Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

u pon the backgrounds of the gardens lies the

Neuss (Station). Population, 17,000. This Scherberigberg (flinty hillocks with vast pebble

place used formerly to be quite close to the Rhine, stone beds.

but since the fourteenth century, owing to the The Wolfsfurth (wolves' ford) in the valley of

altered course of the stream, it has been removed the Wurm, at the foot of the Scherberigberg. Hero

from it about a mile and a half. is the only discharge of all the drains of Aix-laChapelle. This place consists of some few build

Numerous excavations of Roman remains ings, chiefly cloth manufactories. Some good

have been made on the site, supposed to be the flower and kitchen gardens are attached to them,

Novesium of the Romans. Here Drusus, who built and also a small park, the property of the cloth

the town, threw a bridge over the Rhine. Neuss manufacturer, Mr. Kuetgens. Gardens and park

has sustained some remarkable sieges, which are form a part of the Bois de Pauline, a name given

mentioned in history. Among its edifices the old to this wood by Napoleon's sister.

church, or cathedral, of St. Quirinus, a fine Gothic Excursions also to the Aachener Wald, Carlshöhe,

building, erected in 1209, is well worthy examinaRonhcide, Linzenshäuschen, &c.

tion, its dome having some modern paintings in

fresco by Cornelius. At the Rathhaus is a good Railway to Düsseldorf and Cologne, as below.

collection of Roman Antiquities. A War MonuTo Malmédy, viâ Montjoie, 51 miles

ment of 1866 and 1870-1, has been erected. There are three Railway Stations ; the Rhenish

Near Neuss is the ancient abbey of Eberach, (Cologne, &c.), Tempelerbend, and Marschier

the church of which, built in the thirteenth Thor (Gladbach, Düsseldorf, Liége, &c.)

century, was remarkable for its monuments. The walk from Aix-la-Chapelle to Liége is

On the decease of the Princes and Bishops of charming.-R. S. C.

Würzburg, their hearts were deposited in it. (Aix-la-Chapelle to München-Gladbach,

Rail to Crefeld; to Cologne; and to Düsseldorf,

see Route 20. Crefeld, and Ruhrort, by railway.

From München-Gladbach the Ruhrort line

passes Geilenkirchen (Station), the nearest for

Viersen and Anrath to Jülich or Juliers. (See below.)

Erkelenz (Station). Population, 2,300. A Crefeld (Station). Population, 73,800. This is small place on the Roer.

a flourishing town, with fine wide streets of nicely Rheydt; population, 18,000, the junction of the built houses, about 5 miles from the Rhine, beline from Gladbach to Antwerp.

tween Düsseldorf and Cleves. Here there are München-Gladbach or Gladbach (Station). considerable manufactures of silk velvet, silk, and Population, 37,400. On the Ners. It has a Bene- mixed fabrics, besides dyeworks. These goods dictine Abbey, and considerable manufactures of are sent in large quantities all over Germany, to cotton and woollen are carried on. (From here a France, and especially to England. During the branch of the Berg-Märkische Railway was opened Seven Years' war, an important conflict took place 1873 to Jülich (22) English miles), with short

hereabout. extensions thence to Stolberg and Düren (13 Uerdingen (Station). Population, 2,800. Close and 14 miles respectively), both on the line from

to the left bank of the Rhine, surrounded by popAix la Chapelle to Cologne (see p. 70). Jülich, a lars. Near this place, at Eichelskamp, the French small town on the Roer, said to have been founded Revolution-army, under Lefébre, numbering about by Julius Cæsar, was once a strong fortress, 25,000, first crossed the Rhine in 1795, and turned which upon the death of the Duke of Cleves and the Austrian position. Jülich, in 1610, leaving "everybody his heir," Ruhrort (Station). Population, 9,000. Situwas seized by the Dutch, under the advice of ated at the confluence of the Ruhr (Roer), with the Barneveld, in order to prevent it from falling Rhine.

