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13. Line 5, Your beds of wanton down the best, 1647; Your bed of wanton down's the best, 1679. The apostrophe marking the abbreviated 'is' was often omitted. I have supplied it in bed's'; in which connection note also, 'your horse,' l. 16, is in the singular too. Line 9, both editions omit the comma after 'best,' which I print to clarify the meaning of 'ring'; cf. the 1661 text (Coll. 73), 'Call for the best till the house doth ring.' The poem appears in Colls. 48, 73, 94, 123, 262.

14. D.N.B. cites the 'Office Book' of Sir H. Herbert, Master of the Revels, as the authority for the joint authorship of this play. The song appears in Coll. 94. 15. For date, see D.N.B.

16. Date: Ch. Ch. MS. 87 is dated 1624 on flyleaf; the play itself was written before Goffe left the University in 1623,-Fleay.

16. These Juvenilia, most of them the issues of your youthful Muse,' is the Publishers' description of the 1657 volume. King was aged 32 in 1624, the probable year of his wife's death; before which date it is generally agreed that his lighter lyrics, this among them, had been written. This song appears in Colls. 109, 162.

17. This song was included after I had made the final examination of the Collections; but I do not remember its occurrence in any of them.

18. I agree with D.N.B. and Fleay that Dekker is the probable author of this song.

22. It seems to be practically certain that King's wife died in 1624; but actual evidence is, I believe, still lacking.

23. This song has not, I think, been printed before. Stz. 1, also occurs in Ch. Ch. MS. 87, which is dated on flyleaf 1624.

25. Poetica Stromata, 1648, has many variants and a penultimate stz. which are neitherin 1647, nor in Poems, 3rd Ed. 1672. The poem also occurs in Bodley MS. Mal. 19. Date: temp. Jas. I, before Charles I came in,' (see stz. 4).

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26. This play is not included in 1647 folio. The song appears in Colls. 29, 45. 27. Claimed for Strode by B. Dobell (see The Poetical Works of William Strode. 1907), and also by Malone on the evidence of Bodley MS. Mal. 21. In this MS. however the poem itself is not signed, but is followed by a reply Against Melancholy'subscribed Dr. Strode.' Wit Restored, 1658, also has both poems; the first is anonymous, as in the MS.; and the second is entitled 'The answer, by Dr. Stroad.' The song itself was very popular, and is said to have inspired Milton's Il Penseroso. I have found it in many MSS., the earliest I have noted being Bodley MS. Eng. Poet, e. 14 [c. 1620-30]; and B.M. Add. MS. 15227 [c. 1630]. It was first printed in Coll. 16; and is found later in Colls. 29, 45. 47, 61, 95.

29. In the broadsides, 6 extra stzs. occur between stzs. 5 and 6. The Forbes' text, 1666, is my authority for their omission; he however makes stz. 2 the penultimate. In the order of stzs. and in text I follow Roxb. For date. see W. Chappell's Popular Music [1855-7], and 1893. The poem appears in Colls. 80, 133, 264, 266, 267.

30. I have found three MS. volumes of Austin's poems, all containing this 'Carol,' and all transcribed by R. Crane; the others being B.M. Add. MS. 34752, and B.M. Harl. MS. 3357. The text of the carol is identical in all three.

33. Date: MS. written 1615-26; the poem occurs towards the end. It is also in B.M. Add. MS. 27870, and, with a different last stz., in a MS. in the possession of Mr. J. W. Brown (see the article by him, Cornhill Magazine, Sept. 1921). Expanded as a broadside, it also appears in Colls. 264, 276.

34. Stz. 1, also appears in B.M. Add. MS. 24665 [1615-26].

34. I believe this song is now printed for the first time. The MS. is early XVIIth Cent.; so for convenience I place this below another from the same MS. which can be dated more definitely (see preceding note).

