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has occupied his thoughts for almost half a century. At of all praise. The volumes, unlike most works, increase length, in the evening of life, he has felt himself rich in value as they increase in age. Each volume is valuable enough in the accumulation of thought, travel, reading, on the year of its delivery, for it is only by seeing at a and experimental research, to reduce into form and glance the whole affairs of the year brought together that reality the undefined vision that through so many long we get a correct impression of the whole. But twenty years had floated before him.

years hence, when particular occurrences shall have faded HUME'S ENGLAND. New York Edition. The Harpers from the memory, and documents shall have been mislaid have just brought out the first volume of Hume in a style

or lost, how much more valuable will be this contempo corresponding in all respects to the Boston edition-which raneous and faithful record of public affairs, enriched as

it is with all the most important state papers, and with means, we suppose, that the public are to have the work at retaliatory rather than remunerating prices.

comprehensive statistical tables of every description. CUBA AND THE CUBANS. New York: Samuel Hueston.

BYRNE'S DICTIONARY OF MECHANICS AND ENGINEERING. This volume professes to give a sketch of the history of Appletons. Nos. V. and VI. are received. Every intelliCuba ; its present social, political, and domestic condition ;

gent mechanic, or rather every well-informed person of also, its relations to England and the United States. It

whatever profession, ought to have a copy of this work. contains a map of the island, and a valuable digest of SHAKESPEARE'S WORKS. The Boston edition of Shakecommercial and other statistics. The work is prepared speare is proceeding with uninterrupted punctuality. Part with evident reference to “the Cuban question.” For sale XII., the play of“ All's Well That Ends Well,” is received. by J. W. Moore.

The engraving of the heroine, Helena, is very beautiful. CHALMERS' POSTHUMOUS WORKS. Harpers. The ninth

As the edition will probably have an immense sale, those volume of this inestimable series has been received from purchasers who take the numbers as they come out, will the publishers. It contains his prelections on Butler's

have the advantage of early impressions of the plates. Analogy, Paley's Evidences, Hill's Divinity, with several

MONEY BAGS AND TITLES. Lippincott, Grambo & Co. This special addresses and lectures. Every additional volume is one of the cleverest "hits" at the follies of the age that of Chalmers' posthumous works increases our wonder, we have seen for some time. amounting at times to amazement, at the productive

THE PRINCETON REVIEW. Philadelphia: J. W. Mitchell. energies of this great man.

—This sterling periodical is always welcome to our table. BELL'S DIETETICAL AND MEDICAL HYDROLOGY. Philadel

We feel sure, on opening its pages, of finding at least phia: Barrington d Haswell. This work is a complete trea- something original and instructive. In the number now tise of baths and bathing, including cold, sea, warm, hot, before us, there is a review of Macaulay's England, vapour, gas, and mud (?) baths, the watery regimen gene. written with marked ability; another, on the relations of rally, hydropathy, and pulmonary inhalation, with a religion to what are called diseases of the mind, in which sketch also of the history of bathing. While the work is, the fallacies of certain recent sophistries on this subject to some extent, scientific and professional, it is at the

are pursued with a calm and steady logic that makes its same time written in a style adapted to the common com- perusal quite a refreshing intellectual exercise. Of the prehension, and on a subject of universal interest. Let

article on “English Diction," however, we feel constrained not the unlettered reader be deterred from buying the

to say, we wish the author would practise better his own book by the Doctor's uninviting and most formidable

precepts. He argues very strenuously and very justly title. The work ought to have been called “ Baths and for the rights of Saxon vocables and idioms, while his own Bathing," for that is, in two words, a description of the

pages are crowded with words of Latin stock, and with book, and it ought to be in the hands of every one who

syntax, we are sorry to say, neither Latin nor Saxon. regards his own health, comfort, or decency.

