« ForrigeFortsæt »
granted, and entering into some Mr. Wesley to Georgia ; and I religious discourse with them, was cannot forbear mentioning a little so much impressed, that he in- circumstance, which I find in the vited and encouraged their fre. journal, now, by the favour of that quent visits; and soon set up, fraternity, in my hands, which is first weekly, and then daily preach- this:- Å violent storm arising, in ing, prayer, and exposition in his which the whole company exfamily, to which every one that pected to perish immediately, the pleased to come were admitted. English sailors were in the utmost The number of the congregation consternation. The Moravians soon grew considerable, and one stood upon deck singing Psalms, of the Moravians was dispatched with all the marks of joy and to carry the agreeable news into composure in their countenances, his native country; but either in imagining they were come to the his journey or return, was seized period of all their trials, and just by the Roman Catholics, whipped entering upon glory.
On which from town to town like a felon, Mr. Ingham observes, that he frequently threatened with imme- could not forbear representing to diate death, all the intimations of the sailors, in a short discourse, which he received with the most the singular happiness of the serheroic resolution, and at last died vants of God above all others. of their repeated ill usage. Never- I may perhaps communicate to theless, wheresoever he was car- you, from those original papers, ried, and even while they were the substance of the conference lashing him, he preached the which those Englishmen had with Gospel with great success, and in Mr. Spangenburge, It will be consequence of his witness and sufficient to add, that they soon sufferings, crowds flocked into entered into measures for a misthe church at Hernhutt, in which sion to the Indians of Georgia, if I recollect right, and another to the negroes,
which about 600 adult communicants ; case has been attended with some 400 who, being under religious remarkable success; those poor convictions, they call illuminati; creatures running seven or eight and 200 Catechumens. They sent miles, after their day's work, to out missionaries to propagate the spend great part of the night in Gospel in various parts, particu- receiving religious instructions, larly in Lapland, where I am told though they are sure, at their rethey meet with considerable suc- turn in the morning, to be most cess. Though the Count (who it severely scourged by their Chrisseems has taken orders) has devoted his whole estate, which is * The Rev. J. Wesley mentions this very considerable, to charitable circumstance in a letter. In the midst of uses, yet the great number of the Psalm where with their
the sea broke over, split the main-sail in exiles following in upon them has pieces, covered the ship, and poured in been greater than his liberality between the decks, as if the great deep could support, which, joined with had already swallowed us up. A terrible their zeal for propagating religion, The Germans certainly sung on.
screaming began amongst the English, has induced many of them to go one of them afterwards, · Was you not over into Georgia, as others have afraid ?' He answered, I think, No.' done to Pennsylvania. My friend, I asked, “ But were not your women Mr. Ingham, had the pleasure of and children afraid?' He replied mildly,
"No; our women and children are not fifteen of their pious company
afraid to die.' "--Whitehead's Life of Westhe ship, which carried him and ley, vol. i. p. 10.
tian masters, if their journey has and Count Zinzendorff was once been discovered. I will, Sir, in suspended for being in a passion my next, which you may very with one of his servants, and was quickly expect, give you a parti- obliged to acknowledge his fault, cular account of some very re- and to ask pardon publicly before markable providences with respect he was restored. They tell one to these Moravians, which, if they remarkable story concerning a may be believed on the credit of person who was a member with these gentlemen mentioned, are them, but something offended at very well worthy of notice. To the strictness of their discipline; which I shall add something far- he did not submit to fraternal corther of Mr. Ingham.”