36. No completely satisfactory text of this poem has yet come to light, though I have found two not noted in The Poetical Works of William Basse, Ed. by R. W. Bond, 1893. There are therefore now four known texts: Sportive Wit, 1656; Wit and Drollery, 1682; the Pepys ballad [before 1640]; and the MS. version [c. 1648-60]. The new 1656 text being on the whole the best, I reprint that, but include seven slight emendations from the others, as follows. Stz. 1, 1. 6, welkin is seen, Pepys and MS.; welkin seen, 1656 and 1682. Stz. 2, 1. 2, his foam, Pepys and MS.; his Son, 1656; his foine, 1682. Stz. 2, 1. 6, And Black, 1682; And the Black, 1656; Black, Pepys and MS. Stz. 3. 1. 5. The[y] spring from, R. W. Bond; The spring from, Pepys; That springs with, 1656; That drop from, 1682; Revived by, MS. Stz. 4, 1. 7, His sport, 1682; Sports, 1656, Pepys and MS. Stz. 4, 1. 9, Home again to, 1682; Home to. 1656 and Pepys; Unto, MS. Stz. 4, 1. 12, carouses to, MS.; carouseth to,

Pepys; carouses in, 1656 and 1682. The song is dated by a now vanished MS., known both as The Gordon Lute Book, and as the Straloch MS. There is however a description of it, with a list of its contents, in the Gentleman's Magazine, Feb. 1823. Its title-page ran: An Playing Booke for the Lute. Notted and collected by Robert Gordon ., 1627, In Februarie'; and at the end of the MS. are the words Finis huic libro impositus. Anno D. 1629. Ad finem. Decem. 6.' It is possible therefore for the song to be a year or two later than 1627. A transcript of the MS. by Graham is said to be in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. Among the tunes it contained appears 'Hunter's carrerre' (i.e. career), which was identified by W. Chappell (op. cit. note 29) with Basse's Career, or Basse his carcere, the tune of this song, from which it took its name, and to which several ballads were afterwards made. The title of the song in the ballad text is Maister Basse his Careere'; and Izaac Walton refers to it in The Complete Angler, 1653, as the 'Hunter in his carrere.' "The Hunter's Song' is the title in Colls. 51, 135.

42. This famous poem is here reprinted from the oldest printed text yet recorded-the 7th Edition of The Crums of Comfort, 1628, in the B.M. The book was registered Oct. 7th, 1623, but none of the early editions seem to have survived a copy of the roth Edition, 1629, is in Bodley. In both the 7th and 10th Editions the poem has another and very inferior stz, appended, entitled 'Verses of Man's Resurrection,' which I have relegated to this place. It runs as follows:

Like to the seed put in earth's womb,

Or like dead Lazarus in his tomb,
Or like Tabitha being asleep,

Or Jonas-like within the deep,

Or like the night, or stars by day
Which seem to vanish clean away:
Even so this death man's life bereaves,
But, being dead, inan death deceives.
The seed it springeth, Lazarus standeth,
Tabitha wakes, and Jonas landeth,
The night is past, the stars remain ;
So man that dies shall live again,

This stz. is also to be found, with all the others, in B.M. Egerton MS. 023, and, with the first stz. only, in Ch. Ch. MS. 87. In part or in whole, or with other stzs, on the same model, the poem has the following claimants. Quarles, in Argalus and Parthenia ... Newly perused, perfected and written [1629]; (Hazlitt cites an earlier edition [London, 1622], which I have failed to trace). Wastell, in Microbiblion, 1629, (where the poem is appended to his metrical summary of the Bible, with one of Southwell's poems, both without ascription). Strode, in Bodley MS. Mal. 16 [c. 1620-30]. Francis Beaumont, in Poems, 1640. W. Browne, in B.M. Lansdowne MS. 777, 1650. H. King, in Poems, etc., 1657. One or more stzs. appear anonymously in numerous MSS., and, ascribed to Quarles, in Coll. 125.

