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REIGN OF KING GEORGE THE FIRST.
High Crimes and Misdemeanors, A.D. 1717........................... 1046
The Trial of William NEWBOLT and EDWARD BUTTLER,
Printers, for High Treason, in compassing and imagining the
A COMPLETE COLLECTION
442. The Trial of Henry SACHEVERELL, D. D. upon an Impeach
ment before the House of Lords, for High Crimes and Misdemeanors: 9 ANNE, A. D. 1710.
which Books were delivered in at the table; An Account OP WHAT PASSED MOST where several paragraphs in the Epistle DediREMARKABLE IN THE SESSIONS OF
catory, preceding the first mentioned Book,
and also several paragraphs in the latter Book, PARLIAMENT, 1709, 1710, IN THE
were read. House Of COMMONS, RELATING
Resolved, That a Book entituled, “The TO THE Case of Dr. Henry SA preached at the Assizes held at Derby, August
Communication of Sin; being a Sermon CHEVERELL.*
15, 1709 :” and a Book, entituled, “The Perils
of False Brethren both in Church and State; December 13, 1709.
set forth in a Sermon preached before the right A COMPLAINT being made this day, in the honourable the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and House of Commons, of two printed Books, the Citizens of London, at the cathedral church of one entitaled, “ The Communication of Sin ; St. Paul, on the 5th of November, 1709," are a Sermon preached at the Assizes held at Der- malicious, scandalous and seditious libels; by, August 15, 1709, by Dr. Henry Sacheve. bighly reflecting upon her majesty and governrell:" And the other entituled, “ The Perils of ment, the late happy Revolution, and the ProFalse Brethren both in Church and State ; set testant Saccession as by law established, and forth in a Sermon preached before the right both Houses of Parliament; tending to alienate honourable the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and the affections of her majesty's good subjects, and Citizens of London, at the cathedral church of to create jealousies and divisions among them. St. Paul, on the 5th of November, 1709,” Ordered, That Dr. Henry Sachererell, and preached also by the said Dr. Henry Sachevé. Henry Clements, do attend at the bar of the rell † ; and both printed for Henry Clements : House to-morrow.
• This very prejudiced account, drawn up, Burke's • Appeal from the New to the Old perhaps, by Salmon, is copied from the former Whigs. At the present period, the unqualieditions ; in which it was inserted in vol. 8, fied doctrine of Non-Resistance appears to be with a notice that it should be read before the abandoned; though much difference of opinion Trial, which had been inserted in vol. 5. Con may subsist, as to the cases in which Resistcerning forms of procedure, see what mate- ance is justifiable. Blackstone's observations rial occurred as to this Case in the Journal, as on the matter are well worthy of attention : referred to, 4 Hats. Prec. + Upon this occasion bishop Kennet, then dissolve the constitution, and subvert the fun.
“ As to such public oppressions as tend to dean of Peterborough (see the article Kennet in the Biographia Britannica) published a 'True damentals of government, they are cases, which Answer to Dr. Sacheverell's Sermon, &c. in a the law will not, out of decency, suppose : better addressed to an alderman of the city. It being incapable of distrusting those, whom it is worth perusal.
has invested with any part of the supreme
power; since such distrust would render the The doctrines, concerning the question of exercise of that power precarious and imResistance and the Revolution of 1688, which practicable. For, wherever the law exwere in this case asserted by the Managers for presses its distrust of abuse of power, it always the Commons, form the ground-work of Mr. vests a superior coercive autbority io sono VOL. XV.
and no wonder that a true son of the Church | the Church, her doctrines and ministers, to of England should express himself with some blaspheme the name of God, and to insult, and warmth and vehemence against the liberties treat with contempt, every thing that is sacred. that were taken, and with impunity, to revile To this little was returned, besides bitter invecpopular measures, which might create the oc- man, with a very small measure of religion, casion, and encourage the queen in the resolu- virtue, learning, or good sense, but he resolved tion, to change her parliament and ministry in to force himself into popularity and prefer1710." Swift, vol. 5, p. 81. See also Swift, ment, by the most petulant railings at Disvol. 22, p. 62, vol. 23, p. 150.