rection, as they call it, and there
fore they proceeded to admoni“I resume the subject of my tion, at which he was greatly last, and shall mention two or exasperated, being a person of three remarkable circumstances eminent rank; he then set them at more, relating to the Moravians, open defiance, and insulted them which I had from my good friend, in a very andacious manner, upon Mr. Ingham. He tells me there which they excommunicated him is a most remarkable spirit of very solemnly. He was then prayer among them, and espe- seized with the most violent agocially for the propagation of the nies both of body and mind, and Gospel in the world ; to which when he had for several weeks end that prayers may be made tried the most noted physicians, continually, there are a certain and every method of amusement number of them formed into two and comfort he could think of, he little societies, one of men, and at last sent for the elders, and deone of women, who do, in their sired them to pray for him; but turn, keep up prayers throughout they insisted on his being brought all the hours both of night and [I think on his couch] to the day. The children of them that public assembly, where he made are members of the church, are an open confession of his sin. It (as they were among the Lace. is a very melancholy incident, demonians) looked on rather as which they tell of another of their the property of the public than members, who having made a very of their own parents, from whom florid profession, not without some they are taken when a year old, mixture of ostentation, one day reand put to a school, where the ceiving the sacrament among them, first lesson taught them, is simple was taken with convulsive pains, obedience and quietness. They have and died in the assembly, crying several elders, whose business it out with his last breath, and with is to give the bishop or pastor the greatest horror, spiritual (who by the way is a mechanic) pride! spiritual pride! the most exact information they can “ These people were so misreprerelating to the religious estate of the sented to the late king of Poland, whole community. They suspend that he sent an order against each other from communion, or them, which would, probably, have withdraw themselves from it, not ended in extirpation; but it was only for any scandalous offence, very remarkable, that a few days [which seldom happens among before it was to be executed, he them,] but on account of any little got that accidental hurt in his toe, misdemeanour which seems con- which ended in a mortification, trary to the honour of the gospel; and proved the occasion of his death. The present king sent a
Moravian church was called togecommission to inquire after them, ther upon that occasion, or, at but received a report so much in least, the elders of it; and after their favour, that he secretly pro- several hours spent in prayer, one tected them. Mr. Ingham assures of them threw a lot which determe that he has seen among them mined his return to England; nesuch extraordinary answers of vertheless this good man, in whom, prayer, as has thrown him into I must say, there is as much of great amazement. Persons have the Christian and apostolical spirit been recovered from dangerous as I ever saw on so little acquaintand desperate illnesses, it seems, by ance in any person living, is fully this means, and he added a little determined to return as soon as story, for the truth of which he Providence gives him an opporundertakes to answer upon his own tunity. He speaks of the four knowledge. One of the Mora- months that he spent among the vian brethren, who is an elder Indians, as the most delightful among them, was bathing in a part of his life, though he was but river a little above Savannah, when beginning to understand their lanan alligator darted directly at guage, and had no accommohim. The Moravian did not at. dations of life about him but such tempt to fly, but finding himself as they use, his English dress inwardly supported, as he after being excepted. He generally wards declared, with a full assu- lived upon boiled maze, with only rance of being delivered, he swam the ashes of oak leaves mingled directly towards the alligator, and with it, to supply the place of laid his hand on the head of that salt and spice, and drank nothing voracious creature, without the but water. He proposes, upon his least degree of fear; upon which return, to clothe himself with skins the alligator sunk like a stone to as they do, thinking there will be the bottom of the river, and made something of a persuasive language no other attempt on him. He in that to convince them how earsaid that several of the inhabi- nestly he seeks their salvation. tants were at that time in sight, He tells me, that though his conand it was a sort of a standing dition was but weak, and he was saying among some sort of the ill most part of his voyage, yet he English, that the little man had had his health very well among beat the alligator. I might have them; though besides all his added that in dubious cases their other hardships in his manner of eburch has often recourse to the living, he frequently lay for weeks determination of lots, and Mr. together in the open air, without Ingham put his last voyage into any shelter but a tree. England upon that issue. The
*" Mr. Telshce, who was an eye witness
returned to England, and brought letters to the fact, assured several friends in from the Wesleys to General Oglethorpe, London that it was repeated twice before,
and the trustees of Dr. Bray, on behalf the Moravian got on shore. Mr. Telshee
of Savannah. Mr. Whitefield was excited is a Moravian minister.”—This note is Dr. to visit America by the letters he sent from Doddridge's.
Georgia. We know nothing of bis sub† It was in February, 1737, Mr. Ingham, sequent history.-Editors.
GENERAL BODY OF PROTESTANT DISSENTING MINISTERS,
RESIDING IN AND ABOUT THE cities of LONDON AND WESTMINSTER,
To Protestant Dissenting Ministers throughout the United Kingdom, and to the Reli
gious Public in general,-agreed upon unanimously at a Special Meeting held by Summons at the Library of the late Rev. Dr. DANIEL WILLIAMS, in Red Cross Street, -- on Tuesday, December 11, 1827 ;-
The Rev. Dr. JOHN RIPPON, in the Chair.
