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4. The fourth is, “adding some letters and, 6 taking away others."
5. The fifth is, “ transposing words and 6 letters." : 6. The sixth is, “ dividing one word into
two." . 7. The seventh is, “adding other words " to those that are there, in order to make “ the sense more clear, and to accommodate “ it to the subject they are upon; as, is ma“ nifeft, is done by the apostles throughout
the New Testament.”
8. The eighth is, “ changing the order of “ words; which he shews to be done in “ many places of the New Testament.”
9. The ninth is, “ changing the order of " words, and adding other words; which “ are both done by the apostles in citing « passages out of the Old Testament.”
io. The tenth is, “ changing the order of « words, adding words, and retrenching " words'; which is a method often us'd by “ Paul,
Thus by a most lucky accident of Mr. SuRENHusius's meeting and conference with a learned allegorical Rabbin, are the rules, by which the apostles cited and apply'd the Old Testament, discover'd to the world ; to which they had been for several ages loft, as has been observ'd from the rev. doctors StanHope and Jenkin, above-mention'd. Which
conference seems not; in its nature and confea quence, much unlike that between LUTHER and the devil. LUTHER reports himself to have had frequent conferences with the dem vil ; in one of which he pretends he receiv'd from him the arguments for the abolition of the sacrifice of the mass, which he urges in his book, De Abrog. Mis. Privat. The Rabbin establishes christianity ; and the devil protestantism!
X. The nature of allegorical reasoning further Sezon by application of it to several particular instances cited from the Old Testaftament and urg'd in the Neže Teftament.
ro compleat this account of the nature
1 of mystical or allegorical reasoning, I Thall conclude with showing, how my author applies some of the Theses laid down by him in his three first books to the prophesies cited above by me as not literally, but myftically fulfilld.
1. The first prophesy is contain'd in these words of Matthew, (m) all this was done, that it might be fulfill d, which was spoken by the prophet, saying, “ behold a virgin
(m) Mätt, ti 22, 23i
.“ Thall be with child, and shall bring forth a
« fon, and they shall call his name IMMA1,5 NUEL.".
Mr. SURENHUSIUS (n) obferves, that MAT. THÉW urges the quotation from the prophet, as a confirmation of what is said, 'juft before (0) by the angel to JOSEPH. As if the angel bad faid, what I have said to you “ concerning your wife Mary being with « child by the Holy Ghost, ought not to ap“ pear so wonderful and unheard of a thing “ to you ; for it was foretold of the Lord, " by the prophet Isaiah, that a virgin should “ be with child without the concurrence of “a man, whose off-spring should be callid « IMMANUEL. This passage ought not to “ have been unknown to you, but since you “ did not know it, I refer you to it, and bid " you carefully consider it, that you may * more easily apprehend the unusual concep** tion of your wife Mary, and take her “ home to you.” And he proves this to be the sense from the form of quoting. For he obferves, that the form of words “ that “ it might be fulfili'd which was spoken;" often (p) fignifies, according to the gemarićk doctors, “ that it might be confirm'd which “* is said.” So that ibe sense of the place is
(n) Strenbufires, p. 150, 151. () Matt. 1. 26. (0) Thesis ada de formulis allegandi.
as if the evangelift had said, “ By this " means, by what has now happen'd in MA“ RY, is confirm'd this place of Isaiah, “ where it is foretold, that a virgin Thali “ conceive without the concurrence of a man." And he adds, that the design of the evangelist was not to oppose the Jews, and prove to them, that Jesus was the true Messias'} but to them to those, who did believe Jesus to be the true MESSIA S, how the whole divine (9) occonomy of former times, having always the Christ, as it were, in viezo, had form'd all things to resemble him. Which notion (r) my author fupposes to have prevail'd always among the Jews, and makes to be the general key, whereby to understand all the Old Testament, and especially this prophefy before us, which he explains at large by this key, as we shall see by and by. So that the reader may observe how the virgin's conception in Isaiah, as apply'd by MATTHEW, relates to the virgin Mary in an allegorical fense, viz. as a type, like all the ceremonies of the law, and the passages of history in the Old Testament, which are all deem'd types of Jesus, as representing beforehand what he was to go through and ordain ; and, in particular,
(9) 1 Pet. 1. 20. 2 Cor. 10.11. Gal. 4. Eph. c. (r) Surenkusius, p. 159, 160,.
like (s) SARAH's conception in her old age of Isaac, which by the ancients and moderns is made a type of the virgin MARY's conception of Jesus ; like (5) ABRAHAM offer ing up Isaac, which was a type of CHRIST'S being offer'd up on the cross; like (s) Isaac's carrying the wood on his shoulders, which was a type of Christ's carrying his cross; and like the (s) lifting up of the brazen sera pent in the wilderness, which was a type of Christ's being lifted up on the cross.
But this most important prophefy being, as it lies in Isaiah, and as it is referr’d to the conception of the virgin Mary, subject to very great difficulties, and much objected to by the Jews (all whose objections Mr. SurenHusius endeavours to answer and obviate at large), I shall draw the substance of what he says into an explication and defence of the whole prophesy, setting down the words of Isarah in one column, and Surenhusius's explication and defence in another.
ISAIAH 7. 1--16.
And it came to. pars in the days of Ahaz; the son of
In the days of Araz; king of Judah, Rezin king of Syria, and PE
() Lesley's Truth of Christ. demonft. p. 132, 133. Jenkin's Remarks on Whifton's Sermons, p. 54. Ib. Keasonableness of Christ. Rel. Vol. 1. p. 235.