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been passed, securing a reward of ceed to the Pacific Ocean, through twenty thousand pounds to the dif- that chain of islands, in the tropical
regions of the fouth, which he had Thus the matter rested, till lord before visited, and thence, if pracSandwich, the first lord of the Ad- ticable, to make his way into the miralty, espoused the cause; and it Atlantic. was resolved, in consequence, that To give every possible encouragea voyage should be undertaken for ment to the promotion of this great that purpose. To conduct this en-, design, motives of interest were terprize, great skill and ability were added. In the act passed in 1745, undeniably requisite ; and though the reward of twenty thousand no one was so well qualified as cap. pounds was only offered to veffels tain Cook, yet no one presumed to belonging to any of his majesty's subfolicit him on the subject. The jeets; ships belonging to government fervice he had already rendered being excluded. The reward, be. to science, and navigation, was fo fides, was entirely confined to such great, the labours he had sustained, as should discover a passage through and the dangers he had encountered, Hudson's Bay: but by a new act, were fo various, and so many, that passed in 1776, it was declared, that it was deemed unreasonable to alk it any fhip belonging to any of his him to engage in fresh perils. But majelty's subjects, or to bis majesty, his advice was requested, as to the should discover, and fail through, person best calculated for undertake any passage by fea, between the Ating the voyage; and in order to de- lantic and Pacific Oceans, in
any termine this point, the captain, fir direction, or parallel of the northern Hugh Palliser, and Mr. Stephens, hemisphere, to the northward of were purposely invited to dine at the fifty-second degree of northern lord Sandwich's house. The favou- latitude, the owners of such ships, rite subject was of course introduced; if belonging to any of his majesty's but with such earnestness, that Cook's subjects, or the commander, officers, mind was instantaneously fired with and fcamen. of such ship, if belonging the magnitude of the object; he to his majesty, should receive the fuddenly started up, and declared, sum of twenty thousand pounds, ae that he himself would undertake the a reward. direction of it. Nothing could be The vessels fixed on for this ser, received with more pleature by the vice were, the Resolution and the company. Lord Sandwich soon af. Discovery. Captain Cook com. ter laid the affair before his majesty, manded the former, and captain and, on the 10th of February 1776, Clerk, who had been our naviga. captain Cook was appointed to the tor's second lieutenant in his second expedition.
voyage, the latter. About the same All former navigators round the complement of men and officers was globe had returned by the Cape of assigned as before, and the utmost atGood Hope ; but to captain Cook tention was, employed to have them was assigned the arduous task of at- equipped in the completest manner. tempting the same thing, by reach- That the inhabitants of Otaheite, ing the high northern latitudes, be- and of the other South Sea islands, tween Asia and America ; and this where the English had been treated plan was adopted, in consequence with hospitality, might be benefited of his own particular suggeitions, by the expedition, his majesty or. He was, therefore, ordered to pro- dered an assortment of useful ani mals-to be carried to those coun- instruments were entrusted by the tries. The captain was also fur. Board of Longitude to captain Cook; nished with a quantity of European and Mr. Bayley, who had given fagarden-feeds; and the Board of Ado tisfactory proofs of his skill, while miralty added such articles of com- on board of captain Furneaux's ship, merce as were most likely to promote was employed a second time to make a friendly intercourse with the na- observations during the course of the tives of the other hemisphere, and voyage. Mr. Anderson, the surto induce them to accede to a pro- geon of the Resolution, took the fitable traffic. Additional cloathing, department of natural history; and, fuited to the rigours of a cold cli- that nothing might be deficient, mate, was ordered for the ships Mr. Webber was engaged to make crews; and, in fact, nothing was masterly drawings of such objects as denied these navigators, that could could only be properly represented lessen the hardships of the expedition. by the aid of the pencil. -Several nautical and astronomical
[To be continued.)
REVIEW OF HISTORICAL BOOKS.
knows how to refuse without giving CHARACTERS AND ANECDOTES OF
uneasiness. His clemency is founded THE COURT OF SWEDEN. 8vo.
on his great sensibility, which could HARLOW
never yet perinit him to punish with HE author of this work, who is death or infamy any one personally
T , to
a full account of all the most itriking that he might never unavoidably be events, which he professes to have wit- forced to such an act of severity, beneffed, in Sweden, from 1770 to June cause the remembrance would ever 1989: at which period his desultory make him unhappy: It may be said, narrative closes. A northern traveller that he inherits his father's heart with is said to have obtained these volumes the genius of his mother. Had he been in manuscript ; but whether from the a private man, he would have made his first writer, or by other means, we are fortune either in the line of politics or not informed. Perhaps, however, it is literature. His knowledge in history fufficient to fay, that the facts stated, and diplomatics is prodigious; his pubbear marks of authenticity; and that lic speeches in the diets, and upon other the characters are drawn by a writer who occasions, have an uncommon force and is not destitute of inforniation. That elegance worthy such a speaker; and our readers may judge with ourselves, several plays he has composed for the we fall select the author's account of newly-constituted national stage, are of the royal pair of Sweden, especially as a richness in their composition, and puit includes a piece of secret history, rity in their morals, that bespeak the which strikes us as particularly inte. prince and the legillator; and notwithrefting.
