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them at the price tliey set on them, bath, in memory of Cod's overtlirour in the temple.

of Pharaoh and his host in the Red On the thirteenth (for when the sea, on the seventh day from the in. niin was set, the fourtcenth day with stitution of the passover. them began, as the Jews always On the second day of the passo. reckoned their days from sun-set to ver, or sixteenth day of the month, sun-set) they cleared their houses of they offered up the first sheaf of the all leavened bread; and that no re. fruits of the barley barvest. The mains thereof might be concealed other five days were observed also within their walls, by any accident, as haly days in offering the peace-of. they diligently searched every part sering and sin-offerings, which had thereof with candles. On the four. been reserved to that time ; but these teenth day, after they had cast out were not observed with the same the leavened bread, ar.:d performed strictness as the two preceding days. the daily evening sacrifice, about And as this feast was instituted for three o'clock in the afternoon they rejoicing, the Jews in process of time began their paschul exercises, which introduced the use of wine at the at first were killc, in the tabernacle, passover. but afterwards in the temple at Je. In this manner was this feast cele. susalem, as being the place where brated ; and all the males of Canaan, the Lord had chosen to place bis except children, bordsmen and stranname': these sacrifices continued till gers uncircumcised, were obliged the sun-setting, of the fourteenth under the pain of excommunication to day. These lambs might be killed keep it at Jerusalem, except hindered by any Israelite that was not unclean, by a journey, sickness, or legal unin the courts of the temple, but not cleanness : and even these persons in any private family: though none were obliged to keep the passover, bu t e priest could sprinkle or offor on the fourteenth day of the second tie bloou on the altar,

month. They that could bear the These ceremonies being ended, charge, were wont to stay the whole and the sun of the fourteenth day seven days; but this was a matter get, on the fifteenth they all eat the more of choice, than obligation ; for paschal lamb in their own houses, every one was at liberty to return sodden or boiled, eating unleavened home, as soon as they had eaten the bread therewith ; and which bread paschal lambin the place where God they were to use for seven days, had placed his sanctuary. From from this sun-set of the fourteenth bence you may easily collect the rel. day, which began the fifteenth day, son, why our blessed Saviour was o*According to the Jews manner of bliged to go up to Jerusalem to keep computation. This fifteenth day was the passover.

sent the women anat children in o. T. Because the Jews had cruch. thers, exposed to the invasion and fied the Lord's anointed; by wbose ravages of an enemy; and particular death the passover was abolished, ly, that such numbers could not be and of whom the paschal lamb had accommodated in the courts of the been only a type. They were, at temple, where the paschal lambs that time, not serving the Lord ; but were killed.

filling up the measure of their own 7. As to the second objection, I imquity by laying an undue stress on say, If God be for us, who can hurt the commandments of men. us? The Jews, as their own writers S. I thank you for this instruction, festify, relied on this principle. God But, pray, what notable works did had commanded them so to do. They Jesus at Jerusalem, during this secomplied with this ordinance as their cond passover ? bounden duty; and relied upon God's

T. He on the Sabbath cured a poor protection of their families. And the Almighty restrained the fury of their paralytic, at the pool of Bethesda,

who had been in that condition thir. enemies, so long as they continued in

ty eight years. bis service. And as to the first and

S. Where was this pool? the third, All the Jewish writers

7. Near to the house of mercy, or agree, that they were always well accommodated, though upon a mo.

hospital of Bethesda, and rot far from derate computation eleven hundred that part of the mount, on which the thousand men, that were come up to temple stool, called the king's gare the passover, perished at the de. den, commonly used for the washi. struction of Jerusalem, by Titus. ing of the sacrifices; and was sur. Nor ought it to be thought a thing rounded by five porticos, and occa. incredible, that they could be all ac.

