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“ Leading thy son to Land, yet more remote,
To feed his flock upon this Western waste :
“ Exhort him then Christ's kingdom to promote,

“ That he with thee of lasting joys may taste.” What became of Mr. Jones after his employment in the Bermudas, I know not. He was numbered with the dead in 1698. Shepard, MS. Journal. Johnson, Hist. N. E. 82, 165. Winthrop, Hist. N. E. i. 169, 189. ii. 374. Mather, Magnalia, ii. 23.

11. SAMUEL MATHER, son of Rev. Richard Mather, was born at Magna-Wotton, in Lancashire, England, 13 May, 1626. His father, the great ancestor of the Mather family in this country, and one of the most eminent divines among the Fathers of New England, arrived in Boston harbor, 17 August, 1635, and was constituted the teacher of the church in Dorchester, in Massachusetts, where he died, 22 April, 1669, aged 73. His wife and four sons accompanied him to this country. Two sons were born after he arrived here. Four of the sons were educated at Harvard, of whom Samuel was the eldest. He was graduated in the 18th year of his age, and before he was twenty-five, he was made fellow of the college. He was held in such estimation by the students, that when he left them, they put on badges of mourning. When he began to preach, he spent some time in Rowley as an assistant to Rev. Ezekiel Rogers. When the second, or North Church was gathered in Boston, he was invited to take charge of it, and officiated as preacher one winter, but declined to become its minister. Several circumstances induced him to go to England in 1650. On his voyage, he escaped a most violent storm, and the ship in which he embarked was singularly preserved from being burnt. He spent some time at Oxford, and was made chaplain at Magdalen college in that Uni

versity. He was admitted to the degree of Master of Arts both at Oxford and Cambridge. He frequently preached at St. Mary's. He accompanied the English commissioners to Scotland, and continued preaching the gospel there publicly at Leith, two years. In 1651, he returned to England, but soon after, went to Ireland with Lord Henry Cromwell, who was accompanied by Dr. Harrison, Dr. Winter and Mr. Charnock. He was here made senior fellow of Trinity College in Dublin, where he again took his degrees. He was connected as colleague with Dr. Winter in his public ministry, preaching every Sabbath morning at the church of St. Nicholas in Dublin; besides officiating once in six weeks before the lord-deputy and council. His preaching was much esteemed and very successful. He was publicly ordained by Dr. Winter, Mr. Taylor and Mr. Jenner, 5 December, 1656. His liberality, although a decided nonconformist is confessed by Anthony Wood, who admits, that "though he was a Congregational-man, and in his principles a high Nonconformist, yet he was observed by some, to be civil to those of the Episcopal persuasion, when it was in his power to do them à displeasure. And when the Lord-Deputy gave a commission to him and others, in order to the displeasing of Episcopal ministers in the province of Munster, he declined it: As he did afterwards do the like matter in Dublin; alleging that he was called into that country to preach the gospel, and not to hinder others from doing it." Notwithstanding this tolerant and christian spirit, he was soon after the restoration of Charles II., suspended from the ministry on account of two sermons he preached at Dublin, against the revival of the ceremonies of the English church, from 2 Kings xviii. 4. Dr. Calamy says, “he was represented as seditious, and guilty of treason;

though he had not a disrepectful word of the king or government, but only set himself to prove, that the ecclesiastical ceremonies then about to be restored, had no warrant from the word of God." Mr. Ware says in his Hist. of the Old North Church, that he met with these sermons at the Boston Athenæum,—that they are full of power and spirit, and that he “found in them passages in the finest style of that peculiar puritan eloquence, which is so happily imitated in Walter Scott's Romances."

