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he piety and candour of Dr. Doddridge led him eagerly to approve and encourage all those who appeared to have the interest of spiritual religion at heart. He was, therefore, much delighted with the accounts which were communicated to him respecting the Moravian Brethren, and so highly did he think of their patron, Count Zinzendorff, as to style him, in the first edition of the Family Expositor (1738), the Moses of this age.” Having received from various quarters the following details, he communicated them in two letters to Dr. Isaac Watts. The extracts were made, we suppose, from the character of the hand in which they are copied, whilst the original letters were in Dr. Watts's possession : though our manuscript unfortunately is without a date, it appears, from an expression in the first letter, that they were written in the year 1737. The good Doctor lived to change his opinions respecting the Brethren of his day. The peace of his own church at Northampton was disturbed by a Moravian teacher, who, during the Doctor's absence, crept in and made a sad breach amongst them.”* The interview he had with Count Zinzendorff when in England, together with his bymns and sermons, convinced the Doctor, that the Count's notions of religion were very crude, and did our Lord little honour, and tended little to Christian edification.t
The late Rev. Samuel Palmer has preserved an extract of a letter from Dr. Watts to Dr. Doddridge, in which it appears, that the latter was in some difficulties with his Moravian acquaintances.
-“I must say for myself, had I suffered my inclination to run into such acquaintance with the Methodists and Moravians as some . would have led me to, perhaps I might have been in the same disagreeable circumstances as you; hardly knowing where to stop or refuse. However, God hath kept me from this snare. Though I pay great respect and honour to those persons whom God hath so much owned and honoured, there is a medium of prudence with regard to this sort of conversation and acquaintance, which it is hard to hit exactly, which may neither give offence to Jew nor Gentile, nor the church of Christ. But at present I think it best to keep ourselves, as Dissenters, entirely a separate people.” I
After Dr. Doddridge's death, the Moravians represented him, in some of their continental publications, as their friend and advocate. The fact, however, was much otherwise, for he had prepared for publication, a letter addressed to Count Zinzendorff, expostulating with him on account of“ his absurd, ridiculous, and pernicious notions.” A copy of this work was sent by the
* Letters to and from Dr. Doddridge, p. 280.
N, S, No. 37.
Rev. Joh Orton to a Lutheran Bishop at Riga, for publication in high Dutch, but happily the Moravians having abandoned most of those absurdities, their Protestant brethren were happy to witness their regularity and consistency, and, of course, declined the undertaking.
No doubt need be entertained of the authenticity of these letters. The facts they contain deserve a record, and we presume that our readers will peruse with pleasure the statements, which Doddridge thought worthy of the notice of his illustrious friend, Dr. Watts !
“I AM ashamed to think how beginning of a reformation was long I have neglected to fultil my raised among them, as it had long promise of sending you some ac- before been among the Waldenses, count of those remarkable particu- from whom, nevertheless, I cannot lars, relating to the Moravian find their doctrine or discipline Brethren, which I promised you was derived, though there was a several months ago. I had just great resemblance between them. then received from my reverend Those churches have remained, and worthy friend, Mr. Ingham,* throughout all the succeeding ạ clergyman of the Church of ages, in part at least, a distinct England, who having spent almost body, neither incorporated with twelve months at Savannah, in the Lutherans nor Calvinists, nor company with several of them, any other sect in Germany, and received the greatest part of his in consequence of that, together information from them, and espe with the remarkable strictness of cially from the Rev. Mr. Spangen- their discipline, though in docburge, pastor, or as they call it, trine they have indulged to a great Bishop of thé Moravian Church latitude, they have been contiat Philadelphia.-I need not tell nually exposed to persecutions, you, Sir, how well the names of not only from Papists, but from the Moravians, and Bohemian Protestants too. I think it now Brethren were known long before fifteen years since* five of them, Luther's time, for I doubt not flying from the violence to which you are much better acquainted they were exposed at home, took than I with those singular foot- refuge in a wood at Hernhutt, steps of providence, by which the which was a part of the cele
brated Count Zinzendorff's estate. * Mr. Ingham was of Queen's College, Oxford, where he became acquainted with That pious nobleman, returning the Wesleys, and in 1732, joined that from the Court of Dresden, weary devoted band, known in Oxford by the of the impieties and immoralities title of the Holy Club, Sacramentarians and of it, and fearful of hazarding his Methodists! He sailed with the Wesleys salvation by a longer continuance for Georgia, October, 1735. There was a party of Germans, members of the Mo- there, happened to pass through ravian Church on board, amongst wliom that wood, and saw a little hut was a Moravian Bishop: Mr. J. Wesley lately raised, and perceiving a and himself were much interested with these strangers. The former set himself smoke in it, had the curiosity to to learn the German language, in order alight and go into it, where he to converse with them; and the Moravian found these five refugees, who in a
owned lish with the same view. In one of Mr. very respectful manner
themselves trespassers W.'s letters, describing the occupation
his of himself and fellow - voyagers," from ground, and discovering their reliday to day, mentions, that in the mor- gion and circumstances, implored ning, Mr. Ingham instructed the chil. his protection. This he readily dren; and in the evening, read between the decks to those who desired to hear... Moore's Life of Wesley, vol. i. p. 256..
* This event occurred in 1722.