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Snows-Nov. 10, 11, 12, very cold, windy sabbath, 13, very cold, issued in a great rain, 17, mild, 26, very stormy ; Dec. 17, sabbath, very cold, 22, cold, 25, cold ; January 5, 11, 15, very stormy and searching ; 18 and 24, stormy ; Feb. 8 ; March 3, issued in great rain; 4 and 11; April 12, 16, very cold, windy storm.

Winter began Nov. 10, and began to break up Feb. 18. March was for the most part fine and dry ; April cold and windy; May very wet ; the summer following we had very often wet weather on the sabbath day.

1705. Snows–Oct. 22, very cold, windy and stormy ; 24, 26 and 29 ; Dec. 19, next day very windy and cold, 22, very cold, windy, stormy, 29 ; Jan. 3, 5, 23, 27 and 30, very stormy, drifty, and cold ; Feb. 18, 20, extreme windy, hail, rain, 25, issued in rain, 27, followed with cold ; March 16, issued in rain, 20 and 27 ; April 12, very cold. This

year the winter began to set in hard about Nov. 19— began to break up Candlemas day. Most part of April & May was stormy, wet, cold, cloudy weather. The summer following pretty hot. The coldest was Dec. 25, the hottest day was June 29.

1706. Snows-Nov. 17, 18 and 29, issued in rain : Dec. 6, 8, 12, cold, windy, 29, cold ; Jan., 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, great storm, began 11-last day was very stormy ; 24, stormy, 29 ; Feb. 4, 7, 14, 17 and 27 ; March 5 and 26.

This year the winter began to set in (hard about Dec. 4-began to break about the 2d of March. No deep snows-many rains and thaws. A moderate winter, and fine spring. Summer following very fruitful. Fall very dry. Coldest day in the winter was Jan. 6. The summer passed without any extreme hot day. Aug. 25 was one of the hottest.

1707. Snows—Nov. 11; Dec. 4, 5, 16 & 24 ; Jan. 5, very stormy, 7, with high, cold northwest wind, 16, 17, very black, cold, N.E. wind ; Feb. 10, 11, 12–13, very cold, black, N. E. wind, 18 ; March 9, 11, very stormy, 25, followed with violent cold, high N. W. wind.

This winter began to set in hard about 19th of Decemberbegan to break about 27th of January, (though we had some winter-like weather till the latter end of March.) Snows not so deep nor many this winter as formerly, but the weather extreme cold. Spring cold, wet and backward. Summer following very hot and dry—so likewise was the fall : by which means hay and corn were cut exceeding short. Coldest day in the winter was

the 2 January, if the 26 March did not exceed it.

Hottest day in the summer was July 2.

1708. Snows-Noy. 29 ; Dec. 4,9, extreme cold N. E. wind-next day very high N. W. cold and squally, 13, 25, followed with fine weather ; Jan. 10, issued in rain, 16, very stormy, 19, moist, 22, 24, 29 ; Feb. 2, followed with fine evening, 3, dreadful stormy, high N. E. wind, next day N. W.; 5, very still, calm, 13, very cold, stormy ; April 3, sabbath morning.

Winter began Nov. 5. November and December very cold and hard. January very moderate. Greatest snow fell Feb. 3. Snow not extreme deep this winter. Spring somewhat cold and backward. Summer and fall very dry. Coldest day in the winter was Nov. 25. Hottest day in the summer following was the 19th of July.

1709. This year an extraordinary cold storm of rain fell out about the midst of August ; next day very warm and fine.

Flits of snow Nov. 21 and 24 ; Dec. 2, harsh, 6, flit, moist, 22 ; Jan. 5, 18, issued in rain, 24 ; Feb. 8 and 18, stormy, 24, very stormy.

To the Publishing Committee of the New-Hampshire Historical

Society. GENTLEMEN : - If you think the following notices of the town of

Northwood worthy of preservation, you are at liberty to insert them in your useful collections.

Recollections in the History of Northwood, N. H.

Introduction.--Northwood cannot boast of great antiquity of settlement, being scarcely three-fourths of a century since it presented nothing but a most dismal wilderness. Indeed, many parts of it to this day, are not less solitary than a retreat among the summits of Franconia, or the White Mountains. But of these features I shall speak more in course.