sionally impregnated with such a commodated in the courts of the sanative virtue, that it cured all man. temple : for as the area of the three

ner of distempers under certain recourls, besides the other places

strictions. where it was lawful for them to kill

S. What were the restrictions ! the lambs within the sanctuary, con

7. It cured no body, till an angel tained above 435,600 square cubits;

sent from heaven, descended, and these courts only might admit put the pool into a fermentation ; 300,000 men at a time ; so that al- and it only cured the first person lowing a succession of sacrifices, that was plunged into it, afier suclı one company might so give place to

commotion. There was always a another, that every małe might have great number of lame, halt, blind, room to perform his duty within the withered, and diseased, that lay in time appointed.

the porticos for that purpose. A

them at the price tliey set on them, bath, in memory of Cod's overtiros in the temple.

of Pharaoh and his host in the Red On the thirteenth (for when the sea, on the seventh day from the insuin was set, the fourteenth day with stitution of the passover. them began, as the Jews always

On the second day of the passo. reckoned their days from sun-set to ver, or sixteenth day of the month, sun-set) they cleared their houses of they offered up the first sheaf of the all leavened bread; and that no re. fruits of the barley harvest. The mains thereof might be concealed other five days were observed also witbin their walls, by any accident, as haly days in offering the peace-of. they, diligently searched every part sering and sin-offerings, which had thereof, with candles. On the lour. been reserved to that time ; but these teenth day, after they had cast out were not observed with the same the leavened bread, and performed strictness as the two preceding days. the daily evening sacrifice, about And as this feast was instituted for three o'clock in the afternoon they rejoicing, the Jews in process of time began their paschal exercises, which introduced the use of wine at the at first were killed in the taberpacie,

passover. but afterwards in the temple at Je- In this manner was this feast cele. rusalem, as being the place where brated ; and all the males of Canaan, the Lord had chosen to place his except children, bordsmen and stran. name: these sacrifices continued till gers uncircumci: cd, were obliged the sun-setting, of the fourteenth under the pain of excommunication to day. These lambs might be killed keep it at Jerusalem, except hindered by any Israelite that was not unclean, by a journey, sickness, or legal unin the courts of the temple, but not cleanness : and even these persons in any private family: though none were obliged to keep the passover, bu te priest could sprinkle or offor on the fourteenth day of the second die blood on the altar,

month. They that could bear the These ceremonies being ended, charge, were wont to stay the whole and the sun of the fourteenth day seven days; but this was a matter get, on the fifteenth they all eat the more of choice, than obligation ; for paschal lamb in their own houses, every one was at liberty to return sodden or boiled, eating unleavened home, as soon as they had eaten the bread therewith ; and which bread paschal lamb in the place where God they were to use for seven days, had placed bis sanctuary. From from this sun-set of the fourteenth bence you may easily collect the rea. day, wiich began the fifteenth day, son, why our blessed Saviour was 0. "according to the Jews manner of bliged to go up to Jerusalen to keep computation. This fifteenth day was the passover. called a Sabbath, though it fell upon S. As Canaan was a very populous any other than the seventh day of the country, it seems incredible that all sent the women and children in o. T. Because the Jews had cruci. thers, exposed to the invasion and fied the Lord's anointed ; by wbose ravages of an enemy; and particular. death the passover was abolished, ly, that such numbers could not be and of whom the paschal lamb had accommodated in the courts of the been only a type. They were, at temple, where the paschal lambs that time, not serving the Lord; but were killed.

filling up the measure of their own T. As to the second objection, I imquity by laying an undue stress on say, If God be for us, who can hurt the commandments of men. us? The Jews, as their own writers

S. I thank you for this instruction, festify, relied on this principle. God But, pray, what notable works did had commanded them so to do. They Jesus at Jerusalem, during this secomplied with this ordinance as their cond passover ? bounden duty; and relied upon God's