CHRISTIAN BRETHREN, With minds to this great question, that a warm feeling of Christian friend- the peculiarly religious and Chrisship, and under a weighty sense of tian view of it has not received all moral duty, we take the liberty to the consideration which it merits, address you at the present mo
from some of the Protestant Disment upon a subject that lies near our hearts; namely, the appli- We entertain a deep and unalcation to Parliament upon the terable sense of the injustice, imCORPORATION and Test Acts. policy, and uncharitableness of the It gave us unfeigned pleasure to Test Laws ;-which deprive a very observe the zealous but temperate large portion of the people of this spirit with which this application kingdom of the common rights of was made by Protestant Dissen- subjects; treat a conscientious reters generally, in the last session ligious profession as a civil ofof Parliament. As a body, we fence; disable His Majesty from have unanimously resolved to availing himself of the services of renew our petition in the session many who might effectually prothat is approaching; and being mote the best interests of bis kingmost anxious that our brethren dom; divide a people, born to be throughout the kingdom should united, into two parties—the one a unite heartily with us on this oc- favoured, the other a degraded casion, we cannot forbear submit- party; and thus plant a root of ting to your serious attention bitterness where all the considersome considerations relating to this ations both of civil expediency highly important matter, which and of religious duty call for muhave forcibly impressed our own tual respect, esteem, and kind- , minds, and will, we doubt not, inAuence yours.
Far be it from us We do not overlook the opeto seem to dictate to our brethren. rations of the Annual Indemnity We rejoice in the persuasion that Acts in arresting the penal consethey are well informed upon this quences of the Test Laws: but subject, and fully prepared to dis- were these Acts a more certain charge their duty, as in the pre- protection of Nonconformists than sence of Almighty God. They we are instructed that they are, will not, however, we feel assured, we could not rest satisfied with deem a friendly address from us receiving a pardon where we are upon a topic of common interest, un- conscious of no crime, and with seasonable or obtrusive; especially being connived at, instead of since it cannot have escaped the standing justified to the eyes of notice of any that have bent their our countrymen, in the exercise of
our civil and political rights and holy religion by the Sacramental privileges.
Test. The ordinance of the Lord's With our views, which we are Supper is the most solemn instihappy to believe that we hold in tution that was ever established, common with all Protestant Dis- and its ends are the most momensenters, we could not submit, tous that were ever contemplated, without remonstrance, to any Re- even in the scheme of the Divine ligious Test of fitness for civil of- dispensations. Our Saviour, in fice; because every such test has commending the Supper to his disa tendency to secularize the reli- ciples, said, Do this in remembrance gion of our Holy Redeemer, whose of me; and the faithful Apostle kingdom is not of this world, and who received it in command is, besides, an assumption of in- from the Head of the Church to fallibility on the part of such as guard and vindicate and enforce impose it, and of a right to dic- the ordinance, has explained, that tate to the consciences of those on as often as we eat this bread, and whom it is imposed.
drink this cup, we do shew forth But it is not upon this branch the Lord's death till he come.
It is of the subject that we are most manifest, therefore, that the celeanxious to address you; and, in- bration of this sacred rite with any deed, it is unnecessary to dwell other than serious and purely spiupon the civil and political view ritual views, must be a gross perof our case, which has been so version of it, a dishonour to the amply and satisfactorily explained, religion of which it constitutes so in the “ Statement” published by vital a part, and a high indignity the “United Committee,'* and to its great Institutor, “ the Lord in the “ Petition" of our Deputies of all.” Yet, by the Corporation to the House of Commons, i- Act, no person can hold office in documents which have been very any corporate town or borough, widely circulated, and which, in and, by the Test Act, no person our judgment, must carry convic- can hold any place of trust or tion to the mind of every dispas- emolument under the Crown, or sionate reader, that the present ap- exercise any function of magiplication of the Protestant Dis- stracy, without qualifying himself senters to the Legislature is founded by receiving the Sacrament of the on the solid basis of fact and ar- Lord's Supper according to the gument, and is pre-eminently en- rites of the Church of England, titled to the grave consideration of under very heavy mulcts and ruinParliament.
ous penalties. No account is Our principal design, Christian taken by these Acts of the faith Brethren, is to call your attention or the character of the communito the scandal thrown upon our
cants. The Sacrament is to be
received in all cases, without dis*“ Statement of the Case of the Pro- tinction; and hence, of necessity, testant Dissenters under the Corporation many are driven by the Law to. and Test Acts, published for the United the Lord's Table, of whom it is no Committee appointed to conduct their Ap- breach of charity to say, that they plication for Relief. Third Edition. 8vo.
have Sold, price 6d., by Hunter, Holdsworth, none of the qualifications reand Wightman and Cramp, London. quired by the Christian Scriptures
+ This “Petition” is expected to appear of the partakers of the solemn in an early nuinber of The Test Act symbols of the new covenant, "Voited Committee," announced as forth. and some, who are notorious evilcoming on the 1st of January, 1828. livers,—and others, who are una