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a fine picture, attributed to Jordaens, representing i tion and activity imparted by the flourishing state the Birth of Christ.

of its manufactories. Its population is chiefly (Railway to Thielt, and to Oudenarde. Thielt engaged in the manufacturing of linen and (Station)is the chief place ofa canton in the district

cotton threads by machinery, and the bleaching of Bruges. Itis the birth-place of Olivier le Daim,

and printing of calicoes. Ghent is built on the celebrated barber of Louis XI. Pop.,12,000. From twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and here a branch runs through Pitthem (Station) contains three hundred streets. Though no to Lichtertervelde (Station) on the way to

longer the great commercial city of former days, Dunkirk; and another is open to Meulbeke when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distin(Station) and Ingelmünster (Station), a place guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je for carpet factories.

mettrais tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e., I could The Lys, which passes Deynze, rises in France, in

put all Paris in my glove, gant). Ghent is still

the Manchester of Belgium. In 1800 an enterthe department of the Pas de Calais, not far from Bethune; after watering Aire, Estaires, and Armen

prising Fleming, named Lieviere Baucus, brought tières, it runs north-easterly along the border of

over from Manchester several English workmen France and Belgium, by Warneton and Wervick,

and spinning jennies; manufactures quickly took which it passes, and entering West Flanders, passes

root, and in a short time 30,000 workmen were Courtrai, then enters East Flanders, near Olsene, employed, and sixty steam-engines required to crossing Deynze, and taking a winding course of

set in motion the machinery of the various cotton about 100 miles, it falls into the Scheldt at Ghent.] mills, many of which appear to a Lancashire tra

veller like a transplant from his native county. Leaving Deynze the stations of Deurle (3 miles), La Pinte (2 miles), and St. Denis The political history of Ghent is various and Westrem (14 mile), are passed successively, interesting. Notwithstanding the strictures of from which it is 41 miles to Gand.

Hallam, it calls up to the recollection many scenes GHENT (Station), French, Gand; Flemish,

which inspire us with every sentiment of sympaGent; where John of Gaunt was born. Popula- thy and good-will towards many a name illustrated

in centuries past by deeds of patriotism and do. tion (1886), 145,424. Hotels :

mestic virtue. Its citizen-magistrates being conHotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of

demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his the town, and nearest to the railway station, a

clemency, and to wear a rope round their necks first-class hotel-highly recommended to English

whenever they acted judicially, they turned it into travellers.

an honour with this device, in which the city is Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes.—This old characterised, along with others:established first-rate hotel is highly recommended.

“Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nummis, Hotel de Vienne, second class hotel-moderate

Gandavum laqueis, formosis Bruga puellis, charges and excellent accommodation.

Lovanium doctis gaudet Mechlinia stultis."
De l'Etoile; Lion d'Or; d'Allemagne; Grande
Cour Royale.

The Paeification of Ghent, when the North and

South Provinces united against Spain, was celeThere is a good Buffet at the station, which is

brated 1876. within the town. Cabs are always in attendance.

There are two smaller stations on the other side Ghent is one of the handsomest towns on the of the town.

Continent; its streets and public squares are wide Post Office.-Rue de l'Université.

and spacious; it has more the appearance of a English Church Service.

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, as The traveller will be most agreeably surprised in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little on entering this rich and populous city, through reflectors, placed outside the windows, and showone of its seven gates, situated at the confluence ing all the passers in the street. Its objects of of the Scheldt and the Lys, to observe the anima- ! attraction may be enumerated as follows:


The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, 386 feet high, erected twelve chapels, which, as well as the choir, are in in 1183. Permission to erect a tower, or belfry, excellent keeping with the rest of the building. was the earliest privilege that the citizens ob- The choir which has two side aisles, is raised tained from their feudal lords, and was, hence, long above the floor of the body of the church by a regarded by them as a monument of their power flight of steps: in front is the grand altar, enclosed and wealth. It originally served as a watch by three bronze doors of elaborate workmanship, tower, from whence an enemy could be descried, and surmounted by Corinthian columns of the and in which was a tocsin-bell that called the

purest Carrara marble, with a statue of the saint citizens to arms, and to debate. The gilt dragon in his ducal robes, and two colossal marble on the top was carried off from Bruges by the statues by Van Pouche, representing the apostles Gantoises, as a trophy of their conquest of that Peter and Paul. In front of the altar are four tall town, under Philip Vlaenderlandt. It has lately copper candlesticks, remarkable as having been been re-gilt.