Such an article is out of place in the Princeton Review. SCENES OF THE CIVIL WAR IN HUNGARY. Philadelphia: THE ADVENTURES OF DAVID COPPERFIELD. By Dickens. E. H. Butler & Co. The writer of this book is an Austrian - Part I., including one-half of this work, is now pubofficer. He sympathizes, of course, with the government lished in a cheap form by Lea d Blanchard, for 25 cts. that employs him, and feels towards the Magyars as the

THE WILMINGTONS. By the author of " Norman's loyalists of '76 felt towards the American rebels. He

Bridge," &c., &c. Harpers. No. 137 of the Library of worships the Ban Jellachich, and devoutly believes that

select novels. Price, 25 cents. Kossuth is-no better than he should be. Still, with all

THE HISTORY OF PENDENNIS. By W. M. Thackeray. his prejudices, he is a brave, dashing soldier, and a remarkably brilliant writer. His book is made up almost

Harpers.-Part IV. of this work is received. It is pub

lished in handsome style, with numerous illustrations, entirely of personal adventures, which are told with great spirit and freedom, and which give altogether the

on good paper, and in a readable type. most lively idea of the real character of the Hungarian

THE DEBTOR'S DAUGHTER. By T. S. Arthur. Peterson. struggle that we have yet seen.

-Complete in one volume. Price, 25 cents. Sketches of Minnesota. By E. S. Seymour. Harpers. publication, just commenced by the Harpers, and to be

THE LIFE AND CORRESPONDENCE OF ROBERT SOUTHEY. This Mr. Seymour very significantly styles Minnesota “the New England of the West." This great territory is des

completed in six parts, will be a most acceptable accession tined soon to be filled up-it is even now filling up-with

to our literary history. Parts I. and II., now received,

carry the life of Southey forward to his thirty-first year. adventurers from that “hive" of states, from which have

It is thus far chiefly autobiographical. already swarmed so many thriving communities. Mr. Seymour's book consists of two parts. The first is a history TIE OGILVIES. New York. Harper & Brothers. Price of the territory, or a brief digest of all that has been 25 cents, in paper covers. Unabridged from the original known of it from the first visits of the early missionaries, edition. and the fur traders, to the organization of the territorial THE LIFE OF John Calvin. By Thomas H. Dyer. Hargovernment in 1849. The second and larger portion of pers. A Life of Calvin has certainly been a want in theohis book consists of incidents of travel in the territory in logical literature. Whether Mr. Dyer's work will fill this 1849. The materials are all fresh, and the book is one of want, remains to be seen. It shows much learning, and extraordinary interest.

a certain earnestness of manner which carries the reader Tac AMERICAN QUARTERLY REGISTER. By James Stryker. along despite the somewhat rugged character of the style. It seems to be a growing opinion that this periodical, pro- The conduct of the great theologian in the matter of fessedly modelled after the British Annual Register, is Servetus is handled in a way that will probably offend superior to that celebrated work. Its statistics, and its some of his admirers. The volume is adorned with an digests of public affairs are prepared with admirable admirable mezzotint likeness of Calvin, by W. G. Jackjudgment, and with an industry and a candour worthy

man,

WEBSTER'S QUARTO DICTIONARY. This work has assumed one of our subscribers, who receives his Magazine by at length a permanent form. Whilst the great lexicogra- mail, will take the opportunity to let his wishes and pher lived, he continued at successive editions, to intro- opinions be known in the right quarter. In regard to the duce additions. After his death, the whole work with his general argument, we find the question well put in the latest improvements underwent revision at the hands of following paragraph by our friend, the Editor of the his legal and literary executors, and assumed the shape Saturday Courier. in which it is now offered to the public. Those who buy

(CAN POSTAGE BE REDUCE TO TWO CENTS? the work now, have no fear of its being superseded and left comparatively useless on their hands by a new edi- “This is a question which is frequently asked by those tion. As it is, it is likely to continue, without material

who have not studied the subject; and it gives us pleasure change. We purposely say nothing of the general merits

to reply in the affirmative. The old rates of postage, prior of Dr. Webster as a lexicographer. No scholar, whatever

to the law of 1845, were so high that the people, refusing may be his opinion on this point, would feel his library to

to send their letters by the mails, employed private exbe complete without a copy of “The American Dictionary” presses, which carried them much cheaper; and the con. unabridged.

sequences were, that the letters had decreased from

twenty-seven to twenty-four millions, and the revenge in AGAIN.

the same proportion. But, under the present rates, the

number of letters has increased to sixty-two millions the We have been compelled, for a third time, to reprint the past year, and the revenue of the Post-Office, after paying early numbers of the present volume. We feel certain

all its expenses, has a surplus on hand of six hundred now that we have enough to supply the demand. Those and ninety-one thousand dollars, and, at the end of this persons, therefore, who are still unsupplied, may send on

fiscal year, the Postmaster-General says there will be over

a million of dollars to the credit of the Post-Office Departtheir orders. The present volume, ending with the June

ment! So much, then, for the result of the present rates number, will contain the whole of Hardscrabble.

of postage.

