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cnvoy, an honourable name and profi. viour styled those his apostles, which cable employment amongst the Jews, be chose from among his other disciunder the high-priests, and given to ples, to preach his name and gospel those that were sent to carry their throughout all the world, and to baporders to the cities and provinces, tisa mankind in the name of the Fawhen any affairs relating to religion ther, and of the Son, and of the Holy were to be transacted. Of which Ghost. By which commission and number, Justin Martin observes, office they became the messengers some were sent to disperse circular of salvation to all men ; and were letters filled with calumnies against impowered to work miracles, cure : the Christians. Therefore our sa diseases, and to cast out devils.
Christ's Sermon on the Mount. Christ cureth the Centrian's Seruant. · Raiseth
the Widow's Son from the Dead. His answer to John the Baptist's Messen-
S. WHEN Jesus had chosen the comprises all the great principles of
apostles, did he send them the Christian law, and all the neces. immediately upon their mission ? sary rules of behaviour as well for
T No: they were to be first well · the ministers, as the people. In the instructed in the great doctrines of beginning of this famous discourse, Christian morality ; they were there. he overthrowed all the judgments fore separated from the rest of his of men, and all the sense of natural clisciples, and were, in a manner, the reason in calling those happy, whom domestics of our Lord, and witnesses the world esteems miserable, by not only of his actions, and public assuring a blessing for humility, preachings, but of his private life kindness, and mercifulness; for pi. and secrets, after he had discoursed ous mourners and peace-makers; for to others in parables. As soon as meekness, patience, and purity of
be bad made this choice he let them. beon.
for those that
of the Jewish law are in comparison S. What happened after this? of the precepts of his gospel ; plainly T. Our Saviour being descended telling them, lie required of his dis. from the mount, wrought two mira. ciples such a righteousness as far er. cles related in the gospel, which ceeded that of the Scribes and Pha served as a further confirmation of risees, without which, he declared, his divine authority and mission. The wiey could not enter into the king. first was curing the leprous person, dom of heaven : and applies himself who addred him with that in ward particularly to his apostles by laying humility of soul, as shewed his sub. before them their duty, and she wing mission to the will of God, accompa. how much it would redound to their nied with a full assurance and faith honour, if they should bchave well in in his power, saying, Lord, if thou that high station, to which they were wilt, thou canst make me clean. The exalted by liis favour, and how dis- other was at Capernaum, where by honourable it would certainly be, if his word only, and without so much they did otherwise. He recommends as seeing him, he cured the favourite to them, in a more particular man- servant of a Roman centurion, who, ner, purity of life and conversation; with many of the Jews, had applied expounds the true meaning, and himself to Jesus in his behalf. shews the just extent, of the law's S. What do you mean by a Cenagainst murder, adultery, and per- turion? jury; discourses concerning retalia T. A Centurion was
an officer tion, and the love of our neighbour, over an hundred foot-men; so called contrary to the misrepresentations from the Latin word centum, a hun. which had been taught by the Scribes dred. He might be of the rank of and Pharisees, Then he explains an English captain ; and belonged to the true motives and principles on the iron legion of Rome, which was which Christians ought to relieve usually quartered in Judæa. the poor, to pray, and to fast, so as S. What was the servant's distem. to be free from all superstition and hypocrisy ; making the inward prin T. The palsy ; of which he lay at ciples of our minds, the rule for re. the point of death. Jesus baving gulating our outward actions. He commended the centurion's faith, dissuades from covetous and anxious which indeed had been very fully exdesires ; and sets forth the particu- pressed ; bid him go away, with an lar providence of God over each in. assurance, that it should be unto dividual. Which, and several other him, as he had believed ; and accor. precepts and instructions, Jesus deli- dingly his servant was healed in the vereu with such authority, grace, self-same hour. and majesty, that he gained the sanc S. Where did Jesus go after this? tion of all that heard him, who were 7. To Naim, a pleasant town in convinced that he spake as a prophet Galilee, about five miles from mount
only, he restored to life ; to the great prophecy, which thus, in the highestcpintort of his disconsolate mother, manner, strengthen and confirm each and the great amazement of all that other. beheld the miracle ; so that they pub. S. Did Jesus on this occasion take lickly acknowledged him to be the no nowce of his fore-runner, John the Messiah. This and such.-like amaz. Baptist! ing instances of his power spread his T. Yes: as soon as his disciples fume every day more and more ; and were gone, Jesus enlarged much on , were the cause of a deputation being John's austerity and godly life; the sent from John the Baptist, who was firmness and constancyof mind whereStill in prison, to inquire of him, whe. with he was endued; on the greatness : ther he was the Messiah so long of his function, and on the divinity of expected.
his commission; and concluded this $. What answer did Jesus return discourse to the bye-standers, with to John's question ?
blaming thc perverseness of the age, T. He bid the two disciples, whom which notwithstanding the joy they John had sent, return and relate to
professed at the doctrines and mira. their master the miracles that were cles, had not given any tokens of their wrought in their sight, on the deaf, amendment and conversion; and par. the blind, the lame, the dead, &c. ticularly the obstinacy and impeni.' and that the poor had the gospel tence of Chorazim, Bethsaida, and preached to them.