senters, and Low-Churchmen, in several SerI observe that after the period of Sache
mons and Libels, wrote without either chasteverell's silence had expired, he preached before
ness of stile, or liveliness of expression: all the House of Commons, on the 29th of May scurrilous language. When he had pursued
was one unpractised strain of indecent and 1713, and on the next day he received the thanks of the House for his sermon, and was
this method for several years without effect, desired to print it.
he was at last brought up by a popular elec
tion to a church in Southwark, wbere he Of the Doctor's mathematical knowledge, began to make great reflections on the ministry, the following proof is stated in the Encyclo- representing that the Church was in danger, pædia Britannica, (art. · Sorcery') to occur in being neglected by those who governed, while one of his compositions. “They concur like they favoured her most inveterate enemies. parallel lines meeting in one common centre." At the assizes in Derby (where he preached The same thing is related in Number 59, of before the judges) and on the fifth of November the “ Review of the State of the British Na- (preaching at St. Paul's in London) he gave tion,” for the year 1709, written I suppose by a full vent to his fury, in the most virulent De Foe, and elsewhere in animadversions upon declamation, that he could contrive, upon these Sacheverell's conduct and his trial. In this words of St. Paul's, Perils from false brework the blunder is exposed in the following thren ;' in which, after some short reflections epigram, such as it is:
upon Popery, he let himself loose into such in. 6 As brother Creech hung in the sacred twine,
decencies, that both the man and the Sermon So may it please this reverend wise divine
were universally condemned: he asserted the To hang himself, 'twould make a parallel line.
doctrine of Non-Resistance in the highest Then my credit, and all but my soul, I would ven
strain possible, and said, that to charge the tore,
Revolution with Resistance, was to cast black If the Scriptures are true, they will meet in the and odious imputations on it; pretending, that centre :
the late king had disowned it, and cited for the O how it would please our modern phanatics, proof of that, some words in his Declaration, To see high-church banging in such mathematics." by which he vindicated himself from a design
of this Trial of Sacheverell, Swift in his of conquest. He poured out much scorn and “ Enquiry into the Behaviour of the Queen's scurrility on the Dissenters, and reflected last Ministry," says, that " it was a general severely on the Toleration ; and said the muster of both parties.". And in his “Consi
Church was violently attacked by her enemies, derations upon the Death of the Queen," he he animated the people to stand up for the
and loosely defended by her pretended friends: says, that "it drew the populace as one man into the party against the ministry and parlia- sounded the trumpet, and desired them to put
defence of the Church, for which he said he In Swift's Correspondence is a Letter from
on the whole armour of God. The court of Sacheverell, dated January 31, 1712, by which
aldermen refused to desire bim to print his it appears that Swift had been pleased to un
Sermon ; but be did print it, pretending it was dertake the generous office of soliciting my
upon the desire of Garrard, theu lord mayor, good lord treasurer's favour” in Sacheverell's to whom he dedicated it, with an inflaming behalf. The writer also says, “ I should be
epistle at the head of it. The party, that opproud of an opportunity of expressing my gra pused the ministry, did so magnify the sertitude to that eminent patriot" [Mr.
Secretary mon, that, as was generally reckoned, about St. John,]" for whom no one that wishes for 40,000 of them were printed, and dispersed the welfare of his church or country, can have offended at it, and the ministry looked on it
over the nation. The queen seemed highly too great a veneration."
as an attack made on them, that was not to be The following is Burnet's account of the pro- that it was next to the naming him, so a par
despised. The lord treasurer was so described, ceedings against Sacheverell:
liamentary impeachment was resolved on; " The great business of this session, that Eyre, then solicitor general, and others, thougbt Look up most of their time, and that had great the short way of burning the Sermon, and effects in conclusion, related to Dr. Sacheverell : keeping him in prison duriog the session, was this being oue of the most extraordinary trans- the better method ; but the more solemn way actions in my time, I will relate it very copi- was unhappily chosen. pusly. Ds. Sacheverell was a bold insolent There had been, ever since the queen