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DEDICATION.

TO THE

REFORMED AND ROMISH CLERGY AND LAITY

OF THE

UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND

THIS WORK IS INSCRIBED,

IN THE HOPE

First, that the PROTESTANT MINISTER of Christ may not deem it unuseful in assisting him to point out the very material difference between the unerring doctrines he inculcates, as taught by our Saviour himself, and those pernicious tenets introduced by erring man, by which their simplicity is obscured—their sublimity reduced to external shew.

Secondly, to the PROTESTANT LAYMAN this volume is offered, as a sure Guide to him in judging between the Reformed and Romish professions of faith, -and which, by shewing him the doctrines of the Church of Rome, precisely in her own language, contrasted with the Holy Scriptures from which he has been taught his Christian belief, will confirm and strengthen him in the RIGHT WAY.

Thirdly, to the Romish Priest these pages are presented; and, as they will show him when, by whom, and for what purposes the inventions of his Church first disfigured Christianity, it is presumed that, in some instances, at least, the prejudices of education will give way to conviction; and that the paltry quibblings of sophistry may be sacrificed to the Christian spirit of TRUTH.

Lastly,--although the writer's chief object-the Roman CATHOLIC Laity are earnestly solicited to read this work : since it contains the “ Grounds of the Faith” entire, in which they profess to believe, but which a comparative few only have read other books being generally put into the hands of British Romanists. The opportunity of making themselves acquainted with the whole of what their Church claims the right of demanding of them (although in a Protestant kingdom many of these claims are never enforced) is herein afforded ;, whilst to the above are added such portions of Scripture as the Pope merely refers to; by which extracts, fully and fairly quoted, it will appear evident that the “ faith” they have been taught is far removed from the faith preached by OUR SAVIOUR.

As the work is designed to induce the Romanist to peruse the commands of God, whilst no Christiøn can impugn the motive, it is hoped that no unchristian spirit will possess sufficient influence to frustrate so desirable an end.

Besides the whole Romish faith, the Scriptures to which that faith is contrasted, and the Protestant tenets with which they are compared, the following sheets contain the “ Rational Inducements to joining Communion with the Church of Rome,” in the words of Dr. Challoner, a Roman Catholic Bishop; also“ Řational Inducements to joining Communion with the Protestant Reformed Church," by M. Lefevre, a convert to her faith in 1825.

In short, an impartial examination of TRUTH only is courted ; nor can any Religion be pure, the professors of which shrink from such a test. That all those for whom this work is designed may think so, is the sincere wish of

THE AUTHOR.

13th November, 1828.

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PREFACE

xi

INTRODUCTION

1

An elucidation of Truth, the object of the work. Early impres-
2sions, and a restraint of the progress of intellect, the strength of

Popery. Papists invited to disprove the assertion (if they can do
so), and to examine the facts stated as proved by the Scriptures.
Characters of Protestant and Popish clergymen, as resulting
from a strict adherence to their respective doctrines. Jesuits :

origin and object of their Order. Indelicacy of Popish books.
“ GROUNDS OF FAITH," &c. EXTRACT FROM THE CREED OF ATHA
NASIUS

13-14
The Romish Church erroneously impresses upon the belief of her

adherents that she is the only Catholic Church. Of the Atha-

nasian Creed.

" A PROFESSION OF CATHOLIC FAITH,” &c.

16

Declaration of Romish Bishops.

THE GROUNDS OF THE CATHOLIC DOCTRINE AS CONTAINED IN THE

PROFESSION OF FAITH OF Pius IV.

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CHAPTER 1.-OF THE CHURCH.

SECT. I.-THAT CHRIST HAS ALWAYS A TRUE CHURCH UPON

EARTH

Who are the members of whom it is composed, as declared by the

Scriptures. The Apostles' Creed not declaratory of the faith pre-

scribed by the Romish, but by the Protestant Church.

Sect. II. That Christ's (meaning the Popish] CHURCH UPON

EARTH IS ALWAYS ONE

Unity of the CHRISTIAN Catholic Church broken by Popery. Her

Doctrines pernicious-Examples. Popish perversions of, and
Protestant appeals to, the Scriptures. Blasphemy of the Papal

Class Books.

Sect. III.—THAT THE CHURCH OF CHRIST IS ALWAYS HOLY IN

HER DOCTRINES, AND

ERRORS

Additions of Popery to the doctrines of Christ. What degree of

faith necessary for good Papists to profess, as extracted from

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CHAPTER II.

OF SCRIPTURE AND TRADITION

64

Prayers offered in the vulgar tongue punished by the Popish au-

thorities by immolation in the sixteenth century. Christians
expressly commanded to read and to judge of the Scriptures,
both by the Old and the New Testaments. Instigations to com-
mit Murder (!) inserted in the Popish translations of the Scrip-
tures. Petition of the Irish Schoolmasters (to have these inter-
polations expunged) rejected in 1826. The Scriptures publicly

forbidden to be read, and when.

Sect. II.-OF APOSTOLICAL AND ECCLESIASTICAL TRADITIONS 73

The Sabbath-day, why changed from the seventh to the first day

of the week. Various doctrines of Papists—why they believe in

the Scriptures. Origin of kissing the Pope's foot. Popes en-

courage the abuse of the Bible. The Gospels and Epistles writ-

ten as an unerring guide to Christians, and when.

SECT. III.-OF THE ORDINANCES AND CONSTITUTIONS OF THE

CHURCH

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guage of our Saviour, as relating to his Body and Blood. In-

accurate quotations of Scripture by Pope Pius. Christ never

said nor did anything contrary to the evidence of the senses.

Substance and Accidents of the elements of Consecration. Ori-

gin of Transubstantiation. Artifices employed by the Jesuits

to establish its antiquity, and exposure of their fraud.

.

CHAPTER V.

OF COMMUNION IN ONE KIND

124

Papal logic illustrated. Abuse of Protestantism no proof of the

truth of Popery. Protestant Prayer-Book and Romish Cate-

chism. The cup to be taken by the laity commanded by Christ.

Curious reasons of the Pope for its denial. The Institutions of

Popery declared by herself to have been established before the

birth of Christ. Origin of the Order of Carmelites.

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