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political matters, and rejoices to fee her letters; but the duchess fnatched it upon the throne a queen pofleffed of all up and ran away with it, saying the the charms of her fex, and confining her king lould owe great obligation to her ambition within the practice of its vir- for having, by her means, a letter writtues.

ten by the queen's own hand. Slie seal. " With all her accomplishments, the ed it up with her own letter, and sent was not so happy at first as to captivate it away. The king, who had never the inclination and confidence of her feen the queen's hand-writing before, Spouse, then prince of Sweden. Her was surprised and highly charmed with: countenance and manners, at her first the contents. There was a delicacy of arrival in that country, bore too visible sentiment and a gentleness in the exprefmarks of the contraint and severity of lions he had never found before in her her education under the queen dowager letters. He read it aloud to fome of his of Denmark, and the reception the met favourites with great fatisfaction; and with from the queen of Sweden, her after having finished, he asked them, mother-i11-law, was not at all encou with a 'fort of triumph, whiąt they raging. She had alfo about her person thought of the letter ? . From the tenfome Danith doinettios, who, to have der concern the queen expresses for my her entirely in their power, inspired her health and welfare,' said he, ' I should with continual fear and diffidence, alınot have the vanity to believe that which, naturally caufed a reserve and Bre: loved me.' A young gentleman coldness in her behaviour, and totally present had the boldness to ak, if his reinoved the prince's affeétion. majetty had never known that before ?

“ She led a very retired life as prin. The king itartled at the question, and cess; but as soon as her husband had answered, with a serious look, that he mounted the throne, and wished to see had fo' many proofs to the contrary, the court more frequented than it had that, he never could perfuade himself been during the reign of his father, the had for him any real affection. The and had hignified his delire to the queen, gentleman anfivered, that if his mathat he thould appear oftener in pub- jesty would permit him to repły, ho lic, and receive the nobility into her dared to affert that all such ideas were company, the readily obeyed, and apa fallacious, and put forth by persons peared as content as the liappiest queen who had an interest in creating divisions in the world. She was the more a suf- in the royal family, and upon the ferer, as the really loved the king; but king's asking him how he could be fo thinking herself sighted, pride would certain of the truth of his assertion, he not permit her to betray the tecret of frankly owned, that he was upon terms her heart. She bore her disgrace with of the greatest intimacy with a lady patience and resignation for feveral who had a good share in the queen's years, until an accident made her better confidence, and it was by that means known to her royal spoute, and caufed he came by his knowledge of her mas a perfe&t reconciliation. .

jesty's sentiments; and that it now de** The king had made a voyage inta pended upon the king to assure himself Finland, and lent an express with lett of their reality whenever he pleased. ters to the royal family, to let them The king, having a great opinion of know of his fafe arrival. As the ex- the character of the gentleman, was alprets had orders to return as foon as most persuaded; and in consequence he pollible, they would all write to the king wrote a letter to the queen, full of the by the return of the messenger; and warmest expressions of esteem and the young duchefs of Sudermania hav- friendthip, aisuring her he should think ing finished her letter, she went to the himself happy if at his return he might queen to tell her that the courier grew be convinced of the reality of the senimpatient at waiting, as no one else timents expressed in her letter: in the daied to interrupt her majesty while the mean time, he begged the favour of was writing. The queen had just having another letter written by her finished, and was going to give her let- own hand, that he might experience ter to her Danish gentlewoman to write again the pleafure which the former it fair, as the ever used to do with all had given him. The queen, agreeably


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furprised at fo unexpected a change, pear's to the Miser as a consideration of
anfwered according to the di&tates of the first importance. Perhaps he may
her heart; and when the king was ex- be ityled miferably bappy.
pected home, the prepared a fplendid The editor of this work appears to
feast for his return, and received him have written from the belt informa.
with that modeft tenderness to flatter- tion his own knowledge; and as he
ing to its object. That very evening vouches for the truth of what he ad-
they came to an explanation, and were vances, it would ill become us--aware
convinced of their former miftake on as we are of the various paffions which
each other's fentiments : the king con- agitate mankind to insinuate fufpi-
ducted the queen to her apartnients, cion.
and for a long time afterwards he had The failings which afflicted Mr.
no other bedchamber than hers. The Elwes, were of family origin, his mo-
Danish gentlewoman, being convicted ther having starved berself to death,
of having altered the queen's letters, although left, by her husband, near
was dismissed from her service, and sent one hundred tboufand pounds. But the
out of the kingdom; the young gen- uncle of Mr. Élwes, fir Harvey, it
tleman who had undertaken the queen's seems, was the most perfect picture of
defence, was rewarded by many rich penury that ever existed : and as the
presents from her majelty; and the nephew, in the early years of his life,
king, as well upon that confideration was not altogether of a faving turn, he
as in respect to his merit, has fince found it neceffary to assume, what in
raised his fortune in an eminent de- more advanced years he practised in

