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feeming Absurdity of the Rabbins. But, says he, " when I saw St. Paul do so too, my “ Anger was appeased.",,

In the third Book, which treats of the Manner of interpreting the Scriptures, he show.s,s how the Authors of the Gemara, " and the ancient allegorical Writers, and “ others, interpreted the Scripture in such a “. Manner, as to change the mean literal Sense " of the Words into a noble and spiritual « Sense. To that End the Jewish Doctors "used ten Ways of citing and explaining « the Old Testament;” which, for their Curiosity and Importance, I shall here recite at large after my Author..

1. The first is, “ reading the Words, not « according to the Points placed under them,

but according to other Points substituted in “ their Stead; as we see done by Peter, Asts 3. 3 ; by STEPHEN, Aits 7. 43 ; and “ by PAUL, 1 Cor. 15. 54 ; 2 Cor. 8. 15; " and Heb. 3. 10; 9. 21; 12. 6." ; : 2. The second is, “ changing the Letters, “ whether those Letters be of the fame Organ “ (as the Jewish Grammarians speak) or no; “ as we see done by PAUL, Rom. 9. 33 ; “ 1 Cor. 11. 9; Heb. 8. 9; and 10. sí and “ by Stephen, Afts 7. 43.”

3. The third is, “ changing both Letters “ and Points ; as we see done by PAUL, Afts 13.41; and 2 Cor. 8.-15.”'

4. The fourth is, “ adding some Letters " and taking away others.”

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5. The 5. The fifth is, “ transposing Words and Letters.

6. The fixth is, “ dividing one Word into " two."

7. The seventh is, “ adding other Words " to those that are there, in Order to make “ the Sense more clear, and to accommodate “ it to the Subject they are upon; as, is ma“ nifeft, is done by the Apostles throughout

the New Testament.

8. The eighth is, “ changing the Order of “ Words; which he shews to be done in “ many Places of the New Testament.”

9. The ninth is, “ changing the Order of “ Words, and adding other Words; which “ are both done by the Apostles in citing “ Passages out of the Old Testament.”

10. The tenth is, “ changing the Order of « Words, adding Words, and retrenching “ Words; which is a Method often used by " PAUL.”

Thus, by a most lucky Accident of Mr. SuRENHUSIus's Meeting and Conference with a learned allegorical Rabbin, are the Rules, by which the Apostles cited and applied the Old Testament, discover'd to the World ; to which they had been for several Ages lost, as has been observed from the Rev. Drs. STANHOPE and JENKIN, above-mention’d. Which Conference seems not, in its Nature and Confequence, much unlike That between LUTHER and the Devil. LUTHER reports himself to have had frequent Conferences with the Devil ;


in one of which he pretends he received from him the Arguments for the Abolition of the Sacrifice of the Mass, which he urges in his Book, Abrog. Misl. Privař. The Rabbin establishes Christianity; and the Devil Protestantism !

The Nature of allegorical Reasoning farther

Mhewn by Application of it to several particular Instances cited from the Old Teftament and urged in the New Testament.

To compleat this Account of the Nature

1 of mystical or allegorical Reasoning, I shall conclude with fhewing, how my Author applies fome of the Theses, laid down by him in his three first Books, to the Prophesies cited above by me as not literally, but mystically fulfilld.

1. The first Prophecy is contain’d in these Words of MATTHEW, (m) all This was done, that it might be fulfilld, which was Spoken by the Prophet, Jaying, “behold a “ Virgin shall be with Child, and shall bring « forth a Son, and they shall call his Name “ IMMANUEL.”

Mr. SUREN HUSIUS (n) observes, that Matthew urges the Quotation from the

{m} Matt. 1. 22, 23.

(91) Surenbufius. p. 150, 151.

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Prophet, as a confirmation of what is said just before (0) by the Angel to Joseph. As if the Ange) had said, what Ỉ have said to

you concerning your Wife Mary being “ with Child by the Holy Ghost ought not to “ appear so wonderful and unheard of a “ Thing to you; for it was foretold of the “ Lord, by the Prophet Is AI AH, that a “ Virgin should be with Child without the Concurrence of a Man, whose Off-spring “ should be call’d IMMANUEL. This Passage ought not to have been unknown to you, “ but since you did not know it, I refer you “ to it, and bid you carefully consider it, that you may more easily app:ehend the unusual Conception of your Wife Mary, and take “ her Home to you.” And he proves This to be the Sense from the Form of quoting. For he observes, that the Form of Words," that « it might be fulfilld, which was spoken,” often (P) signifies, according to the Gemarick Doctors, “ that it might be confirm’d, which “ is said.” So that the Sense of the Place is as if the Evangelist had said, "“ By this means, “ by what has now happen'd in Mary, is “ confirm'd this Place of ISAIAH, where it is “ foretold, that a Virgin shall conceive with« out the Concurrence of a Man.” And he adds, that the Design of the Evangelist was not to oppose the Jews, and prove to them, that Jesus was the true MESSIAS; but to hew to those, who did believe Jesus to be the true

as if the For so that it be confiihe, Gemarick

10) Matt. 1. 20.

(D) Thesis ada de Formulis allegandi.


Messias, how the whole divine (9) Oeconomy of former Times, having always the CHRIST, as it were, in View, had form'd all Things to resemble him. Which Notion (r) my Author fupposes to have prevail'd always among the Jews, and makes to be the general Key, whereby to understand all the Old Testament, and especially this Prophecy before us, which he explains at large by this key, as we shall see by and by. So that the Reader may observe how the Virgin's Conception in Isaiah, as applied by MATTHEW, relates to the Virgin MARY in an allegorical Sense, viz. as a Type, like all the Ceremonies of the Law, and the Passages of History in the Old Testament, which are all deem'd Types of Jesus, as representing before-hand what he was to go through and ordain ; and, in particular, like (s) SARAH's Conception, in her old Age, of ÌS A AC, which by the Antients and Moderns is made a Type of the Virgin Mary's Conception of Jesus; like (s) ABRAHAM offering up Isaac, which was a Type of CHRIST's being offer'd up on the Cross ; like (s) ISAAC'S carrying the Wood on his Shoulders, which was a Type of Christ's carrying his Crofs ; and like the (s) lifting up of the brazen Serpent in the Wilderness, which was a Type of Christ's being lifted up on the Cross.

(9) 1 Pet. 1. 20. 2 Cor. 10. 11. Gal. 4. Eph. 1.
(r) Sureņhufius. p. 159, 160.

(s) Lesley's Truth of Christ. demonft. p. 132, 133. Jenkin's Remarks on Whiston's Sermons. p. 54. Ib. Reasonableness of Christ. Rel. Vol. 1. p. 235.


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