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those of Westminster-The king declared supreme head of the

church-Appeals to Rome prohibited— The maintainers of the

pope's supremacy made subject to a præmunire—Some mon-

asteries suppressed-All officers required to take the oath of

supremacy

47

Marriage with Queen Catharine declared null and the effects

thereof-No ecclesiastical preferment granted but to such as

spoke the English language-Ordinance respecting the mode

of educating the poor

48

Act for the attainder of Earl of Kildare-Mode of introducing

the reformation condemned by the Earl of Clare in 1800—Act

for preventing two proctors from each diocese attending par-

liament as formerly

49

Browne's arguments in support of the king's supremacy-Op-

pressive acts of the parliament

50

Religious persecution a new. bond of union among the Irish

chieftains

51

Cromer's secret practices against Archbishop Brown—The clergy

of Dublin oppose the removal of the images--Several clergy-

men resign their livings_Lord Gray burns the cathedral of

Down and destroys the ancient monuments

52

The Archbishop complains of the difficulties he meets with-

O'Neil, O'Brian, &c. rise in arms

53

Henry bestows titles and honours—The king grants an house to

each new created earl—They surrender their estates and re-

ceive new grants on condition of military service- A list of

several chieftains, Note

53

The king takes the title of king of Ireland -A parliament sum-

moned to confirm the new title-A forty shilling freehold en-

acted a requisite to vote at elections for members to serve in

parliament Residence of the borough members necessary-

The priory of Kilmainham and several religious houses sup-

pressed

54

The county of Meath divided into two shires–English laymen

only enabled to be appointed deputies or lords lieutenants-

State ordinances for those parts of the kingdom without the

pale

55

These laws published 12th July, 1582—A perspective of Ireland

by Sir John Davies

56

OʻNeil and other chieftains propose terms to the French-The

Bishop of Valence sent to Ireland—This prelate's disappoint-

ment—Henry takes a corps of Irish infantry to France-Their

conduct there-Becomes unpopular within the pale-Orders

base money to be coined

57

Encroachments upon the rights of the native Irish during the

reign of Edward VI..O'Moore, O'Byrne, and O'Connor take

arms-Are, subdued by Sir Anthony Bellingham- The Earl

of Desmond taken and conducted prisoner to Dublin-Re-

leasedBellingham recalled to take his trial in England, dies

on his way

58

The protector proceeds with the work of reformation Royal pro-

clamation sent to Ireland enjoining the reception of the new

Liturgy-Dowdal, Archbishop of Armagh, opposes it-Dispu-

tation in St. Mary's Abbey Dublin-Issue thereof_Not more

than four bishops with Archbishop Browne obey the proclama-

tion

58

John Bale appointed to the see of Ossory-His violent temper

and great learning-Five of his domestics slain-Useless ap-

plication of the deputy to have the English laws extended to

the native Irish

60

O'Nial

Insurrection of Tyrone-Assumes the name of O'Nial-Death of

Edward VI.- Mary upon her accession to the throne, first by

proclamation, next by parliament, annuls all the innovations in

religion and church discipline - Protestant bishops deprived

-Church possessions alienated-Confirmed by parliament and

the pope to the holders

A subsidy granted to the queen for expelling the Scoth merce-

naries out of Ireland-Earl of Sussex reduces into shire land

Leix and Offaly, the territories of the O’Moores and O'Con-

nors called thenceforth Queen's county and King's county-

Act to authorize the lord chancellor to divide and limit the

Irish territory

62

Tranquillity of Ireland upon the restoration of the ancient worship

but of short duration, The Irish though pleased with the re-

storation of religion, yet displeased at the civil government of

Queen Mary

63

O'Nial murdered by the Scotch--Parliament convened, sets two

years—By its rigorous statutes encreases the discontent-Ex-

tract from Lord Clare's speech thereupon, Note

66

Contest of Stanihurst and Barnewall for the office of speaker 67

The judges consulted–Their decision

67

Hooker member of this parliament-Act of attainder of Shane

