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and give new vigor, to thousands, and millions. How has the thrill of its power been felt, in the cause of the abolition of the slave trade? How was it felt, when the first struggles of the Greeks for freedom were published throughout christendom? How was it felt when it was thought that the sun of liberty had broken through the clouds, which, for centuries, had covered Spain; and that a new day was about to open upon that dark spot of the earth? And how was it felt, when we were assured that one and another of the oppressed nations of South America had conquered, had triumphed, had secured a government of its choice, a constitution, equal laws, independence? And who, that has tasted the blessings, and that knows the happiness of civil liberty, does not desire, and will not pray, that it may be universal? Who would not rejoice to hear, that despotism is every where at an end? Who would not contribute what he can, to the cause of the universal emancipation of our race, from the injustice and cruelty, the degradation and misery, of civil tyranny?-And is civil freedom, or are civil rights and privileges, so great a boon, that, merely to name them, is to kindle desire in every heart, that they may be universal? And is the sympathy that is thus excited, one of the provisions of God, for the advancement of the great cause of civil liberty throughout the world? What, then, should be our sympathy in the cause of religion; of religious liberty; of the rescue of man from the slavery of a superstition, a thousand times more debasing than is any civil bondage; in the cause of bringing men to the liberty, the exaltation of condition, and the happiness, of the sons of God?

Christians, let us feel the value of our privileges, and the greatness of our responsibility for them. God has committed them to us for our own improvement, and as means of our own salvation. But is it not also his will, that we should be his instruments for the improvement, and the salvation, of our fellow-men? How, think you, is our religion to be extended through the world, but by the christian earnestness, and the christian benevolence of those, who feel its reality, its worth and its power; and the greatness of the blessings which it will impart to those who receive it? We believe, indeed, that it ever has been, that it is, and that it will be, in the care of him, who sent his Son to be the Saviour of the world. But our Lord committed it to the immediate charge of his apostles; and they have left it-to those who shal be lieve in it. God will honor us as his agents, in the work of imparting to all the greatest of all his blessings. Is proof of the principle demanded? I will ask, why has God, in such diversified measures, allotted to us our talents, and our capacities? Why has he appointed such a diversity in the condition of men? Why has he connected us in bonds of families, of neighborhoods, and of communities? And why has he subjected all to so many. weaknesses, and exposures, and wants, and sufferings? No one will doubt, whether one purpose of these ordinations of his providence is, the accomplishment, by the instrumentality of man, of his designs of benevolence towards man. And is it less clearly God's design, that we should extend, as far as we may, the bread of life, and the waters of live, to those who are suffering from the want of them, than it is that we should give of our bread to the hungry, or relieve the distress which we

have the means and opportunity of relieving? Fellowchristians, let us feel that we are to give account to God, for the use which we make of our powers of mind and of body, of our property, of our influence, and of every means which we have of being good, by doing good. And if, where much has been given, much will be required, will not much be demanded from us, and may not much be most justly demanded, in return for the most precious of God's gifts to us, the religion of his Son? Admit that the heathens are safe, as far as that idolatry is concerned, the evil of which they know not. The great question to engage our attention is, are we safe, while we possess the means of their instruction, their reformation, and their best happiness, and yet fail to employ them to the purposes, for which God has entrusted us with them? Are we safe, if this talent shall be kept by us, laid up in a napkin? Can we render our account with joy at the bar of heaven, if, having freely received this unspeakable gift, we have cared nothing for the condition of those who have it not; and have done nothing, that they may be partakers with us of the salvation, which is in Christ Jesus, with everlasting glory?

Suffer me here to say, that I fear we do not think enough of the importance of prayer in this, as well as in all our great and important enterprises. God wills that religious truth, like other truth, should be extended by human agency. But not by an independent agency of man. We are, in this great concern, to "be workers together with God;" and while our wills, and affections, and labors, are to be given the service, we are "in all our ways to acknowledge Him, that he may direct our steps." Before our Lord elected his apostles, he was all

night in prayer to God; and we see his apostles relying not more on their miraculous powers, than on their prayers, for the cooperation of God in their work. Let us not, then, indulge narrow views of our relation to God; of the intimacy of the communion which we may hold with him; and of the influence which may be exerted by God upon us, and by God, in cooperation with us, in perfect consistency with our own moral freedom. Let us, more than we have done, realize what we ask of God, when we pray, "may thy kingdom come, and thy will be done on earth, as it is done in heaven !"

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I address this letter, gentlemen, through you to the Unitarians of our country; and, as a Unitarian, with devout gratitude and joy I hail the beginning of a new era, in the recent, and, I hope, unequivocal demonstration, of a foreign missionary spirit among us. Scarcely less distinct, indeed, is the voice from India to us, than was that to Paul, come over to Macedonia and help us." A Unitarian society in Calcutta, composed as well of natives as of foreigners, who have themselves contributed largely to the work, solicit our assistance in establishing there a perpetual Unitarian mission. Native gentlemen of India have contributed largely to the cause of establishing christian worship, upon Unitarian principles, in their country; and they, with their English associates, are earnestly requesting the aid of Unitarians in England and America, for the accomplishment of their object. And can there be a question, in this case, concerning our duty? I leave it with every man's conscience, in the sight of God.*

**For information on this subject, see the Christian Examiner for 4

VOL. I.

We live in a time, peculiarly favorable to every attempt that can be made for human inprovement and happiness. Nor is it alone in those departments, to which science, with her new and wonderful discoveries, has extended her influence, that we find a new spirit of excitement, and of enterprise. The fact, that the long known mechanic powers are, of late, found to possess capacities, very far beyond all the uses to which they had been applied; and the fact too, not less interesting and important, of the discovery of a new mechanical agent, which may be applied alike to works the most simple, and the most complex; to the greatest and grandest operations, and to those which are most minute; has given an impulse to inquiry, and to the spirit of discovery, and effort, in every department of human knowledge. The idea is awakened, and is abroad, that nothing is to be deemed impracticable, till it has been fairly tried; and that no exertion for an object is to be relaxed, while any means remain, which may be employed for its attainment. It is felt, that there may be new applications of the known capacities of human nature, not yet hinted at in any of our systems of mental philosophy; and even that new moral agents may be discovered, which may be employed to accomplish in the moral world, changes and improvements, as great as have been extended to the various departments of art, by the power of a new physical agent. In Europe, and in our own country, great are the changes that have been accomplished, within the last fifty years, by the systems of education, which have been devised and adopted, and which are widely extend

March and April, 1826; and Professor Ware's Address, delivered before the Berry Street Conference, on the 31st May.

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