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XI

THE SONG OF DELIVERANCE

(Exodus xv) Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the Lord, and spake, saying :

I will sing unto the Lord, for He hath triumphed glo

riously :
The horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.
The Lord is my strength and song,
And He is become my salvation :
He is my God, and I will praise Him;
My father's God, and I will exalt Him.

The Lord is a Man of war :

The Lord is His name.
Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath He cast into the

sea:

His chosen captains also are drowned in the Red Sea.

The depths have covered them :

They sank into the bottom as a stone.
Thy right hand, O Lord, is become glorious in power:
Thy right hand, O Lord, dasheth in pieces the enemy.
And in the greatness of Thine excellency Thou over-

throwest them that rise up against Thee:
Thou sendest forth Thy wrath, it consumeth them as

stubble.”
And with the blast of Thy nostrils the waters were

gathered together;
The floods stood upright as an heap,

The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea.
The enemy said,

1. See Outline Study, Note 40. 2. Explain in full this simile.

“I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil;
My lust shall be satisfied upon them;

I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.”
Thou didst blow Thy wind, the sea covered them:
They sank as lead in the mighty waters.
Who is like unto Thee, O Lord, among the gods?
Who is like unto Thee, glorious. in holiness,

Fearful in praises, doing wonders ?
Thou stretchedst out Thy right hand,

The earth swallowed them.
Thou in Thy mercy hast led forth the people which

Thou hast redeemed:
Thou hast guided them in Thy strength unto Thy holy

habitation.
The peoples heard, they trembled :
Fear hath taken hold on the inhabitants of Philistia.'
Then were dismayed the dukes of Edom;*
The mighty men of Moab,“ trembling taketh hold of

them;

All the inhabitants of Canaan are melted away ;
Fear and dread falleth upon them;
By the greatness of Thine arm they are as still as a

stone;
Till Thy people pass over, O Lord,

Till the people pass over which Thou hast purchased.
Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the moun-

tain of Thine inheritance, The place, O Lord, which Thou hast made for Thee to

dwell in,
The Sanctuary, O Lord, which Thy hands have estab-

lished.
The Lord shall reign for ever and ever.

3. The country southwest of Palestine lying along the Mediterranean.

4. The country south and west of the Dead Sea. 5. The region east of the lower Jordan and the Dead Sea.

For the horses of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the Lord brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of

the sea.

And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. And Miriam answered them :

Sing ye to the Lord, for He hath triumphed gloriously;
The horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea.

So Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter : therefore the name of it was called Marah. And the people murmured' against Moses, saying "What shall we drink?"

And he cried unto the Lord; and the Lord shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, and said "If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in His sight, and wilt give ear to His commandments,

6. This was southeast of the point where now the Suez canal enters the Red Sea, a region of rock valleys with brooks and springs.

7. See Outline Study, Note 15.

and keep all His statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians : for I am the Lord that healeth thee.”'

And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.

8. Explain the allusion.

XII

THE GOLDEN CALF

(Exodus xxxii) Introductory Note.-Passing through the friendly land of Midian, the Israelites came into the great tangle of granite mountains known as Mount Sinai, a region which seems to have been regarded by all the surrounding peoples as the earthly abode of God. Moses, with one trustworthy follower, Joshua, the son of Nun, ascended one of the peaks to receive the commands of the Lord, leaving the host of Israel in the valley below in charge of his brother Aaron.

And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him: -"Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.”

And Aaron said unto them :-“Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.”

And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And he received them at their hand, and fash

Suggestion.-Study Note 15, Outline Study.
1. See Introductory Note.
2. Define.

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