O'Neile-Impolitic preamble of the act to insult and provoke

the Irish with fable of King Gurmonde-Insurrection of Des-

mond and Clanricarde-Attempts of Sir Thomas Smith and of

the Earl of Essex to settle Ulster—Sir William Sydney impo-

ses an unconstitutional tax-Remonstrances against it—Sir

W. Sydney supports it

68

The remonstrants against the new tax, viz. Lords Baltinglass,

&c. imprisoned in the Fleet-Orders sent to Sydney to confine

and dismiss from office, if any they possessed, all opposers of

the queen's mandates—The agents removed to the Tower-

General alarm—The agents ungraciously dismissed-Insur-

rection of Desmond not subdued

69

A small body of Spaniards land in Kerry-Surrender by capitu-

lation, and they are afterwards massacred in cold blood by or-

ders of Sir Walter Raleigh-Baron of Lixnaw revolts_Lord

Grey recalled-A general

amnesty published—Desmond taken

and beheaded-Baltinglass fled to Spain-Sir John Perrot ap-

pointed deputy

70

A parliament summoned-A motion from the crown party for
suspending Poynings's law--Opposition to the country party

- Parliament prorogued—The sittings reassumed-Attainder

of Desmond and forfeiture

71

A bill passed regulating the taxes on wine-Plan for planting

Munster-Various gentlemen receive grants of land-Bing-

ham's rigorous government of Connaught

72

Perrot's recal and impeachment

73

Sir William Fitzwilliam named deputy-His corrupt governo

73

O'Rourke takes up arms-O'Toole and O'Dogherty confined

Mac Mahon, Prince of Monaghan surrenders and obtains a

regrant of his country and dies—His brother claims his inheri-

tances—Is confined and executed_His estate parcelled to Sir

Henry Bagnal and other adventurers-A general insurrection

A commission named Peace with the Irish 1596 - 74

Distressed state of Ireland-Submission of Tyrone-Execution

of the Earl of Essex-Cecil sends articles of peace to Tyrone

-Accepted-Renounces the name of O'Neale

75

Loses his influence-Sues for pardon-Immense expences of the

Irish war to England— The war carried on under a cloke of

religion

76

Doctor Leland's remarks in favour of the Catholic clergy-Eliza-

beth's demise

77

ACCESSION of the Stuarts—The legislative and juridical pow.

er extended beyond the pale

79

James ingratiates himself with the Irish-Tyrone and Donnell

come to court—Their good reception—The king's promise of

a toleration to the Roman Catholics—They publicly perform

divine service-The lord deputy remonstrates—Their answer

-A passage in James's works alluded to, Note

Mountjoy marches an army into Munster—The city of Water-

fordshuts her gates—He threatens ruin-Is received— The

other cities of Munster follow the example of Waterford-Re-

marks upon the statute of uniformity passed under Elizabeth,

why not executed during her reign, Note

80

An act of oblivion by proclamation under the great seal-Con-

ditions of the oblivion—Good effects of this act—Sir John

Davie's testimony of the disposition of the Irish in time of

peace to obey all just laws, Note

82

A commission of grace to protect the subjects from any claims of

the crown-Surrenders of lands holden by tanistry and gavel-
kind and regrants, under English tenures-Grounds of this

new system-The whole landed interest changed

82
Supposed partiality of the king for the Catholics-Neither Ca.

tholic, Protestant, or Puritan, this prince's real character-

Ascendency of the Puritans in Ireland-Lord Belfast brought

up in their principles

83

The Puritans oppose any indulgence to the Catholics—Solemn

publication of the statute of conformity with a proclamation-

The bad effects of this policy

84

The magistrates of Dublin summoned to renounce their religion

-Fined and imprisoned—The old families of the pale are

alarmed—Sir Patrick Barnewall sent to the Tower-Pretend-

ed rumours of a conspiracy spread by an anonymous letter 85

Six northern counties forfeited Planted by Scots and English 86

Distribution of the forfeited lands, Note

87

Profuse grants to Sir Arthur Chichester

88

Religious parties run high

89

After a lapse of 27 years James convenes a parliament—First es-

tablishment of Protestant ascendency—Some of the lords of the

pale remonstrate

90

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