It possesses many large ship-building into the hands of the Emperor. This was previous docks, and has an immense coal-trade with Holto the Thirty Years' War.)

land, the coal being derived from the large beds of mineral on the banks of the Roer. This is the best mineral on the banks of the Roer. This is the best near a picturesque old castle. Here good remains harbour on the lower Rhine, and does a large of a Roman Villa were found, 1881, extending 120 carrying trade, besides those in corn, timber, and feet by 65 feet. wool. To Luftballon,, a public pleasure garden A short branch from this to Alsdorf (Station) about a mile distant, an agreeable walk may be was opened 1872; and a connection was made, 1876, taken; and the ironworks at Sterkerade, near with Würselen (branch to Morsbach) and Oberhausen are worth visiting. At Ruhrort is Höngen. a Hydraulic Establishment, consisting of two Leaving here, the railway traverses a country towers, each 120 feet high, one on each side of the rich with coal mines, and having houses, chimneys, Rhine, at Homberg and Ruhrort, each of which

near a picturesque old castle. Here good remains harbour on the lower Rhine, and does a large of a Roman Villa were found, 1881, extending 120 carrying trade, besides those in corn, timber, and feet by 65 feet. wool. To Luftballon, a public pleasure garden A short branch from this to Alsdorf (Station) about a mile distant, an agreeable walk may be was opened 1872; and a connection was made, 1876, taken; and the ironworks at Sterkerade, near with Würselen (branch to Morsbach) and Oberhausen are worth visiting. At Ruhrort is Höngen. a Hydraulic Establishment, consisting of two Leaving here, the railway traverses a country towers, each 120 feet high, one on each side of the rich with coal mines, and having houses, chimneys, Rhine, at Homberg and Ruhrort, each of which and steam engines on every side. To the left and contains an engine. These machines have a plat- right we see the village of Eschweiler-Pumpe with form with rails, by means of which two loaded its extensive coalmines, and, crossing the Inde, we wagons can be raised or lowered according to

run under the Schenberg, and arrive at the height of the water. The railways terminate Eschweiler (Station)-An industrious little in the towers. The correspondence between

town of 13,800 inhabitants, built on the Inde, and the two banks and the stations is effected by having silk, iron, and wire manufactories, and also a large steamer, having rails on deck carrying

an old picturesque Castle close to the line. The twelve carriages, in which the passengers are con

old Röthger Schloss is next passed; it is flanked veyed, without changing their seats, from one bank with four towers, and then we pass over the high to the other.)

embankment which precedes the deep cutting Aix-la-Chapelle to Cologne (43 miles in passed through by the railroad previous to our 1 hour and 20 minutes.).--Outside Aix-la-Chapelle arrival at station is a splendid viaduct, on two tiers of fif

Langerwehe. Beyond this, through the Vale teen small and twenty large brick arches, spanning

of the Wehe, a viaduct of seven arches conveys the the valley of the Wormbach, and is 892 feet long, railway, which, after emerging from the cutting, and 70 feet high.

looks by the village and castle of Merode; and Close by the side of the line, to the left, is the again pursuing its course through the village of Castle of Frankenburg. Charlemagne is reported Dhorn, crossing the Rhine iminediately after, by a to have founded a castle on this spot, in which he bridge of six arches, we enter the station. Quitting dwelt, and there died his third queen,

Fastrada.

here, the railway passes some other unimportant Tradition states that he never left her body, night villages on the left, and is there carried over the or day, which was inclosed in a glass coffin, until

Ruhr, by a bridge of six arches; after which we Turpin the Wise opened the coffin one day during

arrive at Düren, 1 mile distant. the emperor's sleep, and released him from his Düren (Station). A manufacturing town, with thraldom, by taking from off the dead queen's a population of 19,800; so called from the Roman finger her gold wedding ring, and throwing it into Marcodurum, near which Charlemagne defeated the the moat of the castle.

Saxons. Chief manufactures are cloth and paper

It contains one church, that of St. Anne, with a Rothe Erde.- Near the cutting leading to the

very high and conspicuous tower. From here a Nirem tunnel, which is 327 yards long, through the

pleasant excursion may be made up the valley of bills which surround Aix-la-Chapelle.

the Ruhr to the beautiful village of Niedeggen, Passing through the beautiful wood of Reichs

8 miles south of Düren, built on a hill, on which wald,

are the ruins of a castle, where Engelbert ArchStolberg (Station) is reached.

bishop of Cologne, was imprisoned in the thirHotels: Keller ; Schenfen; Welter.

teenth century. A mining and manufacturing town, with about A short railway connection was opened, 1875, 200 inhabitants, built about 3 miles south of the with Essen and Bochum (see Bradshaw's Hand

up a valley studded with mills, forges, &c., | Book to Germany).

