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to see and serve you; and their tongues do, upon all occasions, express it, and in so doing they are (according to the nature of Parliaments) the true representative of the whole nation; for they but do that in a more contracted and regular way, which the generality of the people of the land, from one end of it to the other, do in a more confused and disorderly manner, yet as heartily and as affectionately, all degrees, and ages, and sexes, high and low, rich and poor (as I may say) men, women, and children, join in sending up this prayer to Heaven, God bless king Charles! long live 'king Charles! So as our English air is not susceptible of any other sound, and echoes out nothing else; our bells, bonfires, peals of ord-pleasure. He had a very good understandnance, vollies of shot, the shouts and acclama-ing. He knew well the affairs of state tions of the people, bear no other moral, have both at home and abroad. He had a softness no other signification but to triumph, in the of temper that charmed all who came near him, triumphs of our king in the hearts of his peo- till they found how little they could depend on ple. Your majesty cannot imagine nor can good looks, kind words, and fair promises; in any man conceive it but he who was pre- which he was liberal to excess, because he insent to see and hear it, with what joy, what tended nothing by them but to get rid of imchearfulness, what lettings out of the soul, portunities and to silence all farther pressing what expressions of transported minds, a stu- upon him. He seemed to have no sense of pendous concourse of people attended the Pro-Religion: both at prayers and sacrament he, claiming of your majesty, in your cities of Lon- as it were, took care to satisfy people, that don and Westminster, to be our most potent, he was in no sort concerned in that about mighty, and undoubted king: the oldest man which he was employed. So that he was very living never saw the like before, nor is it pro- far from being an hypocrite, unless his assisting bable, scarce possible, that he who hath longest at those performances was a sort of hypocrisy, to live will ever see the like again, especially (as no doubt it was :) but he was sure not to (and God forbid he should) upon such an occaencrease that by any the least appearance of sion, for we wish and heartily pray that your Religion. He said once to myself, he was no majesty may be the last of men of the gene- atheist, but he could not think God would ration now in being, who shall leave his place make a man miserable only for taking a little to a successor. We have here the Procla- pleasure out of the way. He said often, he mation itself to present unto your majesty and thought government was a much safer and the Order of the two houses enjoining it to be easier thing where the authority was believed proclaimed throughout England, Ireland, and infallible, and the faith and submission of the your dominions of Wales; and, likewise, their people was implicit about which I had once Orders for all Ministers in their public Prayers much discourse with him. He was affable and to pray for your majesty, and for the illustrious easy, and loved to be made so by all Prince the duke of York your majesty's brother, him. The great art of keeping him long, was and for the rest of the royal progeny; and the being easy, and the making every thing another Order of theirs for taking down every easy to him. He had made such observations where the assumed Arms of the late pretended on the French government, that he thought a Commonwealth, and setting up the arms of king who might be checked, or have his miyour majesty in their stead."-[Here he ten-nisters called to account by a parliament, was dered the Proclamation and the several Orders but a king in name. He had a great compass unto his majesty, offered to read them, but then of knowledge, though he was never capable of said, he thought that his majesty-had already much application or study. He understood the received them from the Lords, and that, there- mechanics and physic; and was a good chyfore, it would be but a trouble to his majesty mist, and much set on several preparations of to hear them again. To which his majesty mercury, chiefly the fixing it. He understood answering, that he had received them, was navigation well; but, above all, he knew the pleased further to enlarge himself in some dis- architecture of ships so perfectly, that in that course to this effect; expressing his sense of respect he was exact rather more than became the miseries which his people had suffered under a prince. His apprehension was quick, and those unlawful governors which had ruled over his memory good. He was an everlasting them, and of his gladness for their returning talker. He told his stories with a good grace; unto him, with those good affections, which but they came in his way too often. He hated they now shewed towards him; adding, that he business, and could not be easily brought to had always made it his study, and ever would, mind any but when it was necessary, and he to make them as happy as himself; which was was set to it, he would stay as long as his the sum and substance of what his majesty ministers had work for him." Burnet, vol. 1. said,-To which was replied, with humble p. 93.
