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blessing of their parents, and then all the family retired to their respective apartments; and thus ended the private observation of the sabbath.

On the first Sunday of every month they always had a communion, which was administered by the clergyman of the adjoining parish; Mr. N. Ferrar assisting as deacon. All the servants who then received the communion, when dinner was brought

* Asked blessing.] This beautiful and pious custom, no small grace, ornament and blessing in the families of our ancestors (Compare Vol. II. p. 89, of this collection), appears to bave received its first shock, about this period, and during the Cromwellian usurpation; an interval, in which, as it might easily be shown, a considerable portion of the best of our old English manners, and many practices, which were themselves part of, and instruments of piety, were exploded, and lost, by being branded under the odious name of Popery. “ The having of God-fathers at baptism, Churching of Women, Prayers at the burial of the Dead, Children asking their Parents' blessing, fc. which whilom were held innocent were now by very many thrown aside, as rags of popery. Nay, are not some gone so far already, as to cast into the same heap, not only the ancient hymn Gloria Patri (for the repeating whereof alone some have been deprived of all their livelihoods,) and the Apostles' Creed; but even the use of the Lord's Prayer itself?” Preface to Sanderson's Sermons dated July 13, 1857, P. 73, edit. 1689. Yet, it is consolatory to find, that there were some happy families, of the most pious and excellent of the Non-conformists, who were not delerred by that malignant, senseless and fatal plea, from persevering in this devotion and homage to the Father of Spirits, so congenial to his temper and example, who commanded the young children to be brought unto him, who blamed those that would have kept them from him, who embraced them in his arms, laid his hands upon them and blessed them. “ im. mediately after the prayer was ended” (as we are told by the celebrated Mattew Henry, in the Life of his father Mr. Philip llenry) “ His children tigether with bended knee, asked blessings of him and their mother; that is, desired of them, to pray to God to bless them; which blessing was given with great solemuity and affection; and if any of them were absent they were remembered; The lord bless


and your Brother; or you and your Sister that is atsent." P. 56, edit. 1699.


up, remained in the room, and on that day dined a the same table with Mrs. Ferrar, and the rest of the family.

That I may not be thought to conceal any thing which brought censure upon them, and led to their persecution, I will here insert the particular mode of their processions, and other circumstances which were condemned by some as being superstitious. I shall not pass any judgment myself on these ceremonials, relating mere matter of fact, and observing only that where there was error, it was error on the side of virtue and goodness.

When their early devotions in the oratory were finished they proceeded to church in the following order;

First, the three school-masters, in black gowns and Monmouth caps.

Then, Mrs. Ferrar's grandsons, clad in the same manner, two and two.

Then her son Mr. J. Ferrar, and her son-in-law Mr. Collet, in the same dress.

Then, Mr. N. Ferrar, in surplice, hood, and square cap, sometimes leading his mother.

Then, Mrs. Collet, and all her daughters, two and two.

Then, all the servants, two and two. The dress of all was uniform.

Then, on Sundays, all the psalm-children, two and two.

As they came into the church, every person made a low obeisance, and all took their appointed places. The masters, and gentlemen in the chancel: the youths kuelt on the upper step of the half pace: Mrs. Ferrar, her daughters, and all her grand-daughters in a fair island-seat. Mr. N. Ferrar at coming in made a low obeisance; a few paces farther, a lower; and at the half-pace, a lower still: then went into the reading-desk, and read matins according to the book of common prayer. This service over, they returned in the same order, and with the same solemnity. This ceremonial was regularly observed every Sunday, and that on every common day was nearly the same. They rose at four; at five went to the oratory to prayers; at six, said the psalms of the hour; for every hour had its appointed psalms, with some portion of the gospel, till Mr. Ferrar had finished his Concordance, when a chapter of that work was substituted in place of the portion of the gospel. Then they sang a short hymn, repeated some passages of scripture, and at half past six went to church to matins. At seven said the psalms of the hour, sang the short bymn, and went to breakfast. Then the young people repaired to their respective places of instruction. At ten, to church to the litany. At eleven to dinner. At which seasons were regular readings . in rotation, from the scripture, from the book of martyrs, and from short histories drawn up by Mr. Ferrar, and adapted to the purpose of moral instruction. Recreation was permitted till one; instruction was continued till three. Church at four, for evensong; supper at five, or sometimes six. Diversions till eight. Then prayers in the oratory: and afterwards all retired to their

respective apartments. To preserve regularity in point of time, Mr. Ferrar invented dials in painted glass in every room : he had also sundials, elegantly painted with proper mottos, on every side of the church: and he provided an excellent clock to a sonorous bell.