45. This appears in Colls. 31, 42, 77, 83, 85.

46. For date of acting, see Fleay. The song appears in Coll. 64.

46. Reprinted by Shirley as the second of two stzs. in Poems, 1646. It also occurs in Coll. 29.

47. There is in Bodley MS. Rawl. Poet. 147, a variant of this song with 4 extra stzs, following stz, 4, and another at the end, all rather feeble, and subscribed Tho. Bonham.' Bonham died in 1629 (?)--D.N.B. 'Swedish drum is evidently a topical reference to Gustavus Adolphus's campaigns, probably that against the Poles, 1626-9. Charocco-Scirocco? but that of course is a warm wind in Italy. Rumkin' is misprinted Kumkin,' in 1650; it is 'Rumkin' or Rumken' in the other texts. The song appears also in Colls, 52, 70, 73, 89, 190.

48. Most of Browne's love lyrics are supposed to have been written before his second marriage on Dec, 24th, 1628. A. H. Bullen thought the Sonnets to Celia especially are assignable to the long period of betrothal, (op. cit. note 2). This song, also of Celia, is in much the same key and probably of the same date; and Browne included it, changing the name to Marina,' in Book III of Britannia's Pastorals (written c. 1635 ?) which he left unpublished. The two poems which follow this, are probably not later in date, and so are grouped with it for convenience.

51. This poem, hitherto unprinted, is taken from a MS., written in the years 1625-8, on the cover of which is inscribed Verses by John Cobbes.'

51. Little or nothing is known of Dr. Francis Andrewes, but this MS. contains a number of his poems, two of which are dated 1629. The poem, now printed in its complete form for the first time, has hitherto been wrongly ascribed to Lancelot Andrewes, Bishop of Winchester.

52. For date of acting, see Fleay.

54. Jonson wrote this ode after the failure of the performance of The New Inn, 1629. There is printed in Reliquiae Antiquae, Vol. I, 1841, a short poem from B.M. MS. Bib. Reg. 12. B.I., said to be in Ben Jonson's handwriting. I am however informed by the British Museum authorities that it is emphatically not Jonson's autograph. But though there can be no other reason for ascribing it to him, it remains nevertheless interesting on its own account. A slight variant of it appears later in Merry Drollery, 1661. as follows:

In the MS. it runs


THERE was a mad lad had an acre of ground,

And he sold it for five pounds;

He went to the tavern and drank it all out,
Unless it were one half-crown.

And as he went thence

He met with a wench

And asked her if she were willing

To go to the tavern

And spend eighteenpence

And kiss for the t'other odd shilling.

54. Massinger's song appears in Coll. 29.


It is in

55. There is an older and graver note about this, quite unlike Henry King's earlier love lyrics. It is frequently found in the MSS., where it is sometimes subscribed Dr. John King, or J. K., e.g. Bodley MSS. Malone 16 and 21. two MSS. written c. 1620-30, viz. Bodley MS. Mal. 16, and Bodley MS. Eng. Poet. e. 14; and it also appears in Colls. 50, 253.

55. This poem, I believe, exists in one MS. only, and there it is subscribed H. King. There is nothing by which to date it; but being in the sombre key of the preceding poem, I have placed them together. The actual MS. was written c. 1650; but contains at least one poem dated 1630.

56. May's drama mostly dates from about 1620 to 1630, and was very unsuccessful. This song however was popular enough to be retained in Colls. 24, 26, 31, 42, 77, 83; and it occurs also in Coll. 29.

56. I have included two emendations from the MS. cited. The 1655 text in 1. 2, is a foot short, omitting the and white' of the MS.; it also loses the rhyme entirely in 1. 15 with the reading: Are not men made for maids and maids for men? whereas the MS. line I print keeps it. As regards date, the MS. was written c. 1620-30. And an expanded variant of the poem, having 15 six-line stzs., was printed as a broadside (in Coll. 264) by the Assigns of Thos. Symcocke,' who ceased to print after their patent was cancelled by the Court of Chancery, June 30th, 1629. In addition to the texts already mentioned, the poem appears, with innumerable variants, in several MSS., and in Colls. 92, 95, 109, 162, 262.