Capernaum ; and subjoins an exhortaS. Did this answer satisfy the tion to the humble and modest, and Baptist ?
contrite in heart, to believe in him,1. Indeed, it is not to be supposed and to become his disciples: by which that he made this inquiry for liis own alone it was possible for them to be satisfaction : he had before, very disburthened of their heavy load of strongly, expressed his conviction.. sins, to be eased under the calamities But his disciples, probably, might of life, and to be relieved from the still labour under some doubts and unavailing multiplicity and burthen prejudices; nor could there be a bet, of those ceremonies and Pharisaical ter way of removing these, than what traditions, which were become too John now took ; because the perform. grievous to be borne. ance of these miracles exactly an. S. How did this discourse affect swered the character which the pro his hearers ? phet Isaiah bad given of the Messiah: F. Its good effects were presently and therefore instead of giving them discovered in the conversion of Simon a direct answer, which might have the Pharisee, who invited our Lord been liable to the objection of his to dinner ; and of Mary Magdalen, a bearing record of himself, our Sa. noted lewd woman, who following viour refers them to the miracles they Jesus into Simon's house with an holy saw him do, which were of the same boldness, threw berself at Jesus' feet, kind as had been predicted of the embraced them, washed them with
3. How did this intrusion and be. sick, the relieving the oppressed, the haviour of an harlot appear to the casting out devils, the giving speech Jews then present ?
to the dumb, and sight to the blind, T. The Pharisees, who knew this to the care of his own person. woman, (hier irregularity of life hav. S. How did the Pharisees and ing made her infamous throughout Scribes look upon these miracles? the town) seemed to doubt of our Sa. T. As they could not deny the viour's prophetic knowledge ; seeing facts, they strove to persuade the he knew not who she was that had people, that they were all done by dared to touch him. But our Savi- the power of the devil, or of Belze. Owr, confounding their vain imagina. bub, to whom they gave the title of tion and thoughts, set them immedi- the chief of the devils. ately right, in regard both to himself S. How did Jesus purge himself and to her, shewing them how much of this calumny? he preferred the fervent love, and the T. By shewing the absurdity and sincerity of this penitent woman, to ill policy of such a conduct and way the lukewarmness of those who had of reasoning ; since the readiest way not committed such great crimes, by to destroy a kingdom or family, was, proposing a parable of a creditor and he made it appear, to divide it against two debtors; and she wing that the itself. He then produced as prece. degrees of love and forgiveness must
dents their own exorcists, who were rise, and be proportionate to each allowed to have cast out devils by the other. And then turning to the wo invocation of the name of God. And man, he shewed his acceptance of lastly, be upbraided them herein with her repentance, by giving her a full wilfully sinning against the Holy pardon of all her sins.
Ghost, by obstinately resisting the S. Was all this done at Naim ? divine evidence and goodness of these
T. Yes : but having left this town, miracles, in which they blasphemous. and made a progress for some months ly supposed the power of the devilto round other parts of Galilee, preach. be employed ; a crime, which he as. ing from town to town, attended by sured them would neither be remit. his apostles and several devout wo ted in this world, nor in the world to men, whom he had cured of divers come. diseases, and who out of gratitude S. Were the Pharisees silenced clicerfully followed him and minis. with these arguments and threats? tered unto his necessities out of their 'T. No: for though they did not own substance ; he returned again to make bim any reply, they demanded Capernaum.
of him a sign from heaven, in evi. S. How was he received in his dence of his mission. own city, as it is commonly called ? S. Did our Saviour comply with
T. They thronged so upon him, their request ! that neither be nor his disciples could T. No : they had seen a sufficient find time to eat. But as our Saviour's number already. He therefore re. meat was to do the will of God, he ferred them to his future resurpreferred the public good, the preacha rection from the dead; of which ing of the gospel, the healing of the Jonah's deliverance after three days
and nights for the belly of the S. What were the parables made whale, he told them was a type. use of by Jesus at this time? And having again tipbraided them T. The parable of the sower ; of with 'unbelief and impenitence, he the tarcs and good seed ; of the grain assured them, that the heathen city of mustard seed; of the leaven ; of of Ninevel, and the queen of Sheba, the treasure in the field ; of the pearl would rise up in the judgment at the , of great price ; and of the net cast kast day against them, since these into the sea. By which Jesus repre. were converted; the one at the sented to them the various and dif. preaching of Jenas, the other by the ferent successes of the gospel, ac. wisdom of Solomon, while they re. cording to the different dipositions of jected one greater than either of the hearers ; the mixture of the good these ; though they had the benefit and bad, under the profession of his of seeing such mighty works arought faith; the wonderful increase and inconfirmation of bis divine authority propagation of the gospel from smali and mission, and such tenders of beginnings ; the inestimable benefits mercy and acceptance ofered them that would accrue to the true profes. upon their conversion and repentance, sors of his religion; and that though While Jesus was finishing his dis- the profession of it would include course, he was told that his mother both good and bad persons, only the and brethren, (Joseph's children by good would meet with God's pro. a former wife) were at the door, and mised reward and blessing, and that desired to speak with him.
the bad would perish, and be cast in. S. What was their business with to outer darkness. him!
S. Did Jesus continue at Caper. T. They wanted him, most proba. naum ? bly, to go and take some refreshe 7. No: for night coming on, he ment. But far from being satisfied resolved to cross to the other side of with so unseasonable an interruption, the lake, or sea of Galilee, with his he answered, his kindred and nearest disciples. Upon this occasion, a rain relations were those who hear the young scribe offered to attend him ; word of God and practise it.
but Jesus knowing his heart was S. When did he appear again in grasping after worldly preferment public?
only, rejected his offer with a gentle T. That very day; but to avoid rebuke, by shewing him he could not the inconveniency of the throng, he hope to better his temporal fortune went on board a small vessel, from in his retinue, who had not so much whence he discoursed to the people as a place where to lay his own bead. on the shore in parables.
On the contrary, one of his disciples, S. Was this an usual method of by some supposed to be Philip, de. instruction amongst the Jews ? sired leave to stay behind and bury
T. Yes : parables were made use his father. of by their greatest doctors to gain S. Did Jesus permit lim to stay? more attention, and to level their doc
7. No: he said unto him, Let trine to all capacities, and give the the dead bury the dead, but follow greater poignancy and weight to it.