thanks for those gracious expressions,*] "That his majesty would ever find both parliament and people to be full of loyalty and obedience unto his majesty ; as his majesty was of grace and goodness towards them." [And then he went on with his Speech relating to those Orders and Proceedings of parliament; and said,] "These are some testimonies of their love and affection unto your majesty, such as can as yet be expressed by them, which are but as a picture in little, of a great and large
"The King was at this time thirty years of age, and, as might have been supposed, past the levities of youth and the extravagance of
body, which far exceeds in its true and natural dimensions, the whole compass of a small piece of cloth, on which, notwithstanding, it is drawn and represented to the life.-Aud may it please your majesty to give us leave to say, that as the affection, so your subjects expectations of you are high, and their longings after you great and vehement. And both expectations and longings have increased by the long time that your majesty hath been kept from them.-Hope deferred makes the heart sick; and the sickness still augments till the thing hoped for be obtained.-You who are the light of their eyes, and the breath of their nostrils, their delight and all their hope, to have been so long banished from them into a strange land, it is no wonder that the news of your return should put a new life into them: what then will it be when their eyes shall be blessed with the sight of your royal person? And, therefore, are we commanded humbly to acquaint your majesty with the earnest desire of both houses for your speedy return unto your parliament, and the exercise of your Kingly Office; and that, in order to it, they have given directions to general Montagu, one of the generals at sea, and to the other officers at sea, to observe such commands, as your majesty shall please to give them for the disposal of the Fleet and we have it in our Instructions further to beseech your majesty to let your parliament know when, and where, your majesty purposeth to take shipping, and where to land; and after your coming on shore, whether to come all the way to London by Land, or by water from Gravesend; and which of your houses your majesty intends to make use of at your coming to London; that, accordingly, provision may be made for your majesty's reception: for then, and, not till then, will be the completing of your subjects rejoicing.-True it is (as your majesty was pleased just now to touch upon it) that, in your absence, other lords have had dominion over them, have reigned and ruled over their bodies, and estates; but their better part, their hearts and minds and souls were free, and did abhor such rulers, and still continued faithful and loyal to your majesty, their rightful lord and sovereign; and with you, and under you, they now expect to re-enter into the possession of their antient Rights and Privileges, to enjoy again-their laws, and liberties: and, which is above all, their religion in purity, and truth; of all which those lords (who called themselves so, and made themselves so, that is, to be so called, but in truth were not so, for they were nothing less) those kind of lords, I say, had so long deprived them. This is our expectation from your majesty, and we are more than confident, we shall not be deceived in it, but that your majesty will answer and go beyond all that can be expected from you: a king of so many vows, and of so many prayers, cannot but crown the desires of his people. Sir, to tell you what men think, and say, and wish, and even are assured of in relation to your majesty and the happiness which your
government will produce, would seem a description of the Golden Age, that poets fancy. Truly we dare not undertake it, in your majesty's presence, lest we should be thought to flatter, and should offend the sacred modesty of your ears, and of your princely mind, Though it would all be but a real truth; yet looking like that, which you do not like, we fear you would dislike it for the look's sake; great princes will not be flattered, but really and truly served, and we desire to serve your majesty in your own way.-Your majesty hath been pleased to declare your royal intentions unto your parliament, in your gracious Letters to either house, and the two houses have severally given unto your majesty a faithful account of that grateful sense, wherewith they have received them, and of their humble submission unto and compliance with, all your majesty's desires, which by their Letters, in answer unto your majesty's, they make bold to signify. That from the house of peers hath been already presented, and we who are before your majesty, are intrusted by the house of commons with the delivery of theirs; an honour not more conferred upon us beyond our deservings, than embraced and received by us, with an excess of joy, and with all due respect, which is the errand upon which we are now come. That Letter and the Proclamation and the several Orders, together with ourselves, our lives and fortunes, and the vows and services of those who sent us, we do with all humbleness lay at your majesty's feet, lifting up our hearts and hands to the God of heaven, for your majesty's long and happy reign over us, and speedy return unto us.”