Tille on the Sabbath cured a poor protection of their fimilies. And the

paralytic, at the pool of Bethesda, Almighty restrained the fury of their

who had been in that condition thir. enemies, so long as they continued in

ty eight years. bis service. And as to the first and

S. Where was this pool? the third, All the Jewish writers

7. Near to the house of mercy, or agree, that they were always well accommodated, though upon a mo.

hospital of Bethesda, and not far from derate computation eleven hundred

that part of the mount, on which the thousand men, that were come up to

temple stooil, called the king's gar. the passover, perished at the de. den, commoniy used for the wish. struction of Jerusalem, by Titus. ing of the sacrifices; and was sur. Nor ought it to be thought a thing rounded by five porticos, and occa. incredible, that they could be all ac.

sionally impregnated with such a

sanative virtue, that it cured all man. commodated in the courts of the temple : for as the area of the three

ner of distempers under certain re.

strictions. couris, besides the other places where it was lawful for them to kill S. What were the restrictions ! the lambs within the sanctuary, con

7. It cured no body, till an angel tained above 455,600 square cubits;

sent from heaven, descended, and these courts only might admit put the pool into a fermentation ; 500,000 men at a time ; so that al

and it only cured the first person lowing a succession of sacrifices, that was plunged into it, afier suclı one company might so give place to

commotion. There was always a another, that every male might have great number of lame, halt, blind, ó room to perform his duty within the withered, and diseased, that lay in time appointed.

the porticos for that purpose.

A

ing quality, because Josephus has ing the miracle by which he enabled made no mention of it in his works. him to perform it, and which should

r. Josephus is silent upon this have justified the action, as being head. But is he not silent also with the work of God, and therefore a. respect to several other extraordinary greeable to his will, they brought facts mentioned by other respectable him before the sanhedrim, in order historians of those times? He does to his punishment, for an open profanot so much as mention the public nation of the Sabbath-day. And inand general massacre of the infants deed the letter of the law seemed to at Bethlehem: no wonder then that countenance and warrant their prohe passeth over the cure of this para. ceedings in this case ; but the spirit lytic by Jesus. Nor should his sic of it was entirely in favour of our Sa. lence move us to doubt of the veraci- viour's command. For it may be al. ty of the evangelist, which it would leged, that the law only prohibited be injustice to put upon a bare level civil labour, and restrained men from with his : especially as we can as- carrying burthens on that day, in the sert, upon thie authority of Tertul. way of their business or occupations ; lian, that this pool ceased to be bene, but that it neither did, nor could ficial to the Jews upon their final per• forbid any thing that might be a severence in blasphemy and infidelity testimony of God's goodness, or against Christ, which was some time mercy to mankind. For God who before Josephus began his book of prefers mercy to sacrifice, hath Jewish Antiquities.

more regard to the moral intent, S. How did Jesus heal him ? than the literal observation of any of

7. Jesus observing his piteous con- his precepts. Therefore, as the diuion, said unto him, Wilt thou be Sabbath was made for the honour of made whole ? but the man supposing God; and this act was a demonstrae biin only to ask, if he desired to be tion of the completeness of the man's dipped in the water at the proper cure, and a public monument of tine, modestly set forth the difficulty God's mercy and power; the man he was under, from not having any properly speaking, did not break the assistance to help him in due time to Sabbath, nor could Jesus thereby plurge into the pool! Jesus here. justly incur any censure from the upon said unto him, Rise, take up Jews. thy bed and walk : and the paralytic S. Could not Jesus have cured the arose, took up his bed and walked,be. paralytic, without obliging him to ing made instantly whole and strong. carry his bed, and giving thereby

S. Was not the carrying of his bed public scandal and offence. a breach of the Sabbath, on which T. Yes, certainly: but he had a day it was forbidden to carry a bur- particular view and intention lerein: then, under the penalty of death or for as after the multiplication of the scourging!

loaves and fishes, he ordered his dis. T. The Jews, that saw him, ex- ciples to take up as many fragments claimed against it, as such : and that remained thereof, as filled when they heard that Jesus had com• twelve baskets ; and commanded panded him so to do, not withstand the water which he made wine at

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