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slavery, hath been wrought out and brought to foil your majesty can use, to set out the true pass, by a miraculous way of Divine Provi- lustre of all your other most eminent and dence, beyond and above the reach and com- lovely graces.--Most Royal Sovereign, I have prehension of our understandings, and there- yet a few words more, and to doubt your pati fore to be admired; impossible to be expressed. ence, who is the mirror of patience, were to -God hath been pleased to train your ma- commit a crime unpardonable and fit to be exjesty up in the school of affliction, where you cepted out of that Act of Oblivion, which your have learned that excellent lesson of patience majesty hath so graciously tendered unto your so well, and improved it so much for the good people; therefore, with an humble confidence, of your people, that we have all just cause for I shall presume to acquaint your majesty, that ever to bless God for it, and we doubt not but I bave it further in command to present you, your name is registered in the records of Hea- at this time, with a Petition of Right, and humven, to have a place in the highest form amongst bly, upon my bended knees, to beg your royal those glorious martyrs of whom it is reported, assent thereunto. Sir, it hath already passed that, through faith in Christ and patience in two great houses, Heaven and Earth, and I their sufferings, they converted their very tor- have Vox Populi, and Vox Dei, to warrant this menters, and conquered those barbarous bloody bold demand. It is, That your majesty would tyrants, under whom they then suffered, inso-be pleased to remove your throne of state, and much as they themselves were many times in- to set it up in the hearts of your people; and forced to confess and cry out, Sat est vicisti as you are deservedly the king of hearts, there Gallilæus,' they had their vicisti,' and that de- to receive from your people a crown of hearts. servedly; but your majesty must have a treble Sir, this crown hath three excellent and rare vicisti, for with the same weapons, faith and properties, it is a sweet crown, it is a fast patience, you have overcome and conquered crown, and it is a lasting crown; it is a sweet the hearts and affections of all your people in crown, for it is perfumed with nothing but the three great nations, the hearts and affections incense of prayers and praises; it is a fast of all that are worthy the name of good Chris- crown, for it is set upon your royal head, by tians, or reasonable men-It is God, and God him who only hath the power of hearts, the alone, to whom be the glory, that hath made King of Kings; and it is a lasting crown, your your majesty so great a conqueror; indeed majesty can never wear it out, for the longer your conquest is incomparable, no story can you wear this crown, it will be the better for the instance the like, or furnish us with an example wearing; and it is the hearty desires and most to parallel it withal. It was a use and custom earnest prayers of all your loyal, loving, and amongst the Romans, when any of their com- faithful subjects, that you may never change manders had done eminent services abroad, at that crown till you change it for a better, a their returns, to honour them with triumphs, crown of eternal glory in the highest heavens ; and riding through their streets; there they re- and the Lord say Amen." ceived the praises and applauses of the people, with this inscription upon their laurel crowns. 'Vincenti dabitur.' But your majesty's victory is of another nature; and as it differs much from theirs in the quality of it, so your triumph must differ as much from theirs in the manner of it. They conquered bodies, but your majesty hath conquered souls; they conquered for the honour and good of themselves, but your majesty hath conquered for the honour and good of your people; they conquered with force, but your majesty hath conquered with faith; they conquered with power, but your majesty hath conquered with patience; and therefore God himself hath written your Motto, and inscribed it upon your royal crown, 'Patienti dabitur.' Their triumphs were in narrow streets, but your majesty's triumph must be in large hearts; their triumphs lasted but for a day, but your majesty's triumph must last for all your days, and after that to triumph in Heaven to all eternity.—I have read of a duke of Burgundy, who was called Carolus Audax, the Historian tells us that his father was called Carolus Bonus: an Observator hath this Note upon it, That goodness doth ever produce boldness. Sir, you are the true son of such a good father; and so long as you serve our good God, he, who is goodness itself, will give you boldness, a princely virtue, and the best
The King's Answer.] To this harangue the King returned the following Answer:
"I shall not trouble you with many words,for really I am so weary that I am scarce able to speak: But I desire you may know thus much, That whatsoever may concern the good of this people, the defence and confirmation of your Laws, and the establishment of your Religion, I shall be as ready to grant as you shall be to ask: And I shall study nothing more than to make them as happy as myself."
