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ceiving his second degree in 1645, and prior to 1651, he embarked for England, where he had relations of wealth and distinction. He was settled in the ministry in the town of Fordham, in the county of Essex, and continued to exercise his clerical functions with good acceptance and success. He might have remained here during life, but for the act of uniformity, which silenced his friend and classmate Woodbridge. He refused to conform to the ceremonies, and thereby lost his living, and was prevented froin exercising his ministry in any part of England. He now turned his attention to medicine, and was soon qualified to practise as a physician, which he did with good success ; and, as Dr. Calamy observes, administered “natural and spiritual physic together.” He is said to have had a high reputation for his learning among those capable of estimating his talents. He was distinguished for his piety, and it is remarked that his whole life was a continual sermon.” After he became a physician, his residence was at Wapping, in the suburbs of London, and he continued there, or in the vicinity, until his death. He occasionally appeared in the pulpit after the severity against the non-conformists had in some degree abated. But yet, says Dr. Calamy," he might truly be said to preach every day in the week, and seldom did he visit his patients, without reading a lecture of divinity to them, and praying with them.” He died near the tower of London, in 1689, aged 70 years. His brother Peter died at Concord, Massachusetts, the preceding year in his 45th year. Calamy, account of Ejected Ministers, ï. 311, 312.

4. WILLIAM HUBBARD, was son of William Hubbard, who came to New-England as early as 1630, and after a few years established himself at Ipswich, Massachusetts, which town he represented in the general court six years between 1638,

and 1645. He removed to Boston and died about 1670, leaving three sons, William, Richard and Nathaniel. William, the eldest, was born in En: gland in 1621, and received his Bachelor's degree at the age of twenty-one. It does not appear where he spent the time from this period until he had passed the age of thirty-five years. But he had within that time studied theology, and assisted Rev. Thomas Cobbet in the ministry at Ipswich. About the year 1657, he was ordained as the colleague of Mr. Cobbet, who though in the prime of his usefulness, required an assistant on account of the extent and arduousness of his ministerial labors. Ipswich was at that time a desirable situation for a young clergyman. There was hardly any place in New-England at the time of Mr. Hubbard's settlement, which had so large a proportion among its population, of gifted intelligent minds.

It had been settled “by men of good rank and quality, many of them having the yearly revenue of large lands in England, before they came to this wilderness.” As Mr. Cobbet continued active in his ministerial duties until old age, Mr. Hubbard must have enjoyed considerable leisure, which appears to have been employed in historical investigations. But his success was not equal to the wishes of the present generation, although his labors procured for him much favor and respect from his contemporaries. His first historical work was "A Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in 1676 and 1677 ; with a Suppleinent concerning the war with the Pequods in 1637.” 4to. pp. 132. To which is annexed a Table and Postscript in 12 pages, and also, “A Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in NewEngland, from Piscataqua to Pemmaquid,” 4to, pp. 88. The whole was published at Boston, in 1677. The same work was printed in London in 1677, under the title of the Present State of New

England. He was in England in 1678, and might have gone thither for the purpose of having the work published there.

His history of New-England was completed in 1680, to which period the narrative of events is continued. In that year, it was submitted to the examination of the general court of Massachusetts, who appointed a committee, consisting of William Stoughton, Capt. Daniel Fisher, Lieut, William Johnson, and Capt. William Johnson, "to peruse it and give their opinion.” The chirography of Mr. Hubbard was not easy to read, and this probably was one reason why the committee did not complete the service assigned them for nearly two years afterwards. On the 11 October, 1682, the general court granted fifty pounds to the author "as a manifestation of thankfulness," for this history, “he transcribing it fairly, that it may be more easily perused.It appears that he procured some person to copy his work, as the MS. which now exists in the archives of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and fairly written in upwards of 300 pages, is not in his handwriting, but has his emendations. It was published by the Massachusetts Historical Society encouraged by a very liberal subscription of the legislature to it for the use of the commonwealth, and it makes the V. and VI. volumes of the second series of the Society's Collections. It was thought at the time of its publication that it would bring a considerable accession of facts to New-England history, but its value was much lessened by the publication of Gov. Winthrop's MSS. by Mr. Savage, in 1825 and 1826. From this work, Mr. Hubbard derived most of his facts and sometimes the very language, down to 1649.

In 1685, he lost his venerable colleague, Mr. Cobbet, who died on the 5 November, aged 77. For two years afterwards, he was alone in the

ministry; but in 1687, he received as his colleague, Rev. John Denison, grandson of his early friend and parishioner, Major-general Daniel Denison. The connexion was short, as Mr. Denison died in September, 1689. Three years afterwards, Rev. John Rogers, son of President Rogers, was ordained as colleague to Mr. Hubbard, whom he survived many years. The connexion was probably the more agreeable to him, as Mr. Rogers was nephew of the first wife of Mr. Hubbard.

In 1688, Mr. Hubbard was invited to officiate at the commencement that year, and received from Sir Edmund Andros the following notice of his appointment.

Sir Edmund Andros, Knight, fc. The Rev. Mr. WILLIAM HUBBARD, Greeting: “Whereas the Presidency or Rectorship of Harvard College, in Cambridge, within this his Majesty's territory and dominion of New-England, is now vacant, I do therefore, with the advice of council, by these Presents, constitute, authorize and appoint you the said William Hubbard, to exercise and officiate as President of the said College, at the next commencement to be had for the same, in as full and ample a manner as any former President or Rector hath or ought to have enjoyed.

Given under my hand and seal, at Boston, the 2d day of June, in the fourth year of his Majesty's reign, Annoque Domini 1688."

If Mr. Hubbard officiated at the ensuing commencement, when it appears no degrees were conferred, we can readily account for the reason that Increase Mather was not invited, (See Dr. Eliot's Biog. Dict. Art. HUBBARD.) as he was at that time in England, as agent of the colony. If he officiated in 1684, the year President Rogers died, as seems to be intimated by Dr. Eliot,

there was a propriety in his being selected, although Increase Mather was in the neighborhood," as Mr. Hubbard was the oldest clergyman then living in New-England, of the alumni of the College, and his character and talents entitled him to the distinction. Dr. Eliot, whose characters have been considered as drawn with considerable discrimination, bestows a full share of praise on Mr. Hubbard, saying, “he was certainly for many years, the most eminent minister in the county of Essex; equal to any in the province for learning and candor; and superior to all his contemporaries as a writer.” Governor Hutchinson gives him the character of " a man of learning, and of a candid benevolent mind, accompanied with a good degree of catholicism."

The publications of Mr. Hubbard, besides those already named, were, the Election sermon, 1676, entitled, The happiness of a people in the wisdom of their rulers directing, and in obedience of their brethren attending, unto what Israel ought to do. 4to. 1676; A Fast sermon, 1682; A Funeral discourse on Major-general Daniel Denison, 1684, and A Testimony to the order of the Gospel in the churches of New England, in connexion with Rev. John Higginson of Salem.

Mr. Hubbard married Margaret Rogers, daughter of his predecessor, Rev. Nathaniel Rogers. A second wife, whom he married in his seventythird

year, was Mary, widow of Samuel Pearce. This marriage, according to Rev. Mr. Frisbie, excited the displeasure of his parish, “for though she was a serious worthy woman, she was rather in the lower scenes of life, and not sufficiently fitted, as they thought, for the station.” Mr. Hubbard had as many as three children, born before the death of their grandfather Rogers, in 1655. Their names were John, Nathaniel and Margaret. John and his wife Ann were living in Bos

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