“But some of our readers may still ask, Will a further SUUM CUIQUE

reduction of two cents pay? We answer that this rate Is Cicero's most general formula for the expression of has been tried in Great Britain the last ten years, and that great principle of Justice, which consists in giving the result has shown most conclusively that it not only to each his own. Our purpose in the present para- paid the heavy cost of managing their Post-Office, but graph, however, is not so general, being limited in fact to yielded a revenue to the Crown of four and a half millions the single object of "giving the devil his due”-the prins of dollars the last year! A population of twenty-seven ter's devil, we mean. A part, certainly, of the praise millions sent through the Post-Office three hundred and awarded to our Magazine for the beauty of its appearance fifty-six millions of letters, which yielded a revenue of is due to the superior manner in which it is printed. Let upwards of ten millions of dollars. any one scrutinize carefully the pages of the Magazine, “Perhaps it will still be objected that the population of and observe the clearness and uniformity of the impres-Great Britain is more dense and compact, and their terrision, the exactness of the registering, the judiciousness tory small, compared with ours, and consequently the and good taste displayed in the spacing and title-matter, transportation of their mails cannot cost as much as in and- what to authors and editors is still more highly the United States, which has a sparse population, and a prized--the rare accuracy of the proof-reading. As editor, / vast extent of territory. In reply to this, we have it from we claim some credit for the appearance of the Magazine good authority that the transportation of the mails in the in these respects. Yet much is due also to the admirable United States costs only ten per cent. more than in Great arrangements of Mr. Sherman's printing-office-an office Britain, and the cost of the management of our Post-Office in which every department of the business, from the deli- Department less than theirs by two and a half millions of very of the copy to the handing over of the pressed sheets dollars! to the binder, is under an exact system-where, without “ Hence we come to these conclusions, that if we have confusion or the slightest appearance of hurry, about fifty as cheap postage--say two cents-the population of our hands are permanently employed, and more than forty country, which is about twenty millions, will write as reams of paper are printed daily, chiefly on the finer many letters as the people of Great Britain, if not more, descriptions of work, such as the volumes of the United and that we will have in a short period not less States Exploring Expedition, the Annuals, the Maga- than two hundred millions of letters per annum passing zine, &c. Among the achievements of this office, we through our Post-Office. This will yield a revenue of four may mention the beautiful tinted engravings, such as millions of dollars. Then, if Congress pays the Post* Spring,” in the last number, and the “Washington Office, as it should, the postage on franked matter, this, Monument" in the present, which are printed by Mr. together with a reduced rate of postage on newspapers Sherman on a power press propelled by steam--the first and periodicals, will be amply sufficient to meet all the time, in the history of the art, in any part of the expenses of the Post-Office Department, and to afford world, that such a thing has been accomplished. But greater postal facilities to the people." a few years since the proprietor of this establishment was a journeyman printer, satisfied if he could earn his eight

A CARD. dollars a week. Skill, fidelity in all his engagements, and untiring industry, have placed him at the head of his

The undersigned, Agent of the Washington National profession. His office, though not the largest in the

Monument Society, for the city and county of PhiladelUnited States, is a perfect model in all its departments.

phia, has the honour to announce to his fellow-citizens, that, in the performance of the duty assigned him, he pro

poses soon to call on them, either personally or by his CHEAP POSTAGE.

authorized agents, that all may enjoy the grateful priviThis subject is again agitating the public mind. The lege of contributing, according to their means and disponewspaper press in every part of the country is urging the sition, to this magnificent work, the enduring emblem of propriety of reducing letter postage to a uniform rate of a nation's gratitude. two cents, and other postage in a like ratio. We do The friends of Constitutional Liberty will assuredly earnestly hope the public opinion on this subject may be rejoice in this opportunity to inscribe their names on the ko clearly and distinctly expressed, that Congress will be tablets to be preserved in the monument, that after ages induced to pass a new postage law during the present may know how universal was the veneration of the Ame session. No class of the community suffer such an un- rican people for the illustrious founder of their National equal and oppressive taxation in this respect, as the mail. Independence.

JOIN O. MONTGOMKET. subscribers of the monthly periodicals. We hope every Philadelphia, April 10, 1850.

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