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]

and steam engines on every side. To the left and contains an engine. These machines have a plat- right we see the village of Eschweiler-Pumpe with form with rails, by means of which two loaded its extensive coalmines, and, crossing the Inde, we wagons can be raised or lowered according to

run under the Schenberg, and arrive at the height of the water. The railways terminate

Eschweiler (Station)-An industrious little in the towers. The correspondence between

town of 13,800 inhabitants, built on the Inde, and the two banks and the stations is effected by having silk, iron, and wire manufactories, and also a large steamer, having rails on deck carrying

an old picturesque Castle close to the line. The twelve carriages, in which the passengers are con- old Röthger Schloss is next passed; it is flanked veyed, without changing their seats, from one bank

with four towers, and then we pass over the high to the other.]

embankment which precedes the deep cutting Aix-la-Chapelle to Cologne (43 miles in passed through by the railroad previous to our

arrival at 1 hour and 20 minutes.).-Outside Aix-la-Chapelle station is a splendid viaduct, on two tiers of fif

Langerwehe. Beyond this, through the Vale teen small and twenty large brick arches, spanning

of the Wehe, a viaduct of seven arches conveys the the valley of the Wormbach, and is 892 feet long, railway, which, after emerging from the cutting, and 70 feet high.

looks by the village and castle of Merode; and Close by the side of the line, to the left, is the again pursuing its course through the village of Castle of Frankenburg. Charlemagne is reported | Dhorn, crossing the Rhine iminediately after, by a to have founded a castle on this spot, in which he bridge of six arches, we enter the station. Quitting dwelt, and there died his third queen, Fastrada.

here, the railway passes some other unimportant Tradition states that he never left her body, night villages on the left, and is there carried over the or day, which was inclosed in a glass coffin, until

Ruhr, by a bridge of six arches; after which we Turpin the Wise opened the coffin one day during arrive at Düren, 1 mile distant. the emperor's sleep, and released him from his Düren (Station). A manufacturing town, with thraldom, by taking from off the dead queen's

a population of 19,800; so called from the Roman finger her gold wedding ring, and throwing it into

Marcodurum, near which Charlemagne defeated the the moat of the castle.

Saxons. Chief manufactures are cloth and paper

It contains one church, that of St. Anne, with & Rothe Erde.-Near the cutting leading to the

very high and conspicuous tower. From here & Nirem tunnel, which is 327 yards long, through the

pleasant excursion may be made up the valley of hills which surround Aix-la-Chapelle.

the Ruhr to the beautiful village of Niedeggen, Passing through the beautiful wood of Reichs

8 miles south of Düren, built on a hill, on which wald,

are the ruins of a castle, where Engelbert ArchStolberg (Station) is reached.

bishop of Cologne, was imprisoned in the thirHotels: Keller ; Schenfen; Welter.

teenth century. A mining and manufacturing town, with about A short railway connection was opened, 1875, 11,200 inhabitants, built about 3 miles south of the with Essen and Bochum (see Bradshaw's Handstation, up & valley studded with mills, forgos, &c., | Book to Germany).

[ocr errors][merged small]
[graphic]

1 AMERICAN CONSULS. ischofsgartenstrasse. rom the station to any

rson, 60 pf., two persons, mark. Cologne to Deutz, 20 persons, 1 mark 75 pf. with one or two persons, our, 1 mark 50 pf. From le fare. Omnibus from

own, situated on the left 11 having the populous i de Belle Vue) on the ats, 400 ft. long, connects The new railway bridge ry fine structure. There l's. Several new streets

houses have been built, clade.

wes its origin to the a pitched on the skirts of

the central portion of it camp was afterwards

the removal of the Ubii, ast bank of the Rhine, usly lived, to the right

Cologne now stands. il city, called Oppidum y a Roman colony of

Agrippina, the wife of Vero, who was born here r. Germanicus. It was ror and her,

Colonia Hensis, from which arises

[graphic]

in its historical remi: its chequered destiny

overflowing prosperity. ..t another flourishing, this is different in their charjus or beneficial in their stant and remote period, s have rolled over since

ed his delegated impecan trace mogupients of

« ForrigeFortsæt »