standing all the pains he had taken to “ As to the character of the king of prevent being known as the author, it Sweden, he is generally allowed to be soon became no secret, that they were one of the most amiable and popular from the pen of majesty. princes in Europe. He has a particu- “ Next to the king, the queen is a Jar gift to gain the heart of every one. worthy object of our attention. Among His conversation in public is full of other eminent qualities in that princess, wit, politeness, and a kind attention to it is perhaps her first merit that the make every one easy; in private he meddles not in politics: the is the speaks with the cordiality and fimplicity king's wife, and nothing else. Sweden of a friend; he grants favours with ap- has had fufficient experience of the parent satisfaction to himself, and evils arising from female influence in political matters, and rejoices to fee her letters; but the duchess fnatched it upon the throne a queen possessed of all up and ran away with it, saying the the charm's of her fex, and confining her king should owe great obligation to her ambition within the practice of its vir- for having, by her means, a letter writtues:
ten by the queen's own hand. She seal“ With all her accomplishments, the ed it up with her own letter, and fent was not so happy at first as to captivate it away. The king, who had never the inclination and confidence of her feen the queen's hand-writing before, Spouse, then prince of Sweden. Her was surprised and highly charmed with: countenance and manners, at her first the contents. There was a delicacy of arrival in that country, bore too visible sentiment and a gentleness in the exprefmarks of the constraint and feverity of lions he had never found before in her her education under the queen dowager letters. He read it aloud to some of his of Denmark, and the reception the met favourites with
great fatisfaction, and with from the queen of Sweden, her after having finished, he asked them, mother-in-law, was not at all encous with a fort of triumph, whiat they raging. She had alfo about her person thought of the letter ? From the tensome Danith doinettios, who, to have der concern the queen expreffes for my her entirely in their power, inspired her health and welfare,' said he, ' I Mould with continual fear and diffidence, alinot have the vanity to believe that which, naturally cauld a referve and - Be loved me.' A young gentleman coldness in her behaviour, and totally present had the boldness to ask, if his vemoved the prince's affeétion.
majetty had neyer known that before? “ She led a very retired life as prin- The king itartled at the question, and cess;, but as soon as her husband had answered, with a serious look, that he mounted the throne, and wished to see had so many proofs to the contrary, the court more frequented than it had that he never could persuade himself been during the reign of his father, the had for him any real affection. The and had hgnified his delire to the queen, gentleman anfwered, that if his ! mathat the should appear oftener in pubu jefty would permit him to reply, hq lic, and receive the nobility into her dared to assert that all such ideas were company, the readily obeyed, and apa fallacious, and put forth by persons peared as content as the happiest queen who had an interest in creating divisions in the world. She was the more a suf, in the royal family; and upon the ferer, as she really loved the king; but king's asking him how he could be fo thinking herself sighted, pride would certain of the truth of his assertion, he not permit her to betray the lecret of frankly owned, that he was upon terms her heart. She bore her disgrace with of the greatest intimacy' with a lady patience and resignation for feveral who had a good share in the queen's years, until an accident made her better confidence, and it was by that means known to her royal spoute, and caufed he came by his knowledge of her mas a perfe&t reconciliation.
jesty's sentiments; and that it now de“ The king had made a voyage into pended upon the king to assure himself Finland, and lent an express with let. of their reality whenever he pleased. ters to the royal family, to let them The king, having a great opinion of know of his tafe arrival. As the ex- the character of the gentleman, was als press had orders to return as foon as most persuaded; and in consequence he possible, they would all write to the king wrote a leiter to the queen, full of the by the return of the inefsenger; and warmest expressions of esteem and the young duchefs of Sudermania hav- friendship, aisuring her he should think ing finished her letter, she went to the himself happy if at his return ke might queen to tell her that the courier grew be convinced of the reality of the fenimpatient at waiting, as no one else timents expressed in her letter: in the daied to interrupt her majesty while the mean tinc, he begged the favour of was writing. The queen had just having another letter written by her finished, and was going to give her let- own hand, that he might experience ter to her Danish gentlewoman to write again the pleafure which the former it fair, as the ever used to do with all had given him. The queen, agreeably
furprised at fo unexpected a change, pears to the Miser as a confideration of
reality, that he might please his uncle,
Elwes formed at Westminster school, and at Geneva, together with his own
large fortune, all conspired to introTHE LIFE
duce him into whatever fociety he best ELWES, ESQ. BY EDWARD TOP
liked. He was admitted a member of HAM, ESQ: 39. RIDGEWAY.
