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Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes;
The clouds also dropped water.
Israel. In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, In the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, And the travelers walked through byways. The villages were unoccupied in Israel, they were unoc
cupied Until that thou Deborah arose, thou arose a mother in
Among forty thousand in Israel.
Bless ye the Lord.
water, There shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the Lord, The righteous acts of His governance in Israel. Then came down to the gates the people of the Lord.
Awake, awake, Deborah;
Awake, awake, utter a song:
The people of the Lord came down for me against the
As was Issachar, so was Barak.
ings of heart.
ings of heart.
And abode by his creeks.
They fought from heaven.
Curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; 10. See Note 25, Outline Study.
Because they came not to the help of the Lord,
Blessed above women be Jael,
The wife of Heber the Kenite,
neck of the queen.
And the land had rest forty years.
Study Outline Study, Note 24.
THE STORY OF GIDEON
(Judges vi-vii) Introductory Note.-Israel was now exposed to the ravages of a swarm of raiders from the Arabian deserts.
And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord: and the Lord delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years. And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.
And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them; and they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass. For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers' for multitude; for both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it.
And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried unto the Lord.
1. The swarms of grasshoppers or locusts which devour growing grain are among the greatest pests of the arid lands of the East.
And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord because of the Midianites, that the Lord sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which said unto them :-“Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of the house of bondage, and I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave them out from before you, and gave you their land; and I said unto you, I am the Lord your God; fear not the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but ye have rict obeyed My voice."
And there came an angel of the Lord, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Toash the Abi-ezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.
And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him, and said unto him:-"The Lord is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.” And Gideon said unto him:-"Oh my Lord, if the Lord be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the Lord bring us up from Egypt? but now the Lord hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites."
And the Lord looked upon him, and said :-“Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee?"
2. Literally "messenger.” The idea seems to have been that these beings were the word or purpose of the Lord in bodily form.