Account of the King's Entry into London.] Before we go on with the Proceedings of both Houses of Parliament, we shall revert a little, to give some Account of the King's Landing at Dover, and the public Entry he afterwards made into his City of London, and to that palace to which he was then so great a stranger. The Author we shall quote from is Dr. Gumble, who wrote the Life of General Monk, and who accompanied his master down to Dover, to meet and receive the King on his Landing."On Saturday, May 26, his majesty landed at the beach on Dover Pier, with the dukes of York and Gloucester, and many other noblemen and gentlemen: The General received him with an affection so absolutely entire and vehement, as higher could not be expressed from a prince to his subject; he embraced and kissed him. Our Author says, he had the
honour to be at the General's back when this happened, and was the third person that kissed the hem of his majesty's garments after he set foot in England: That he set himself to observe his majesty's countenance on his first Landing, where he did see a mixture of other passions besides joy in his face. Certainly, adds this Author, he had the remembrance of the cruel persecutions of both his father and himself, be sides the numbers of people shouting, the great guns from the ships in the road, and from the Castle, thundering with all the expressions of glory that were possible: these, with a reflection of things past not many years before might as well amaze as rejoice his royal heart."-We shall not trace this Author any further in the King's Journey from Dover* to London, where he says, "his majesty pressed to be, that he might enter his capital on May 29, the day of his birth;
* "The first mortification the king met with was as soon as he arrived at Canterbury, which was within three hours after he had landed at Dover; and where he found many of those who were justly looked upon, from their own sufferings or those of their fathers, and their constant adhering to the same principles, as of the king's party, who with joy waited to kiss his hand, and were received by him with those open arms and flowing expressions of grace, calling all those by their names who were known to him, that they easily assured themselves of the accomplishment of all their desires from such a generous prince. And some of them, that they might not lose the first opportunity, forced him to give them present audience, in which they reckoned up the insupportable losses undergone by themselves or their fathers, and some services of their own; and thereupon demanded the present grant or promise of such or such an office. Some, for the real small value of one though of the first classis, pressed for two or three with such confidence and importunity, and with such tedious discourses, that the king was extremely nauseated with their suits, though his modesty knew not how to break from them; that he no sooner got into his chamber, which for some hours he was not able to do, than he lamented the condition to which he found he must be subject, and did in truth from that minute contract such a prejudice against the persons of some of those, though of the greatest quality, for the indecency and incongruity of their pretences, that he never afterwards received their addresses with his usual grace or patience, and rarely granted any thing they desired, though the matter was more reasonable, and the manner of asking much more modest. But there was another mortification which immediately succeeded this, that gave him much more trouble, and in which he knew not how to comport himself. The general, after he had given all necessary orders to his troops, and sent a short dispatch to the parliament of the king's being come to Canterbury, and of his purpose to stay there two days till
on which day, being got as near Blackheath, he found the Army drawn up, and there expressed their dutiful allegiance in an humble Address, offering to sacrifice their lives, or whatsoever could be more dear to them, for his service, against whatsoever opposers; and would shew their obedience better in their actions than in words. This sight did please his majesty very much, and he took a full view of them. They were as brave Troops as the world could shew, appearing to be soldiers well disciplined, and seemed to be men of one age and one mind. His majesty did like rather to have them loyal subjects, as they now protested, than (what some of them had been formerly) violent enemies. These men had bought wit at the hazard of their souls, as well as by the loss of some blood, and now resolved loyalty into their nature and principles, and, I hope,
the next Sunday was past, he came to the king in his chamber, and in a short secret audience, and without any preamble or apology, as he was not a man of a graceful elocution, he told him "that he could not do him better service, than by recommending to him such persons, who were most grateful to the people, and in respect of their parts and interests were best able to serve him :" and thereupon gave him a large paper full of names, which the king in disorder enough received, and without reading put it into his pocket that he might not enter into any particular debate upon the persons, and told him that he would be always ready to receive his advice, and willing to gratify him in any thing he should desire, and which would not be prejudicial to his service." The king, as soon as he could, took an opportunity when there remained no more in his chamber, to inform the chancellor of the first assaults he had encountered as soon as he alighted out of his coach, and afterwards of what the general had said to him; and thereupon took the paper out of his pocket and read it. It contained the names of at least threescore and ten persons, who were thought fittest to be made privy counsellors; in the whole number whereof, there were only two, who had ever served the king or been looked upon as zealously affected to his service, the marquis of Hertford, and the earl of Southampton, who were both of so universal reputation and interest, and so well known to have the very particular esteem of the king, that they needed no much recommendation. All the rest were either those counsellors who had served the king, and deserted him by adhering to the parliament; or of those who had most eminently disserved him in the beginning of the rebellion, and in the carrying it on with all fierceness and animosity until the new model, and dismissing the earl of Essex : then indeed Cromwell had grown terrible to them and disposed them to wish the king were again possessed of his regal power, and which they did but wish. There were then the names of the principal persons of the Presby