reality, that he might please his uncle,
The prince royal of Sweden is al. and inherit his poffetfions. As we mean
lowed to excel all the youths of his to select a few particulars relating to Mr.
age, of whatever rank or nation. He Elwes, it will not be necessary to detail
could maintain a conversation with fe- the life of his uncle; especially as the
nators and foreign ambassadors when reader will be left to gather the charac.
only feven years old : and within these ter of fir Harvey, by supposing him to
two years he has been examined in the be much worse than his nephew-
presence of the deputies of the four or- and this, indeed, the anecdotes related
ders, in a manner highly honourable by the editor, seem to confirin.
to himself, and flattering to his royal « The acquaintances which Mr.

Elwes formed at Westminster school, and at Geneva, together with his own

large fortune, all conspired to introTHE LIFE OF THE LATE JOHN

duce him into whatever society he best ELWES, ESQ. BY EDWARD TOP.

liked. He was admitted a member of HAM, ESQ: 35.

the club at Arthur's, and various other NOTHING has hitherto been said clubs of that period. And, as some or written of the avarice and meanness proof of his notoriety at that time, as of that race of human beings denomi- a man of deep play-Mr. Elwes, the nated Misers, which is not included in late lord Robert Bertie, and some others; the character of Mr. Elwes. Indeed, are noticed in a fcene in the Adventures these authentic Memoirs" which form of a Guinea, for the frequency of their an epoch in the eighteenth century- midnight orgies. Few men, 'even from outdo all that might be expe&ted from his own acknowledgment, had played the labours of a fertile imaginations deeper than himself : and with fuccefs Atriving to debase mankind, by ascribing more various. I remember hearing him to them a vice which cannot naturally say, he had once played two days and gratify the caprices of the present mo a night without intermiffion : and the ment, nor extend pleasure oricomfort room being a finall one, the party were to the future one. That drofs which a nearly up to the knees in cards. Hé true philosopher, or, indeed, a rational lost some thousands at that fitting. The member of society, looks on wiila in- late duke of Northumberland was of the difference, in any other point of view party--who never would quit a table than for what it was intended, ap- where any hope of winning remained.

* Mr.



“ Mr. Elwes, after fitting up a whole kennel, and away they went into the night at play for thousands, with the field. After the fatigues of hunting, molt fashionable and profligate men of he refreshed himself by rubbing down the time, amidft fplendid rooms, gilt two or three horses as quickly as he fophas, wax lights, and waiters attende could ; then running into the house to ant on his call, would walk out about lay the cloth, and wait at dinner; then four in the morning, not towards home, nurrying again into the Itable to feed but into Smithfield, to meet his own the horses-diversified with an interlude cattle, which were coming to market of the cows again to milk, the dogs to froni Thaydon-hall, a farm of his in feed, and eight hunters to litter down Ellex! There would this same man, for the night. What may appear exforgetful of the scenes he had just left, traordinary, the man lived for fome stand, in the cold or rain, bartering with years, though his master used often to a carcafe butcher for a shilling! Some- call him an idle dog !' and say, he times, when the cattle did not arrive at wanted to be paid for doing nothing !' the hour he expected, he would walk “ That Mr. Elwes was not troubled on in the mire to meet them; and, more with too much natural affection, the than once, has gone on foot the whole following little anecdote will testify. way to his farm without stopping, which One day he had put his eldest boy upon was seventeen miles from London. a ladder, to get some grapes for the

« On the death of his uncle, Mr, table, when, by the ladder Ripping, Elwes then came to reside at Stoke in he fell down, and hurt his fide against Suffolk. Bad as was the mansion-house the end of it. The boy had the prehe found here, he left one still worse caution to go up into the village to the behind him at Marcham, of which the barber, and gec blooded : on his return, late colonel Timms, his nephew, used he was asked where he had been, and to mention the following proof. A few what was the matter with his arm ? He days after he went thither, a great quan- told his father that he had got bled. tity of rain fell in the night-he had not • Bled! bled!' said the old gentleman; been long in bed before he felt himfelf. but what did you give ? A til. wet through; and putting his hand out ling,' answered the boy.

