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Written by our episcopal divines, but those of Dr. John Edwards of Cambridge $ and who us'd to detest anti-trinitarian more than popish authors, as introducing not only equally dangerous errors in doctrine^ but the lase of reason and private judgments which Utterly subvert all church autority, the sole foundation of unity and uniformity in .matters of religion, J=, }.

But, it seems, curiosity, the effect of liberty, fense, and learning, begins to reach even the divines of Scotland; who of all protestant divines, arc most tenacious of their orthodoxy i and who are no less chann'd with the pure doctrine and holy discipline reCeiv'd from their ancestors of the reformation, than we are with the beauty of holiness in our Common-'Prœy'er-IBod'k, Which was first compos'd one hundred and seventy four years ago by the (a) aid of the Holy Qhoft^ and has, since that time, 'been (£) five times reform'd! and consequently, theology (than which nothing is more naturally changeable, and which neither art nor power, nor discipline, could ever long fix or ascertain "among Heathens, Jews,, Christians, or Mahometans) may soon receive a new form


(a) Act fir eflahlijhing the Liturgy in the zd of Edward the Sixth. 1548.

(f>) Nichols's Preface to Commentary on the Common-" Prayer.

in the kirk, as it daily does in all other churches;

: YouVlesire also some account of Mr. Whi4 Ston himself, and would know what sort ot a man, or monster, he is, of whom you heap so much, when you meet your brethren in presbyteries and synods; who; updn mere reports^ represent him under the various Characters, of ignorant and learned, rich and poor, serious and mad j heretick and atheist, churchman and papist, arian and socinian, and almost every thing but tofe. vinift, presbyterian and athanafian.

To gratify, therefore; your curiosity in\ the best manner I am able, I send you Mr; Whiston'j book itself j together with some Considerations on the subject-matter of it, and some remarks on his scheme^ projeU, or theory which I close with an account of the gentleman himself.

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Of The Grounds And Reasons Of .' Christianity. /


That Chrijiianity is founded on Judaism, or the New 'Testament on the Old.

Christianity is founded on Judaism, and'the New Testament oil the Old j and Jhsus is the person said in the New Testament to be promis'd in the Old, under the character of the Messias of the Jews, who, as such only, claims the obedience and sub* mission of the world. Accordingly, it is the design of the authors of the New, to prove all the parts of christianity from the Old Testament, which is said to contain (c) the words of eternal life; and to represent Jesus and his apostles, as (d) fulfilling, by their mission, doctrines, and works, the


(0 John 5- V)<«T| Matt. y. if. predictions of the prophets, the historical parts of the Old Testament, and the JeVifh law; which last is expressly said to (e)pn^ phecy of, or tipify, christianity.


That the Jpoftles ground and pro-ve christi* anity from the Old Testament.

ST. Matthew proves several parts of Christianity from the Old Testament j either by shewing them to be things foretold therein as to come to pass under the gospeldispensation, or to be agreeable to, or found" ed on, the notions of the Old Testament.

Thus he proves (/) M\R\'s being with child by the Holy Ghosts and the angels telling her she Jl.iall bring forth a son, and Jhall call his name Jesus, and the other circumstances attending his miraculous birth; Jesus's (g) birth at 'Bethlehem; his (h) flight into Egypt; the (/) slaughter of the infants; (k) Jtsus's dwelling at Nazareth; the (/) preaching of John the 'Baptist j Jesus's {m) leaving Nazareth and dwelling at Capernaum, in the borders of Zabulon and Napthali i his («) casting out devils, and B 3 healing

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dealing the sick; his (o) eating with pub-, licans and sinners; his charging those he heal'd, Afoy should not make him known; his (^) [peaking in parables, that the Jews might not under ft and him j his (r) sending his disciples to fetch an ass and a colt i the (j) childrens crying in the temple i the (?) lawfulness of taking com in the fields, when an hutigred, on ftfesabbathday; the («) resurreUion of the dead; (ze>) Jesus's being betray'd by Judas, and his apprehension and («) Judas's returning back the thirty pieces, (the reward he had for betraying Jesus) and the priest's buying the potters field with them, and his hanging himself.

Jtsus himself is represented as proving the truth of christianity thus: he, (y) joining himself, aster his resurrection, to two of his disciples, who knew him not; and finding put their mistakes about his person, whom they now took not to be the Messias, because he had been condemn d to deaths and crucify d; and observing their disbelief of his resurrection, which had been reported to them by certain women of their acquaintance, upon the credit of angels $ (z) said


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