The short histories alluded to above were probably composed on the occasion, and to suit some present purpose. Those which are still remaining in


my possession are put together without any regularity of series, or any dependance of one upon another, and are as in the catalogue annexed'.

These *LIVES. [The life of Monica.

The life of Ld. Burleigh. Of Abraham.

Of Sir J. Mark ham. -Of Elizer.

Of St. Augustin. Of Lady Paula.

Of Bp. Ridley. Of Hyldegardis.

Of L. Jane Grey. Of Paracelsus.

Of Q. Elizabeth. Of Dr. Wbitaker.

of Gus. Adolphus. Of Scaliger.

Of the Black Prince, Of Mr. Perkins.

Of Joan Q. of Naples. Of Dr. Metcalf.

Of the Witch of Endor. Of Sir Fran. Drake.

Of Joan of Arc. Of Mr. Cambden.

Of Cæsar Borgia. Of Haman.

Of Jebu. Of Wolsey.

Of Andronicus Cocimeuus. Of Brandon D. of Suffolk. Of the Duke of Alya.


The good Wife.
The good Husbund.
The good Parent.
The good Child.
The good Master.
The good Servant.
The good Widow.
The constant Virgin.
The elder Brother.
The younger Brother.
The good Advocate.
The good Physician.
The controversial Divines.
The true Church antiquary.
The gereral Artist.
The faithful Minister.
The good Parishioner.
The good Patron.
The good Landlord.
The good Ma' of a College.

The good Schoolmaster.
The good Merchant.
The good Yeoman.
The Handicrafts Man.
The good Soldier.
The good Sea-Captain.
The good Herald.
The true Gentleman.
The Favourite.
The wise Statesman.
The good Judge.
The good Bishop.
The true Nobleman.
The Court Lady.
The Embassadour.
The good General.
The heir Apparent to the

The King
The Harlot.


These lives, characters, and moral essays would, I think fill two or three volumes in octavo *. They are but a small part of the MS. works which Mr. Ferrar left behind him, which, as appears from some papers still existing, amounted to five volumes in folio. He was of opinion that instruction merely by precept might sometimes become dry and wearisome, and therefore was desirous to enliven his lectures by something that might give pleasure to the fancy at the same time that it conveyed wisdom to the heart. But he had great objection to plays, novels, and romances, and to poems, that were then, and indeed have ever since been in great esteem. He thought that in many instances they did not tend to the important point which he had The Witch.

The Liar. The Atheist.

The common Barreter. The Hypocrite.

The degenerous Gentleman. The Heretic.

The Pazzians Conspiracy.
The rigid Donatist.

The Tyrant.

14. Of Tombs. 1. Of Hospitality.

15. Of Deformities. 2. Of Jesting.

16. Of Plantations. 3. Or Self-praising.

17. Of Contentment. 4. Of Travelling.

18. Of Books. 5. Of Company.

19. Of Time-serving. 6. Of Apparel

20. Of Moderation. 7. Of Building.

21. Of Gravity. 8. Of Anger.

22. Of Marriage. 9. Of expecting Prefer- 23. Of Fame.

24. Of the antiquity of 10. Of Memory,

Churches, and the Neces11. Of Fancy.

sity of them. 12. Of Natural Fools.

25. Of Ministers Maintain13. Of Recreations.




in octavo.] The probability however is, that the greater part, if not the whole, were not original, but extracts: as Dr. Peckard would have been able to ascertain by consulting Juller's Holy Stute.

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