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the Old Testament, and differences and inconfiftencies between the Old and New Testament he accounts for in the following manner. He says, that the (f) Jews did in the second century greatly corrupt and alter both the Hebrew and Septuagint copies of the Old Testament, and especially with respect to the places cited in the New Testament, out of opposition to christianity, and with express (8) design to make the reasonings of the apostles from the Old Testament inconclusive and ridiculous ; that the Jews did in the third century give OriGen one of these corrupted copies of the Septuagint, which ORIGEN, mistaking for genuine, put into his Hexapla, and thereby occasion'd the christians to receive that corrupted copy, instead of the authentick copy they had before among them ; that, in the latter end of the fourth century, the Jews put into the hands of christians, who till that time had been almost universally (b) ignorant of the Hebrew tongue, a copy of the Old Testament in Hebrew corrupted like the Septuagint, which copy they greedily receiv'd as a great treasure from the Jews; and that therefore the disagreement between the Old and New Testa

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ment in respect both to the exactness and sense of the said quotations, has no place between the genuine text (now not existing in any copy) of the Old Testament, but only between the present corrupted text of the Old Testament and And therefore, in order to justify the arguments and reasonings of the apostles, he proposes to restore the text of the Old Testament as it stood before the days of ORIGEN, and as it stood in the days of Jesus and his apostles. From which text, fo restor'd, he doubts not, but that it will appear, that the apostles cited exactly, and argued justly and logically, from the Old Testament.

The method by which he proposes to restore us the true text of the Old Testament, or a new and better bible, than that we have, is (not by the means of any one entire copy that has been loft, and is now found by him, but) by the help of (i) the Samaritan Pentateuch ; the Greek psalms, as attested by the Roman psalter, the antiquities of Josephus; the present Hebrew text ; the Jezeral Greek editions and manufcripts of the Septuagint version, and the ancient translations made from it ; the old Syriac version, made from the Hebrero before the copies of the Hebrew were so cor

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(i) Ib. p. 329.

ript as they now are; the Chaldet Pargporales; the remains of the later Greek Perfioms, particularly those of AQUILA, THEÓDOTION, and SYMMACHUS; the works of PhilƠ; the remains of the old italick on opilgate verfion; the apoftolick conftitutions ; the fathers and bereticks, who liv'd before, or not long after the days of ORIGEN; the þebreze copies that have never come into the bands of the MASORETËS; and the greek copies of the Septuagint version, read in thurches in the first ages of christianity,' or any parts of them; and, above all, by the help of criticism, whereby he alters fome paffages, and changes the places of others, which he supposes (k) difocated. G .

Upon this scheme, which consists of great variety of parts, I shall make the following obfervations, some of which will, in my opinion, show it to labour under as great difficulties as Mr. WHiston and others suppose the allegorical scheme attended with, and should lead them either back to the allegorical scheme or to some other fchenie which may better account for all the feeming differences, and want of connection between the notions in the Old and New Teltament: .

II.

(k) ib. p. 229. and divers opher places,

Tbat it is incredible, that the Old Testament should be so corrupted as Mr. Whis

TON afferts : IT seems incredible, that ORIGEN (who

was certainly a good man and good christian, as well as the most learned apologist of all the ancients for christianity) and other christians of his time; should be capable of having their (1) vulgar greek Pihle; or Old Testament (of which the gentiles had copies as well as the christians) taken from them, or of letting it drop into oblivion and be lost, which incontestably prov'd the truth of christianity by exactly recording the passages cited from thence in the New Testament by the apostles, and by manifesting to all intelligent readers, that the apoiles cited, interpreted, and argu'd from, those passages justly and truly; and should receive an Old Testament, and that with the greatest applause for its integrity, and as a ftandard text) from enemies, which subverted the truth of christianity, by making the apostles, to all appearance, cite falsely, and argue. falsely from the books of the old .. . ;. H4i. Testa

(1) Pezron Defence de l'Antiquite des tems, p. 304.

Testament. This was being impos'd on in religion, and facrificing christianity, which was dearer to them than their lives, in too grofs a manner to be conceiv'd. The chriItians of old were capable of having several gross things put upon them by dishonest people among themselves ; (m) (lying for God and religion being deem'd by many, either. no crime at all, or, however, a very pardonable one ; if not perhaps meritorious) : as for example, the (ñ) story of the Cells at Alexandria, and other lyes which they receiv'd and improv'd from the Tews ; who were fuch celebrated lyars, that a 6) Eyar and a Jew signify'd the same thing: the (p) history of the Phenix to illustrate and prove the resurrection : the (9) account of St. John's being boil'd in a cauldron of oyl, and coming out unhurt ; and his constant ir) Įifting up and stirring the earth over his grave, as a man in sleep does his bed-cloaths, to prove John alive, as it was suppos'd to be foretold by Jesus in the gospel he should

be

(m) Ib. p. 224.
(n) Justin Martyr, aliiq; .

© Juvenal Satir. 6. v. 546. .. Rutil. Itinerat. 1. 1. v. 393. See alsa Simon Suppl. aux Cerem. des Juifs, p. 12.

(0) Clement. Epift. ad Corint.
Cg Tertullian. De Præscript. c. 46.
fo) S. Auftin in John 21, 22, 23.

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