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vantage; the beauty which they spread out to our vision in their woods and waters; their crags and slopes, their clouds and atmospheric hues, were a splendid gift; the sublimity which they pour into our deepest souls from their majestic aspects; the poetry which breathes from their streams, and dells, and airy heights, were a proud heritage to imaginative minds; but what are all these when the thought comes, that without mountains, the spirit of man must have bowed to the brutal and the base, and probably have sunk to the . monotonous level of the unvaried plain.

When I turn my eyes upon the map of the world, and behold how wonderfully the countries, where our faith was nurtured, where our liberties were generated, where our philosophy and literature, the fountains of our intellectual grace and beauty, sprang up, were as distinctly walled out by God's hand, with mountain ramparts from the eruptions and interruptions of barbarism, as if at the especial prayer of the early fathers of man's destinies, I am lost in an exulting admiration.

Look at the bold barriers of Palestine! see how the infant liberties of Greece, were sheltered from the vast tribes of the uncivilized north by the heights of Hæmus and Rhodope! behold how the Alps describe their magnificent crescent, inclining their opposite extremities to the Adriatic and Tyrrhine Seas, locking up Italy from the Gallic and Teutonic hordes, till the power and spirit of Rome had reached their maturity, and she had opened the wide forest of Europe to the light, spread far her laws and language, and planted the seeds of many mighty nations!

Thanks to God for mountains! Their colossal firmness seems almost to break the current of time itself; the Geologist in them searches for traces of the earlier world, and it is there too that man, resisting the revolutions of lower regions, retains through innumerable years his habits and his rights.

While a multitude of changes has remoulded the people of Europe, while languages and laws and dynasties, and creeds, have passed over it like shadows over the landscape, the children of the Celt and the Goth, who fled to the mountains a thousand years ago, are found there now, and show us in face and figure, in language and garb, what their fathers were; show us a fine contrast with the modern tribes dwelling below and around them; and show us, moreover, how adverse is the spirit of the mountain to mutability, and that there the fiery heart of Freedom is found forever.

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PERHAPS no scene, or situation, is so intensely gratifying to the naturalist as the shore of the ocean. The productions of the latter element are innumerable, and the majesty of the mighty waters lends an interest unknown to an inland landscape.

The loneliness too of the sea-shore is much cheered by the constant changes arising from the ebb and flow of the tide, and the undulations of the water's surface, sometimes rolling like mountains, and again scarcely murmuring on the beach. As you gather there

Each flower of the rock and each gem of the billow, you may feel with the poet, that there are joys in solitude, and that there are pleasures to be found in the investigation of nature of the most powerful and pleasing influence.

There is a pleasure in the pathless woods ;
There is a rapture on the lonely shore ;
There is society where none intrudes,

By the deep sea, and music in its roar. But nothing can be more beautiful than a view of the bottom of the ocean, during a calm, even round our own shores, but particularly in tropical climates, especially when it consists alternately of beds of sand and masses of rock.

The water is frequently so clear and undisturbed, that, at great depths, the minutest objects are visible; groves of coral are seen expanding their variously-colored clumps, some rigid and immovable, and others waving gracefully their flexile branches. Shells of every form and hue glide slowly along the stones, or cling to the coral boughs like fruit; crabs and other marine animals


their preys in the crannies of the rocks, and sea-plants spread their limber leaves in gay and gaudy irregularity, while the most beautiful fishes are on every side sporting around.

The floor is of sand, like the mountain-drift,

And the pearl-shells spangle the flinty snow;
From coral rocks the sea-plants lift

Their boughs, where the tides and billows flow;
The water is calm and still below,

For the winds and waves are absent there ;
And the sands are bright as the stars that glow

In the motionless fields of the upper air :

There, with its waving blade of green, :

The sea-flag streams through the silent water, And the crimson leaf of the dulse is seen

To blush like a banner bathed in slaughter; There with a light and easy motion

The fan-coral sweeps through the clear deep sea, And the yellow and scarlet tufts of ocean

Are bending like corn on the upland lea; And life in rare and beautiful forms

Is sporting amid those bowers of stone,

And is safe when the wrathful spirit of storms
Has made the top of the waves his own :
And when the ship from his fury flies

Where the myriad voices of ocean roar,

When the wind-god frowns in the murky skies, And demons are waiting the wreck on shore,

Then far below in the peaceful sea The purple mullet and gold-fish rove,

Where the waters murmur tranquilly Through the bending twigs of the coral-grove.



Roar of the Sea.- ANON.

Voice of the mighty deep,

Piercing the drowsy night,
Thou scarest the gentle sleep,

Whose pinions will not light
Where thou intrudest busy thought,
With depths dark as thy secrets fraught.
Thy mystic sounds I hear,

Peal of unwonted things;
Of wonders far and near

The hollow music rings,
Its notes borne wild around the world,
Where'er thy dark blue waves are curled.

I cannot sleep,
Thou vast and glorious sea !
While thou dost thus the vigil keep

Of thy great majesty,
I think God's image near me is,
In all its awful mysteries.

Oh no,

Thou art a spirit, Ocean, thou!

Giant of earth and air,
Spanning the universe; and now,

While making music here,
Ten thousand leagues afar, thy wave
Is rolling on an empire's grave!
Thine arm that shakes me here,

Thunders upon the shore
Of North, and South, and central sphere,

Fuego, Labrador;
From flaming Equinox to frigid Pole,
Belting the earth thy waters roll.
Engulfing mountains at a sweep

Beneath their angry sway,
Or raising islands from the deep

In their triumphant way,
Or murmuring sweet round Scian isles,
In cadence soft as beauty's smiles.
'T is midnight!-earth and air

Are hush'd in lair and rest-
Thy energy from thy long birth

Hath never needed rest: Thou dost not tire-thou feel'st not toilThou art not formed, like me, of soil. Why dost thou thunder so?

What in thy depths profound, Thus as a strong man with his foe,

Gives out that angry sound; On earth no foe can ever be, Prince of creation, worthy thee! Age thou hast never known Thou shalt be


and free, Till God command thee give thine own,

And all is dumb save thee;
And haply when the sun is blood,
Unchanged shall be thy mighty flood.


Salmon River.- BRAINARD.

'Tis a sweet stream; and so, 't is true, are all,
That undisturbed, save by the harmless brawl
Of mimic rapid or slight waterfall,
Pursue their

By mossy bank, and darkly waving wood,
By rock, that, since the deluge, fixed has stood,
Showing to sun and moon their crisping flood

By night and day.
But yet there's something in its humble rank,

Something in its pure wave and sloping bank, : Where the deer sported, and the young fawn drank

With unscared look;
There's much in its wild history, that teems
With all that 's superstitious, and that seems
To match our fancy and eke out our dreams,

In that small brook.

Havoc has been upon its peaceful plain,
And blood has dropped there, like the drops of rain,
The corn grows o'er the still graves of the slain;

And many a quiver,
Filled from the reeds that grew on yonder hill,
Has spent itself in carnage. Now 't is still,
And whistling ploughboys oft their runlets fill

From Salmon river.
Here, say old men, the Indian Magi made
Their spells by moonlight; or beneath the shade
That shrouds sequestered rock, or dark’ning glade,

Or tangled dell.
Here Philip came, and Miantonimo,
And asked about their fortunes long ago,
As Saul to Endor, that her witch might show

Old Samuel.

And here the black fox roved, that howled and shook
His thick tail to the hunters, by the brook
Where they pursued their game, and him mistook

For earthly fox;

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