Being prevented from any farther service in Ireland, Mr. Mather_returned to England, and was the minister of Burton-Wood until the Bartholomew act took place in 1662. He then went to Dublin, where he gathered a church at his own house. He continued to preach here without molestation until 18 September, 1664, when he was arrested by an officer and carried to the main guard. “There," says Dr. Calamy, "he reasoned with the officers and soldiers about their disturbing a meeting of Protestants, when yet they gave no disturbance to the Papists, who said mass without any interruption. They told him, that such men as he were more dangerous than the Papists, &c. The mayor having consulted the lord-deputy, told Mr. Mather that he might go to his lodgings, but, that he must appear the next day before his lordship, for which he and some others gave their word. Being the next day before the mayor, he told him, that the lord-deputy was much incensed against him for his conventicle, being informed that there were many old discontented officers there. Mr. Mather denied that he saw any of those there whom the mayor named, and gave him an account of his sermon, which was on John ii. 15–17; and could not give any reasonable offence. However, that evening, he was seized by a pursuivant from the lord-deputy,

and the next day imprisoned; but soon released.” When Dr. Stubbs by some printed letters brought into notice Valentine Greatarick, who pretended to some extraordinary powers in curing diseases, and was much resorted to by the people of Dublin, Mr. Mather wrote a discourse against his pretensions, which was much commended, but not allowed to be printed on account of the author's character. A certain lady having sent him a discourse, written by several Roman Catholic clergymen, entitled “The One only, and Singular only One Catholic and Roman faith,” he drew up an answer to it, which was published, and was well received. He continued to do good in all ways within his power till his death, and supported the character of a good scholar and a man of general benevolence. As a preacher, he held the first rank, and his name was known throughout the kingdom. He died 29 October, 1671, in the 46th year of his age, and was buried in Dublin. He was succeeded in his congregation by his younger brother, Nathaniel Mather. His publications were, A Wholesome Caveat for a time of liberty, 1652; Two Sermons against the revival of the ceremonies of the English church, preached a. 1660; A treatise against Stinted Liturgies; an Irenicum, in order to an agreement between Presbyterians, Independents, and Anabaptists; A Defence of the protestant religion against popery, 1671; A Course of sermons upon the Old Testament types, with some discourses against modern superstitions, which were published by his brother after his decease; and Observations on the Holy Scriptures: useful to be considered in the daily reading the lively Oracles, 1707, 18mo. pp. 164.

Mr. Mather married in 1656, the sister of Sir John Stevens, by whom he had several children, all of whom excepting one, a daughter, died


His wife died in 1668. Mather, Magnalia, ii. 33—48. Ibid. Remarkables of Dr. Increase Mather, 15, 16. Calamy, Account of Ejected Ministers, ii. 415—417. Neal, Hist. of N. E. i. 335. Hutchinson, Hist. Mass. i. 108. Magna Britannia, iii. 1304. Wood, Athence Oxoniensis, ii. 489, 490. 1 Coll. Mass. Hist. Soc. iv, 178, 179,

12. Samuel DANFORTH, son of Nicholas Danforth, was born at Framlingham, in the county of Suffolk, England, in September, 1626. His father came to this country in 1634, and settled at Cambridge, and was elected the representative of that town in 1636 and 1637. Dr. C. Mather says, "he was a gentleman of such estate and repute in the world, that it cost him a considerable sum to escape the Knighthood which king Charles imposed upon all of so much per annum; and of such figure and esteem in the church, that he procured that famous lecture at Framlingham in Suffolk, where he had a fine manor." Samuel was not quite eleven years old when his father died. On this event, he was committed to the parental care of Rev. Thomas Shepard, to whose church Mr. Danforth belonged, and who proved a kind patron to his son. After being graduated, he was appointed tutor, and was made the second fellow of the college, whose name appears on the catalogue of graduates. After the return of Rev. Thomas Weld to England, he was invited by the church in Roxbury, Massachusetts, to become a colleague to Rev. John Eliot, whose labors among the Indians, and in translating the Bible into the Indian language, required much of his time. He accepted the invitation, and was ordained 24 September, 1650. He proved a judicious, faithful and affectionate preacher of the gospel. His sensibilities were so acute, that it is said, he rarely, if ever, ended a sermon without

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