This day, the commons voted the sum of 5000l. for the duke of York, and the same sum to the duke of Gloucester, for their present supply and accommodation; but afterwards, that of the duke of York's was made 10,000l.
Necessaries to be provided for the King's Household.] Mr. Annesley reported, from the Committee appointed to consider of the Manner of the King's Return and Reception, and of Preparations requisite to those ends, three Lists of Things necessary to be provided for his majesty's Service, viz.
I. Things necessary to be provided for his
"A rich Bed, to be of velvet, either embroidered with gold or laced, and lined with cloth of silver or sattin, as shall be best approved of; with a high chair of state, two high stools, one foot-stool, and two cushions, all suitable to the bed. Two great quilts or mattresses of sattin, suitable to the lining of the bed. Two thick fustian quilts, to lie under the sattin quilts; one down bolster, one pair of fustian blankets, and one pair of Spanish blankets. One close-stool suitable to the bed. Six pair of Holland sheets, having 24 ells of Holland in a pair, at 10, 11, or 12s. the ell. Two beds more for the king's majesty, to be removing beds, either of scarlet cloth or of
velvet, all lined with sattin; and all necessaries to each bed as to the former bed, except sheets. And for the present, two beds, of the like goodness, to be made for the duke of York and the duke of Gloucester, with all particulars as the others, and 6 pair of sheets for each of the duke's beds. For the present 20 large pallet beds, with bolsters, 20 large tapestry counterpains, 20 pair of good large blankets, 40 pair of good Holland sheets, of 18 ells in each pair, being of Holland of 3s. 6d. per ell for those beds. 20 good double yellow ground carpets, of Turkey making, and 6 hides, 6 cart canvasses. There must be provided also tenterbooks, hammers, tacks, and such like necessaries for the wardrobe. For Table Linen for his majesty, 12 damask table-cloths for his majesty's own table, as many towels, and 6 napkins for every table cloth. The like for each duke, if they eat asunder; but if they eat together, half the proportion. For other diets for the great lords, though table linen was allowed them, yet they used their own linen. Inferior diets had Holland or flaxen table-cloths, but no napkins.-A rich. Coach also, the inside crimson velvet, richly laced and fringed; Liveries for two coachmen and two postillions suitable. The footmen should have liveries and coats suitable.
and a choice noise of trumpets., Singleton's Music."
Mr. Lenthall severely reprimanded by the Speaker.] One Mr. Lenthall, a member of the house, happening to speak in the debate
ty's Service, humbly offered to the consideration of this Honourable Board. "Two Coaches, the one for travelling, the other to be a rich one. Two sets of coach horses. Liveries for 2 coachmen, 2 postillions, 6 grooms, and 10 footmen. Two rich saddles for the great horse: 6 pad-saddles: 4 sumpterhorses and cloaths to them. 2 horses for the great saddle. Provisions of all sorts to be laid into the Mews against his majesty's coming.
II. A Particular of what is at present necessary to be provided for his Majes-on the Bill of Indemnity, said, 'He that drew his sword against the King committed as high an offence as he that cut off the King's Head.' Exception was taken at these words, and Mr. Lenthall was ordered to the bar; when the Speaker, by order of the house, gave him the following Reprimand: "Mr. Lenthall, The house hath taken very great offence at some words you have let fall, upon debate of this business of the Bill of Indemnity; which, in the judgment of this house, hath as high a reflection on the justice and proceedings of the lords and commons, in the last par
III. "A Memorial of Flags, &c. for the liament, in their actings before 1648, as
A Suit of Pendants
Scarlet. A rich Barge, of the same Dimension as this we have, of 33 feet,
with a Standard.
could be expressed. They apprehend there is much of poison in the words, and that Silk, they were spoken out of design to set this house on fire; they tending to render them that drew the sword to bring delinquents to condign punishment, and to vindicate their just liberties, into balance with them that cut
A Suit of good Kersey
Resolved, That this house doth agree with the Committee, that the Particulars, contained in the three Lists now presented, be forthwith provided and furnished for the Service and Accommodation of his majesty. Ordered, That it be referred to the Council of State, to cause the same to be provided and furnished accordingly; and that they are impowered to charge any part of the public revenue, for raising of monies to pay for the same.