• Plha !' reof the clothes, found the rain was drop- turned the father, you are a blockhead! ping through the ceiling upon the bed never part with your blood ! he got up and moved the bed; but he “ All earthly comforts he voluntahad not lain long before he found the rily denied himself: he would walk fame inconvenience. Again he got up, home in the rain in London, fooner than and again the rain came down. At pay a shilling for a coach: he would fit length, after pushing the bed quite in wet cloaths, sooner than have a fire to round the room, he got into a corner dry them : he would eat his provisions where the ceiling was better secured, in the last stage of putrefaction, sooner and he Nept till morning. When he than have a fresh joint from the butmet his uncle at breakfast, he told him chers; and he wore a wig for above a what had happened-- Aye! aye !' said fortnight, which I saw him pick up out the old man, I don't mind it myself; of a rut in a lane where we were riding. but to those who do, that's a nice cor. This was the last extremity of laudable ner in the rain!"

economy: for, to all appearance, it was The editor's account of this gentle- the cast-off wig of some beggar! man's buntsman is somewhat interest • The extent of his property in ing. “ This famous huntsman might houses foon grew so great, that he behave fixed an epoch in the history of came, from calculation, bis orn inServants ; for, in a morning, getting furer; and he stood to all his losses by up at four o'clock, he milked the cows conflagrations. He soon, therefore, beShe then prepared breakfast for Mr. came a philofopher upon fire ; and I reElwes, or any friends he might have member well, on a public-house belong. svith him: then, flipping on a green ing to him, being consumed, that he coat, he hurried into the table, faddled faid, with great composure Well, ike bosses, got the hounds out of the well, there is no great harm done;


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the tenant never paid me; and I should shire, and he died empty and poor ; noi have got quit of hun quickly in for his yearly wages were not above any other way."

four pounds; and he had fasted the At the age of fixty, Mr. Elwes be. whole day on which he expired.

Thę came member of parliament for Berk- life of this extraordinary domestic, cer, shire; and he fat in the house twelve tainly verified a faying which Mr. years, and might have continued longer, Elwes often used, and the faying was had not his own exceffive avarice in this~ If you keep one servant, your duced his resignation. His political, work is done; if you keep two, it is was as extraordinary, as his private half done; but if you keep three, you conduct; one day, he voted with lord may do it yourself.” North, the next with Mr. Fox, to shew Mr. Elwes had been accompanied to his penetration and independence; but, Newmarket by Mr. Spurling, of Dynesa not as a proof of either, he declared in hall. “ When they began their jourfavour of the ever-memorable coali- ney home, the evening was grown very, tion.

dark and cold, and Mr. Spurling rode When, in returning from the House on somewhat quicker; and on going of Commons, Mr. Elwes was not lucky through the turnpike, by the Devil's enough to get a gratis lift from a bro. Ditch, he heard Mr. Elives calling to ther member, he constantly walked himn with great eagerness. On returning home on foot. “ A circunstance hap- before he had paid, Mr. Elwes fuidpened to him on one of these evenings, • Here! here !'follow me! this is the which gave him a whimlical opportu. best road !' In an instant he saw Mr. nity of displaying the disregard of his Elves, as well as the night would perown person. The night was very dark, mit, climbing his horse up the preci, and hurrying along, he went with such pice of the ditch. • Sir,' said Mr. violence againft the pole of a sedan Spurling, 'I can never get up there.' chair, which he did not fee, that he No danger at all l' replied old Elwes; cut both bis legs very deeply. As usual, but if your horse he not fafe, lead he thought not of any assistance: but himn! At length, with great difficulty, colonel Timms, at whose house he then and with one of the horses falling, they was, in Orchard-streer, infined upon mounted the ditch, and then, with not fome one being sent for. Old Elwes lefs toil, got down on the other side, at length submitted, and an apothecary When they were fafe landed on the was called in,' who immediately began plain, Mi. Spurling thanked Heaven to expatiate on the bad consequences for their escape. Aye,' said old of breaking the skin-the good fortune Elwes, you mean from the turnpike. of his being sent for and the peculiar Very right; never pay a turnpike if bad appearance of Mr. Elwes's wound.' you can avoid it!' In proceeding on

