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Tin's words (m) are," Now what the Jews « will say and do when they see Christ a “ coming in glory, we are foretold by the “ prophet ZACHARY, in these words: I “ will command the four winds to gather “ together my dispers'd children: I will « command the north to bring them, and “ the south -not to binder them. And then " there Mall be a great wailing in Jeru“ salem; not a wailing of the mouths or “ lips, but a wailing of the heart : and “ they hall not rend their garments but “ their minds. One tribe Mall wail ano“ther tribe : and then all they see him " whom they have piercd ; and they shall “ Say, why hast thou, O Lord, made us to « wander from thy way? The glory with " which our fathers have bless'd us, is be« come a reproach to us.”.
In fine, Mr. W. (12) says, the Jews have chang'd this clause, they pierc'd my hands and my feet, which he thinks evidently foretold the piercing the hands and feet of Jesus of Nazareth, and instead thereof read, as a lion my hands and wiy feet.
Before I answer to these objections, I will readily confefs to Mr. W. that the books of the Old Testament are greatly corrupted,
(m) Justini Apologia 1. 5.67.
that is, greatly chang'd from what they were when they proceeded from the authors of them. He has himself acknowledg’d, and in many respects prov'd, that those books are () greatly corrupted; and particularly, that they are so frequently corrupted in the names, and numbers therein fet down, especially the books written after the captivity, that it is almost endless to enter into the detail of them ; many such changes happening without any form'd design, from the nature of things. And it is now generally allow'd by the most judicious and learned (P) criticks, such as HUET, SIMON, DuPIN, LE CLERC, and particularly, of late, by our excellent PRIDE AUX; that, after the captivity, several places were added throughout the holy scriptures : or that there are several interpolations, which occur in many places of the holy Scriptures ; for that there are such interpolations is un,
. () Whifton, p. 33, 44---86. 113---129, 140, 202.
See also Simon Hift. Crit. du V. Teft. 1. i. & Capelli Critica Sacra.
(p) Huetji Demonft. Evangel.
Le Clerc in Vet. T'estam. & sentimens des Quelques Theol. de Hollande. **
Prideaux's Connection, $c. Vol. 1. p. 342, c.
deniable, there being many passages thro® the whole sacred writ, which create difficulties, that can never be Jolu'd, without allowing of them.
Which interpolations being allow'd to be made long after the captivity, it should seem, that there are more others than are commonly thought on, and particularly, that many of the prophetical passages with their completions have been added. For if once it be allow'd, that books collected into one volume have been retriev'd from obfcurity, and have had additions made throughout to them, and that without any express notice given of such additions, which are only to be found out by a critical examination of those books themselves ; prophesies with their completions recorded in those books, or fulfill'd before those books were pub lifh'd with additions, may be justly fufpected to be interpolations or additions. For plain prophcfies, with cxact completions, are not matters in themselves verv credible without the best and most unde piable attestations, that the former existed before the latter; and it seems most natural, upon the first view of a prophesy plainly fulfilled, to suppose the prophefy made for the fake of the event, or both prophefy and event invented; as we do in the case of HOMER and VIRGIL, and other pagan authors, who make telling things by way of
prophesy, a method of writing; founded in all likelihood on a design to keep up prophely (which made fo great a part of the pagan religion) among the pagans.
The Pentateuch, or book of the law, (the gross (9) whereof seems only contended for as genuine and faithfully preserv'd) must in a particular manner have been liable to great alterations; as having been anciently much neglected by the Jews, who, both during their commonwealth and monarchy, were for the most part idolaters, and subject to some other religious law; and as having been reduc'd for a considerable time to (r) Onc Copy, which was also lost so long, that the contents of it were become unknown. And the alterations have been according to (s) Simon, such and so many, as to binder us from discerning now, what truly belongs to Moses, from that which has been added by those who succeeded bim, or by the authors of the lat colletti012 of the books of Moses. Which alterations made JEROM (t) fay, It was indif
. (9) Stanhope's Doylean Ledures, 1901. Sermon 2. p.
(v) 2 Kings 22.
Prideaux's Connection, Vol. 1. p. 373. See also p. 47. ajo."
Simon Hift. Crit. du Vieux Teftam. p. 50. (1) Hieron. adv. Helvidium.
ferent to him, whether you faid Moses was the author of the Pentateuch, or that ESDRAS re-establilled it,
Most of the books of the Old Testament were liable to great corruptions during the captivity, when the Jews, who went idolar ters into captivity, did before the expiration of it lose their native tongue ; as all the books afterwards were, when they were transcrib'd, as is usually (u) suppos d out of the Hebrew into the Chaldee character, which seems to suppose the body of the Jews unable to read their own hebrew books, and consequently eafy to be impos'd on in such a transcript, which in its (2) design and nature did in all probability produce many changes. m .;
There seems also to be another, and that no inconsiderable source of alterations, tho' not before observ'd as I know of by any body, in the books of the Old Testament; which the reader must bear in mind were, by the confession of all, considerably alter'd by Esdras, or some body else after the cap, tivity. It is to be observ’d, that the Jews, who were greatly departed from the law of Moses, and especially from the doctrine of the Unity of God, went (x) idolaters into
(u) Simon Ib. p. 48.