keep this resolution to this day. At St. George's Fields the lord mayor and aldermen had pitched a glorious tent, and provided a Sumptuous collation, and there, upon their knees, did their duties; and the lord mayor delivered his sword, and received it again. After a short stay his majesty hastened to see Whitehall, being glutted with the ceremonies of the day. Princes need their solitudes and retirements, and certainly he must be wise to a miracle, that is never alone and always himself. All the streets were richly adorned with tapestry, the conduits flowing with the richest wines, every window filled with numbers of spectators, and upon scaffolds built for that purpose, and all other places of conveniency. There were ranked, in good order, the Trained Band forces on the one side of the streets, and
terian party, to which the general was thought to be most inclined, at least to satisfy the foolish and unruly inclinations of his wife. There were likewise the names of some who were most notorious in all the other factions; and of some who in respect of their mean qualities and meaner qualifications, no body could imagine how they could come to be named, except that, by the very odd mixture, any sober and wise resolutions and concurrence might be prevented. The king was in more than ordinary confusion with the reading this paper, and knew not well what to think of the general, in whose absolute power he now was. However, he resolved in the entrance upon his government not to consent to such impositions, which might prove perpetual fetters and chains upon him ever after. He gave the paper therefore to the chancellor, and bade him "take the first opportunity to discourse the matter with the general" (whom he had not yet saluted)" or rather with Mr. Morrice his most intimate friend," whom he had newly presented to the king, and "with both whom he presumed he would shortly be acquainted," though for the present both were equally unknown to him. Shortly after, when mutual visits had passed between them, and such professions as naturally are made between persons who were like to have much to do with each other; and Mr. Morrice being in private with him, the chancellor told him "how much the king was surprised with the paper he had received from the general, which at least recommended (and which would have always great authority with him) some such persons to his trust, in whom he could not yet, till they were better known to him, repose any confidence." And thereupon he read many of their names, and said, "that if such men were made privy counsellors, it would either be imputed to the king's own election, which would cause a very ill measure to be taken of his majesty's nature and judgment; or (which more probably would be the case) to the inclination and power of the general, which would br attended with as ill effects." Mr. Morrice seemed much troubled at the apprehension,
the several companies in their liveries on the other. From Temple-Bar to Whitehall the Trained Bands of Westminster and the parts adjacent on one side, and some companies of the Army on the other, to whom was joined a company of the late king's officers, commanded by sir John Stowel. This was one of the pleasantest sights that ever England beheld, to see a good prince and an obedient people striving who should exceed in love and affection. May there never be other contention between them.
The procession was led by major-general Brown, who had a troop of 300, all in cloth of silver-doublets; then followed 1200 in velvet coats, with footmen in purple liveries attending them; then another troop, in buff coats, led by sir John Robinson, with sleeves of cloth of silver, and very rich green scarfs: After
and said, " the paper was of his handwriting, by the general's order, who he was assured had no such intention; but that he would presently speak with him and return," which he did within less than an hour, and expressed "the trouble the general was in upon the king's very just exception; and that the truth was, he had been obliged to have much communication with men of all humours and inclinations, and so had promised to do them good offices to the king, and could not therefore avoid inserting their names in that paper, without any imaginations that the king would accept them: that he had done his part, and all that could be expected from him, and left the king to do what he had thought best for his own service, which he would always desire him to do, whatever proposition he should at any time presume to make to his majesty, which he would not promise should be always reasonable. However, he did still heartily wish, that his majesty would make use of some of those persons," whom he named, and said, “he knew most of them were not his friends, and that his service would be more advanced by admitting them, than by leaving them out."The king was abundantly pleased with this good temper of the general, and less disliked those, who he discerned would be grateful to him, than any of the rest and so the next day, he made the general knight of the Garter, and admitted him of the council, and likewise at the same time gave the signet to Mr. Morrice, who was sworn of the council and secretary of state; and sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, who had been presented by the general under a special recommendation, was then too sworn of the council, and the rather be cause having lately married the niece of the earl of Southampton (who was then likewise present and received the Garter to which he had been elected some years before) it was believed that his slippery humour would be easily restrained and fixed by the uncle. All this was transacted during his majesty's stay at Canterbury." Lord Clarendon's Life, written by himself, p. 5.
