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SECOND PRIMARY READER.
EXERCISES IN ENUNCIATION.
TABLE OF VOWEL ELEMENTS.
The following table is designed for an exercise upon the vowel elements.1 It should be performed thus: ã, ä, â, ă, ẽ, ẽ, &c. Care should be taken to give the utmost articulate force of which the voice is capable. The word is placed opposite the letter merely to indicate its sound.
1 The elementary sound or power of a vowel may be ascertained by pronouncing a word containing it in a slow, drawling manner. Notice the sound of the vowel as it issues from the mouth, and then utter it by itself with great suddenness and force.
EXERCISES ON THE VOWEL SOUNDS.
☞ In pronouncing the words in the following exercises, special attention should be given to the precise sound of every element Italicized. The teacher can first pronounce the word, and the class repeat it in concert.
(as in fate, and marked by Worcester thus, ā). Fame, blame, same, game, bake, cake, lake, make, rake, cage, page.
(as is in far, marked thus, ä).-Are, bar, car, far, star, guard,1 mar, par, tar.
a: (as in fall, marked thus, á). — Ball, call, tall, nor, form, storm, corn, horn.
(as in fat, marked thus, a). - Bat, cat, hat, mat, gas, bad, had, mad, can, sand.
(as in me, marked thus, ē). — Bee, she, me, key, beet, feet, greet, meet, heat, seat.
e: (as in met, marked thus, ě). — Bed, red, bell, bet, let, met, set.
i: (as in pine, marked thus, i). — Mile, vile, vine, dine, mild, child, fly, dry, mind, find.
i:— (as in pin, marked thus, i). — Din, sin, ring, prince, quince, wince, whip, lip, sip, skip. 0:— (as in note, marked thus, ō).—Home, dome, more, gore, both, loaf, moan, roan, note, vote.
1 Avoid the slight sound of e after the g in guard. Worcester's Dictionary may be regarded as a safe guide in orthography and pronunciation. It contains authorities in regard to the best usage in pronunciation; and among all the eminent orthoepists which he cites, "Smart" may be considered as reporting the most reputable modern use in England.