The writer of this, from a long residence in the place, presumes chiefly to add such facts only as

are not elsewhere recorded. And when it is known that he writes not from any minutes made for such end, and at a considerable distance from the place, many omissions or seeming inaccuracies will be accounted for ; and although they be drawn almost wholly from recollection, yet nothing will be adventured upon without deliberation.

It is ever delightful to young persons to hear their venerable sires recount their toils; and nothing is more lasting than the impressions made on their minds in hearing adventures recounted; alike, whether of great achievements in the field,or hardships in settling a wilderness. And what son of New-England will be so ungrateful as to neglect to cast a stone on the monumental pile in memory of the authors of his enjoyments ? Few subjects ought more to occupy our minds than a due reverence for the memory of our forefathers. And it may be asked, what can more stimulate the mind to virtuous actions, than to see the eminence to which such have raised others ?

Name.-Many and fruitless have been the enquiries respecting the origin of the name of Northwood. Whether it be derived from its peculiar situation, or from the great surveyor and mathematician Norwood, as some have said, or a village in England* of that name, is yet uncertain, though the former appears most probable.

When Nottingham comprehended Northwood, as Chichester did Pittsfield, inhabitants of the lower towns used to distinguish their resorts for timber by some peculiar name : thus, there was a place called Gebeagt by the Indians, and by the

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See Maguia Britania, un 933. “ Nethwood, or Netherwond a village where the noble family of the Devereaux's Earls of Essex had a seat."

+ Many places bear this name, and mostly confirm Governor Sullivan's deriva. llon of it. He says its Indian signification is, "a place where eels are laken,' and the river passing through this place, I am assured, abounds with them.

lumber men, Gebeag woods. The immense forest to the northwest of Gebeag was denominated (the north woods; and hence it is supposed the name originated.

Form, situation and extent. The form of this town is not very unlike that of the state itself, and now makes the north corner of the county of Rockingham. No observation to obtain its exact latitude has, as yet, it is believed, been made, but is doubtless very nearly set down in the valuable Gazetteer of New-Hampshire, by Messrs. FarMER & Moore.* The lines which bound it are neither of them parallel, nor do they approach very near such regularity. The line which divides it from Deerfield on the south, meets that which divides it from Nottingham on the southeast, in nearly a right angle. The other two lines which divide it, that on the northeast from Strafford and Barrington, and that on the west from Pittsfield and Epsom, form quite an acute angle. And here it may be noted, that although this west line is put down straight in all the maps, yet where the line dividing Epsom and Pittsfield meets it, there is quite a notch; which formerly caused some difficulty between the towns of Epsom and Northwood.

Until recently the line dividing it from Pittsfield was in dispute, but has been finally settled to the advantage of Northwood.

These circumstances are hardly to be avoided. Lines in such rough countries are with great difficulty straitened before the lands are cleared, and if attempted afterward, cause difficulties among the land holders ; valuable and worthy neighbors are set ever at variance by loss of land and labor. Deeds are often given and taken describing boundaries of farms in the most vague terms. As, for

Which is 13° 12', V as by the maj's.

example, commencing on a certain road (at no established point) and extending to the line dividing the towns. Hence, if for good reasons, this town line must take a different situation, it must encroach upon or enlarge the boundaries of the occupant on the one side, as it will necessarily diminish those of another upon the other side.

Exactitude is not to be expected in laying out new farms, but it must be allowed that many who undertook this task were entirely devoid of judgment, or the science, or both. Wretched lawsuits awaited such decisions, and poverty was sure to follow in the train. It is a by-word in this and other adjoining towns, to this day, in speaking of the position of things, that “it is there, or thereabouts, like the old surveyor's line."

Aspect or Face of the Country.There are no planes of even a moderate extent, to relieve the eye from the continued monotony of the hills; and were it not for its silver lakes, Northwood would be viewed by travellers with feelings similar, perhaps, to what would be experienced by one in an uninhabited country, and at a great distance from home. It does not differ in these respects from many inland towns of New-England; and the above observations may be said to apply more properly to its autumnal aspect, when

“ November strips the flowery field,
And bids the earth her verdant covering yield
To hoary frost ; when trees dishonor'd stand,

And birds in clusters seek a foreign land.” And on the other hand, a traveller in the month of June, coming directly from under a Mississippi's sun, and passing along the turnpike road through the town, would perhaps be as much delighted, as in any place upon the globe. Indeed it has been said by one of great knowledge and experience, and as worthy and polished a gentleman

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