Its history is rather a remarkable the property of Charles the First of England. It one, it having originally adorned a Greek church

is surmised that they may have adorned the at Constantinople, from whence it was carried off | Chapel of Whitehall, or Old St. Paul's. It is by the men of Bruges, who went to the first supposed that they were sent out of England and crusade as soldiers under Baldwin, Count of sold. On them are still seen the arms of England. Flanders. The lower part of the tower is now used The stalls of the canons in the Choir are said to as a prison, and had deposited in it, the title deeds be the finest specimens of carving in mahogany and records of Ghent, now in the Town Hall. From known to exist in the world. Over these stalls its top a magnificent view can be had, and the are eleven paintings in 'imitation of bas-relief, by entrance to it is in the St. Jan Straat. Fee to the P. Van Reysschoot. Most of the numerous chapels concierge, 1 franc for a single person. The following which line the Cathedral

adorned with reply was made by Charles V. to his cruel and paintings. The first contains the Beheading of atrocious minister, Alva, who advised him to

St. John the Baptist, by Crayer; the second, the destroy the city, “Combien faudrait-il de peaux

Donation of St. Colette (a saint of Ghent, who d'Espagne pour faire un gant de cette grandeur?" | died in 1447) of a piece of ground for å convent, —(How many skins of Spanish leather would it by Paelinck, a modern artist; the third, the Baptake to make such a glove ?) The tower con- tism of our Saviour, by Crauwer; the fourth, a tains 44 bells; the mode adopted for ringing the Dead Christ, by Abraham Janssens; the sixth, chimes is curious and should be seen.

Christ disputing with the Doctors, by Pourbus, The Cathedral, 13th cent., is one of the handsomest

all the figures of which are portraits of different Gothic buildings in Belgium. It was formerly a individuals holding

official situations under church dedicated to St. John, but took the name of Phillip II. ; the seventh, a fine picture of tho St. Bávon or Baefs in 1540, when Charles V.removed Martyrdom of St. Barbe, by Crayer; the tenth, thither the collegiate chapter of the Abbey of that a Christ between the Thieves, by Van der Menen, saint, and 19 years afterwards it was raised to the a pupil of Van Dyck. In the eleventh is the Agnus dignity of a cathedral church. The present build- Dei, one of the most celebrated pictures of the ing was commenced in the thirteenth, and finished Flemish school, painted by the brothers Van in the beginning of the sixteenth century. The Eyck, the inventors of oil painting, in 1482; and, majestic effect which the structure is calculated to though more than four hundred years have produce is much impaired by the want of an open elapsed since this picture was painted, the colours area around and in front. The tower is remark- retain a vividness truly wonderful, the numerous able for its elegance; it is 271 feet high, and the figures are all finished with the most elaborate ascent to the platform which terminates it is by care, and each countenance is endued with admir446 steps; the view from the summit is of great ably appropriate expression. The towers, which extent and beauty. The Cathedral itself is divided in the luminous horizon are supposed to represent into three aisles by a double range of light and the New Jerusalem, are painted from those of Maeselegant columns. On each side are disposed | tricht, near which OWI the artists were borii, Above this picture are three smaller ones by the the workmanship of Lawrence Delvaux, of Ghent, same artists; the centre represents Christ on a is in the centre of the right nave, and is considered

Ane Af the most hauntinlin Belgium. It is com

The tree of life the sounding-board of the tree is seated as a venerable old with a thick veil, to contemplate the ents herself before ding an open book, "Surge qui dormis, Arise thou that iee light." At the

angels. The four e of workmanship, 50), are ornamented


rk of art in this

of Bishop Triest, nsists of a statue of cross borne by our e is a figure of the are stationed at the

St. Bavon without .941), a low subter

is divided into five igs, and containing

Van Eyck, and his it be reckoned an ented all offers of marentirely to its study.

is one of the most jurned in 1120, but This edifice suffered e Church of St. Pierre nth century.

It is square, and contains iyer, Janssens, &c. n the centre of the gance and lightness I style, partly floridich is seen to advanvhich it is situated. mounts the church, to have been carried he design has never Alfth chapel of this


The Beffroi.- Belfry tower, 386 feet high, erected twelve chapel's, which, as well as the choir, are in in 1183. Permission to erect à tower, or belfry, excellent keeping with the rest of the building. was the earliest privileg tained from their feudallo regarded by them as a me and wealth. It origina tower, from whence an er and in which was a toc citizens to arms, and to do on the top was carried Gantoises, as a trophy of town, under Philip Vlaen been re-gilt. Its history one, it having originally & at Constantinople, from w by the men of Bruges, crusade as soldiers und Flanders. The lower part as a prison, and had depo and records of Ghent, now its top a magnificent vie entrance to it is in the St. concierge, 1 franc for a sing reply was made by Chai atrocious minister, Alva destroy the city, “Com) d'Espagne pour faire ung --(How many skins of S take to make such a gl tains 44 bells; the mode chimes is curious and sho

The Cathedral, 13th cent. Gothic buildings in Belgi church dedicated to St. Jo St.Bavon or Baefs in 1540, thither the collegiate chaj saint, and 19 years afterw dignity of a cathedral chu ing was commenced in the in the beginning of the s majestic effect which the produce is much impaired area around and in front. able for its elegance; it i ascent to the platform wh 446 steps; the view from extent and beauty. The C into three aisles by a dor elegant columns. On each

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