Very probably,' said old Elwes, but their journey, they came to a very para Mr. , I have one thing to say to row road; at which Mr. Elwes, note you-in my opinion my legs are not withstanding the cold, went as flowly much hurt; now you think they are.. as possible. On Mr. Spurling wishing So I will make this agreement: I will to quicken their pace, old Elves ob? take one leg, and you shall take the served that he was letting his horse feed other; you thall do what you please on some hay that was hanging on the with your's, and I will do nothing to fides of the hedge--' Befiiles, added. mine; and I will wager your bill that he, it is nice hay, and you have it, my leg gets well the first.'

for nothing." “ I have frequently heard him men. In his early days, Mr. Elwes had tion, with great triumph, that he beat been a gamefter; and when he quitted the apothecary by a fortnight! parliament, he again indulged in that

“ Nearly at the same time that Mr. kind of recreation. At the Mount CofElwes lost his feat, he lost that famous' fee-house he one day lost a large sum, fervant

of all work'-compared to supposed, by the editors to have been whom, Scrub was indolence itself. He three thousand pounds; and yet the died, as he was following his master, travelling provision of this man, for upon a hard trotting horfe, into Berk- fifty miles, would not exceed two bard!



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boiled eggs, which he constantly cars icd old Mr. Jennings, and that they had in his pocket.

seen him that day in a new carriageWhen retired to his feat at Stoke, * Aye, aye,' said old Elwes, he will

to save fire, he would walk about soon see the end of his money.' the remains of an old greenhouse, or “ It will be no exaggeration, to say Tit, with a servant, in the kitchen. that Mr. Jennings is supposed, by every During the harvest he would amuse man of business who knows him, to be himself with going into the fields to worth a million. glean the corn, on the grounds of his “ The scene of mortification, at which own tenants; and they used to leave a Mr. Elwes was now arrived, was all but little more than common, to please the a denial of the common necessaries of old gentleman, who was as eager after life: and, indeed, it might have admitit as any pauper in the parish. ted a doubt, whether or not, if his ma

“ In the advance of the season, his nors, his filh-ponds, and some grounds, morning employment was to pick up in his own hands, had not furnished a any stray chips, bones, or other things, subsistence, where he had not any thing to carry to the fire, in his pocket and actually to buy, he would not, rather he was one day surprised by a neigh- than have bought anything, have starved ; bouring gentleman in the act of pulling strange as this may appear, it is not exdown, with some difficulty, a crow's aggerated.--He, one day, during this. neft, for this purpose. On the gentle. period, dined upon the remaining part man wondering why he gave himfelf of a moor-hen, which had been brought this trouble - Oh, Sir,' replied old out of the river by a rat! and at anoElwes, it is really a Name that these ther, eat an undigested part of a pike, creatures should do so. Do but fee which a larger one had swallowed, but what waste they make! They don't care had not finished, and which were taken how extravagant they are!'

in this state in a net. At the time this “ As no gleam of favourite passion, last circumstance happened, he discoor any ray of amusement broke through vered a strange kind of satisfaction, for this gloom of penury, his insatiable de. he said to meaye ! this was killing fire of saving was now become uniform two birds with one stone !' in the room and systematic. He used ftill to ride of all comment-of all moral-let me about the country on one of his brood say, that, at this time, Mr. Elwes was mares-but then he rode her very eco- perhaps worth nearly eight hundred nomically; on the soft turf adjoining thousand pounds! the road, without putting himself to "The spring of 1786, Mr. Elwes the expence of shoes –

s-as he observed, passed alone, at his solitary house at • The turf was so pleasant to a horse's Stoke; and, had it not been for some foot!' And when any gentleman calo little daily scheme of avarice, would led to pay him a visit, and the boy who have passed it without one consolatory attended in the stables was profuse moment. His temper began to give enough to put a litile hay before his way apace: his thoughts unceasingly horse, old Élwes would Nily steal back ran upon money! money! money! into the stable, and take the hay very and he saw no one, but whom he imacarefully away:

gined was deceiving and defrauding « His shoes he never would luffer to him. be cleaned, left they fhould be worn As, in the day, he would now alout the sooner,

low him felf no fire, he went to bed as “ When he went to bed, he would foon as day closed, to save candle, and put five or ten guineas into a bureau, had began to deny himself even the and then full of his money, after he pleasure of sleeping in meets. had retired to rest, and sometimes in “ The summer of 1788, Mr. Elwes the middle of the night, he would come paffed at his house in Welbeck-street, down to see if it was there. The ir- London, and he palled that summer ritation of his mind was unceasing. without any other society than that of He thought every body was extrava two maid servants, for he had now gant: and when some one was talking given up the expence of keeping any to him one day of the great wealth of male domestic. His chicf employment


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