these a troop of 150, with blue liveries, laced | That matters of honour did belong to his mawith silver lace, with 6 trompeters and 7 foot- jesty, and this house did acquiesce in his pleamen in sea-green and silver. Then a troop of sure. And agreed, That the Order formerly 220, with 30 footmen in grey and silver live- passed, for excluding any lords made at Oxries, and 4 trumpeters richly cloathed; then an- ford from sitting in the house, should be canother troop of 105, with grey liveries, and 6 celled, nulled, and made void, and that the trumpets; and another of 70, with 5 trumpets. lords sub-committee for Privileges, &c. Then 3 troops more, two of 300, and one of should see this done and executed accordingly. 100, all richly habited and bravely mounted; Also, that the said lords should meet to conafter these came two trumpets with his majes- sider of placing the seats and forms of the ty's arms; the sheriffs men in red cloaks, rich-house, for making more room for the peers.
The King comes to the House.] June 1. The King came to the house of lords for the first time, and, sending for the commons, his majesty made a short speech to both houses, and then commanded the lord chancellor (Hyde) to deliver his mind further to them, which he accordingly did, say the Journals, in a large one; but neither of them are entered in those authorities. Nor have we met with them, at length, elsewhere; there is only a short abstract of the chancellor's Speech preserved in history*, which he made after the king had given his royal assent to these 3 Bills, viz. 1. "An Act for preventing and removing all Questions and Disputes, concerning the Assembling and Sitting of this present Parliament.
ly laced with silver lace, to the number of 80,
An Act for putting in Execution an Ordinance mentioned in the said Act. 3. An Act for Continuance of Process, and all judicial Proceedings. After which,
May 31. The earl of Berkshire acquainted the lords, That he was commanded by his majesty to signify his desire to this house, that those who were created peers by patent, by his late majesty at Oxford, should sit in the house. On which the lords ordered the same lord to attend the king, and acquaint him,
The Lord Chancellor told both houses," With how much readiness his majesty had passed these important Acts, and how willing they should at all times hereafter find him, to pass any other that might tend to the advantage and benefit of the people; in a particular manner desiring, in his majesty's behalf, That the Bill of Oblivion, in which they had made so good a progress, might be expedited that the people might see and know his majesty's extraordinary gracious care to ease and free them from their doubts and fears; and that he had not forgotten his gracious Declaration made at Breda, but that he would in all points make good the same."
Thanks returned to the Committee sent to the King.] The Commons resolved, That the gentlemen, the members of this house, who were sent to his majesty with a Letter from this house, have the thanks of this house, for their eminent service. Accordingly, the Speaker said, "Gentlemen, I shall not need "The concourse was so great, that the king to tell you what notice the house hath taken rode in a crowd from the Bridge to Whitehall; of the eminent service you have performed all the Companies of the City standing in order in your late employment to his majesty; on both sides, and giving loud thanks to God you have brought home the ark, the glory for his majesty's presence. He no sooner came of England, his majesty's person, in safety; to Whitehall but the two Houses of Parliament and truly, if ever a service deserved to be solemnly cast themselves at his feet, with all called a service of ever-blessed memory, this vows of affection to the world's end. In a is such a service: therefore the house hath word, the joy was so unexpressible and so uni- commanded this service to be singled out from versal, that his majesty said smiling to some all your former eminent and worthy services, about him, he doubted it had been his own and to do it per excellentiam, as much exceed'fault he had been absent so long; for he sawing all that ever bath been done before for nobody that did not protest he had ever 'wished his return." Clarendon, v. vi. p. 773. * See Echard's History of England, p. 778.
this nation. And since the merit thereof is | So help me God, and by the contents of this such, that no thanks can be proportionable book.” thereunto, but the thanks of this house, I am therefore commanded, in the name of this house, and of all those they represent, the commons of England, to return you their very hearty Thanks."