An Act of General Pardon, Indemnity, and Oblivion, was this day read a 2nd time in the house, and some Votes in the Journal of Dec. 12, 1650, concerning the Trial of the late king. were also read, as also a record, intituled, ‘ A Journal of the Proceedings of the High Court of Justice, erected by an Act of the 'Commons of England, the trying and judging of Charles Stuart, King of England,' was read. After which, divers members of the house, then present, who were named commissioners in the said Act, stood up in their places, and did severally express how far they were concerned in the said proceedings, and their sense thereupon.
In most of the Frigates there will need the king's Arms, either carved or in painted cloth. Carvers, painters, and a glazier, for every flag ship will be necessary. The general's cabbin to be new glazed with square glass. Wardrobe men and upholsterers to be brought down. Mr. Kennersley will be very useful to confer with about what is necessary herein. Beal's Galley, and a Standard. Beale and Simpson,
*The celebrated Andrew Marvell, who was a member of the Convention Parliament, alludes to these resolutions in the following lines :
"Of a tall stature, and of sable hue,
off the king's head; of which act they express | their abhorrence and detestation, appealing to God, and their conscience bearing them witness, that they had no thoughts against his person, much less against his life. Therefore Ian commanded to let you know, That had these words fallen out at any other time but in this parliament, or at any time in this parliament but when they had considerations of mercy, pardon, and indemnity, you might have expected a sharper and severer sentence than I am now to pronounce: but the disposition of his majesty is to mercy; he hath invited his people to accept it, and it is the disposition of the body of this house to be healers of breaches, and to hold forth mercy to men of all conditions, so far as may stand with justice, and the justification of themselves before God and man.. I am therefore commanded to let you know, that that being their disposition, and the present subject of this day's debate being mercy, you shall therefore taste of mercy; yet I am to give you a sharp reprehension; and I do as sharply and severely as I can (for so I am commanded) reprehend you for it."
May 14. The house of commons began at this time to question the Regicides, and an Order was made, That all those persons, who sat in Judgment upon the late King's majesty, when the Sentence was pronounced for his condemnation, should be forthwith secured: also that Mr. John Cooke, Andrew Broughton, John Phelpes, and Edward Dendy; those two persons who were employed for the Execution of his majesty, and one Matthew, who boasted that he was an instrument in the said Execution, and had a reward of 300l. for it: likewise Cornet Joice, who seized upon the person of his late majesty at Holmby, should be all secured.-A List of the Names of those who sat in Judgment on the late King, was ordered to be delivered to the serjeant at arms attending this house; and all officers both civil and military, were required to be assistants to the serjeant, or his deputies, in securing those persons, or such others as are named above. The house being informed that Mr. John Cooke was in custody in Ireland, they ordered him to be sent over hither with all speed.-Resolved, on the question, That' the number of seven, of those who sat in the Judgment, when Sentence was given upon the late King, shall be excepted, for life and estate, out of the Act for General Pardon and Oblivion. The commons ordered secretary Thurloe to be secured by the serjeant at arms, on a charge of High Treason exhibited against him; and appointed a committee to take his Examination that afternoon.