the club ar Arthur's, and various other NOTHING has hitherto been said clubs of that period. And, as some or written of the avarice and meanness proof of his notoriety at that time, as of that race of human beings denomi- a man of deep play-Mr. Elwes, the nated Misers, which is not included in late lord Robert Berrie, and some others, the character of Mr. Elwes. Indeed, are noticed in a scene in the Adventures these authentic Memoirsm" which form of a Guinea, for the frequency of their an epoch in the eighteenth century--" midnight orgies. : Few men, even from outdo all that might be expe&ted from his own acknowledgment, had played the labours of a fertile imaginations deeper than 'himself : and with success ftriving to debase mankind, by ascribing more various. I remember hearing him to them a vice which cannot naturally fay; he had once. played, two days and gratify the caprices of the present mo- a night without intermiffion : and the ment, nor extend pleasure or comfort room being a finall one, the party were to the future one. That drofs which a nearly up to the knees in cards. Hé true philosopher, or, indeed, a rational lot some thousands at that fitting. The member of fociety, looks on wiila in- late duke of Northumberland was of the difference, in any other point of view party--who never would quit a table than for what it was intended, ap- where any hope of winning remained.
“ Mr. Elwes, after fitting up a whole kennel, and away they went into the night at play for thousands, with the field. After the fatigues of hunting, molt fashionable and profligate men of he refreshed himself by rubbing down the time, amidft fplendid rooms, gilt two or three horses as quickly as he sophas, wax lights, and waiters attendo could; then running into the house to ant on his call, would walk out about lay the cloth, and wait at dinner ; then four in the morning, not towards home, nurrying again into the Itable to feed but into Smithfield, to meet his own the horses-diversified with an interlude cattle, which were coming to market of the cows again to milk, the dogs to froni Thaydon-hall, a farm of his in feed, and eight hunters to litter down Eflex! There would this fame man, for the night. What may appear exforgetful of the scenes he had just left, traordinary, the man lived for fome stand, in the cold or rain, bartering with years; though his master used often to a carcafe butcher for a fbilling! Some. call him an idle dog!' and say, “he times, when the cattle did pot arrive at wanted to be paid for doing nothing !' the hour he expected, he would walk « That Mr. Elwes was not troubled on in the mire to meet them; and, more with too much natural affection, the than once, has gone on foot the whole following little anecdote will testify. way to his farm without stopping, which One day he had put his eldest boy upon was seventeen miles from London. a ladder, to get some grapes for the
“ On the death of his uncle, Mr. table, when, by the ladder flipping, Elwes then came to reside at Stoke in he fell down, and hurt his fide against Suffolk. Bad as was the mansion-houfe the end of it. The boy had the prehe found here, he left one ftill worfe caution to go up into the village to the behind him at Marcham, of which the barber, and get blooded : on his return, late colonel Timms, his nephew, used he was asked where he had been, and to mention the following proof. A few what was the matter with his arm? He days after he went thither, a great quan- told his father that he had got bled. tity of rain fell in the night-he had not Bled! bled!' said the old gentleman ; been long in bed before he felt himtelf 6 but what did you give ? - A til. wet through; and putting his hand out ling,' answered the boy. • Pha!' reof the clothes, found the rain was drop- turned the father, ‘you are a blockhead! ping through the ceiling upon the bed
your blood!' he got up and moved the bed; but he " All earthly comforts he voluntahad not lain long before he found the rily denied himself: he would walk fame inconvenience. Again he got up, home in the rain in London, sooner than and again the rain came down. At pay a shilling for a coach: he would fit. length, after pushing the bed quite in wet cloaths, sooner than have a fire to sound the room, he got into a corner dry them : he would eat his provisions where the ceiling was better secured, in the last stage of putrefaction, sooner and he slept till morning. When he than have a fresh joint from the butmet his uncle at breakfast, he told him chers; and he wore a wig for above a what had happened- Aye! aye!' said fortnight, which I saw him pick up out the old man, I don't mind it myself; of a rut in a lane where we were riding. but to those who do, that's a nice cor. This was the last extremity of laudable ner in the rain!"
economy: for, to all appearance, it was The editor's account of this gentle. the cast off wig of some beggar! man's huntsman is somewhat interest
• The extent of his property in ing. “ This famous huntsman might houses foon grew fo great, that he behave fixed an epoch in the history of came, from calculation, his own in. servants; for, in a morning, getting furer; and he stood to all his losses by up at four o'clock, he milked the cows conflagrations. He soon, therefore, bes -he then prepared breakfast for Mr. came a philosopher upon fire; and I reElwes, or any friends he might have member well, on a public-house belongsvith him : then, Nipping on a green ing to him, being consumed, that he coat, he hurried into the Itable, saddled said, with great composure Well, the horses, got the hounds out of the well, there is no great harm done;