At the same time, Mr. Hollis informed the house, That he having been sent, with the other worthy members, to the king, some aspersions had been cast upon him, as if he had, in his Speech to the king, (see p. 36) transgressed the Instructions given him by the house: on which the house ordered, That he should have leave to print the Speech he made to his majesty, as also the King's Auswer to it, for which he had the king's leave, as well as the Instructions of the house, for his own vindication.
June 4. The commons sent up Mr. Prynne, and others, to the lords, to desire their concurrence in sending to his majesty, to desire him to issue out his Proclamation, against those that had a hand in the horrid Murder of his late majesty. The lords agreed to this, and the king consenting, a Proclamation was published accordingly.
Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance to be taken by the Members, &c.] The commons were busy most of this day in taking the Oaths to the new government, or rather to the old one re-established. The right hon. James, marquis and earl of Ormond, lord lieutenant of Ireland, and lord steward of his majesty's household, came into the lobby at the door of the house of commons, where a table being set, and a chair prepared, being attended by the clerk of the crown, and the clerk of the commons house, with the Rolls of such members as were returned to serve in this parliament, his lordship gave the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance to several members, whom he had, by his commission, deputed to administer the same to other members in his absence.
Form of the Oath of Supremacy. "I, A. B. do utterly testify and declare in my conscience, That our sovereign lord king Charles II. is the only supreme governor of this realm, and of all other his majesty's dominions and countries, as well in all spiritual or ecclesiastical things, or causes, as temporal; and that no foreign prince, person, prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to have, any jurisdiction, power, superiority, preeminence, or authority, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within this realm: and therefore I do utterly renounce and forsake all foreign jurisdictions, powers, superiorities, and authorities; and do promise, that from henceforth I shall bear faith and true allegiance to the king's majesty, his heirs and lawful successors; and, to my power, shall assist and defend all jurisdictions, privileges, pre-eminences, and authorities, granted or belonging to the king's majesty, his heirs and successors; or united or annexed to the imperial crown of this realm: VOL. IV.
Form of the Oath of Allegiance. "I, A. B. do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess, testify, and declare, in my con science, before God and the world, That our sovereign lord king Charles II. is lawful and rightful king of this realm, and of all other his majesty's dominions and countries; and that the Pope, neither of himself, nor by any authority of the Church or See of Rome, or by any other means, with any other, hath any power or authority to depose the king, or to dispose of any of his majesty's kingdoms or dominions, or to authorize any foreign prince to invade or annoy him, or his countries; or to discharge any of his majesty's subjects of their allegiance and obedience to his majesty; or to give licence or leave to any of them to bear arms, raise tumults, or to offer any violence or hurt to his majesty's royal person, state, or government, or to any of his majesty's subjects, within his majesty's dominious.-Also, I do swear from my heart, That, notwithstanding any declaration, or sentence of excommunication or deprivation, made or granted, or to be made or granted, by the Pope, or his successors, or by any authority derived, or pretended to be derived, from him, or his see, against the said king, his heirs or successors, or any absolution of the said subjects from their obedience, I will bear faith and true allegiance to his majesty, his heirs and successors; and him and them will defend, to the uttermost of my power, against all conspiracies and attempts whatsoever, which shall be made against his or their persons, their crown and dignity, by reason or colour of any such sentence or declaration, or otherwise; and will do my best endeavour to disclose and make known unto his majesty, his heirs and successors, all treasons, and traiterous conspiracies, which I shall know, or hear of, to be against him, or any of them. And I do further swear, That I do, from my heart, abhor, detest, and abjure, as impious and heretical, this damnable doctrine and position, That princes, which be excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, may be deposed or murdered by their subjects, or any other whatsoever. And I do believe, and in conscience am resolved, that neither the Pope, nor any person whatsoever, bath power to absolve me of this Oath, or any part thereof; which I acknowledge, by good and full authority, to be lawfully ministered unto me; and do renounce all pardons and dispensations to the contrary: and all these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowledge and swear, according to these express words by me spoken, and according to the plain and common sense and understanding of the same words, without any equivocation, or mental evasion, or secret reservation whatsoever: and I do make this recognition and acknowledgment heartily, willingly, and truly, upon the true faith of a Christian. So help me God,"