is the vessel which formed the body of the tripod, and which was provided with a cover to form a seat, on which the priestess sat. (See Fig. 78.) —adytis (loc. abl.), the tripod itself is represented as in the inner temple.

Fig. 78.

93. submissi, on our knees. 94. duri, toil-worn.

95. prima, see § 191; G. 324, R.7; H. 443- tellus (§ 200, b, N.; G. 618). ubere laeto, in her fruitful bosom, i.e. nourishing (alluding to

matrem, below).

97. hic domus Aeneae, etc.: these two lines are taken (slightly altered) from Il. xx. 307, 308; Bry. 387. An old tradition reports Homer to have received this oracle from Orpheus, who had it direct from Apollo. For explanation see v. 163. oris, see § 229, c,

101. quo, see § 148, N.

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III. 111.]

102. volvens monumenta, unrolling the records, a metaphor better suited to Virgil's time than to that of his hero; see note to i. 262.


104. Iovis insula, see note v. 131 and cf. Od. xix. 172; Bry.

105. gentis cunabula, the cradle of the race, as proved to his mind by the existence of a Mt. Ida in Crete.

106. centum urbes (Il. ii. 649; Od. xix. 174).- habitant (§ 167, b: G. 787, 1, a).

Fig. 79.

107. audita, see § 219; II. 407, N.'

108. Rhoeteas: Rhateum is the name of a small town and promontory just north of Troy; cf. Il. xx. 215-218; Bry. 217, speaking of Dardanus.

- cultrix Cybeli, she that

110. steterant (§ 279, R.; G. 233, 2). III. hine, i.e. from the colony of Teucer. cherishes Cybelus (a mountain of Phrygia); Rhea or Cybele, wife of Saturn, "mother of the gods," and the special deity of the Troad and neigh

boring parts of Asia Minor. Her rites were of a wild fana、ical nature, performed by her votaries the Corybantes amid the beating of drums and the blowing of pipes. The fida silentia (v. 112) refer to the mysteries which belonged to her worship, not to the mode of worship itself. Her car is pictured as drawn by lions. Her worship (introduced B.C. 207) became one of the most frequented in Rome in the later republic. (Her journey to Rome is quaintly represented in Fig. 79.)

112. sacris (§ 231; G. 349; H. 387).

115. Gnosia, a common name of Crete, derived from one of its towns. 116. nec longo cursu, about one hundred and fifty miles (§ 250; G. 400, R.'; H. 423). — Iuppiter, as god of the skies and storms. see § 266, d; G. 575; H. 513, i.

118. meritos, due, i.e. by custom.


120. nigram ... albam (Il. iii. 103; Bry. 130), a black victim to the Power which is besought to withhold his wrath (cf. vi. 250); a white one to the friendly deity. - felicibus, prospering; cf. i. 330.

121. regnis (§ 258, a; G. 411, R.1; II. 412, 2). — cessisse (§ 330, e; H. 535, 3).

122. Idomenea: according to the story, Idomeneus, overtaken by a storm, had vowed to sacrifice to the sea-god the first living thing that should meet him on his safe return. This proved to be his son, who was accordingly sacrificed; but a pestilence followed, and Idomeneus was driven from Crete, and settled in Italy (v. 400); compare the story of Jephthah.

123. hoste (243, a; G. 389; H. 414, i.). — adstare, stood ready.— relictas (186, c; G. 324).

124. pelago (§ 258, g; G. 387; II. 425, 1, 1)).

125. bacchatam iugis, whose heights are visited in the orgies, i.e. in

the rites of Bacchus.

126. niveam, on account of the much-prized white marble.

127. consita, thick strown with islands; hence the name of the group, Sporades. The reading concita seems less natural. - terris

(§ 248, c).

128. nauticus (§ 190).

129. petamus, direct discourse (hortatory subjunctive).

130. prosequitur euntes, attends us on our way. This phrase is regularly used of human escort, and so here in a manner personifies the


131. Curetum, priests of Jupiter in Crete, where his worship was conducted with orgies and noisy rites, like that of Cybele. His infancy was passed there in concealment, and his cries were drowned by the clashing

III. 137-]

The Eneid.

of the arms of the Curetes. (See Fig. 80.) - oris (§ 225, b; G. 344, R.; H. 385, 4).

132. avidus molior, eagerly I begin.

133. Pergameam: the historic name was Pergamum.

134. amare focos, to cherish their new home (§ 331, g; G. 546, R.';

H. 535, iv.). - arcem...


tectis (§ 235), to erect a stronghold over their

Fig. 80.

135. fere (qualifying the whole situation); the colony was well-nigh established. subductae, the technical term for beaching the ancient ships, which were usually kept on land and only launched on occasion of a voyage (cf. v. 71).

operata iuventus, the 136. conubiis (trisyllable), abl. of means. young folks were busied with match-making (with Cretan women apparently) and with their new lands. - arvis (§ 248; H. 420).

137. tabida lues, a wasting pestilence; compare the extended de scription, Georg. iii. 478-566.-membris (§ 235), upon their limbs.

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