57. Vincent was born in 1627, but there is some doubt about the date of the poem. D.N.B. says it was written 3 years later. The MSS. differ: B.M. Add. MS. 25707 entitles the poem Upon the birth of my son Vincent Corbett'; Bodley MS. Rawl. Poet. 147 reads 'Dr. Corbett to his son Vincent on his birthday, Novemb. 10. 1630'; other MSS. are non-committal like Bodley MS. Ashm. 47, with To his son Vincent Corbet on his birthday, R.C.' The poem was omitted in Poetica Stromata, 1648; but included in Poems, 3rd Ed., 1672. 59. From Nymphal III'; where the song is set for two nymphs singing alternate quatrains.

61. Seven parenthetic stzs. of invocation, not descriptive of the Ascension, follow stz. 3 in the original, but are here omitted. A final couplet follows the Song proper:

From top of Olivet such notes did rise,

When man's Redeemer did transcend the skies.

63. Date: the 1645 volume seems to be approximately chronological in its arrangement. This Sonnet,' and 'At a Solemn Music,' both occur earlier than the 1631 'Sonnet,' on reaching my three and twentieth year.'

66. This and the two following pieces are from an unprinted MS. recently acquired by the British Museum, and, at the time of writing, not yet described.

It was written about
Here is yet another

It is a long allegorical pastoral in rhymed couplets with songs interspersed, divided into five books, each ending with a masque. 1630, and contains a reference to the birth of Charles II. song from the same source:

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69. For date, see op. cit. note 3. The MS. 1. 8, reads 'Whither,' for 'Whether.' 71. Cowley includes these 3 stzs. in the essay Of Myself,' remarking that they are the latter end of an Ode, which I made when I was but thirteen years old. The Beginning of it is Boyish. . . .' They were originally stzs. 9-11 of 'A Vote,' first printed in Sylva, 1636.

71. The play was registered, May 16th, 1631, as The Noble Spanish Soldier by Thomas Dekker'; and was published 1634 as The Noble Soldier, Written by S. R.,' but having The Noble Spanish Soldier as the running title. Both Dekker and Rowley seem to have had a hand in the writing; but the song is probably Dekker's. It appears in Colls. 98, 101, 116, 123.

72. Sir Julius Caesar's autograph copy of this poem, in B.M. Add. MS. 34324, is endorsed Dr Dun Dean of Pauls his verses in his great sickness, Decemb. 1623. Izaac Walton, in his 'Life' of Donne, written within 9 years of Donne's death, says, 'He writ an Hymn on his death-bed, which bears this title: An Hymn to God, my God, in my Sickness, March 23, 1630 [i.e. 1631, according to modern reckoning]. The Hymn was first printed in Donne's Poems, 1635.

76. In stz. 2, 1. 2, Roxb. reads: And round about this airy welkin soon'; and in stz. 6, 1. 6, And seems.' In these two places I have followed Bishop Percy (Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, 1765), in omitting And round,' and reading 'seem' for 'seems.' This poem has 12 stzs. in the broadsides; but there is a variant of 4 stzs. in Bodley MS. Mal. 19 [c. 1630-40]; and another of 6 stzs. in Windsor Drollery, 1671. I print the eight usually chosen by modern editors, i.e. omitting the four which, in the broadsides, follow stz. 4. The merry pranks of Robin Goodfellow' was registered to Henry Gosson, the printer of the Roxb. ballad, in March 23rd, 1631. The poem is also to be found in Colls. 263 (bis), 276.

77. This appears in Colls. 14, 29, 37, 47, 63, 88, 95.

78. For date of acting, and authorship of play, see 'The Authorship of The

Careless Shepherdess, by W. J. Lawrence,' in The Times Lit. Supp. July 24th, 1924. Regarding the song, which appeared in Shirley's Poems, 1646, ten years before it was printed in the play, Shirley's claim will be hard to dispute. A variant of 8 lines also occurs in F. Beaumont's Poems,' 1653 (it is not in 1640) with others not belonging to him. It also appears in Colls. 60, 92, 159, 232, 262. 78. 'Of his Mistress' appears in Coll. 29.

79. Towards the end of the century this was absurdly ascribed to Charles I. It appears with that attribution in Colls. 171, 219, 226, 248.