Ordered, "That sir Henry Mildmay, Mr. Cornelius Holland, and Mr. Nicholas Love, do attend the Committee for the King's Reception; to give an account what was become of the crowns, robes, sceptres, and jewels, be
See vol, iii. p. 589,
longing to his majesty; and that such other robes, or sceptres, as trave been provided at the public charge, be forthwith brought to the said committee, by such persons as have them in their custody." It is probable these Regalia were not easily found: for the commons, this day, appointed Thomas Langhorn, citizen and skinner, of London, to provide new Robes of Ermines for his majesty; and alderman Vyner to provide a crown and sceptre, the esti mate of which amounted to about 900/. To which the lords also agreed,
The commons next resumed the debate upon the Bill for a General Pardon, Indemnity, and Oblivion: and, after some time spent therein, it was resolved, "That John Bradshaw, deceased, late serjeant at law, Oliver Cromwell, deceased, Henry Ireton, deceased, and Thomas Pride, deceased, be some of those who shall be attainted, by act of parliament, for the Murder of the late king's majesty: and that their attainders shall take place from the 1st of Jan. 1648."
The late King's Statue, now at Charing Cross, discovered.] May 16. The lords were informed, that the earl of Portland had lately discovered where a Brass Horse, with his late majesty's Figure upon it, was hid; which, in justice, the earl supposes belongs to him; and· there being no courts of justice now open, wherein he can sue for it, doth humbly desire the lords to order it to be removed from the place where it now is; not defaced nor otherways disposed of, till the title be determined at law to whom it belongs. The lords ordered accordingly. This was the famous Statue since set up at Charing-Cross.
Expence of the King's Reception.] The earl of Dorset reported, from the committee for the King's Reception, that yesterday they had before them several of the king's servants, who gave in these Estimates following, viz. For necessaries for the King's
present Reception, as silver plates of several sorts and sizes For Table Linen of all sorts For a Week's Diet at 53/. per diem
For Coaches and Stables
For repairing the Mews
£. s. d.
2,200 0 300 0
5,000 0 0
900 0 0
£.14,501 19 0
This Report was confirmed by the House. An Order was made by the commons, that James Northfolk, esq. serjeant at arms, should forthwith seize upon, and secure, all the goods, &c. late belonging to John Bradshaw, serjeant at law, wherever he can find them: and that, in case of resistance, he be impowered to break
For Christ. Piercebay, esq. Receiver-General for Yorkshire, to enable him to strike a tally for so much paid by him out of his receipt, on Order of the late Council, to col. Sam. Clarke, for pay of his Regiment on their march to Scotland
open any doors and locks for the more effectual execution of this service. Also, that the Records, Books, Papers, and other writings, relating to the public, in the hands of Mr. John Phelpes, be forthwith secured by Mr. Prynne and col. Bowyer, members of this house, and such as have been removed and secured, in whose hands soever they may be found. An Order was made likewise, That all the Bocks and Papers belonging to the Library of the abp. of Canterbury, and now, or lately, in the hands of Hugh Peters, be forthwith secured.
1,500 0 0
*68,273 7 11
34,386 13 3
So there is unpaid thereof 33,886 14 S And of what was paid, there came into the Council's Contingencics no more than 3,000 0 0 Charged on the Council's Contingencies. By Warrant on Mr. Wm. Jessop, on the 1,000l. by him received at the Receipt of Exchequer 1,000 0 0 Charged on Mr. Tho. Parry, Treasurer of the Council's Contingencies.
For several public Services 1,427 14 10 For Salaries and Disbursements to Officers in arrear
1,901 17 3
710 0 0
1,438 15 0
1,132 O 4 1,650 10 3
Of which sum there is paid but
By Order of the present Parliament,
To several persous, on account for Repairs
To the Officers of the late Parliament, on their orders To the officers of the present Council
For Bills of Exchange from public Ministers abroad For Repair of Garrisons To lady Inchequin, not paid To Ann Hopkins, not paid To col. Stretter, to pay off Gun
For the Arners, &c. not pd To lt. col. Peppar, for Fire and Caudle at Bury St. Edmond's To sir J. Grenville, by so much borrow'd of Mr. Forth To gen. Edw. Montagu, paid
So the Total charged on the Council's Contingencies is,
By Warrants charged on Mr. Jessop
10 0 0.
69 0 0
500 0 0
500 0 0
19,065 10 11
1,000 0 On Mr. Parry 11,865 0