81. Strode's On Chloris,' was exceedingly popular. It is also found in many MSS., and the following Colls. 23, 24, 26, 29, 31, 42, 47, 50, 77, 83, 95, 110, 164. 81. Philipott was one of several who were inspired by the preceding poem to attempt a companion piece,' but was the most successful. His poem is often found with Strode's in the MSS., and may well have been written about the same time; for which reasons I place them together.

82. Also in several MSS., and Coll. 34.

89. Printed in Coll. 40, all editions.

93. The title of this book is The Strange and Dangerous Voyage of Captain Thomas James, in his intended Discovery of the Northwest Passage into the South Sea...

93. For date of performance, see D.N.B.

94. Of the 14 poems in Pestel's book, none of those which are dated are earlier than 1621, or later than 1634; I have therefore put this undated poem * before 1634?' in which year the poet would be aged 50.

97. This and the following poem of Randolph's would seem to have been written before 1634; in which year he left London for good, harassed by creditors and broken in health, to stay with his father at Little Houghton, and later with W. Stafford at Blatherwick, where he died early in 1635. His engraved portrait, which appears in some editions, represents him at the age of 27, and the original may well have been the picture' of the second of these two poems. (See W. C. Hazlitt's edition of Randolph's Works, 1875.) In the 'Ode,' stz. 6, 1. 2, 'Where, at' is misprinted 'Whereat,' in 1638. 100. Heywood's song appears in Colls. 47, 95.

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100. Sweet Echo' was reprinted in Coll. 142.

102. For date of acting, see Fleay. The song appears in Coll. 94.

106. Emendations of the 1646 text are as follows: Stz. 3, tread, MS.; to, 1646, 1648, 1670. Stz. 6, its duty, 1670; his duty, 1646, 1648, MS. Stz. 12, its being, MS.; his being, 1646, 1648, 1670. Stz. 15, displace, outface, grace, MS.; displaces, outfaces, graces, 1646, 1648, 1670. Stz. 18, that dares, MS.; that dare, 1646, 1648, 1670: (but note, that dares' is the reading of 1646 in stzs. 29 and 38). Stz. 24, slight, MS.; flight, 1640, 1648, 1670. Stz. 40, merit dares, Mod. Eds.; merit dare, 1646, 1648, 1670, MS.: (but see next line where ' modesty dares' is the reading of all four texts). Date: this and the following poem appear in B.M. Add. MS. 33219, [written c. 1635]; see also The Poems ... of Richard Crashaw, Ed. by L. C. Martin, 1927. A variant, 10 stzs. in length, appears in Colls. 24, 26; and 14 stzs., in Colls. 31, 42, 77, 83.

107. The 1646, 1670, and MS. (B.M. Harl. MS. 6917) texts of this poem omit Il. 11-14. For date, see preceding note. This poem appears in Colls. 31, 42,77,83. 108. Variants occur in Colls. 52, 73.

110. This poem in the broadside is followed by 'The Second part. To the same tune,' which space prevents me including. The broadside was printed for C. Wright, who ceased publishing in 1639. 'Original date c. 1635,'-J. W. Ebsworth, Roxburghe Ballads, Vol. VI, Pt. ii., 1887. Stz. 7, 1. 4, doth blow, is misprinted' doe blow,' in the original.

111. I have been unable to find this song in any of Quarles' works, though Lawes specifically names him as the author. There is however one poem in the Emblems, 1635, Book IV, no. 5, the second stz. of which is practically identical with it in content but not in metre. Accordingly I have dated this, c. 1635? 112. In the Emblems there is, as usual, a biblical text printed at the head of the poem: Job. xiii. 24: Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy? It is not generally known that Rochester thieved this poem (i.e. he or another, for it was printed posthumously, like most of his work). He placed stz. 14 between stzs. 6 and 7, and, omitting stzs. 8 and 10-13, he followed on with stzs. 9, 15 and 16, and ended with the last stz. of another of the Emblem poems, viz. Book III, no. 12; then writing 'Love' for 'Lord' and 'God' throughout, and making a few other slight alterations, he addressed the result To his Mistress. This sham has in the past imposed on many people, and quite recently has been included in general anthologies and even in some exclusively devoted to XVIIth Century verse, as one of Rochester's finest poems.

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